A comprehensive Scripture index to early Quaker writings
20:1 And Abraham journeyed from [B: departed] thence toward the south country, and dwelled between Kadesh and Shur, and sojourned in Gerar.
20:2 And Abraham said of Sarah his wife, She is my sister: and Abimelech king of Gerar sent, and took Sarah [B: fet (fetched?) Sarah away].
20:3 But God came to Abimelech in a dream by night, and said to him, Behold, thou art but a dead man [G: dead], for the woman [G: because of the woman; B: for the woman’s sake] which thou hast taken; for she is a man's wife.
20:4 But [G: Notwithstanding] Abimelech had not come near [G: yet come near; B: yet touched] her: and he said, Lord, wilt thou slay also a righteous nation [G: even the righteous nation; B: righteous people]? qtext
20:5 Said he not unto me, She is my sister? and she, even she herself said, He is my brother: in the integrity of my heart [G: with an upright mind; B: with a single heart] and innocency of my hands [GB: innocent hands] have I done this.
20:6 And God said unto him in a dream, Yea, I know [B: I wot well] that thou didst this in the integrity of thy heart [G: even with an upright mind; B: in the singleness of they heart]; for I also withheld thee from sinning [GB: I kept thee also that thou shouldst not sin] against me: therefore suffered I thee not to touch her.
20:7 Now therefore restore the man his wife [GB: deliver the man his wife again]; for he is a prophet, and he shall pray for thee, and thou shalt [GB: that thou mayest] live: and if thou restore her not [GB: but if thou deliver her not again], know thou that thou shalt surely die [GB: be sure that thou shalt die the death], thou, and all that are thine [GB: thou hast].
[Gen 20:2-7: cf Gen 26:6-11]
(Gen 20) GFJN 57
(Gen 20:2-7) GF4: 387f
(Gen 20:3) WPR 53
(Gen 20:4) WPR 316 ; WPT 129
GF4: 388 (1673?): Now mark, all ye papists and protestants, who say, "you never heard the voice of God, nor of Christ:"; see how Abimelech talked with God, and God with him in a vision, or a dream, and how God acknowledged his heart was pure; and how he had kept him from another man's wife, though he innocently looked upon it, that she had really been Abraham's sister, and not his wife. And therefore, doth not Abimelech's obedience, and the divine power of God in him judge all you papists and protestants that covet after other men's wives, and manifest yourselves to be unclean, and not innocent?
WPR 316 (1674): [cites as one of the] many very pregnant instances ... in which the righteousness of the Gentiles hath in several cases more evidently appeared, than that of some of the Jews, and which undeniably testifies to the sufficiency of that Light they had, both to manifest that which was good, from that which was evil, and give an ability to such as truly minded its illumination, whereby they were enabled to do the one, and reject the other. Such were Abimelech [Gen 20:4 and 21:22], Cyrus, Darius...
20:15 And Abimelech said, Behold, my land is [B: lieth] before thee: dwell where it pleaseth thee [B: +best]. qtext
20:16 And unto Sarah he said, Behold [B: see], I have given thy brother a thousand pieces of silver: behold, he is to thee a covering of the eyes [G: he is the veil of thine eyes; B: it is as a covering of thine eyes], unto all that are with thee, and with all other [G: to all others]: thus she was reproved.
(Gen 20:15) GF4: 356
(Gen 20:16) JN2: 71
GF4:356 (1668): [Gen 20:15, see under Gen 12:6-8]
JN2:71 (1655): [Gen 20:16, see under Heb 12:23]
[Gen 21:2 see Heb 11:11]
21:4 And Abraham circumcised his son Isaac being eight days old, as God had commanded him. qtext
21:5 And Abraham was an hundred years old, when his son Isaac was born unto him.
21:6 And Sarah said, God hath made me to laugh [GB: rejoice], so that all that hear will laugh [G: rejoice; B joy] with me.
21:7 And she said, Who would have said unto Abraham, that Sarah should have given children suck? for I have born him a son in his old age. qtext
21:8 And the child grew, and was weaned: and Abraham made a great feast the same day that Isaac was weaned. qtext
21:9 And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, which she had borne unto Abraham, mocking [B: to be a mocker]. qtext
[cf Gal 4:24]
(Gen 21:4) GF8: 252 
(Gen 21:7) IP3: 305
(Gen 21:8f) HPS 422
(Gen 21:9-12) HPS 430 (EB)
(Gen 21:9) GF4: 130, 276, 310; GF6: 219, 256; GF8: 252 , 281 ; DGA 159; JN1: 51, 122, 157, 230, 295; JN2: 205; JN3: 47n; IP1: 153, 169, 173
(Gen 21:9f) GF5: 396; IP2: 176 ; IP4: 25f
GF8:252: [Gen 21:4, see under Gen 17:23-26]
IP3: 104f (1668): Now, from this Fountain ... issue ... testimonies concerning the life we feel and partake of, and concerning our travels in the dark land, through the valley of tears ... toward our resting-place.... I have often said in my heart, Who hath begotten me these? Who would have said that Sarah should have given children suck! [Gen 21:7] My wound was deep, and seemed incurable. But blessed be the Lord....
HPS 422 (Elizabeth Bathurst, 1679): ....whilst we have been weaning from the world's breasts, we have been made a mock to the scoffing Ishmaels of our age [Gen 21:8f]...
GF4: 130 (16-?): ...and likewise wild Ishmael the mocker [Gen 21:9]; tell these of a silent meeting and waiting upon God, nay, these will boast and mock and scoff at that which brings to wait upon God in silence; this is that which is to be cast forth....
IP2:176 (1661): [The principle of God teaches] not to conform to the world [Rom 12:2], but to deny it, and come out of it.... The reproaching, scoffing at, or speaking evil of such, is persecution with the tongue. (So Ishmael's mocking of Isaac, Gen 21:9f, is called persecuting of him, Gal 4:29f.)
21:10 Wherefore she said unto Abraham, Cast out this bondwoman and her son: for the son of this bondwoman shall not be heir with my son, even with Isaac. qtext
[Gen 21:10, cf Gal 4:30]
21:11 And the thing [B: this saying] was very grievous in Abraham's sight because of his son.
21:12 And God said unto Abraham, Let it not be grievous in thy sight because of the lad, and because of [G: for the child, and for] thy bondwoman; in all that Sarah hath said unto thee, hearken unto [GB: hear] her voice; for in Isaac shall thy seed be called. qtext
[cf Rom 9:7, Heb 11:18]
21:13 And also of [G: As for; B: Moreover, of] the son of the bondwoman will I make a nation [G: him a nation also], because he is thy seed.
21:14 And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and took bread, and a bottle of water, and gave it unto Hagar, putting it on her shoulder, and the child [G: child also; B: lad also], and sent her away: and she departed, and [GB: who departing,] wandered [B: +up and down] in the wilderness of Beersheba.
21:15 And the water was spent in the bottle, and she cast the child under one of the shrubs [G: a certain tree; B: some one of the trees].
21:16 And she went, and sat her down over against him [B: on the other side] a good way off, as it were a bowshot [G: afar off, about a bowshot; B: a great way, as it were a bowshot off]: for she said, Let me [GB: I will] not see the death of the child. And she sat over against him, and [B: sitting down on the other side,] lift up her voice, and wept.
21:17 And God heard the voice of the lad [G: child (2x)]; and the angel of God called to Hagar out of heaven, and said unto her, What aileth thee, Hagar? fear not; for God hath heard the voice of the lad where he is.
21:18 Arise, lift [G: take] up the lad, and hold [B: take] him in thine hand; for I will make him a great nation [GB: people].
21:19 And God opened her eyes, and she saw a well of water; and she went, and filled the bottle with water, and gave the lad [G: boy] drink.
21:20 And God was with the lad [G: child]; and he grew, and dwelt in the wilderness, and became an [G: was an; B: became a principal] archer.
21:21 And he dwelt in the wilderness of Paran: and his mother took [B: got] him a wife out of the land of Egypt.
21:22 And it came to pass [GB omit] at that time [G: that same time; B: that same season], that Abimelech and Phichol the chief captain of his host [GB omit] spake unto Abraham, saying, God is with thee in all that thou doest: qtext
(Gen 21:10-20) GF6: 256
(Gen 21:10-14) GFEJ 330; GF8: 39 , 98f 
(Gen 21:10) GF8: 98 ; MFU 173
(Gen 21:12) GF2: 342; GF6: 417; JN1: 157; JN2: 282
(Gen 21:13-21) GF6: 256
(Gen 21:14) GF8: 98 
(Gen 21:20) GF4: 276, 308; JN1: 157
(Gen 21:22) WPR 316; WPT 129
GF8: 99 (1676): Here you may see God justified this honourable woman's speaking, and her husband Abraham did according to her words [Gen 21:10-14] ... for the church was in Abraham's house at that time; and so Sarah spoke in the church.
JN1: 157 (1653): [Gen 21:12, 20, see under Gen 16:11f]
GF6: 256 (1684): ...Ishmael the son of Hager [sic], who was born after the flesh, who mocked Isaac [Gen 21:9] , who was born after the spirit or promise, as in Gal 4. God commanded Abraham to turn Hager and Ishmael out of his family! and they wandered in the wilderness, a place for persecutors, though Ishmael became a great man afterwards in the earth [Gen 21:12-18].
GF4: 276 (1661): the Lord gave wild Ishmael [Gen 16:12] liberty in the earth [Gen 21:20], though he mocked and scoffed at the promised seed [Gen 21:9].
WPR 316 (1674): [Gen 21:22, see under Gen 20:4]
22:1 And it came to pass [GB omit] after these things [B: sayings], that God did tempt [G: prove] Abraham, and said unto him, Abraham: and he said, Behold, here I am [G: Who answered, Here am I.]. qtext
22:2 And he said, Take now thy son [G omits], thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of [GB: show thee].
22:3 And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and saddled his ass, and took two of his young men [G: servants] with him, and Isaac his son, and clave the wood for the burnt offering, and rose up, and went unto the place of which God had told [B: appointed] him.
22:4 Then on the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes, and saw the place afar off.
22:5 And Abraham said unto his young men [G: servants], Abide ye here with the ass; and I and the lad [G: child] will go yonder and worship, and come again to you.
22:6 And Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering, and laid it upon Isaac his son; and he [B: but he himself] took the fire in his hand, and a knife; and they went both of them together.
22:7 And Isaac spake unto Abraham his father, and said, My father: and he said [GB: answered], Here am I, my son. And he said, Behold the fire and the wood [B: see here is fire and wood]: but where is the lamb [B: beast] for a burnt offering [B: sacrifice]?
22:8 And Abraham said [GB: answered], My son, God [B: My God] will provide himself [G: him; B omits] a lamb [B: beast] for a burnt offering [B: sacrifice]: so they went both of them [GB omit] together.
22:9 And they came to the place which God had told him of [GB: showed him]; and Abraham built an altar there, and laid the wood in order [G:P couched the wood; B: dressed the wood], and bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar upon the wood.
22:10 And Abraham stretched forth his hand, and took the knife to slay [G: kill; B: have killed] his son.
22:11 And the angel of the LORD called unto him out of [GB: from] heaven, and said, Abraham, Abraham: and he said [G: answered], Here am I.
22:12 And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad [GB: child], neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, [G: seeing for my sake thou hast not spared; B: and hast for my sake not spared] thine only son from me [GB omit]. qtext
22:13 And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold behind him a ram caught in a thicket [GB: bush] by his horns: and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead of his son. qtext
(Gen 22) IP3: 359; WPR 168, 227, WPT 31
(Gen 22:1-18) IP4: 167
(Gen 22:1-13) HPS 180 , 292
(Gen 22:9) IP4: 428f
(Gen 22:11) WPT 344
(Gen 22:12f) DGA 109; JN2: 223; WTG 58 , 66, 293, 358 ; DFR 49
WPR 227/WPT 31: [Gen 22, see under Jas 2:21-24]
[Other texts citing Gen 22:1-18: IP4:167 (Rom 4:9)]
HPS 180 (Katharine Evans, prisoner of the Inquisition on Malta, 1662): We did look every hour when we should be brought to the stake day and night, for several weeks, and Isaac was freely offered up. But the Lord said, he had provided a ram in the bush [Gen 22:1-13].
HPS 292 (Susannah Blandford, 1698): As Abraham offered up Isaac, so must every one offer up what God requires, to manifest our love to God; and for all such who by faith walk God will provide himself a sacrifice... [Gen 22:1-13].
[Other texts citing Gen 22:12f: JN2: 223 (Mat 6:10)]
WTG 58 (Susanna Morris, 1730): My work ... proved easier than expected..., for my God whom I desire to serve in all things accepted the will for the deed, after I had as Abraham given myself up to do his will freely. [Gen 22:12f]
WTG 358 (Ann Moore, 1761): Thus I sat resigned to the will of the Lord... waiting for him to point out to me, where He would have me go.... I had not sat long before I sensibly felt the will was accepted for the deed, as was the ram instead of Isaac [Gen 22:12f]
22:15 And the angel of the LORD called [GB: cried] unto Abraham out of [GB: from] heaven the second time,
22:16 And said, By myself have I sworn, saith the LORD, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, [G: spared; B: spared yea] thine only son: qtext
22:17 That in blessing I will [G: Therefore will I surely] bless thee, and in multiplying I will [G: will greatly] multiply thy seed as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which is upon the sea shore [B: side]; and thy seed shall possess the gate [B: gates] of his enemies; qtext
22:18 And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; because thou hast obeyed [B: heard] my voice.
[cf Gen 18:18, Gal 3:8]
[Gen 22:17f cf Heb 11:12]
(Gen 22:16-18) GF5: 79, 224, 266f ; DGA 89; GF8: 223f; GFEJ 411
(Gen 22:17) GFT 39; JN1: 203; JN2: 150; JN3: 528; WDS 279; HPS 511
(Gen 22:17f) GF2: 312
(Gen 22:18) GF5: 392; GF8: 198 , 200 , 201 , 233 , 243, 244, 246 , 255 ; GFT 195, 220; DGA 69, 100 ; JN3: 48; 725 (RR); EQ 505 (GF); SBD 47
GF5: 266f (1676): The Lord said unto Abraham, "Because thou hast obeyed my voice, all nations of the earth shall be blessed in thy seed." [Gen 22:16-18]. Now this was the promise of God to Abraham, of whom Christ came according to the flesh. So the promise was not to the seeds, as many, but unto one seed, which is Christ [Gal 3:16]; which seed bruises the head of the serpent [Gen 3:15].
GF8: 224 (1683): Abraham obeying God's voice, brought this blessing upon him. [Gen 21:16-18; see also note under Gen 12:1-3 ]
[Other texts citing Gen 22:17: JN2: 150 (Rev 18:15)]
WDS 279 (1688): The Lord will prosper his work in your hand, and cause his Truth to flourish and spread abroad. For it shall have the victory, and no weapon formed against it shall prosper [Isa 54:17]. The Lord hath determined, it shall possess the gates of his enemies [Gen 22:17]; and the glory and the light thereof shall shine more and more until the perfect day [Prov 4:18].
(Gen 22:18)GF8:244: [Gen 22:18, see under Mat 16:6]
23:6 Hear us, my lord: thou art a mighty prince [GB: prince of God] among us: in the choice [GB: chiefest] of our sepulchres bury thy dead; none of us shall withhold from [GB: forbid] thee his sepulchre, but that thou mayest bury thy dead [GB: +therein]. qtext
23:7 And Abraham stood up, and bowed himself to [GB: before] the people of the land, even to the children of Heth [G: of the Hittites; B: that is, the children of Heth]. qtext
(Gen 23) GF7: 181 , ; WPR 388
(Gen 23:6) GF8: 26 ; JWJM 206
(Gen 23:7) RBA 444, RBAF 402
GF7:347: [Gen 23, see under Gen 50:13,26 ]
WPR 388 (1673): ...as our Friends intended upon their first purchase of a burying place, that their dead bodies should lie together from the people of distinct ways, which is warranted from Abraham's practice in Genesis ; so do they not desire, that such as have been of them and have afterwards run out, should lie among them....
GF8: 26 (1670): For God blessed Abraham in his obeying of commands, when he went from his native country, and relations; yea, and made him a prince [Gen 23:6]. So they that are redeemed out of kindreds and tongues, Christ makes as princes, to overcome the prince of darkness.
JWJM 206 (17 --): Abraham was called of God to leave his country and kindred, to sojourn amongst strangers....He at length not only had assurance of being the father of many nations, but became a mighty prince [Gen 23:6].
RBA 444 (1678, XV:6): [Re kneeling and bowing: Gen 23:7, see under Gen 19:1]
24:1 And Abraham was old, and well stricken in age [G: stricken in years; B: stricken in days]: and the LORD had blessed Abraham in all things.
24:2 And Abraham said unto his eldest servant of his house, that ruled [GB: which had the rule] over all that he had, Put, I pray thee, [G: now; B omits] thy hand under my thigh:
24:3 And I will make thee swear by the LORD, the God of heaven, and the God of the earth, that thou shalt not take a wife unto my son of the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I dwell: qtext
(Gen 24) GF7: 333 ; GF8: 98 
(Gen 24:3) GF5: 155
GF5: 155 (1675) : [this swearing (Gen 24:3) was before the giving of the Law, and] was not by any book, or any creature, but by the Lord, etc. ... [superseded by the law and then by Christ, who fulfills the law and forbade oaths]
24:57 And they said, We will call the damsel [G: made], and enquire at her mouth [G: ask her consent]. qtext
(Gen 24:57) JN2: 456?
JN2: 456 (1655): ...the saints of God ... were all men that were taught in Spirit & need not run into a book to seek their knowledge but had the word of the Lord from God's own mouth, John 16:13, and there was the oracle whereat they inquired [2 Sam 16:33], which thou wouldst make the letter to be (who never knew what it was to inquire at his mouth [Gen 24:57?]), whose ministry is literal.
Genesis 25:21 And Isaac intreated [G: prayed unto; B: made intercession unto] the LORD for his wife, because she was barren: and the LORD was intreated of him, and Rebekah his wife conceived.
25:22 And the children struggled [GB: strove] together within her [B: +womb]; and [GB: therefore] she said, If it be [G: Seeing it is] so, why am I thus? And [GB: wherefore] she went to enquire of [GB: ask] the LORD. qtext
25:23 And the LORD said unto her, Two nations [B: manner of people] are in thy womb, and two manner of people [B: nations] shall be separated from [GB: divided out of] thy bowels; and the one people shall be stronger [GB: mightier] than the other people [GB omit]; and the elder shall serve [B: be servant unto] the younger. qtext
[cf Rom 9:12]
25:24 And [GB: Therefore] when her days to be delivered were fulfilled [G: time of deliverance was fulfilled; B: time was come to be delivered], behold, there were twins [G: twins were; B: there were two twins] in her womb.
25:25 And the first came out [he that came out first was] red, [GB: + and he was] all over like [G: as; B: as it were] an hairy [G: rough] garment; and they called his name Esau. qtext
[Gen 25:25G: rough Esau, cf Gen 27:11G]
25:26 And after that [G: afterward; B: after him] came his brother out, and his hand took hold on Esau's [G: held (B: holding) Esau by the] heel; and [G: therefore] his name was called Jacob: and Isaac was threescore years old when she bare them [G: Rebekha bare them; B: they were borne].
(Gen 25:22) GFEJ 330
(Gen 25:22f) GF4: 80; RBA 302, RBAF 256; HPS 431
(Gen 25:23) GF3: GFNJ 281; 278; GF4: 123, 174, 190; GF5: 394; GF7: 104 , 278f ; GF8: 50 , 98 ; GFT 167; MFU 242; IP3: 80
(Gen 25:25) GF7: 247 ; GF8: 12 , 63 ; JN1: 157f; JN3: 531 (EB); IP4: 345; JWJM 175
RBA 301f (1678, XI:8): ...when the mind sinks down and waits for the appearance of life, and that the power of darkness in the soul wrestles and works against it, then the good Seed, as it ariseth, will be found to work as physic in the soul, especially if such a weak one be in the assembly of divers others in whom the life is arisen in greater dominion, and through the contrary workings of the power of darkness there will be found an inward striving in the soul, as really in the mystery as ever Esau and Jacob strove in Rebecca's womb. [Gen 25:22f]
HPS 431 (Elizabeth Bathurst, 1679) [context: sayings of women in Bible] conversation between Rebecca and the Lord [Gen 25:22f]
GF8: 50 (1673): And all you that have received the power of Christ in your hearts, have you not seen what wars, and what rumours [Mat 24:6], and nation against nation, as it was in the two births in the womb, that came forth, two nations, two births, nation against nation...[Gen 25:23]
MFU 242 (1657): .... make sure & clean thy own house, for he that rules his own house well is worthy of double honour [1 Tim 5:17], & so the candle that is lighted, put it not under a bed nor under a bushel but on a candlestick, that all may be seen that is in the house [Mark 4:21f], that the enemies there may be kept down & under. For two nations thou wilt see in thee, & the elder must serve the younger [Gen 25:23]: So keep in the pure judgement, that the first man may be kept a servant, & the earth help the woman [Rev 12:16]....
IP3: 80 (1668): He that is taught of God ... in the feeling sense and experience knoweth the two Seeds, and is born of the one and separated from from the other from the very womb [Gen 25:23], I mean, from his birth of the Jerusalem which above, which is free (from the spirit of deceit and all its imaginary knowledge) which is the Mother of all that are born of the Spirit [Gal 4:26].
GF7: 247 (1664): And take heed of the rough garments and rough spirit of Esau's rough nature [Gen 25:25G, 27:11G], but mind the plain Jacob [Gen 25:27] that supplants [Gen 27:36] rough Esau...
JWJM 175 (1772): Esau is mentioned as a child red all over like a hairy garment [Gen 25:25]. In Esau is represented the natural will of man. In preparing the water of separation a red heifer without blemish, on which there had been no yoke, was to be slain and her blood sprinkled by the priest seven times toward the tabernacle of the congregation. Then her skin, her flesh, and all pertaining to her was to be burnt without the camp, and of her ashes the water was prepared [Num 19:13]. Thus the crucifying the old man [Rom 6:6], or natural will, is represented, and hence comes a separation from that carnal mind which is death [Rom 8:6].
25:27 And the boys grew: and Esau was [B: became] a cunning hunter, a man of the field [G: and lived in the fieldes; B: and a wild man]; and Jacob was a plain [B: perfect] man, dwelling in tents. qtext
25:28 And Isaac loved Esau, because he did eat of his venison [G: for venison was his meat]: but Rebekah loved Jacob. qtext
25:29 And Jacob sod pottage: and Esau came from the field, and he was faint [G: weary]: qtext
25:30 And Esau said to Jacob, Feed me [G: let me eat], I pray thee, with that same red pottage [G: of that pottage so red]; for I am faint [G: weary]: therefore was his name called Edom.
25:31 And Jacob said, Sell me this day [G: even now] thy birthright.
25:32 And Esau said, Behold [GB: Lo] , I am at the point to die [G: almost dead] : and what profit shall this birthright do [G: what is then this birthright] to me?
25:33 And Jacob said, Swear to me this day [G: even now]; and he sware unto him: and he sold his birthright unto Jacob.
25:34 Then Jacob gave Esau bread and pottage of lentils [B: rice]; and he did eat and drink, and rose up, and went his way: thus Esau despised [G: so Esau contemned; B: and Esau little regarded] his birthright. qtext
(Gen 25:27) GF5: 400f; GF6: 475; GF7: 247 ; GFT 168; JN1: 157f; IP4: 121; WPR 142, 302, WPT 80
(Gen 25:27f) IP1: 153, 173
(Gen 25:29-34) GF4: 130, 190; GF5: 401; GF6: 219, 475; GF8: 58f ; DGA 159f; JN3: 585 (MS); IP1: 238; IP2: 185; IP4: 37; HPS 188; WPR 142
(Gen 25:34) GF3: 166; GF6: 475
JN1: 157f (1653): And Esau was the first birth [Gen 25:25], and he was a profane person [Heb 12:16], a cunning hunter [Gen 25:27], having the fat of the earth, bearing the sword [Gen 27:40], who was a place for dragons [Isa 34:13], a wilderness, and desolate, whose portion was Mount Seir [Gen 36:8; Ezek 35:2f]. And all you who are in the first birth as he was [John 3:3]. Are ye not seeking after the fat of the earth, bearing the sword, and a wilderness, devouring one another, cunning hunters, hunting up and down, whose portion is Mount Seir, all striving for it; but Jacob his portion was not such; he was a plain man and perfect [Gen 25:27B], dwelling in tents [Gen 25:27]; God saw no iniquity in him [Num 23:31].
WPR 142 (1695): Remember that the Word came not to Esau, the first birth, the hunter that stayed not at home; but to Jacob, the plain man, he that dwelt in tents [Gen 25:27]; to him came the word of the Lord, that dwelt in a still and quiet habitation [Isa 33:20]. For in the true silence is God's word heard, into which the hunting nature of Esau, the first birth, can never come. It can never stand still, and therefore can never see the salvation of God.
IP1: 153 (1659): profane Esau [Heb 12:16] ... who hunts abroad for food pleasing to that which is to be famished [Gen 25:27f]
IP1: 173 (1659): Esau, the hunter abroad after venison... shall not inherit; ...plain Jacob [shall have] the blessing [Gen 25:27f]
[Other texts citing Gen 25:29-34: IP1: 238 (under Gen 32:24-29)]
GF4: 130 (1657): do not tell Esau of a silent meeting, and a silent waiting upon God, that hath despised his birthright [Gen 25:29-34], and after seeks it with tears [Gen 27:34], where there is no place found for him; now tell Esau of silence, and a silent meeting is a wonder to Esau, that despiseth his birthright, and would sway the sword, and slay his brother Jacob, the second birth. [Gen 27:41]
GF4: 190 (1659): Come, priests, and curates, and parsons, and vicars, have you not sold your birthright for a mess of pottage [Gen 25:29-34], for a morsel of bread, for a handful of barley [Ezek 13:19], and earthly things? and Esau-like, hunting up and down with his sword, to kill and slay the just Jacob [Gen 27:41], and get great benefices, and cast him into prison, and would make him to bow [Gen 33:3], when he is got past him; but now the younger is risen, and the elder shall be servant, who has called you to judgment....
IP2: 185 (1661): Oh! that men would awaken, and consider in time, and not sell away their everlasting inheritance for a mess of vanity, and transitory lusts and pleasures.
HPS 188 (Katharine Evans and Sarah Chivers, 1662): The Fryars went to Sarah, and told her, if she would, she should go forth of the Prison, and say nothing, nor do nothing. She said, she would upon that account. He said, they would come in the morning, and so they did; but the Lord saw their deceit, and forewarned Sarah, and bid her mind Esau, who sold his birthright for a morsel of Meat [Gen 25:29-34]; and Judas, that betrayed his Master for thirty pieces of Silver [Mat 26:15]....
GF3: 166 (1659): The light that every man hath that cometh in to the world [John 1:9] is not an imperfect light, a weak, nor faint light, nor a natural light; but they who are weak, go from it, and faint, and hate it [John 3:19], and despise it, as Esau [Gen 25:34], and run into the earth.
GF6:475: [Gen 25:34, see under Heb 12:16]
26:1 And there was a famine in the land, beside the first famine that was in the days of Abraham. And Isaac went unto Abimelech king of the Philistines unto Gerar.
26:2 And the LORD appeared unto him, and said, Go not down into Egypt; dwell [GB:: abide] in the land which I shall tell thee of [GB: shew unto thee]:
26:3 Sojourn [G: Dwell] in this land, and I will be with thee, and will bless thee; for unto thee, and unto thy seed, I will give all these countries, and I will perform the oath which I sware unto Abraham thy father;
26:4 And I will make thy seed to multiply as the stars of heaven, and will give unto thy seed all these countries; and in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed;
26:5 Because that Abraham obeyed [B: hearkened unto] my voice, and kept my charge [GB: ordinance], my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.
26:6 And Isaac dwelt in Gerar: qtext
26:7 And the men of the place asked him of his wife; and he said, She is my sister: for he feared to say, She is my wife; lest, said he, [ B omits] the men of the place should kill me for [B: have killed him because of] Rebekah; because she was fair to look upon [GB: beautiful to the eye].
26:8 And it came to pass, when [G: So after; B: And after] he had been there a long time, that [GB omit] Abimelech king of the Philistines looked out at a window, and saw, and, behold, [G: lo, he saw; B: saw] Isaac was [B omits] sporting with Rebekah his wife.
26:9 And Abimelech called Isaac, and said, Behold, [G: Lo] of a surety she is thy wife: and how [GB: why] saidst thou, She is my sister? And Isaac said unto him [GB: To whom Isaac answered], Because I said, Lest I die for her [G: Because I thought this, It may be that I shall die for her; B: because I thought that I might peradventure have died for her sake].
26:10 And Abimelech said, What is this thou hast done [GB: Why hast thou done this] unto us? one of the people might lightly have [G: had almost] lien with thy wife, and thou shouldest have brought guiltiness [GB: sin] upon us.
26:11 And Abimelech charged all his people, saying, He that toucheth this man or his wife shall surely be put to [GB: die the] death.
[Gen 26:6-11 cf Gen 20:2-7]
(Gen 26) GFJN 57
(Gen 26:4) GF5: 392; GF8: 146 , 156 , 225 ; GFEJ 412
(Gen 26:5) GF8: 26 
(Gen 26:6-11) GF4: 389
GF4: 389 (1671) [quotes Gen 26:9-11] Now consider what virtue was in Abimelech; and how tender was he of himself and his people, and of committing sin with another man's wife; and how far are protestants and papists off of this tenderness, who pretend law and gospel, and yet keep neither, but covet after other men's wives; whereas he that hath neither written law, nor gospel, obeyeth both law and gospel, who would not himself, nor yet suffer his people to meddle with another man's wife, though he had heard no other before, but that she was Isaac's sister, until he had informed himself otherwise.
26:12 Then Isaac sowed in that land, and received [G: found] in the same year an hundredfold [G: + by estimation]: and the LORD blessed him.
26:13 And the man waxed great [GB: mighty], and went forward [B: forth] and grew [G: still increased] until he became very [GB: was exceeding] great:
26:14 For he had possession of flocks [G: flocks of sheep; B: possession of sheep], and possession of herds [G: herds of cattle; B: of oxen], and great store of servants [GB: a mighty household]: and the Philistines envied [GB: had envy at] him.
26:15 For [G: Insomuch that] all the wells which his father's servants had digged in the days of Abraham his father [GB: his father Abraham’s time], the Philistines had stopped them, and filled them with earth. qtext
26:16 And Abimelech said unto Isaac, Go [GB: Get thee] from us; for thou art much mightier than we [GB: + a great deal].
26:17 And [GB: Therefore] Isaac departed thence, and pitched his tent [B: abode] in the valley of Gerar, and dwelt there.
26:18 And Isaac [GB: + returning,] digged again the wells of water, which they had digged in the days of Abraham his father; for the Philistines had stopped them after the death of Abraham: and he called their names after the [G: gave them the same; B: named them after the same] names by which his father had called [which his father gave; B: by which his father had named] them.
(Gen 26:12,14) GF2: 341f
(Gen 26:15-18) GF7: 260 ; GF8: 19 , 48 ; JN3: 599; IP3: 257, 332; IP4: 366; HPS 517
[Other texts citing Gen 26:15-18: HPS 516f (John 10:16)]
GF8: 19 (1669): And therefore be obedient to the power of the Lord, and his spirit, and his spiritual weapons; war with that Philistine that would stop up your wells and springs [Gen 26:15,18]. Jacob's [sic] well was in the mountain [John 4:12], (read that within,) he was the second birth. And the belief in the power keeps the spring open. And none to despise the prophecy, neither to quench the spirit [1 Th 5:19f]; so that all may be kept open to the spring, that everyone's cup may run over [Psa 23:5].
IP3: 257 (1672): How is the light or candle of the Lord [Prov 20:27] diminished, and at length extinguished or put out in some? Or how cometh that about? By their neglecting, despising, quenching it; hearkening and giving way to the contrary spirit in its motions and temptations. For as the good let in, stops and works out the evil; so the evil let in, stops and works out the good: so the Philistine nature given way to, stops the inward well which Jacob had digged and opened [Gen 26:15,18].
27:1 And it came to pass, that [G omits] when Isaac was [B: waxed] old, and his eyes were dim, so that he could not see, he called Esau his eldest son, and said unto him, My son: and he said unto him, Behold [G: answered him] , here am I. qtext
27:2 And he said, Behold now, I am old, I know not the day of my death:
27:3 Now therefore take, I pray thee, thy weapons [G: thine instruments], thy quiver and thy bow, and go out [GB: get thee] to the field, and [GB: that thou mayest] take me some venison;
27:4 And make me savoury meat [B: well-tasting meats], such as I love, and bring it to me, that I may eat; that my soul may bless thee before I die.
27:5 And Rebekah heard when Isaac spake to Esau his son. And Esau went to the field to hunt for venison, and to bring it.
27:6 And Rebekah spake unto Jacob her son, saying, Behold, I heard thy father speak unto [GB: talking with] Esau thy brother, saying,
27:7 Bring me venison, and make me savoury [B: dainty] meat, that I may eat, and bless thee before the LORD before my death.
27:8 Now therefore, my son, obey [GB: hear] my voice according to [GB: in] that which I command thee.
27:9 Go [GB: Get thee] now to the flock, and fetch me from [GB: bring me] thence two good kids of the goats; and I will make them savoury [GB: pleasant] meat for thy father, such as he loveth:
27:10 And thou shalt bring it to thy father, that he may eat, and [G: he shall eat, to the intent] that he may bless thee before his death.
27:11 And Jacob said to Rebekah his mother, Behold, Esau my brother is a hairy man [G: rough], and I am a smooth man [G: smooth]: qtext
27:12 My father peradventure will [G: may possibly] feel me, and I shall seem to him as a deceiver [G: to be a mocker; B: as though I went about to beguile him]; and I shall bring a curse upon me, and not a blessing.
[Gen 27:11G: rough Esau, cf Gen 25:25G]
27:13 And his mother said unto him, Upon me be thy curse, my son: only obey [GB: hear] my voice, and go fetch [G: bring] me them.
27:14 And he [B: Jacob] went, and fetched, and brought them to his mother: and his mother made savoury [GB: pleasant] meat, such as his father loved.
27:15 And Rebekah took goodly raiment [G: fair clothes] of her eldest son Esau, which were with her in the house, and put them upon [G: clothed] Jacob her younger son:
27:16 And she put the skins of the kids of the goats upon his hands, and upon the smooth of his neck:
27:17 And she gave [GB: put] the savoury [pleasant] meat and the bread, which she had prepared, into the hand of her son Jacob.
27:18 And he came unto his father, and said, My father: and he said [GB: answered], Here am I; who art thou, my son?
27:19 And Jacob said unto his father, I am Esau thy firstborn [B: eldest son]; I have done according as thou badest me: arise, I pray thee, sit [G: sit up] and eat of my venison, that thy soul may bless me.
27:20 And Isaac said unto his son, How is it that thou hast found it so quickly, my son? And he said, Because the LORD thy God brought it to me [G: mine hand; B: mine hands].
27:21 And Isaac said unto Jacob, Come near, I pray thee [G: now; B omits], that I may [B: and I will] feel thee, my son, whether thou be my very son Esau or not.
27:22 And Jacob went near unto Isaac his father; and he felt him, and said, The voice is Jacob's voice, but the hands are the hands of Esau.
27:23 And he discerned [GB: knew] him not, because his hands were hairy [G: rough], as his brother Esau's hands: so he blessed him. qtext
27:24 And [G: Again] he said, Art thou my very son Esau? And he said, I am [G: Who answered, Yea].
27:25 And he said, Bring it near to me [G: it me hither; B: me], and I will [B: let me] eat of my son's venison, that my soul may bless thee. And he brought it near to him, and he did eat: and he brought him wine, and he drank.
27:26 And his father Isaac said unto him, Come near now, and kiss me, my son.
27:27 And he came near, and kissed him: and he smelled the smell [GB: savour] of his raiment [G: garments], and blessed him, and said, See [G: Behold], the smell of my son is as the smell of a field which the LORD hath blessed:
27:28 Therefore God give thee of the dew of heaven, and the fatness of the earth, and plenty of corn [G: wheat] and wine: qtext
27:29 Let people serve thee [B: be thy servants], and nations bow down to thee: be lord over thy brethren, and let thy mother's sons [GB: children] bow down to [G: honour; B: stoop with reverence unto] thee: cursed be every one [GB: he] that curseth thee, and blessed be he that blesseth thee.
(Gen 27) GF3: 210; GF5: 398; HPS 36, 292
(Gen 27:4) JN3: 421
(Gen 27:6-13) HPS 431
(Gen 27:11G) GF7: 247 ; GF8: 12 , 63 ; IP4: 121
(Gen 27:23G) GF7: 332 ;
(Gen 27:28) GF7: 21 , 35 , 52 ; JN3: 52, 528
(Gen 27:29) GF8: 224 ; MFU 175
HPS 36 (Sarah Jones, 1650): ...he will feed thee with the Word ... if thou be willing and obedient to live at home with Jacob, which is daily to retire thy mind; though the gadding, hunting Esau persecutes thee for it, thou shalt receive the blessing in which all happiness and felicity doth consist for evermore. For as Esau went to hunt abroad, when the blessing was to be received at home [Gen 27:1-13], so I testify unto thee from the Lord, whomsoever thou art, that art convinced that the Word is in thy heart [Deut 30:14], and yet goes a gadding and hunting that proceeds from the word in others vessels, I tell thee, in Gods eternal truth, whomsoever thou art, that thou mayest receive them in a wrong ground, and that nature that is contrary to the Word of the Kingdom, may be alive in thee....
HPS 431 (Elizabeth Bathurst 1679): women speaking: Rebecca advises Jacob [Gen 27:6-13]
GF7:332 (1669): And all such as marry by the priests, who have some of them the rough hands of Esau [Gen 27:23 Geneva], and fists of wickedness [Isa 58:4], and who have had their hands dipped in the blood of our brethren in New England ...: all such as go to them for wives or husbands, must to judgment and condemnation of themselves, and that spirit that led them to the priests to marry them....
GF7: 52 (1653): So, God Almighty be with you, and multiply you, and give you the dew of heaven [Gen 27:28], the heavenly dew, the living mercies, (which nourisheth the tender plants, which causeth them to grow, and bring forth,) and water you with his blessings.
27:30 And it came to pass, as soon as [G: And when; B; As soon as] Isaac had made an end of blessing Jacob, and Jacob was yet scarce gone out from the presence of Isaac his father, that Esau his brother came in from his hunting. qtext
27:31 And he also had made [G: prepared] savoury [B: a pleasant] meat, and brought it unto his father, and said unto his father, Let my father arise, and eat of his son's venison, that thy soul may bless me.
27:32 And Isaac his father said unto him, Who art thou? And he said, I am thy son, thy firstborn Esau.
27:33 And Isaac trembled very exceedingly [G: was stricken with a marvelous great fear; B: was greatly astonied out of measure] , and said, Who? where is he that hath taken [G: hunted; B: hath hunted] venison, and brought it me, and I have eaten of all before thou camest, and have blessed him? yea, and [G: therefore] he shall be blessed. qtext
27:34 And when Esau heard the words of his father, he cried with a great and exceeding bitter cry [G: with a great cry and bitter, out of measure; B: alound and bitterly, above measure], and said unto his father, Bless me, even me also [B: I also am thy son], O my father. qtext
27:35 And he said [GB: Who answered], Thy brother came with subtilty, and hath taken away thy blessing.
27:36 And he said [B: + again], Is not he rightly named [G: Was he not justly called] Jacob? for he hath supplanted [G: deceived; B: undermined] me these [B: now] two times: [B: + First] he took away my birthright; and, behold [G: lo; B: see], now he hath taken away my blessing [B: +also]. And he said, Hast thou not reserved [B: kept never] a blessing for me? qtext
27:37 And Isaac answered and said unto Esau, Behold, I have made him thy lord, and all his brethren have I given to him for [GB: made his] servants; and with corn [G: wheat] and wine have I sustained [G: furnished; B: stablished] him: and what shall I do now unto thee, my son?
27:38 And Esau said unto his father, Hast thou but one blessing, my father? bless me, even me also [B: I am also thy son], O my father. And Esau lifted up his voice, and wept. qtext
27:39 And Isaac his father answered and said unto him, Behold, thy dwelling [GB: + place] shall be the fatness of the earth, and [G: +thou shalt have] of the dew of heaven from above;
27:40 And by thy sword shalt thou live, and shalt serve thy brother [G: be thy brother’s servant]; and [G: but] it shall come to pass when thou shalt have the dominion [get the mastery], that thou shalt break [B: loose] his yoke from off thy neck. qtext
(Gen 27:30-38) JN3: 97
(Gen 27:30-36) GF7: 247 , 278 ; EQ 504
(Gen 27:33) GF4: 256; JN1: 187
(Gen 27:34-38) JN2: 219
(Gen 27:34) GF4: 130
(Gen 27:36) GF5: 391; GF7: 247 ; GFT 195
(Gen 27:38-40) GFT 167f
(Gen 27:38) GF7: 177 ; MFU 187, 235; EQ113 (JN)
(Gen 27:39) GF7: 21 , 35 , 52 
(Gen 27:40-42) GF5: 400f
(Gen 27:40) GF6: 281; JN1: 158
GF7: 247 (1664): [Gen 27:30-36, see under Gen 25:25]
GF7: 278f (1666) : [This passge seems to be a gloss on Romans 9] And here you live in the seed Christ Jesus, your election you know before the world began, and reprobation since the world began. For Core, Cain, Ishmael, Esau, Sodom, and Egypt, spiritual and temporal, have been since the world began. For Egypt is thralldom, bondage, anguish, and darkness, and Sodom is whoredom [Gen 19:1-19], and Cain disobeyed the voice of God [Gen 4:3-10], and Core gainsaid the law [Num 16]; and whoever feels all this nature in them, they are vessels of wrath; and let them not complain and say, why hast thou made me thus? For there are vessels of honour, and vessels of dishonour. Vessels of mercy, vessels of wrath. And it is not in him that willeth and runneth, but in God that sheweth mercy. [Rom 9:20-23, 16] Now Esau, the first birth, signifieth a worker. Jacob the second birth, signifieth a supplanter, and when Jacob hath supplanted Esau the first birth, [Gen 25:23, 27:30-36] the profane nature, Jacob is called Israel; that is as much as to say, thou hast power with God now [Gen 32:28]. So where the election is risen, and hath put down Cain, Core, Egypt, Sodom, the first birth slain, which brought all the wrath into the vessel, and the old bottle broken; here is a new bottle that holdeth the new wine [Mat 9:17], and vessels of honour, and vessels of mercy, in the election before the world began; and you have all things made new, a new heaven and a new earth. [Rev 21:1,5]
EQ 504 (George Fox, 1680): What is Jacob? He was a supplanter. He supplanted Esau the first birth. [Gen 27:30-36] So every man and woman must first know a supplanting in themselves.
GF4:256, JN1:187 (1653): [quote Gen 27:33 along with other biblical passages about trembling.]
JN2: 219 (1655): And this is the cause why nothing you do is accepted, because it is performed in the disobedient cursed nature, there is Cain's sacrifice [Gen 4:5] and Esau's prayers and tears [Gen 27:34-38].
MFU 235 (1657): ... repent & turn to the lord while thou hast time, least [lest] it be to [too] late, & thou seek thy birthright with tears (as Esau did [Gen 27:38]) and cannot have it.
GF6:281 (1685) Isaac said, that when Esau had broken Jacob's yoke from off his neck, then Esau should have the dominion, and this Isaac spoke by prophecy [Gen 27:40], and was fulfilled in Jehoram's days (2 Chron 21:4f, 8). For then the Edomites made themselves a king, and this Jehoram compelled Judah to his false worship, and to forsake God's worship. [2 Chron 21:11]
JN1:157f (1653:) [Gen 27:40, see under Gen 25:27]
27:41 And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing wherewith his father blessed him: and Esau said in his heart [G: thought in his mind] , The days of mourning for my father are at hand [G: will come shortly]; then will I slay my brother Jacob. qtext
27:42 And these words of Esau her elder son were told to Rebekah: and she sent and called Jacob her younger son, and said unto him, Behold, thy brother Esau, as touching thee, doth comfort himself, purposing [G: is comforted against thee, meaning] to kill thee.
27:43 Now therefore, my son, obey [GB: hear] my voice; and arise, flee thou to Laban my brother to Haran;
27:44 And tarry with him a few days [GB: a while], until thy brother's fury turn away [GB: fierceness be (as)suaged];
27:45 Until thy brother's anger [GB: wrath] turn away from thee, and he forget that [GB: the things] which thou hast done to him: then I will send, and fetch [G: take] thee from thence: why should I be deprived [B: desolate] also of you both in one day?
27:46 And Rebekah said to Isaac, I am weary of my life because of the daughters of Heth: if Jacob take a wife of the daughters of Heth, such as these which are of the daughters of the land, what good shall my life do me [availeth it me to live]? qtext
28:1 And Isaac called Jacob, and blessed him, and charged him, and said unto him, Thou shalt not take a wife of the daughters of Canaan.
28:2 Arise, go to Padanaram, to the house of Bethuel thy mother's father; and take thee a wife from thence of the daughters of Laban thy mother's brother.
(Gen 27:41) GF4: 130, 190, 355; GF5: 396; GF6: 219, 475 ; GF8: 252 , 281 ; DGA 159f; IP1: 418; IP3: 180
(Gen 27:46-28:1) GF8: 98 ; HPS 431
IP1:418 (1660): The seed of Jacob, in his seeking, misses not; but this seeker never finds; to this asker it is never given, and to this knocker it is never opened [Mat 7:7].... And how can that which would fain have the kingdom, but rage against that which takes the inheritance from it [Gen 27:41]? How can every sort of professors but strive to slay the heir, that the inheritance may be theirs?
GF8:98 (1676): And here you may see that Isaac and Rebecca were helps-meet; and Isaac did not say, hold thy tongue, thou foolish woman. [Gen 27:46-28:1]
HPS 431 (Elizabeth Bathurst, 1679): [Women speaking: Rebecca advises Isaac on Jacob's marriage, and Isaac listens, Gen 27:46-28:1]
This page last revised Sept 2007