10:5 By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families [B: his kindred], in their nations.      qtext

[cf Isa 42:4]

(Gen 10:5) IP4: 234 , 236

(Gen 10:5)

IP4: 234 (1671?): What is that law which the isles were and are to wait for [Isa 42:4]? Is it not the grace and truth which comes by Jesus Christ [John 1:17], even the grace in the inward parts, even the truth in the inward parts [Psa 51:6]?... That is the law of the Jew inward [Rom 2:29], which the isle of the Gentiles [Gen 10:5] were to wait for.


10:8 And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a mighty one in the earth.      qtext

10:9 He was a mighty hunter before the LORD: wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the LORD.      qtext

10:10 And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.

(Gen 10:8-10) GF7: 289 [249]; GF8: 273 [398]

(Gen 10:9) GF6: 160; GF7: 95 [133], 277 [245]; MFU 263; JN2: 580f ; IP3: 180; IP4: 84; WPT 326, HSM*

(Gen 10:9f) GF4: 134, 175; GF6: 474


(Gen 10:8-10)

GF7: 289 (1667): The priests say, that Hebrew, Greek, and Latin, are the original; but the many languages began at Babel, which Nimrod, the hunter before the Lord, began to build [Gen 10:8-10], after God had destroyed the old world with water; then would he go build a tower, which should reach to heaven; and God came down and confounded them into many languages [Gen 11:1-9]. So he hunted before the Lord, but the Lord followed him, and confounded him in his work, as he will all the builders that run before him.

(Gen 10:9)

[Other texts citing Gen 10:9: MFU 263 (under Mat 26:45), Humphrey Smith, "To the Musicioners" (Gen 11:1-9)]

GF7: 277 (1666): [Christ] will crush and bruise to pieces all giddy, wandering, and unestablished spirits, and confound them who are cunning, and hunt before the Lord [Gen 10:9]; for the Lord should go before them, he should be the guide. For they that hunt before him, will not have the Lord to be their guide, who is the same to-day as he was yesterday, and so forever [Heb 13:8].

JN2: 580f (1655): ...a temptation hath befallen the young man, which hath set them all on fire: about midnight he heard a voice, which said, Up, get thee hence [2 Sam 13:15G?]; and he did arise and went forth [Ezek 3:23?], but the mind not waiting to be guided, but running before [Gen 10:9], he lost his guide, and so returned home again, and the tempter got in and tempted him strongly to destroy himself, bidding him cast himself into the fire....

IP3: 180 (1668): ...he that waits on the Lord in fear, and in obedience to that which is already made manifest, not desiring knowledge from God in his own will, time, or way, but in the Lord's, who perfectly knows every one's state, and what is fit for him,–he shall know concerning every doctrine his heart desireth to be instructed in, in the Lord's season.... But the wise hunter after knowledge, before the Lord leads [Gen 10:9], and further than he leads and teaches, –this is the first birth, which is excluded the kingdom and the mysteries thereof....

IP4: 84 (1671): There is ... a changeable knowledge of God, which man learns not of the Spirit of the Lord, but after a traditional way, and by the search of his own hunting mind [Gen 10:9], and drinks into that part which is old and earthly [1 Cor 12:13].


11:1 And the whole earth was of one language, and of one [B: like] speech.      qtext

11:2 And it came to pass, as they journeyed [G: as they went; B: when they went forth] from the east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar; and they dwelt there [GB: there they abode].

11:3 And they said one to another, Go to [GB: Come], let us make [B: prepare] brick, and burn them throughly [GB: in the fire]. And they had brick for stone, and slime had they for [GB: instead of] morter.      qtext

11:4 And they said, Go to, let us build us a city and a tower, whose top may reach unto heaven; and let us make [G: that we may get] us a name, lest [B: +peradventure] we be scattered abroad upon the face of [G: upon; B: abroad into the upper face of] the whole earth.

11:5 And the LORD came down to see the city and the tower, which the children [G: sons] of men builded.

11:6 And the LORD said, Behold, the people is one, and they have all one language; and this they begin to do: and now nothing will be restrained from them, which [G: neither can they now be stopped from whatsoever; B: neither is there any let to them from all those things which] they have imagined to do.

11:7 Go to [GB: Come on], let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand [GB: every one perceive not] one another's [G: another’s; B: his neighbor’s] speech.

11:8 So the LORD scattered them abroad from thence [G: from thence; B; from that place] upon the face of [G: upon; B: into the upper face of] all the earth: and they left off to build the city.

11:9 Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because the LORD did there confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did the LORD scatter them abroad upon the face of [G: upon] all the earth.

(Gen 11:1-9) GFJN 333, 458; GF3: 138; GF4:175f, 227, 236, 303; GF6: 474; GF7: 181 [191], 220 [217], 235 [222], 289-91 [249], 321 [262]; GF8: 26 [279], 36 [287], 43 [292], 57 [306], 134 [342], 137 [343], 184 [361], 273 [398]; DGA 68 , 78, 124; MFS 16 ; MFU 131 ; JN1: 320 , 388 , 529; JN2: 100, 446, 580; JN3: 13, 218, 442, 447; WDS 294; IP1: 144, 225, 405 ; IP2: 119 ; IP3: 110, 120, 141; IP4: 118 , 227, 286; HPS 53f, 297, 319, 515; EQ 178, 394

(Gen 11:3) JN3: 435

(Gen 11:6-9) GF4: 134; GF6: 160

[cf Isa 24:10]


(Gen 11:1-9)

[Other texts citing Gen 11:1-9: GF4:236 (under 1 Pet 1:23, Rev 17:1), GF7:289 (Gen 10:8-10), GF7:290 (Gen 5:29), GF8:134 (John 19:19f) WDS 294 (Rev 18:24), IP1:225 (Rev 18:21), IP4:286 (Mat 18:17f ), EQ 178 (Mar 7:8), HPS 319 (Luk 2:32), HPS 515 (Mat 11:23)]

GF4: 303 (165-): the cause of desperation is going from the light, for that which leads to presume, will lead to despair ... and that is which wanders to and fro, up and down [Amos 8:12] and hunts abroad, and builds that which God confounds" [Gen 11:1-9].

GF7: 290 (1667): [289-91 is a long passage arguing that Hebrew and Greek were not the original languages; see quotes under Gen 5:24, 5:29, 10:8-10]: ... And John, that gave forth the revelations, saith, "that the whore and beast set upon tongues [Rev 17:15]," &c. "and the everlasting gospel must be preached again to all kindreds and tongues [Rev 14:6]" : which was before Babel was, where was the beginning of tongues. Now it is clear that the gospel must be preached to all nations and tongues; and that tongues are not the original, neither do they make divines, or orthodox men; but it is clear that it is the word which was in the beginning which makes a divine; yea, of tradesmen, who are base and contemptible in the eyes of the proud, and them that have gotten Babel's tongues, who are confounded by the ministers of the word which was in the beginning [John 1:1], before Babel was; for all the earth was of one language and speech before Babel [Gen 11:1].

GF8: 57 (1674): And there is one leader, Christ Jesus, that God hath given; and all that are not led by him, are led into the ditch [Mt 15:14], the corrupting place, and they tell them, there is no perfection here. And all the learned in Babel’s confused tongues, who have the letter of the scriptures, yet follow their own spirits, (see not,) and the divination of their own brains [Jer 14:14?], and use their tongues [Jer 23:31], such buildeth up Babylon again, who are not in the spirit the prophets and apostles were in, and know not the tongue of the scriptures of Christ, and the prophets, and the apostles; but they are as a sealed up book to them; and therefore they are raging and contending about the meanings of them, teaching their people, by their example, to do the same.

GF8: 184f (1679): Here you may see by these following scriptures, how the apostles loved the good and holy order of Christ in his gospel, and light, and lfe, and truth; but as Job said, "The land of darkness is without any order." [Job 10:22] And Babylon signifies confusion [Gen 11:1-9], which is the false church, and is called a woman [Rev 17:3-5], and a city of confusion [Rev 17:18], who is against the order of the true church, and gets the titles of the true church that is called a city, and a woman, "which brings forth the man-child," [Rev 12:5] Christ Jesus; [quotes Isa 9:7] So here you may see Christ doth order in his kingdom; and them that have him, have is order.

JN1: 320 (1654): [You hold fast] the form of sound words, the language of the Spirit, always used by the holy men of God, as the Scriptures do witness [2 Pet 1:21]. And here you err from the practice of Christ and all the holy men of God, and are with the world in the confused language of Babel [Gen 11:6-9] , yeing and youing one, and thouing another, after your own wills and passionate humors, observing times, places and persons herein; and here is unsound words and not after the Spirit.

JN1: 388 (1654): And whereas ye plead against our using the Scripture phrase, in thouing every particular we speak to, and pleading against us the customs of the nation, here ye show yourselves to be guided by a contrary spirit to Christ, who leads his out of all the customs of the world and the nations, and thereby they are known not to be of the world [John 15:19]; and ye who are ministers of the letter, and dispute against the language of it, which none of God's ever denied or disputed against; out of your enmity to the truth ye plead against what ye profess and are ministers of, and all this ye do to maintain the confused language [Gen 11:6-9], which all they who are redeemed out of the fall, are restored to a pure language.

MFU 131 (1655): Therefore now all people try those who calls themselves ministers of the Gospel by the scriptu[res:] and you shall find them the deceivers & betrayers of your souls: for they deny the Cornerstone Christ Jesus [Psa 118:22], who is the light, & the rock on which the whole Church is built. Of these builders of Babel [Gen 11:1-9] he is disallowed, & disanulled: but to us, he is become the head of the corner....

MFS 16 (1660): ...the worship that has been set up in the nations has had its foundation in darkness.... The teachers and ministers thereof have been ministers of darkness and have not turned people from the darkness to the light [Acts 26:18], but on the contrary have drawn them from the light and spirit of God within them, unto their inventions, imaginations, meanings, and expositions of the scriptures without them. So [they] have been building Babel in the many languages which God is coming to confound. [Gen 11:1-9]

IP1: 405 (1660): But when the Eternal stirs in him, when the pure Light opens at any time, then he has some little glimmerings of his estate, then he has some sense of his fallen condition, and some desire to remedy it. What doth he then? Then he bestirs himself to get somewhat to cover him [Gen 3:7], then he gathers stones, and makes mortar to build up a wall and raise a tower [Gen 11:1-9], that he may not lie open to the deluge of wrath [Gen 7]; for, by this stirring of life, he hath some little taste and sight that he is not one with the life, but departed from it.

IP2: 119 (1660): [As the Scriptures] were written in the Spirit, so are they there alone truly read; and being so read, they become exceeding profitable to that which so reads them; but man guessing and imagining and reasoning in his carnal wisdom concerning the things of God, and so gathering senses and meanings about the words and expressions of scripture, doth but build up a Babel, which the eternal life and power will throw down (whenever he appears) with that which built it. [Gen 11:1-9]

IP3: 110 (1668): All the buildings and churches that are raised here (how beautiful soever) are but Babylon, built by man's understanding, by man&'s knowledge, by man's comprehension, by man's wisdom, by man's skill, and indeed in man's will and time, and their standing, beauty, strength, and glory, is but from man, and in man's day, and will fade away like a flower.

IP4: 118 (1671): And here is turned to the Lord a people of a pure language, who speak the truth as they feel it, as they receive it from the Lord, in the life of it, in the true sense and understanding of it, and not according to their own apprehendings or imaginations concerning it, which are the various and many languages of Babel [Gen 11:1-9]. For in the seed, and of the seed, is the pure language; but out from the seed are the many voices and languages (even the confusion of Babel); one speaking as he apprehends, thus; another speaking as he conceives, thus; so plainly manifesting that they are out from the evidence and demonstration of the Spirit, whose voice is one, and language one, in all, in the day of the gospel. And he that speaks otherwise than the law and testimony of life speaks in the heart, it is either because he knoweth not, or is not yet gathered into, the morning light of the everlasting day of the gospel; for there all are to speak, as the oracles of God [1 Pet 4:11], the truth as it is in Jesus [Eph 4:21]

HPS 53f (Sarah Blackborow, 1658): ... the light of Christ will deceive none of you, but if you are out of it, it matters not how high your sights, your notions, your airy imaginations are, they are to little purpose, it may join you to the more refined builders of Babel [Gen 11:1-9), which are talking of the Corner-stone, but reject it as well as the others [Psa 118:22], and make up a building without it, a Tower which you think must reach up to heaven, strongly fenced and Walled, but its not the Wall nor the Fence which God hath made, or ever appointed; and if ever to the light You return again, you will see that in that building lives the swearer, the liar, the thief, and the adulterer. Your Chamber of Imagery is there, in which all your Images are hid; your garments which you have stole in the night is laid up there; your confused Languages, and all your stuff which proceeds out of the vessels which are dishonorable [2 Tim 2:20], that's your store-house, the curse is entered into the midst of it, and will consume the timber thereof, and the stones thereof, the materials [Zech 5:3f]; the fire must consume your fenced Wall, and your high Tower is for a throwing down....your high things have deceived the simple [Rom 16:18], and You also; they that live in the day, see You and your building; its Babel, that's not Sion whose Walls and Bulwarks are Salvation [Isa 26:1]....

EQ 394 (George Fox "the Younger", 1660): [the Lord gave the Puritans] the power and opportunity to have removed all oppression out of the land.... [But they forsook the Lord and heeded not his prophets] And then they began to divide and split amongst themselves and to betray one another for self-ends.... And then confusion fell upon them, and they groped like blind men and knew not at what they stumbled; but sometimes cried up and engaged for one thing, and shortly after cried against it and threw it down again;... and so like Babel's builders (whom God determined to scatter) they acted; and their eye being blinded, they wrought their own destruction [Gen 11:1-9]. And few of them saw it, until it was come upon them; and them that did were as men amazed, and knew not how to help themselves.

Humphrey Smith, "To the Musicioners" (1658): And when them in Israel who had harps (the musicioners) them who delighted in music, were carried captive into Babylon, the land of confusion [Gen 11:6-9], in which land Nimrod the mighty one in the earth went hunting before the Lord [Gen 10:9], and by the River of Babylon they sat down and wept, who were before the musicioners with their harps ; these went into captivity because of the sin, and hanged their harps upon the willows, and sat down mourning by the river of confusion, and that which delighted in the music caused the seed to be captivated, and leads into bondage that which should come to liberty, whereby sorrow, weeping and mourning comes in the end; for the songs of the temple is to be turned into howling [Amos 8:3] and their delight in the music was turned into weeping; and they led captive from Zion, who were come to the land of promise, and there took liberty in these fleshly delights, Psalm 137, the mind that hath wisdom may read this [Rev 17:9].

(Gen 11:3)

JN3:435 (1656): in the light of Christ ... we see you and your labors which are without, not in the light and Spirit, and deny you and your sparks, your kindling [Isa 50:11], your literal teaching, and self- righteousness, and all your brick making [Gen 11:3], who are in the Egyptian darkness [Exo 10:21f], enemies to the light of Israel and its seed. And you we see to be enemies to Zion's redemption, as you are enemies to the light of the world [John 8:12], both in yourselves and others.


12:1 Now the LORD had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred [B: out of thy nation], and from thy father's house, unto a land that I will shew thee:      qtext

12:2 And I will make of thee a great nation [B: people], and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing:      qtext

12:3 And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families [B: kindreds] of the earth be blessed.      qtext

[cf Gen 26:4; Acts 3:25]

12:4 So Abram departed, as the LORD had spoken unto him; and Lot went with him: and Abram was seventy and five years old when he departed out of Haran.

12:5 And Abram took Sarai his wife, and Lot his brother's son, and all their substance that they had gathered [G: possessed; B: had in possession], and the souls that they had gotten [B: begotten] in Haran; and they went forth [GB: departed] to go [B: that they might come] into the land of Canaan; and into the land of Canaan they came.

12:6 And Abram passed through the land unto the place of Sichem, unto the plain of Moreh. And the Canaanite was then in the land.      qtext

12:7 And the LORD appeared unto Abram, and said, Unto thy seed will I give this land: and there builded he an altar unto the LORD, who appeared unto him.

12:8 And he removed from thence unto a mountain on the east of [GB: eastward from] Bethel, and pitched his tent, having Bethel on the west, and Hai on the east: and there he builded an altar unto the LORD, and called upon the name of the LORD.

[Gen 12:1-8 cf Heb 11:8-10]

[ Gen 12:18f see under Gen 20:2-7]

(Gen 12:1-5) GF4: 318; DGA 142; WPR 62 , 112

(Gen 12:1-3) GFEJ 411; GF6: 54, 341; GF8: 223f [382]

(Gen 12:1) GF3: 522; GF8: 26 [279], 133 [342], 223 [382]; JN2: 90; IP2: 112, 220f

(Gen 12:1f) JN1: 33 , 49, 153

(Gen 12:2) GF7: 199 [203]; GF8: 26 [279];

(Gen 12:2f) GFJN 263; GF6: 54; DGA 142

(Gen 12:3) GF5: 79; GF8: 28 [279], 289 [402]; JN3: 562 (HS); IP4: 72; JSS 15

(Gen 12:6-8) GF4: 356


(Gen 12:1-5)

WPR 62 (1669): Abraham, Isaac and Jacob were plain men...; they were not solicitous of the vanities so much lived by People of this Generation; for in all things they pleased God by Faith [Heb 11:8f]; the first forsook his father's house, kindred, and country [Gen 12:1,5]: a true Type or Figure of that self-Denial all must know that would have Abraham to their Father: They must not think to live in those pleasures, fashions, and customs they are call'd to leave; no but on the contrary, part with all, in hopes of the recompense of Reward, and that better Country which is eternal in the Heavens [Amos 7:14f]

(Gen 12:1-3)

GF8: 223f (1683): Friends, consider how the blessing of the Lord came upon the obedient and faithful to the Lord... [Rehearses story of Abraham: Gen 12:1-3, 17:1, 18:18, ch 22; Gal 3:9]

(Gen 12:1)

IP2: 111f (1660): He that will be a disciple of Christ, must travel out of the earthly into the heavenly, leaving all that is of this world / behind him, possessing nothing as his portion, but him who hath called him out of this country, from among his kindred, and from his father’s house, to another land, kindred, and habitation. [Gen 12:1; Heb 11:8f, 13]

(Gen 12:1f)

JN1: 33 (1653): I was at the plow, meditating on the things of God, and suddenly I heard a voice saying unto me, "Get thee out from thy kindred and from thy father's house" –and I had a promise given in with it. [Gen 12:1f]. Whereupon, I did exceedingly rejoice, that I had heard the voice of that God which I had professed from a child but had never known him.

JN1: 153 (1653): Faith purifieth the heart [1 Jn 3:3]; all who are of faith are of Abraham [Gal 3:7]; they are of one seed, come out of their native country, kingdom, and father's house [Gen 12:1f]; they are of one faith, all of one faith, if ten thousand, all faith in God, which purifies the heart, is one seed in ten thousand [Gal 3:27f].

(Gen 12:2f)

GFJN 263 (16–): Then you will come to walk cheerfully over the world, answering that of God in every one [Rom 1:19/Col 4:6]; whereby in them ye may be a blessing, and make the witness of God in them [1 Jn 5:10] to bless you [Gen 12:2f].

(Gen 12:3)

[Other texts citing Gen 12:3: GF8:289 (Rom 4:16)]

JSS 15 (1792): It was not the outward body, nor the mere human nature, that was the seed of Abraham, in which all families of the earth are blessed [Gen 12:3]. It was that living birth of divine life, whose day Abraham saw [John 8:56], and wherein he enjoyed the spiritual blessing. This is the seed of the woman that bruises the serpent's head. [Gen 3:15]

(Gen 12:6-8)

GF4:356 (1668): Had not Abraham, that came out of his own country, liberty to serve God among the Canaanites? and when Abraham went down into Egypt, had he not liberty there to serve God, as you may read in Gen 12 [6-8], though the Egyptians and Canaanites were bad people. And had not Abraham liberty to serve God in Abimilech's country? and Abimilech said, "my land is before thee, dwell where it pleaseth thee"? [Gen 20:15]


13:11 Then Lot chose him all the plain of Jordan; and Lot journeyed [GB: took his journey from the] east: and they separated themselves [G: departed] the one [B: + brother] from the other.

13:12 Abram dwelled in the land of Canaan, and Lot dwelled [GB: abode] in the cities of the plain, and pitched his tent toward [G: even to; B: until] Sodom.

13:13 But [G: Now] the men of Sodom were wicked and sinners before the LORD exceedingly [GB:: exceeding sinners against the Lord].      qtext

[Gen 13: cf Gen 19, Ezek 16:49]

13:14 And the LORD said unto Abram, after that Lot was separated [GB: departed] from him, Lift up now thine eyes, and look from the place where thou art northward, and southward, and eastward, and westward:

13:15 For all the land which thou seest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed for ever.      qtext

13:16 And I will make thy seed as the dust of the earth: so that if a man can number the dust of the earth, then shall thy seed also be numbered.

(Gen 13:13) TEM 111

(Gen 13:15) JWJM 257

(Gen 13:16) GF2: 312

(Gen 13:13)

TEM 111 (1662): Was Sodom ever guilty of a sin / Which England is not now involved in? [Gen 13:13, 19:1-29]

(Gen 13:15)

JWJM 257: [Gen 13:15, see under Gen 35:12]


14:17 And the king of Sodom went out [B: came forth] to meet him after his return from the slaughter of Chedorlaomer, and of the kings that were with him, at the valley of Shaveh, which is the king's dale.

14:18 And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God.      qtext

14:19 And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be [G: art thou,] Abram of the most high [B: unto the high] God, possessor of heaven and earth:

14:20 And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he [GB: Abram] gave him tithes of all.

[Gen 14:17-20 cf Heb 7:1-10]

14:21 And the king of Sodom said unto Abram, Give me the persons [B: souls], and take the goods to thyself.

[Gen 14:21 cf Rom 4:3]

(Gen 14:18-20) GF5: 257; GF8: 248 [391]; GFT 171

(Gen 14:20) HPS 72f

(Gen 14:21) WPR 53

(Gen 14:18-20)

GF5: 257 (1676): [cites Gen 14:18-20, Heb 7:4] Now did ever Abraham pay tithes to Melchizedek after this time? or did he ever pay Melchizedek tithes before of his own yearly increase? but now of the spoil of war? And did ever any of the kings and judges pay the tenths of their spoil of the wars afterwards?

GFT 171: [Gen 14:18-20, see under Heb 7:9]


15:1 After these things the word of the LORD came unto Abram in a vision, saying, Fear not, Abram: I am thy shield [G: buckler], and thy exceeding great reward.      qtext

15:2 And Abram said, Lord GOD, what wilt thou give me, seeing [B: when] I go childless, and the steward [B: child of the stewardship] of my house is this Eliezer of Damascus?

15:3 And Abram said, Behold [B: See] , to me thou hast given no seed: and, lo, one born in [G: a servant of; B: born] my house is [G: shall be] mine heir.

15:4 And, behold, the word of the LORD came unto him, saying, This [G: This man; B: He] shall not be thine heir; but he [B: one] that shall come forth out of thine own bowels shall be thine heir.

15:5 And he brought him forth abroad [G: forth; B: out], and said, Look now toward [GB: up into] heaven, and tell the stars, if thou be able to number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be.

[Gen 15:5 see Heb 11:12]

15:6 And he [G:Abram] believed in the LORD; and he counted it to him for righteousness.

[Gen 15:6 cf Rom 4:3, James 2:23]

(Gen 15:1) GF3: 18 (EB)

(Gen 15:1f) HPS 350

(Gen 15:5) GF2: 312; GF3: 126

(Gen 15:6) IP2: 347

(Gen 15:1)

GF3:18 (Edward Burrough, 1658): Neither for any outward reward, or advantage to ourselves whatsoever, would we have exposed ourselves to that violence, and those sufferings, and dangers, which befell us daily. But the Lord was our exceeding great reward [Gen 15:1] through all these things....

HPS 350 (Elizabeth Bathurst, 1679): [Quotes Gen 15:1] Unto whom, in the very next verse, Abraham gives the Titles of Lord and God; which proves the Word to be eternal and divine; but so are not the Scriptures eternal; for we know they had their beginning in time: And though they are words and declarations of divine things, yet we must distinguish between the declaration, and that which is declared of, so as not to call them both by one name.

(Gen 15:5)

GF3:126: [Gen 15:15, see under Mat 16:2f]


15:13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them [GB: entreat them evil] four hundred years;      qtext

15:14 And also that [G: Notwithstanding the; B: But the] nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance.

15:15 And thou shalt go [L: depart] to thy fathers in peace; thou shalt be buried [L: nourished] in a good old [G omits] age.

15:16 But in the fourth generation they shall come hither again [L: return hither]: for the iniquity [G: wickedness; L: sins] of the Amorites is not yet full [L: are not yet filled up, even until now].      qtext

(Gen 15:13) JN2: 212

(Gen 15:13f) GF2: 313

(Gen 15:16) JN3: 95

(Gen 15:13)

JN2: 211f (1655): ...you talk of Abraham and his covenant and promise; but that in Abraham in which the covenant was established was that which led him out of the world, wherein he became a stranger [Gen 15:13] and wanderer, as that seed ever is, which you call vagabonds, persecute and imprison, you that have rule in this world, showing that you are not of the seed that entertains strangers [Heb 13:2], nor in that covenant where all are strangers and pilgrims in this world [Heb 11:13] ....

(Gen 15:16)

JN3:95 (1656): ...God with longsuffering endure[s] [vessels fitted for destruction], that he may at his pleasure show his wrath thereon,[Rom 9:22], who will not own the mercy showed in his Son. And for this purpose had he long endured Pharaoh, suffered his oppression, till he was fit to show his power upon him who had long been setting himself above the seed of God. As also he did the Amorites, till their iniquities were full [Gen 15:16]; and so doth many at this day, who proceed to one wickedness after another, till they fill up their measure [Mat 23:32], that he may make known his wrath upon them that will not own his seed.


16:11 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Behold [GB: See], thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael; because the LORD hath heard thy affliction [GB: tribulation].      qtext

16:12 And he will be a wild man; his hand will be against every man, and every man's hand against him; and he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren.      qtext

(Gen 16) RBA 444, RBAF 402

(Gen 16:11f) GF4: 130, 276, 355; JN1: 157, 295

(Gen 16:12) GF4: 310; GF6: 219, 475; GF7: 312 [260]; GF8:12 [266]; JN2: 74; JN3: 42

RBA 444 (1678): [Gen 16, see under Gen 19:1]

(Gen 16:11f)

GF4: 276 (1661): [Gen 16:11f, see under Gen 21:20 ]

JN1: 157 (1653): All people weigh and try yourselves where you are, whether you be in the state of Ishmael. Ishmael was the first birth [Gal 4:29], and he was a scoffer [Gen 21:9], and archer [Gen 21:20]; his hand was against every man. [Gen 16:11f]. And all you are in the first birth are Ishmaels, scoffers, mockers, and wild as Ishmael was, who was a wild man, whose hand was against every man. Isaac was not so, the second birth; he was the seed [Gen 21:12], in him was none of the first nature; so all are of the same seed witnesseth him, and witnesseth the other.

JN1: 295 (1654): The saints lived in unity, "were all of one heart and one mind and one soul" [Acts 4:32]; and this thou calls popery. But thou art scoffing Ishmael [Gen 21:9], thy hand against every man [Gen 16:12], vilifying all but thyself, and art an enemy to the spirit of unity, and denies thy religion to stand in unity.

(Gen 16:12)

GF8:12 (1669): And who are they that make the land desolate, but the rough Esaus [Gen 25:25], and wild Ishmaels [Gen 16:12], and Cores [Num 16]? [more under 1 Jn 5:19]


(Gen 17) IP2: 221

17:1 And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the LORD appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I am the Almighty God [G: God all sufficient]; walk before me, and be thou perfect [G: upright].      qtext

[Gen 17:1 cf Gen 35:11]

[Gen 17:5 see Rom 4:17]

(Gen 17:1) GFEJ 411; GF5: 251, 267, 370; GF6: 439; GF7: 257 [235]; GF8: 26 [279], 223f [382]; GFT 77, 153; DGA 76; MFU 105; JN1: 192; HPS 376 (EB); WPR 502

(Gen 17:1)

[Other texts citing Gen 17:1: GF5:251 (Rom 4:12), GF8:26 (John 8:56), GF8: 223f (Gen 12:1-3)]

GF5: 267 (1677): And God said unto him, "walk before me, and be thou perfect:" [Gen 17:1] and so must all nations of people, forsake all their native country, religions, and ways which they have made, and idolatries, and come into the seed before they can be perfect; for the cry is amongst them, and hath been, there is no perfection here on this side the grave.

WPR 502 (1693): ...the Principle is pure, perfect, unerrable in itself, or else it were unfit to lead men [out of error and impurity and un-]to Heaven; but they never did assert themselves such, merely because it was in them; by no means; But that all who are led by it are so far perfect, and so far infallibly in the right way, and no jot further.... [cites inter alia Gen 17:1 "to shew that a State of Perfection is attainable"]


17:7 And [G: Moreover] I will establish my covenant between me and thee and thy seed after thee in their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee, and to [L: thy God, and the God of] thy seed after thee.

17:8 And I will give unto thee, and to thy seed after thee, the land wherein thou art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God.

17:9 And God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt keep my covenant therefore, thou, and thy seed after thee in their generations.      qtext

17:10 This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee; Every man child among you shall be circumcised.

17:11 And ye shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin [G: foreskin of your flesh]; and it shall be a token [G: sign] of the covenant betwixt me and you.      qtext

17:12 And he that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every man child in your generations, he that is born in the house, or bought with money of any stranger, which is not of thy seed.

17:13 He that is born in thy house, and he that is bought with thy money, must needs be circumcised: and my covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant.

[Gen 17:9-14 cf Acts 15:1]

17:14 And the uncircumcised man child whose flesh of his foreskin is not circumcised, that soul [G: even that person] shall be cut off from his people; he hath broken my covenant.

(Gen 17:7) JN3: 26f

(Gen 17:8) GF8: 27 [279]

(Gen 17:9-14) GF8: 161 [355], 298f [409]; IP2: 44

(Gen 17:10-12) GFT 7

(Gen 17:10f) JN1: 211 (GF); JN3: 102

(Gen 17:11) GF4: 41

(Gen 17:13) WPT 241

(Gen 17:14) GF3: 182; GF6: 42

(Gen 17:9-14)

[Other texts citing Gen 17:9-14: IP2:44 (under Gen 2:2f)]

GF8: 298f (1686): Did not the Lord command the Jews to train up their children in the old covenant, and teach them to walk in it? And were not all the males to be circumcised? [Gen 17:9-14] And they that were not circumcised were to be cut off from the congregation of the Lord. So ... are not you all to train up your children and families in this light of the gospel and grace of Christ which brings salvation ... that they may be circumcised with the spirit of God, which he poureth out upon all flesh [Joel 2:28], that with his spiritual circumcision the body of death and sins of the flesh may be cut off.... for they that are not circumcised with the spiritual circumcision are cut off from the heavenly Jerusalem, and the kingdom of God and Christ, and from church of the living God written in heaven.

(Gen 17:11)

GF4 41 (1654): [the outward temple, circumcision [Gen 17:11], the Sabbath given as figures and types, superseded by Christ the true substance]


17:23 And Abraham took Ishmael his son, and all that were born in his house, and all that were bought with his money, every male [G: man child] among the men of Abraham's house; and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin [G:foreskin of their flesh] in the selfsame day, as God had said unto [G: commanded] him.      qtext

17:24 And Abraham was ninety years old and nine, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin [G: the foreskin of his flesh was circumcised].

17:25 And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin [G: as in v 24].

17:26 In the selfsame day was Abraham circumcised, and Ishmael his son.

(Gen 17:23-26) GF8: 252 [394]

(Gen 17:23) GFT 41

(Gen 17:23f) GF6: 219

(Gen 17:23-26)

GF8: 252 (1684): And you read that Ishmael and Esau were circumcised as well as Isaac and Jacob [Gen 17:23-26]; but Esau hated Jacob, and would have slain him [Gen 27:41]; and Ishmael scoffed at Isaac [Gen 21:9]; and so he that is born of the flesh persecuteth him that is born of the spirit [Gal 3:29]....

GFT 41 (sermon preached in Barbados, 1671): And then as for your blacks and tawny Indians.... 'Tis said of Abraham that he circumcised in the flesh all his men of his family, even all the men that were bought with his money and those that were born in his house [Gen 17:23]. So let it be your care and earnest endeavour to get them circumcised in the Spirit [Rom 2:29].


[Gen 18:2 see Gen 19:1]

[Gen 18:9-15 see Heb 11:11]

[Gen 18:10 see Rom 9:9]

18:12 Therefore Sarah laughed within herself, saying, After I am waxed old shall I have pleasure [G: have lust; B: give myself to lust], my lord being old also?

18:13 And the LORD [ B: God] said unto Abraham, Wherefore did Sarah laugh, saying, Shall I of a surety [G: certainly] bear a child, which am old?

18:14 Is any thing too hard [G: Shall anything be hard; B: Is any thing unpossible] for the LORD [B: to God] ? At the time appointed I will return unto thee, according to the time of life, and Sarah shall have a son.

18:15 Then Sarah denied, saying, I laughed not; for she was afraid. And he said, Nay; but thou didst laugh [G: It is not so; for thou laughedst.

18:16 And the men rose up from thence, and looked toward Sodom: and Abraham went with them to bring them on the way.

18:17 And the LORD said, Shall I hide from Abraham that thing which I do;

18:18 Seeing that Abraham shall surely become [G: be indeed; B: surely be] a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him?

[cf Gen 22:18, Gal 3:8]

18:19 For I know him [B: I know this also], that he will command his children [G: sons] and his household after him, and they shall keep the way of the LORD, to do justice [G: righteousness] and judgment; that the LORD may bring upon Abraham that which he hath spoken of [GB: unto] him.      qtext

(Gen 18:1-17) SBD 47

(Gen 18:12) GF8: 39 [291]

(Gen 18:17-19) GF5: 79

(Gen 18:17) MFU 173

(Gen 18:18) GF7: 246 [232]; GF8: 224 [382]

(Gen 18:18f) GF5: 79; GF8: 223f

(Gen 18:19) GFJN 605; GFEJ 411,414; GF8: 39 [291], 225f [382], 161 [355], 228 [382], 171 [360], 299 [409]; JN1: 169 ; JN3: 86; JWJM 217 ; DFR 73 , WTG 271


(Gen 18:1-17)

SBD 47 (1750): dispensation of angels to Abraham, Gen 18:1-17

(Gen 18:19)

[Other texts citing Gen 18:18: GF8: 223f (under Gen 12:1-3)]

GFJN 605 ( letter to the governor of Barbados, 1671): Now consider, Friends, that it's not transgression for a master of a family to instruct his family himself or else some others in his behalf, but rather it is a duty incumbent on them, as Abraham did and Joshua did. [quotes Gen 18:19, Josh 24:15] ... it is a duty upon us to pray, to teach, admonish, and instruct those in and belonging to our families, it being the command of the Lord, the disobedience to which will incur the Lord's displeasure [quotes Jer 10:25]. Now Negroes and tawny Indians make up a very great part of families here on this island for whom an account will be required...at the great day of judgement....

JN1: 169 (1653): God in all ages hath known his by their obedience [Gen 18:19]; but thou sayest thou mayest live in disobedience and yet be counted one of his too.

JWJM 217 (17–): Abraham had servants born in his house and bought with his money. And the Almighty said of Abraham: "I know him, that he will order his house after him," which implies that he was as a father, an instructor, and a good governor over his people.

DFR 73 (1774): ...I conclude thy poor blacks have been generally brought up in ignorance; neither taught to read or write–nor have had any proper instruction in the principles of the Christian religion. Abraham instructed his household, and commanded them after him, that they might keep the way of the Lord, to do justice and judgment. [Gen 18:19] This poor people being brought by force into a strange land, and kept in bondage, have no way to get learning, or to receive instruction from man, without the allowance or assistance of those who hold them as slaves....

WTG 271 (Elizabeth Hudson, 175-): However it pleased the restorer of paths (Isa 58:12] to walk in to remove this threatening storm, ... yet suffered other trials to befall us ... which through mercy I was enabled to bear with resignation, as believing they would all work together for good [Rom 8:28] if I kept my eye single [Mat 6:22] to the master, who knoweth how to rule his own household [Gen 18:19], which he ever governeth in wisdom.


18:23 And Abraham drew near, and said, Wilt thou also destroy the righteous with the wicked?

18:24 Peradventure [GB: If] there be fifty righteous within the city: wilt thou also destroy and not spare the place for the fifty righteous that are therein?

18:25 That be [G: Be it] far from thee to [B: that thou shouldst] do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from thee: Shall not the Judge of all the earth [B: world] do right?      qtext

Genesis 18:26 And the LORD said, If I find in Sodom fifty righteous within the city, then I will spare all the place for their sakes.

18:27 And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I have taken upon me [G: begun] to speak unto the [G: my] Lord, which [G: and I] am but dust and ashes: . . .

18:32 And he said, Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak yet but this once: Peradventure ten shall [G: What if ten] be found there. And he said, I will not destroy it for ten's sake.

(Gen 18:23-32) JN3: 531 (EB)

(Gen 18:25) JN1: 144; SIW 168

(Gen 18:27) GF3: 472; WDS 292

(Gen 18:32) GF6: 430

(Gen 18:23-32)

JN3:531 (Edward Burrough to Martha Simmonds and others, 1656): ...you being out of the life [have] lost the savor [Mat 5:13] & sense of the power of God. You worship the image & sets up altars to another than the living God, who is light [1 Jn 1:5]; & you in the feigned hypocrisy & worships the works of a man's hand [Deut 4:28] & man & not the works of God [. Truth?] is shut up in the grave, & a thickness of earth & filth is above it, & it hardly feels us, or can own us; the stone is rolled upon it, & watched with the wicked; but it is ours forever, though oppressed with mire & clay, & for its sake we have spared you & have borne with the wicked, for the sake of the righteous [Gen 18:23-32], & yet have not justified the wicked [Exo 23:7], & would have hidden your shame, & gathered you under protection; & stood in trial with you, but you would not [Mat 23:37].

(Gen 18:25)

SIW 168 (Ann Crowley, 18–): While sorrow covers my mind in the feeling of this privation, the language of Holy writ sweetly revives, "Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?" [Gen 18:25]


19:1 And there came two angels to Sodom at even; and Lot sat in the gate of Sodom: and Lot seeing them rose up to meet them; and he bowed himself with his face toward the ground;      qtext

19:2 And he said, Behold now [G: See; B: Oh], my lords, turn in, I pray you, into your servant's house, and tarry all night, and wash your feet, and ye shall rise up early, and go on your ways. And they said, Nay; but we will abide in the street all night.

19:3 And he pressed upon them greatly [G: earnestly; B: exceedingly]; and they turned [B: returning] in unto him, and entered into [G: came to] his house; and he made them a feast, and did bake unleavened bread, and they did eat.

19:4 But before they lay down [G: went to bed; B: went to rest], the men of the city, even the men of Sodom, compassed the house round, both old and young [G: from the young even to the old], all the people from every quarter [GB: all quarters]:

19:5 And they called [G: Who crying] unto Lot, [and] said unto him, Where are the men which came in to thee this night? bring them out unto us, that we may know them.

19:6 And Lot went out at the door unto them, and shut the door after him,

19:7 And said, I pray you [B: Nay, for God’s sake], brethren, do not so wickedly.

19:8 Behold now, I have two daughters which have not known man; let me, I pray you, bring them out [GB: them will I bring out now] unto you, and do ye to them as is good in your eyes [G: seemeth you good]: only unto these men do nothing; for therefore came they under the shadow of my roof.

19:9 And they said, Stand back [G: Away hence]. And they said again, This one fellow came in to sojourn [G: he came alone as a stranger; B: he came in as one to sojourn], and he will needs be a judge: [G: shall he judge and rule: B: will he be now a judge?] now will we deal worse with thee, than with them. And they pressed sore upon the man, even Lot [G: Lot himself], and came near to break the door.

19:10 But the men put forth their hand, and pulled Lot into the house to them, and shut to the door.

19:11 And they smote the men that were at the door of the house with blindness, both small and great: so that they wearied themselves to find [GB: were wearied in seeking] the door.

19:12 And the men said unto Lot, Hast thou here any besides [G: Whom hast thou yet here]? son in law, and thy sons, and thy daughters, and whatsoever thou hast in the city, bring them out of this place:

19:13 For we will destroy this place, because the cry of them is waxen [GB omit] great before the face of the LORD [G: Lord; B: face of God]; and the LORD hath sent us to destroy it.

19:14 And Lot went out, and spake unto his sons in law, which married his daughters, and said, Up [G: Arise; B: Stand up], get you out of this place; for the LORD will destroy this city. But he seemed as one that mocked unto his sons in law.

[Gen 19:1-29 cf 2 Pt 2:6-8; Jude 1:7]

(Gen 19:1-29) GF7: 278; GF6: 160; JN3: 45; HPS 138, 296, 510; TEM 65, 111; SBD 47

(Gen 19:1-11) GFJN 98; GF3: 47,72; GF4: 355; JN1: 200; HPS 200

(Gen 19:1) GF3: 578; RBA 444 , RBAF 402

(Gen 19:2f) GF3: 579

(Gen 19:11) JN1: 302


(Gen 19:1-29)

[Other texts citing Gen 19:1-29: GF7: 278f (Gen 27:30-36), TEM 111 (Gen 13:13)], HPS 138 (Mat 23:35)]

HPS 510f (Katharine Whitton, 1681): ...and though Sodom was destroyed, yet Lot escaped, by flying out of it and getting into Zoar [Gen 19:1-29]: And dear Friends, it is upon me yet once more to entreat, if any there be in any measure guilty of any of those Evils for which the Lord is angry with this Nation, the land of our Nativity, that such by true Repentance, while mercy is proffered, would return and get out of the same; for the Angel of the Lord hath warned, therefore linger not, for I say get out of every thing wherewith the Lord is displeased....

SBD 47 (1750): [dispensation of angels to Lot, Gen 19:1-17]

(Gen 19:1-11)

GFJN 98 (16–): They threw stones at us down the streets; and there was an innkeeper that was a bailiff came and took us into his house; and they broke his head that the blood ran down his face with the stones that they threw at us, and he was Lot, I told him, that ventured himself and took us into his house from the rude multitude [Gen 19:1-11]....

GF3: 72 (1659): The light is the door [John 10:1], "which doth enlighten every, man that cometh into the world;" [John 1:9] but ye blind Sodomites are groping for the door, but cannot find it, raging without [Gen 19:11], and would kill the just who are in the light, which is the door.

GF4: 355 (1668): and was not Lot persecuted and mocked in Sodom? and what became of those temporal blind Sodomites persecuting the just, then you may say what will become of these spiritual blind persecuting Sodomites? and if outward Sodom was consumed to ashes, what will become of the spiritual Sodom? and was not persecution always blind? [Gen 19:9-25]

JN1: 199f (1653): Others whom the Lord hath called to leave houses and land, wives and children, fathers and mothers, and hath in love to poor souls sent them out to declare his love to the world, and the glad tidings of the gospel freely. These are taken under the name of wanderers and strangers, because they have no earthly possessions amongst you; some of them by your law you imprison, some you whip out of your towns, some are beaten, stoned, and shamefully entreated, though they ask you nothing, neither are free to receive anything from the world if they would give them, but do wait on their Father for food who sends them their journey; and thus you entertain strangers, contrary to the practice of all the saints in all ages and the commands of God and the apostles, who warned not to forget to entertain strangers, for some thereby "have entertained angels unawares" [Heb 13:2], but as the men of Sodom did compass Lot’s house, who had entertained strangers [Gen 19:1-11], so do these compass the houses where these are, threatening to pull down the houses and dash their brains against the stones in the wall...

HPS 200 (Katharine Evans and Sarah Chivers, prisoners of the Inquisition on Malta, 1662): And when they saw they could not prevail to betray us from the truth, then they said, they would give us to the Devil to be tormented, and deliver us over to their bad Catholics, to do by us as they pleased; for they would use us badly, and so they did seek to do: Oh the cursed noises and cries the Sodomites did make, crying Quake, Quake, running about the prison raging, and some singing and crowding round the prison night and day, as if they would have broke through to slay me....[Gen 19:4f]

(Gen 19:1)

RBA 444 (1678, XV:6): [Re kneeling and bowing] I know nothing our adversaries have to plead for them... save some few instances of the Old Testament... such as Abraham’s bowing himself to the children of Heth [Gen 23:7], and Lot to the two angels [Gen 19:1], etc. But the practice of these patriarchs, related as a matter of fact, are not to be a rule to Christians now; neither are we to imitate them in every practice which has not a particular reproof added to it, for we find not Abraham reproved for taking Hagar [Gen 16], etc.; and indeed to say all things were lawful for us which they practised would produce inconveniences obvious enough to us all....We should have a better rule to walk by, than the custom of the Gentiles; the apostles desire us not to be "conformed to this world" [Rom 12:2]....


19:15 And when the morning arose, then the angels hastened Lot [G: hasted Lot; B: caused Lot to speed him], saying, Arise [B: Stand up], take thy wife, and thy two daughters, which are here [B: be at hand]; lest thou be consumed in the iniquity [G: be destroyed in the punishment; B: perish in the sin] of the city.

19:16 And while he lingered [GB: as he prolonged the time], the men laid hold upon his hand, and upon the hand of his wife, and upon the hand of his two daughters [GB: caught both him, his wife, and his two daughters by the hands]; the LORD being merciful unto him: and they brought him forth, and set him without the city.

19:17 And it came to pass, [GB omit] when they had brought them forth abroad [GB: out], that he [G: the angel] said, Escape for thy life [B: Save thyself]; look not behind thee, neither stay [GB: tarry] thou in all the plain; escape to [B: save thyself in] the mountain, lest thou be consumed [G: be destroyed; B: perish].      qtext

19:18 And Lot said unto them, Oh, not so [G: Not so, I pray thee], my Lord [B: Lords]:

19:19 Behold now, thy servant hath found grace in thy sight, and thou hast magnified thy mercy, which thou hast shewed unto me in saving my life; and I cannot escape to [B: be saved in] the mountain, lest some evil take [B: harm fall upon] me, and I die:      qtext

19:20 Behold now, this city is near [G: See now this city hereby; B: Behold here is a city by] to flee unto, and it is a [G: which is a; B: even yonder] little one: Oh, let me escape thither, (is it not a little one?) and my soul shall live.

19:21 And he said unto him, See [G: Behold], I have accepted thee [GB: received thy request] concerning this thing also, that I will not overthrow this city, for the which thou hast spoken.

19:22 Haste thee, escape thither [G: save thee there; B: and be saved there]; for I cannot do any thing [GB: can do nothing] till thou be come thither. Therefore the name of the city was called [B: is] Zoar.

19:23 The sun was risen [G: did rise] upon the earth when Lot entered into Zoar.

19:24 Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven;

[Gen 19:24 cf Jude 1:7]

19:25 And he overthrew those cities, and all the plain [B: that plain region], and all the inhabitants of [B: that dwelled in] the cities, and that which grew upon the ground [BT: earth].

19:26 But his wife looked back from behind him [Lot’s wife following him, looked behind her], and she became [was turned into] a pillar of salt.      qtext

(Gen 19:17) GF8: 59 [307]; SIW 67

(Gen 19:19) WPR 640

(Gen 19:24) GF7: 274 [244]

(Gen 19:24f) JN3: 586 (MS)

(Gen 19:26) GF8: 59 [307]; SIW 67 <

(Gen 19:17,26)

SIW 67 (Catherine Payton Phillips, 1797): Oh! the "thunderings, lightnings, and tempests" which seemed to threaten destruction, which I had to pass through in that day, are to be had in everlasting remembrance; with thanksgiving to that divine hand which preserved me from being so far dismayed at them as to look back with a desire to return to that country from which I had happily escaped. [Gen 19:17,26]

(Gen 19:19)

WPR 640 (1699?): "Shew Mercy." (cites Gen 19:19)

(Gen 19:26)

SIW 67: [Gen 19:26, see under Gen 19:17]


This page last revised Sept 2007