4:1 And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten [G: obtained] a man from [G: by; B: of] the LORD.      qtext

4:2 And she again [B: she proceeding,] bare [G: brought forth] his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.      qtext

(Gen 4:1-17) GFJN 29; GF3: 524; GF4: 98f [91], 130 , 276; GF6: 256 ; GF7: 253 [233]; DGA 159; JN1: 162 ; EQ 400; IP1 233f

[cf Heb 11:4; 1 Jn 3:12; Jude 1:11]

(Gen 4:1) IP3: 85f

(Gen 4:2) GF2: 341; EQ 360, 400

(Gen 4:1-17)

GFJN 29f (16–): But the Lord opened to me who the great deceivers were, and how far they might come...even such as came as far as Cain, to hear the voice of God;.... yet turned from the Spirit and the Word, and went into the gainsaying ... persecuted them that were in the power, as Cain did....And I saw the state of those, both priests and people, who in reading the scriptures, cry out much against Cain, Esau, and Judas, and other wicked men of former times, mentioned in the Holy Scriptures; but do not see the nature of Cain, of Esau, of Judas, and those others, in themselves... sitting up above all that is called God in them.

GF4: 130 (1657): Cain was the first birth ... now tell Cain the envious murderer of a silent meeting or waiting upon God, when he is a vagabond from that of God in him, and so from God [and] would slay and murder them that are [like Abel] in the life; it he will slay and yet sacrifice, to which sacrifice God hath no respect....

GF6:256 (1684): Here was the promise of God to Cain, but Cain disobeyed God, and did not well; for he persecuted and killed his brother Abel about religion and worship; and therefore God pronounced, that he should be a fugitive, and a vagabond in the earth.

GF7:98f: [Gen 4:1-17, see under 1 Jn 4:16]

GF7: 253 (1664): Friends, this is the day of the trial of your faith.... the one faith, which keeps you in the oneness, and all the sacrificers, and worshippers, and religions that are not in this faith, are not one, their sacrifices nor offerings God hath no respect to, but they are like Cain's, that went from the presence of God, and persecuted about his religion, who built a city in the land of Nod, [Gen 4:11-17] which signifies, wandering to and fro, and unsettled, and tossings to and fro, up and down. And this is the city that all that persecute about religion live in.... let them be of what profession or religion soever, heathen, Jew, or Christian, if they be persecutors about religion with carnal weapons, they are in Cain's land of Nod, wandering out of the faith of Abel, of the elect; in which faith God accepts the sacrifice, and these are in the land of the living....

IP1: 233f (1659): There is a faith which is of a man's self; and a faith which is the gift of God; or a power of believing, which is found in the nature of fallen man; and a power of believing, which is given from above. As there are two births, the first and the second, so they have each their faith... Cain will sacrifice with his faith, and he believes he shall be accepted; had he not believed so, he would not have been so angry when he found otherwise: and the Cainish spirit in man, the vagabond from the life of God [Gen 4:12-14], which hath not a habitation in God, nor the eternal life of God abiding in him, is busy with the same faith at this day, and hath the same expectation from it as Cain had.

(Gen 4:2)

[Other texts citing Gen 4:2: GF2:341 (Gen 9:20)]

EQ 360 (Thomas Aldam, 1652): Read the Scriptures, and you may see what sort of men they were that taught the people: Abel, he was a shepherd [Gen 4:2], Jacob, a keeper of sheep [Gen 30:31), Moses, a shepherd [Exo 3:1], Elisha, a plowman[1 Ki 19:19f], Amos, a herdsman [Amos 7:14], Paul, a tentmaker [Acts 18:3], Simon and Andrew were fishermen [Mat 4:18 | Mar 1:16]. They were not wise and learned men, as the scribes and Pharisees were, which Christ cried woe against....


4:3 And in process of time [B: days] it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering [GB: oblation] unto the LORD.      qtext

4:4 And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings [G: first fruits] of his flock [GB: sheep] and of the fat thereof. And the LORD had respect unto Abel and to his offering [B: oblation]:      qtext

4:5 But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect [G: no regard; B: no respect]. And [G: wherefore; B: for the which cause] Cain was very [GB: exceeding] wroth, and his countenance fell [G: fell down; B: abated].      qtext

4:6 And the LORD said unto Cain, Why art thou wroth? and why is thy countenance fallen [G: cast down; B: abated]?      qtext

4:7 If thou doest [GB: do] well, shalt thou not be accepted [B: receive]? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door [B: lieth not sin at the door?]. And unto thee shall be his desire his desire shall be subject], and thou shalt rule [B: have dominion] over him.      qtext

4:8 And Cain talked with [G: spake to] Abel his brother: and it came to pass, [G omits] when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him.      qtext

[Gen 4:8, cf 1 Jn 3:12]

4:9 And the LORD said unto Cain, Where is Abel thy brother? And he said, I know not [Who answered, I cannot tell; B: Which said I wot not]: Am I my brother's keeper?      qtext

(Gen 4:3-8) GF3: 29 (EB), 520, 544; GF4: 237, 275, 309, 354; GF5: 400; GF6: 474; GF7: 47 [38], 253 [233], 259 [239], 278 [245], 297 [249]; GF8: 136f [343], 246 [390], 252 [394], 281 [401], 294 [408]; GFT 76; JN1: 158, 162 ; IP1: 71, 231, 248; IP3: 150 ; IP4: 429; WPR 29; WTG 200f (EH)

(Gen 4:3-7) JN3: 97

(Gen 4:3-5) GF4: 18, 318; GF7: 265 [240]; MFU 87; EQ113 (JN); IP2: 44; IP4: 37; HPS 343f

(Gen 4:3f) JN3: 64; RBA 458

(Gen 4:4-9) GF4: 364

(Gen 4:4) IP4: 141

(Gen 4:5-8) GF4: 130; GF5: 385

(Gen 4:5) GF3: 541f; GF4: 29, 352; GF6: 451; GF7: 161 [171], 253 [233], 269 [240]; MFU 14 , 181; JN1: 46; JN2: 74 , 219; JN3: 543 (GF); IP1: 34, 153; HPS 187

(Gen 4:6-8) GF4: 157; JN3: 323

(Gen 4:6f) JN3: 718 (RR); IP3: 276

(Gen 4:7-12) GF7: 270 [240]

(Gen 4:7) GFJN 316; GF3: 533, 541; GF5: 399; GF6: 171; RBA 132, 193 ; RBAF 95, 147

(Gen 4:7f) GF6: 256

(Gen 4:8-11) MFU 49; IP3: 44

(Gen 4:8-10) GF3: 475

(Gen 4:8) GF4: 303; GF6: 451; GF7: 277f [245]; GF8: 137 [343], 176 [361], 245 [390]; MFU 71; JN1: 111; JN2: 277, 589; HSM*      [cf 1 Jn 3:12]

(Gen 4:9) JN1: 60 ; WPR 89


(Gen 4:3-8)

[Other texts citing Gen 4:3-8: GF7:278 (under Gen 27:30-36), GF7:297 (1 Jn 1:4)]

GF4: 237 (1660): ...the false church hath been fenced with Cain's weapons, murderers, sacrificers, having the form of godliness [2 Tim 3:5], they take of the earth, and sacrifice of the earth, and these are Cain's weapons, for whatever is not from God received, amd from his spirit, is from the earth; [Gen 4:3-8]

GF8:252 (1684): And now, friends, you know envious Cain was a sacrificer as well as Abel, but out of the faith and righteousness, who murdered his brother Abel [Gen 4:3-8], he may be said to have been a type of Judas, who was a partaker of the ministry, yet betrayed his master [Mat 10:4 | Mar 3:19 | Luk 6:16].

JN1: 162 (1653): ... All your churches, all your worships ... are for the fire ... for they are the works of the flesh, proceeding for the first nature; & not knowing the word of God, but only the letter, ye crucify the just, and ye get up in the just's place, quenching the light within you, the deceit transforms in his place as Cain did when he slew his brother Abel; he gets up into his brother's place, and said, "Am I my brother's keeper?" So all you who crucify the just, ye are as Cain; for it is the righteous that God doth accept, the second birth. As you read Cain's sacrifice God did not accept, but Abel the second God did accept, for he was righteous. And Cain slew Abel, because Abel's works were righteous and Cain's were evil. Now all you who are in the first birth are Cain, in envy, manslayers, and your sacrifice God doth not accept: see whether you be in envy or no. Now all that come to the word, come before Cain was.

IP1: 248 (1659): What is fed by man's scripture knowledge, but the earthly understanding? The earthly will heated, the earthly affections warmed? And of the fruits of this earth they bring sacrifices to God: and they are angry that God hath raised up Abel, their younger brother, who offers up the Lamb of God to God, and and serves the living God, in his own living Spirit, and with the faith which comes from him. [Gen 4:3-5]

IP3: 150 (1668): Cain was the first wicked man that we read of; and how tender was God towards him! even him that sacrificed not after the Spirit, but after the flesh, and slew his brother Abel. Now can any man lay Cain's wickedness either upon the will, or upon the decree and counsel of God? Might he not have done well? Might he not have sacrificed to God in the faith, as well as his brother Abel? And if he had done well, and offered in the faith, had he not found forgiveness and acceptance with the Lord? God accepteth no man's person: God rejecteth no man's person; but there is a seed he hath chosen; and to gather man into his seed, is his delight and work; as it is the delight, nature, and work of another spirit to scatter from this seed.

(Gen 4:3-5)

[Other texts citing Gen 4:3-5: IP2: 44 (Gen 2:3)]

HPS 343f (Elizabeth Bathurst, 1679): [(continued from under Rom 3:25) Begins with Heb 11:4 and asks how God testified of Abel's gift; how did he and Cain know whether their gifts were accepted? Both had enough] "manifestation of the Spirit in them .. to know it to be their Duty to offer Sacrifice unto him. But Cain sticking in the Form, and not flying on the Wing of Faith to Christ, the one Offering, mist the mark that should have been aimed at by him, and for this cause God rejected both him and his Offering... [quotes Gen 4:4f]. ..."God had no Respect to Abel personally ... but as he had an eye to the promised Seed to be accepted in, even Jesus Christ .... And...by the Spirit of his Son in their hearts, he gave Testimony to their Gifts, to Abel, that his was accepted; and to Cain, that his was rejected... it was a living in-wrought Faith, whereby Abel obtained acceptance of his Offering....."

(Gen 4:4-9)

[Other texts citing Gen 4:4-9: GF4:364 (Rom 1:31)

(Gen 4:4)

[Other texts citing Gen 4:4: IP4: 141 (Gen 8:20f)]

(Gen 4:5-8)

[Other texts citing Gen 4:5-8: GF4:130 (1 Jn 3:12)]

(Gen 4:5)

[Other texts citing Gen 4:5: JN2:219 (under Gen 27:34-38)]

GF4: 352 (1668): ...such as envied their brother christian, and persecuted him, such were not to offer their gift until they were reconciled to the brethren [Mat 5:23f]; for if they do, God has no respect to their sacrifice, no more than he has to Cain's that envies his brother [Gen 4:5].

MFU 14 (1652): ... thou hast made many long prayers and great profession of the scripture without thee, but if ever thou come to know the truth, thou shalt find, that they were Cain,s sacrifices, and that thou offered them up in the carnish [carnal] nature, which never was nor never shall be accepted [Gen 4:5], but is an abomination to the lord, examine truly and see what fruits they have brought forth....

JN2: 74 (1655): Thou that enviest thy fellow-creatures art old Cain; he that envies his brother is a murderer [1 Jn 3:15] of the Righteous and the Just [Acts 7:52], whose sacrifice God doth not accept [Gen 4:5]; and thou that art Cain, who livest in envy, God doth not accept thy sacrifice; all your preaching, all your praying, all your singing, and all your praising is not accepted of God whilst you live in envy; for it is the pure that he accepts, and the heart that he requires, and not the murderer's sacrifice, for that is Cain's.

Katharine Evans, 1662 (HPS 187): We told him, all their Praying, Preaching ... was no more accepted than Cain's Sacrifice [Gen 4:5], unless they were moved of the Eternal Spirit of the Lord.

(Gen 4:6f)

[Other texts citing Gen 4:6f: JN3:718f (Gen 9:25f)]

GF5: 399 (1679): And Cain had his day of visitation; for the Lord told him, "if he did well, he should be accepted; and if not, sin lay at his door [Gen 4:6f]:" so there was a promise of God to Cain, if he had believed it and received it; so his destruction was of himself.

RBA 132 (1678, V/VI:19): God hath given to every man a day or time of visitation, wherein it is possible for him to be saved.... [Gen 4:6f] This was said to Cain before he slew his brother Abel, when the evil seed began to tempt him and work in his heart, we see how God gave warning to Cain in season, and in the day of his visitation towards him acceptance and remission if he did well ... So that if we may trust God Almighty, ...it was possible in a day even for Cain to be accepted. Neither could God have proposed the doing of good as a condition, if he had not given Cain sufficient strength whereby he was capable to do good.

RBA 191, 3 (1678, VII:8): ...the immediate cause of a man's justification in the sight of God, is the revelation of Jesus Christ in the soul, changing, altering, and renewing the mind.... Those then that find him thus raised and ruling in them have a true ground of hope to believe that they are justified by his blood. But let not any deceive themselves, so as to foster themselves in a vain hope and confidence that aby the death and sufferings of Christ they are justified, so long as "sin lies at their door" (Gen 4:7), iniquity prevails, and they remain unrenewed and unregenerate....

(Gen 4:8)

[Other texts citing Gen 4:8: GF8:137 (under Heb 11:10), HSM* (online: Gen 4:21)]

(Gen 4:8f)

JN1: 60 (1653): Thou art of the brood that came to ask Christ by what authority he did those things his Father had sent him to do [Mat 21:23]; and because thou must not enter into the secrets of God by thy serpent's wisdom, thou wilt forbid and persecute them in whom it is revealed, as they did. Now wouldst thou but look back and search the Scriptures thou shouldst find thy generation all along from Cain to thyself: for all particulars are of that serpent’s brood [Mat 23:33]. It may be that thou wilt own all that generation to be of Cain till it come to thyself, and then thou wilt deny that thou art any of that brood, and yet art found acting in the very same things. And herein thou differest not at all from the rest; for they would all deny it, even from the first: for when God asked Cain where his brother was? said he knew not: "Am I my brother's keeper?" whenas he had slain him. [Gen 4:8f; then quotes Mat 23:29-31]


4:10 And [G: again] he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground [G: earth].      qtext

4:11 And now [G: Now therefore] art thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand;      qtext

4:12 When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield [B: she shall not yield] unto thee her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond [G: a vagabond and a runnagate (renegade)] shalt thou be in the earth.      qtext

4:13 And Cain said unto the LORD, My punishment is greater than I can bear [B: My iniquity is more than that it may be forgiven].      qtext

4:14 Behold, thou hast driven [GB: cast] me out this day from the face of [G omits; B: upper face of] the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond [G: a vagabond, and a runnagate] in the earth; and it shall come to pass, that [G omits] every one that [G: whosoever] findeth me shall slay me.

4:15 And the LORD said unto him, Therefore [G: Doubtless; B: Verily] whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him [GB: he shall be punished] sevenfold. And the LORD set a mark upon Cain, lest any [G: +man] finding him should kill him.      qtext

4:16 And Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of [G: toward the east side of; B: eastward from] Eden.

4:17 And Cain [GB: Cain also] knew his wife; and she conceived, and bare Enoch: and he builded a city, and called the name of the city, after the name of his son, Enoch.      qtext

(Gen 4:10-12) HPS 54

(Gen 4:10) GF4: 315; IP1: 178; HPS 467 ; TEM 114

(Gen 4:11-17 ) GF7: 253 [233]; GF8: 294f [408]

(Gen 4:11) GFEJ 459

(Gen 4:12-14) GFJN 429 (GF2:10); GF3: 442, 536 , 550f ; GF4: 130, 215, 277, 308, 354; GF5: 385; GF6: 256; GF7: 158 [169], 269 [240], 277 [245]; GFT 74; IP1: 234; WPR 569

(Gen 4:13) GF3: 140; IP1: 99; SBD 69

(Gen 4:15) JWJM 62f

(Gen 4:16) GF7: 277 [245]

(Gen 4:16f) GF3: 522; GF6: 474; GF8: 60 [308], 137 [343]; GFEJ 459; GFT 74

(Gen 4:17) GF3: 442, 536, 550f ; GF4: 179, 354; GF6: 256; GF8: 137 [343]


(Gen 4:10)

GF4: 315 (1662): and must ye not give an account ... for all the blood of the righteous yea have spilled, both by whippings, prisoning to death; as instance that innocent James Parnell, a saint ...; besides many others, whose righteous blood hath long cried for vengeance [Gen 4:10], which is now coming on the heads of you [Mat 23:35], who are spattered with the blood of the righteous...

HPS 467: [Gen 4:10, see under Mat 23:35 ]

(Gen 4:11-17)

GF8: 294f (1686 ): Now here you may see what was the cause that the earth should not yield her strength after it was tilled [Gen 4:12]; and of Cain's fear of being killed; and of building the city [Gen 4:17]. [quotes 1 John 3:15] Now, here you may see that Cain and such murderers have not eternal life abiding in them; and then they are not like to have dominion, but to be in fears and get into cities.

(Gen 4:12-14)

[Other texts citing Gen 4:12-14: GF4:(130 under 1 Jn 3:12), IP1:234 (Gen 4:1-17)]

GFJN 429, GF2:10 (16–): "How do I?" said he, "The plagues and vengeance of God are to me. A runnagate [GF2: runagate], a Cain I am [Gen 4:12, 14 G]."

GF3: 536 (1659): So you that are out of the light are vagabonds, though ye have great habitations in the earth, for Cain built a city, and yet was a vagabond. [Gen 4:14,17]

GF3: 550f (1659): So you are they that are in Cain's way, vagabonds [Gen 4:12,14] from the spirit of God. Now a vagabond hath not a habitation in God, but wanders from the witness of God in him [1 Jn 5:10], like Cain, who built a city and called it after his son's name [Gen 4:17].

(Gen 4:13)

[Other texts citing Gen 4:13: IP1:99f (Rom 4:6-8)]

SBD 69 (1750): And when a minister is thus prepared by spiritual affliction, occasioned by the withdrawing of divine virtue from his mind, and suffered, as many good persons have been, to be buffeted, tempted, tried, and sifted by Satan [Luk 22:31], feeling faith, hope, and patience almost to fail; yet in this state, by a secret and hidden power, neither seen nor thought of, he is preserved; though for very anguish he may be ready to cry out in the bitterness of his soul, "Oh! wretched man that I am [Rom 7:24], to undertake what I was not called to, and to run before I was sent [Jer 23:21]. My punishment is greater than I can bear." [Gen 4:13] Thus it pleases God to suffer his ministers to be proved, that they may come forth as vessels fit for the refiner.

(Gen 4:15)

JWJM 63 (1757): [JW refutes argument that Negroes are descended from Cain and bear his mark [Gen 4:15] by citing [Gen 7:21-24]: if all flesh died except Noah & family (descendants of Seth), Cain's descendants must have perished.]

(Gen 4:17)

[Other texts citing Gen 4:17: GF3: 536, 550f (under Gen 4:12-14), GF8:137 (Heb 11:10)]


4:18 And unto Enoch was born Irad: and Irad begat Mehujael: and Mehujael begat Methusael: and Methusael begat Lamech.

4:19 And Lamech took unto him two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah.

4:20 And Adah bare Jabal: he was the father of such as dwell in tents, and of such as have cattle.

4:21 And his brother's name was Jubal: he was the father of all such as handle [G: that play on] the harp and organ.      qtext

4:22 And Zillah, she also bare Tubalcain, an instructer of every artificer in [GB: who wrought cunningly every craft of] brass and iron: and the sister of Tubalcain was Naamah.

4:23 And Lamech said unto his wives, Adah and Zillah, Hear my voice; ye wives of Lamech, hearken unto my speech: for I have slain [G: would slay] a man to my wounding [G: in my wound; B: to the wounding of myself], and a young man to my hurt [G: in my hurt; B: to mine own punishment ].

4:24 If Cain shall be avenged sevenfold, truly Lamech seventy and sevenfold [G: seventy times sevenfold; B: seventy times and seven times].

4:25 And Adam knew his wife again; and she bare a son, and called his name Seth: For God, said she, hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel, whom Cain slew [G: because Cain slew him].      qtext

4:26 And to Seth, to him also there was born a son; and he called his name Enos: then began men to call upon [B: make invocation in] the name of the LORD.

(Gen 4:21) GF4: 309

(Gen 4:25) WPR 569 (WPT 344)


(Gen 4:21)

GF4: 309 (1662): ...and Cain, the first birth, out of his stock came up the false worshipper, who was the inventor of harps and organs [Gen 4:21]

Humphrey Smith, "To the Musicioners" (1658): Jubal was the father of all such as handle the harp and organ [Gen 4:21], and so the father of all such musicioners, being himself of the seed of Lamech, who slew a man [Gen 4:23], and so the son of a man-slayer was the father of all such as handle the harp and organ; and the man Christ, the Light, is the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world [Rev 13:8]; and Jubal was of the generation of Cain, who first slew a man, and then built a city [Gen 4:8,17]; he slew his brother, one that was near unto him; and the light of the Lamb slain is near unto every one, even that which comes from the man of sorrows [Isa 53:3] is in the heart, Cain's seed slays the man of sorrows, the musicioners were of Cain's seed, and that which slays the man of sorrows, invents, set up and delights in the instruments of music; and the father of all such was Jubal, the seed of Cain, who built a city, and so was a rich man, and his seed delighted in music, and so his seed, who are begotten from the Lord, are building cities, strong holds, high and large houses, with painted parlours, and then set up the instruments of music, in the ceiled houses without [Hag 1:4], and within themselves full of rottenness [Mat 23:27], or as a cage of unclean spirits [Rev 18:2], whereby the just is murdered, and the house lie waste [Hag 1:4] and desolate, as to the life of God, which should be the temple of the Holy Ghost; and the father of all these was Jubal, the seed of Lamech a man-slayer, who also had another son Tubal-Cain (the seed of Cain) an instructer of every artificer in brass and iron [Gen 4:22]; and he that hath attained to never so much, if not come to that which fulfils the perfect Law, is as a sounding brass, [1 Cor. 13:1]. and there is many also of the seed of this instructer, whose instructions brings people to be but as sounding brass : and this first instructer, and Jubal, were the offspring of Cain, the vagabond driven from God, against whom the blood of the righteous doth cry, yet so rich in the earth, that he builds a city, being separated from God, (who confounds man's wisdom) then comes that which makes merry over the Witness [Gen 4:10-17].

(Gen 4:25)

WPR 569, WPT 343f (1694): But [the Son's] power was not limited, in the manifestation of it, to that time; ... By this Abel's heart excelled Cain's, and Seth obtained the pre-eminence [Gen 4:25], and Enoch walked with God [Gen 5:22].


5:3 And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a aon [G: child] in his own likeness, after his image; and called his name Seth:      qtext

(Gen 5:3) IP2: 105; IP3: 43

(Gen 5:3)

IP2: 105 (1660): God, by the breath of his Spirit, begets a man out of the spirit and likeness of this world into his own image and likeness. [Gen 5:3/1:27]


5:21 And Enoch lived sixty and five years, and begat Methuselah:

5:22 And Enoch walked with God after he begat Methuselah three hundred years, and begat sons and daughters:      qtext

5:23 And all the days of Enoch were three hundred sixty and five years:

5:24 And Enoch walked with God: and he was not [GB: no more seen]; for God took him [GB: +away].

[Gen 5:22-24 cf Heb 11:5, Jude 1:14f; also Wisd 4:10; Sirach 44:16, 49:14]

5:25 And Methuselah lived an hundred eighty and seven years, and begat Lamech:

5:26 And Methuselah lived after he begat Lamech seven hundred eighty and two years, and begat sons and daughters:

5:27 And all the days of Methuselah were nine hundred sixty and nine years: and he died.

5:28 And Lamech lived an hundred eighty and two years, and begat a son:

5:29 And he called his name Noah, saying, This same shall comfort us concerning our work and toil [GB: sorrow] of our hands, because of the ground [G: as touching the earth; B: about the earth] which the LORD [B: God] hath cursed.      qtext

Geneva Margins Gen 5:29: shall comfort us: Lamech had respect for the promise, Ge 3:15, and desired to see the deliverer who would be sent and yet saw but a figure of it. He spoke this by the spirit of prophecy because Noah delivered the Church and preserved it by his obedience.

5:30 And Lamech lived after he begat Noah five hundred ninety and five years, and begat sons and daughters:

5:31 And all the days of Lamech were seven hundred seventy and seven years: and he died.

(Gen 5:21-31) GF7: 180 [190], 290 [249], 334 [264]

(Gen 5:22,24) GF3: 59, 61, 70, 176, 187, 527 ; GF6: 466 ; IP4: 246 RBA 217 ; RBAF 164; WPR 67, 462 , 569; WPT 344

(Gen 5:29) GF7: 290


(Gen 5:22-24)

[Other texts citing Gen 5:22-24: GF6: 466 (under Gen 6:9), GF7: 180 (Gen 6:1-7), WPR 469 (Gen 4:25)]

GF3: 527 (1659): those who had not the scriptures knew God and Christ, as Abraham and Enoch [Gen 5:22,24].

RBA 217 (1678,VIII:8): It is written of Enoch (Gen 5:22-24) that he "walked with God," which no man while sinning can, nor doth the Scripture record any failing of his.

WPR 462 (1678): ...this faith that works by love [Gal 5:6], that Divine Love, which God plants in the heart, it inclines man, and gives him power to forsake all that displeaseth God; and every such believer becomes an Enoch translated, [Gen 5:24, Heb 11:5] that is, changed from the fashion of this world, the earthly image, the corrupt nature; and is renewed in the likeness of the Son of God [Col 3:10] and walks with God.

(Gen 5:29)

GF7: 290 (1667): [context: arguing with "priests" who claim to have the original languages–Hebrew and Greek]: And Lamach prophesied, in the old world, concerning Noah and Adam [Gen 5:29 +GM], and others might be instance, which were before your tongues (which you call your original) were. [See also under Gen 11:1-9 ]


6:1 And it came to pass [G: So], when men began to multiply [GB: be multiplied] on the face of [G: upon; B: in the upper face of] the earth, and daughters were born unto them,      qtext

6:2 That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose [G: of all that they liked; B: such as they liked, from among them all].      qtext

6:3 And the LORD said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is [G: because he is but] flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years.      qtext

6:4 There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them [G: had borne them children; B: had begotten children of them], the same became mighty men which were of old, [B: of the world, and] men of renown.

6:5 And GOD saw that the wickedness [B: malice] of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually [B: every day].      qtext

6:6 And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at [G: he was sorry in; B: he was touched with sorrow in] his heart.      qtext

6:7 And the LORD said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of [G omits; B: the upper face of] the earth; both man, and beast, and the creeping thing [B: from man unto cattle, unto worm], and the fowls of the air [G: heaven]; for it repenteth me [G: I repent] that I have made them.

(Gen 6) GF7: 180f [190]; GF8: 136 [343]; JN3: 45; IP4: 431; EQ 404

(Gen 6:1-7) GFEJ 145; MFU 193

(Gen 6:2) GF7: 334 [264]; WPR 164

(Gen 6:2f) IP3: 261

(Gen 6:3) GF4: 48; GF5: 210; JN2: 440; JN3: 96, 116; 585 (MS); WDS 109, 142, 147, 290; IP2: 322; IP3: 250, 258, 276 , 441; IP4: 96f, 181, 334, 384, 420; EQ 126f ; RBA 98, 133 ; RBAF 7(73), 96; HPS 392 (EB); WPR 264 , 501, 569, 618; WPT 118, 297, 299

(Gen 6:4f) JN2: 352

(Gen 6:5-13) JWJM 63

(Gen 6:5) JN3: 323; RBA 85, 87; RBAF 5 (66) 68

(Gen 6:5f) JN2: 352

(Gen 6:6) GF3: 540; GF4: 309; GF5: 210


(Gen 6)

GF7: 180 (1659): ...and mind the example of the old world, when the sons of God saw, the daughters of men were fair, they took unto them wives of all that they liked [Gen 6:2]; and so made no distinction between the righteous and the wicked. Which grieved the Lord God, that he said, his spirit should not always strive with man. And therefore he shortened his days to an hundred and twenty years, which before were many hundred years.[Gen 6:3] Though Enoch, Methuselah, and Lamech, and the holy men of God, their marriages God did not judge; but when the sons of those holy men, which were called the sons of God, went to the world for wives, they slew the spiritual birth in them, and quenched the holy spirit of God in them, and corrupted the earth, and filled it with cruelty [Gen 6:11], and followed the imaginations of their own hearts’ lusts continually [Gen 6:5]; insomuch that they grieved the Lord, and he repented that he made man. [Gen 6:6].... Therefore God destroyed the old world; and the beginning thereof was these bad marriages, as Jude [1:7] and Peter saith, "They followed strange flesh," by which they came to be corrupted; and therefore God sent a flood, and destroyed the old world with its ungodly deeds. And there is your example, that marry with the world. [Gen 6]

EQ 404 (George Fox "the Younger", 1660): Therefore, seeing people will neither hear the prophets of the Lord, nor regard the Light of his Son in their consciences, the Lord will leave striving with such a people, and bring sudden destruction on them [Gen 6], and deliver his chosen....

(Gen 6:1-7)

MFU 193 (1656): ...they that will own us, must first own God, to be their guide and teacher, and come into the unity of the spirit, where the marriage of the Lamb is, for we cannot transgress against the command of the Lord, who did command his not to make marriages with the heathen, Deut 7:3-4 and Joshua 23: 12-13. This was that, that brought the flood and caused the Lord to complain, who said My spirit shall not always strive with man, which is but flesh [Gen 6:1-7].

(Gen 6:2)

GF7: 334 (1669): When the sons of God saw the daughters of men were fair, and they took them wives of all which they chose [Gen 6:2], who corrupted the earth, and filled it with violence [Gen 6:11].... such as mingled with the heathen and unbelievers, and followed strange flesh [Jude 1:7], they went from the spirit, they lost the sonship; through such the earth was corrupted and filled with violence; and such could not know God's joining [Mat 19:6], who went from the spirit, and from the law and gospel; and such are mingled among heathens and unbelievers, and follow strange flesh, and corrupt their own, who go from the spirit, by which they have been sanctified [1 Cor 6:11] and led into the sonship.

WPR 164 (1682): [in context of backsliding and substituting worldly for spiritual worship]: Now it was that the sons of God once more saw, the daughters of men were fair [Gen 6:2]; that is, the pure eye grew dim, that repentance had opened, that saw no comeliness out of Christ. And the eye of lust became unclosed again by the god of the world [2 Cor 4:4]; and those worldly pleasures, that make such as love them, forget God ... began now to recover their old beauty and interest in thy Affections, and from liking them, to be the study, care and pleasure of thy life.

(Gen 6:3)

[Other texts citing Gen 6:3: IP3:257f (Rom 1:28)]

IP3: 176 (1672): Had not the old world, who were fitted for that destruction of the flood, a long day of patience and forbearance from God, his Spirit reproving of them, and striving with them? [Gen 6:3] To what end did God forbear them, and cause his spirit to strive with them? Was it not to lead them to repentance, that thereby they might have avoided that destruction, which by their rebellion and stiffness of spirit against God's good and tender Spirit, they were fitted for, and exposed to?

EQ 126 (Marmaduke Stephenson, writing to Puritans from jail in Boston, 1659): [quotes Isa 55:1f] ...Oh, come buy wine and milk without money and without price, while it is held forth to you, lest the day come that you be deprived of it; for long hath the Spirit of the Lord been striving with you [Gen 6:3] (as it did with me), but you have resisted it time after time, because it testified against you when you went on in sin, and reproved in secret for the evil of your doings; therefore you do not regard it, but flies from it.

RBA 133 (1678, V/VI:19): The Lord... gave a day of visitation to the old world (Gen 6:3): "And the Lord said, My Spirit shall not always strive in man"; for so it ought to be translated. This manifestly implies that his Spirit did strive with man, and doth strive with him for a season; which season expiring God ceaseth to strive with them in order to save them....

WPR 264 (1672): cites Gen 6:3 as evidence that men "have not been without an Holy Unerring Spirit to Teach, Judge, Regulate and Guide them."

(Gen 6:5)

[Other texts citing Gen 6:5: RBA 85 (Rom 5:15)]

RBA 87 (1678, IV:2): If then we may affirm that Adam did not retain in his nature (as belonging thereunto) any will or light capable to give him knowledge in spiritual things, then neither can his posterity; for whatsoever real good any man doth, it proceedeth not from his nature as he is man or the son of Adam, but from the seed of God in him, as a new visitation of life, in order to bring him out of this natural condition; so that though it be in him, yet it is not of him; and this the Lord himself witnessed [Gen 6:5, Gen 8:21]....

(Gen 6:5f)

JN2:352: [Gen 6:5f, seee under 1 Pet 3:12]


6:8 But Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD.

6:9 These are the generations of Noah: Noah was a just man and perfect in his generations [G: a just and upright man in his time], and Noah walked with God.      qtext

6:10 And Noah begat three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

(Gen 6:9) GF2: 341; GF6: 439, 466; DGA 76; LB (F55); JN1: 192; JN3: 17, 519; RBA 217; RBAF 164; EQ 331 (BC); HPS 378 (EB)

(Gen 6:9)

Gen 6:9 is frequently cited among examples of perfection.

[Other texts citing Gen 6:9: GF2: 341 (under Gen 9:20)]

GF6: 466 (16#8211;): [context: observance of days]: And did ever the Jews in the old testament observe Adam and Eve's day, or Noah's day, who by faith built the ark, who was a just man, and perfect in his generation, and walked with God, or Enoch's day, who walked with God. [Gen 5:22 and 6:9]


6:11 The earth also was corrupt before God, and the earth was filled with violence [GB: cruelty].      qtext

6:12 And God looked upon the earth, and, behold, it was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth.

6:13 And God said unto Noah, The end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence [GB: cruelty]through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth.

[Gen 6:13-22 see Heb 11:7]

6:14 Make thee an ark of gopher wood [GB: pine trees]; rooms [G: cabins; B: habitations] shalt thou make in the ark, and shalt pitch it within and without with pitch.      qtext

6:15 And this is the fashion which thou shalt make it of: The length of the ark shall be three hundred cubits, the breadth of it fifty cubits, and the height of it thirty cubits.

6:16 A window shalt thou make to the ark, and in a cubit shalt thou finish it above; and the door of the ark shalt thou set in the side thereof; with lower, second, and third stories [G: low, second and third rooms; B: three lofts one above another] shalt thou make it.

(Gen 6:11-13) GF7: 334 [264]

(Gen 6:11) GF5: 382

(Gen 6:11f) IP3: 261

(Gen 6:14-16) JSS 57

(Gen 6:11-13)

GF7: 334 (1669): [Gen 6:11-13, see under Gen 6:2]

(Gen 6:14-16)

JSS 57 (1791): [God exerted himself by directing Noah how to build the ark, Gen 6:14- 16]


Genesis 7:1 And the LORD said unto Noah, Come [G: Enter] thou and all thy house into the ark; for thee have I seen righteous before me in this generation [G: age].

(Gen 7) GF8: 136f [343]; IP1: 405; IP4: 431; RBA 353; RBAF 308; HPS 365f (EB); JSS 57

(Gen 7:1) LB (F55)

(Gen 7)

[Other texts citing Gen 7: GF8:137 (under Mat 25:41, Rev 20:10), IP1: 405 ( Gen 11:1-9 )]

RBA 353 (1678, XII:4) and HPS 365f (Elizabeth Bathurst, 1679) discuss 1 Peter 3:20f, which mentions Noah's ark as a figure or antitype of water baptism.


7:11 In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.      qtext

(Gen 7:11) IP4: 49

(Gen 7:11)

IP4: 49 (167-?): Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither hath entered into the heart of man how and what things God reveals to his children by his Spirit [1 Cor 2:9f], when they wait upon him in his pure fear [Psa 19:9 LXX?], and worship and converse with him in spirit; for then the fountain of the great deep is unsealed [Gen 7:11/Song 4:12], and the everlasting springs surely give up the pure and living water [John 4:10f, 14].


7:21 And all flesh died [GB: perished] that moved upon the earth, both of fowl, and of cattle, and of beast, and of every creeping thing [G: thing; B: worm] that creepeth [G: +moveth] upon the earth, and every man:      qtext

7:22 All [G: Every thing] in whose nostrils was the breath of life [G: the spirit of life did breathe], of all that was [G: whatsoever they were] in the dry land, died.

7:23 And every living substance was destroyed [So he destroyed every thing] which was upon the face of the ground [G; the earth; B: the upper part of the ground], both man, and cattle [G: from man to beast], and the creeping things [B: worm], and the fowl of the heaven; and they were destroyed from the earth: and Noah only remained alive, and they that were with him in the ark.

7:24 And the waters prevailed upon the earth an hundred and fifty days.

(Gen 7:21-24) JWJM 63

(Gen 7:22) DGA 159

(Gen 7:21-24)

JWJM 63 (1757): [Gen 7:21-24, see under Gen 4:15]


8:9 But the dove found no rest for the sole of her foot, and she returned unto him into the ark, for the waters were on the face [G omits; B: the upper face] of the whole earth: then he put forth his hand, and took [G: received] her, and pulled her in unto him [G: took her to him] into the ark.      qtext

(Gen 8:9) GF3: 107; WTG 252

(Gen 8:9)

GF3: 107 (1659): And ye have brought the nation to be water [Isa 17:13], and your tongues are waters, and your multitudes waters, and your peoples waters [Rev 17:15]; on this account are the doves flying abroad; and the Quakers found no rest for the soles of their feet amongst you [Gen 8:9].

WTG 252 (Elizabeth Hudson, 1750): My poverty of spirit was great.... seemed somewhat like the Dove [Gen 8:9]. Could find no rest in this place so prevailed with my landlord to set us on our journey as far as the next town...


8:20 And Noah builded an altar unto the LORD; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean fowl, and offered burnt offerings on the altar.      qtext

8:21 And the LORD smelled a sweet savour [G: a savour of rest; B: a sweet (or quiet) savour]; and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again [GB: henceforth] curse the ground any more for man's sake [G: cause] ; for the imagination of man's heart is evil frogm his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done.      qtext

(Gen 8:20f) IP4: 141

(Gen 8:21) RBA 85, 87; RBAF 5(66), 68

(Gen 8:20f)

IP4: 141 (1671): What rule had David from the law of Moses to say, That God desired not sacrifices, nor delighted in burnt-offering [Psa 51:16]? ... Was not the Lord pleased with Abel's sacrifice [Gen 4:4]? And did not God smell a sweet savor in Noah's sacrifice [Gen 8:20f]? How could David say in truth, and from a true spirit, that God did neither desire them nor delight in them? Ought not David to try this Spirit which spake thus in him, whether it was of God or no [1 Jn 4:1]?

(Gen 8:21)

[Other texts citing Gen 8:21: RBA 85 (Rom 5:15), RBA 87 (Gen 6:5)]


9:1 And God blessed Noah and his sons, and said unto them, Be fruitful [G: Bring forth fruit], and multiply, and replenish the earth.

[Gen 9:1 see Gen 1:28]

9:2 And the fear of you and the dread of you shall be upon every beast of the earth, and upon every fowl of the air [G: heaven], upon all that moveth upon the earth, and upon all the fishes of the sea; into your hand are they delivered.      qtext

9:3 Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you; even as the green herb have I given you all things.

9:4 But flesh with the life thereof, which is [G: I mean, with] the blood thereof, shall ye not eat.

9:5 And surely your blood of your lives will I require; at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man; at the hand of every man's brother will I require the life of man.      qtext

9:6 Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man.      qtext

9:7 And you, be ye fruitful, [G: But bring ye forth fruit; LXE: do ye increase] and multiply; bring forth abundantly in [G: grow plentifully in; LXE: fill] the earth, and multiply therein[G: increase therein; LXE: have dominion over it].

(Gen 9:1f) GFEJ 459

(Gen 9:2) GF7: 319 [261]; GF8: 295 [408]

(Gen 9:5) JN3: 21

(Gen 9:6) MFU 297


(Gen 9:2)

GF7: 319 (1668): [context: giving and receiving honor] For...you are all brethren, and have one master and Lord, Christ Jesus, and one Lord, who is the creator of all. For all things were made subject to man, and man subject to God; all creatures were to fear and dread man and woman [Gen 9:2], but men and women were to fear and dread God.

(Gen 9:5)

JN3:21 (1656): And you challenge me to prove it, that any ever died for that cause we now stand for; I say yea, some have been beaten and bruised even in your idol's temples (1 Cor 8:10), till they have been carried out and their blood shed, and have died ere they recovered; others have been thrust in holes and prisons, and there died, which blood will be required [Gen 9:5], though yet you are not come to burning, but some are hastening towards it; if God so permit, it will be seen.

(Gen 9:6)

MFU 297 (1660): [context: urging Charles II to pardon the regicides who are to be executed] ... oh that thou wouldst but ... commit thy cause unto him who hath said, Vengeance is mine & I will repay it [Rom 12:19], & these that have been guilty of thy father's blood, oh that thou wouldst shew mercy unto them, & forgive thy enemies; so wouldst thou engage the god of heaven & all good people to love thee, thou can never suffer, neither from God nor man by shewing of mercy, for the Lord hath said, to the merciful I will shew myself merciful, to the froward I will shew my self froward [Ps 28:15f], & to do justly & love mercy & to walk humbly with the Lord is that which he requires [Micah 6:8], and though the Lord God hath said, he that sheds mans blood, by man shall his blood be shed [Gen 9:6], yet Christ Jesus who is the end of the law for righteousness [Rom 10:4] & hath fulfilled every jot & tittle of the Law [Mat 5:18] by his own blood, he saith, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, pray for them that despitefully use you & persecute you, that you may be the children of your Father which is in heaven [Mat 5: 44f]....


9:8 And God spake unto Noah, and to his sons with him, saying,

9:9 And I, behold, I establish my covenant with you, and with your seed after you;

9:10 And with every living creature that is with you, of the fowl, of the cattle, and of every beast of the earth with you; from all that go out of the ark, to every beast of the earth.

9:11 And I will establish my covenant with you; neither shall [G: that from henceforth; L: and] all flesh be cut off any more [G: shall not be rooted out; L: shall not any more die] by the waters of a flood; neither shall there any more be a flood to destroy the earth.

9:12 And God said, This is the token [L: sign] of the covenant which I make [L: set] between me and you and every living creature [G: thing] that is with you, for perpetual generations:

9:13 I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token [GL: sign] of a covenant between me and the earth.

9:14 And it shall come to pass, when I bring a cloud over the earth, that [G: when I shall cover the earth with a cloud, and; L: it shall be when I gather clouds upon the earth, that] the bow shall be seen in the cloud:

9:15 And [G: Then] I will remember my covenant, which is between me and you and every living creature of [G: thing in; L: soul in] all flesh; and the waters shall no more become [G: there shall be no more waters of; L: there shall no longer be water for] a flood to destroy [L: deluges, so as to blot out] all flesh.

9:16 And the [G: Therefore the; L: And my] bow shall be in the cloud; and I will look upon it, that I may [G: that I may see it, and; L: and I will look to] remember the everlasting covenant between God and [L me and the earth, and between] every living creature of [G: thing in; L: soul in] all flesh that is upon the earth.

9:17 And God said unto Noah, This is the token [GL: sign] of the covenant, which I have established [L: made] between me and all flesh that is upon the earth.


(Gen 9:9) JN3: 26f


9:20 And Noah began to be an husbandman, and he planted a vineyard:      qtext

9:21 And he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered within his tent.

9:22 And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without.      qtext

9:23 And Shem and Japheth took a garment, and laid it upon both their shoulders, and went backward, and covered the nakedness of their father; and their faces were backward, and they saw not [B: being turned away, lest they should see] their father's nakedness.

9:24 And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his younger son had done unto him.

9:25 And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren.      qtext

9:26 And he said, Blessed be the LORD God of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.

9:27 God shall enlarge [G: persuade] Japheth, and he shall [G: that he may] dwell in the tents of Shem; and Canaan shall [G: let Canaan] be his servant.      qtext

(Gen 9:20-27) ; JN1: 65; JWJM 63, 214

(Gen 9:20) GF2: 341

(Gen 9:22-25) GF3: 474; GF7: 61 [48]; WDS 123

(Gen 9:22) GF2: 348

(Gen 9:23) GF7: 109 [109]

(Gen 9:25f) JN3: 718 (RR)

(Gen 9:27) GF5: 390; IP2: 169


(Gen 9:20-27)

JN1: 65 (1654): [Context: the evils of drunkenness] The woe is upon you that put the cup to his neighbor's mouth to make him drink, that his nakedness may appear and shameful spewing cover him. And this is your glory which is your shame, and you tell your companions; you show yourselves to be the children of Ham, the father of Canaan, who was accursed for such practice [Gen 9:20-27]....

JWJM 214 (1762): To suppose it right that an innocent man shall at this day be excluded from the common rules of justice, be deprived of that liberty which is the natural right of human creatures, and be a slave to others during life on a account of a sin committed by his immediate parents or a sin committed by Ham, the son of Noah [Gen 9:2-27], is a supposition too gross to be admitted into the mind of any person who sincerely desires to be governed by solid principles.

(Gen 9:20)

GF2: 341 (1688): I wrote a paper to show... that many of the holy men and prophets of God,and of the apostles of Christ, were husbandmen and tradesmen; by which people might see how unlike to them the world's teachers now are. Righteous Abel was a shepherd, "a keeper of sheep" [Gen 4:2]. Noah was an husbandman [Gen 9:20], and he was "a just man, and perfect in his generation, and walked with God" [Gen 6:9]....

(Gen 9:22)

GF2: 348 (1688): But debate, strife, wilfulness, laying open one another's nakedness and weakness, is not the practice of heavenly wisdom's children, (but of Ham's, [Gen 9:22]) nor from the spirit of Christ...

(Gen 9:25f)

JN3:718f (Robert Rich, 1657): What else remarkable this day was that (one Robert Rich, a merchant who for several days before had attended the Parliament with letters, petitions, and papers on behalf of James Nayler, as to the clearing of his innocency), this morning he stood at the Parliament door, crying to the members as they passed in, to some after this manner, "Blessed be the Lord God of Shem, Canaan shall be his servant [Gen 9:26]," and to others he said, "Cursed be Canaan, a servant of servants shall he be [Gen 9:25]," and likewise crying to several of them, whom pretended to be friends to innocency and justice, "Why is thy countenance fallen? hadst thou done will wouldst thou not be accepted? but now sin lies at thy door [Gen 4:6f]," and cried, "The Lord is coming to separate between the sheep and the goats [Mat 25:32f], to gather his wheat into garners, and to burn up the chaff with fire which is not to be quenched [Mat 3:12]." These words passed with such a power (mixed sometime with singing) that none resisted or gainsaid.

(Gen 9:27)

IP2: 169 (1661): O God of love! Who knowest the value and price of souls, pity thy poor creatures, and put a stop to this course of perishing, wherein so many multitudes are overtaken and pass down into the pit unawares! ... in the strength of thy compassions bring forth thy judgment and thy mercy among the sons of men! Build up the tents of Shem; persuade Japhet to dwell therein; and let Canaan become a servant [Gen 9:27].

This page last revised Sept 2007