31:1 Woe to them that go down to Egypt for help; and stay on horses, and trust in chariots, because they are many; and in horsemen, because they are very strong; but they look not unto the Holy One of Israel, neither seek the LORD!      qtext

31:2 Yet he also is wise, and [G: But he yet is wisest: therefore he] will bring evil, and will not call back his words: but [G: turn back his word, but he] will arise against the house of the evildoers [G: wicked] , and against the help of them that work iniquity [G: vanity] .      qtext

31:3 Now the Egyptians are men, and not God; and their horses flesh, and not spirit. When the LORD shall stretch out his hand, both he that helpeth [G: the helper] shall fall, and he that is holpen shall fall down [G omits] , and they all shall fail together [G: shall altogether fail] .      qtext

31:4 For thus hath the LORD spoken unto me, Like [G omits] as the lion and the young lion roaring on [G: or lion's whelp roareth upon] his prey, when [G: against whom if] a multitude of shepherds is called forth against him [G: be called] , he will not be afraid of their voice, nor abase himself for the noise of them [G: neither will humble himself at their noise] : so shall the LORD of hosts come down to fight for mount Zion, and for the hill thereof.

31:5 As birds flying [G: that fly] , so will the LORD of hosts defend Jerusalem; defending also he will deliver it; and passing over he will preserve it [G: by defending and delivering, by passing through and preserving it]. .

31:6 Turn ye unto him from whom the children of Israel have deeply revolted. [G 31:6: O ye children of Israel, turn again, inasmuch as ye are sunken deep in rebellion.]

31:7 For in that day every man shall cast away his idols of silver, and his idols of gold, which your own hands have made unto you for a sin [G: you, even a sin] .      qtext

31:8 Then shall the Assyrian fall with [G: Asshur fall by] the sword, not of a mighty man; and the sword, not of a mean man, shall [man, neither shall the sword of man] devour him: but he shall flee from the sword, and his young men shall be discomfited [G: faint] .

31:9 And he shall pass over to his strong hold for fear [G: go for fear to his tower] , and his princes shall be afraid of the ensign [G: standard] , saith the LORD, whose fire is in Zion, and his furnace in Jerusalem.      qtext


(Isa 31:1) IP1: 353f; WTG 74 (SM)

(Isa 31:2) IP1: 169

(Isa 31:3) JN1: 482; JN2: 9; IP2: 157

(Isa 31:6f) GF4: 377

(Isa 31:7) JN1: 125

(Isa 31:9) DGA 70; IP1: 143, 265; IP2: 249, 356; IP3: 464; IP4: 83; JSS 31


(Isa 31:1)

[Other texts citing Isa 31:1: IP1:353 (Mat 5:39)]

WTG 75 (Susanna Morris, 1745): Certainly the flesh may without due care (when trials and troubles come), be in danger to go down to Egypt for help [Isa 31:1] as King Saul did for want of a patient waiting for the prophet's coming which was not only the Lord's will but his duty. He lost the Kingdom [1 Sam 13:1-14].

(Isa 31:2)

[Other texts citing Isa 31:2: IP1:169 (Rev 11:19)]

(Isa 31:3)

[Other texts citing Isa 31:3: JN1:482 (Rev 12:7)]

IP2:157f (1661): If the Lord shall undertake the defence of a nation by his Spirit and power, what can hurt that nation? What power of man can reach it, to disturb the peace of it? "The Egyptians are men, and not God; and their horses flesh, and not Spirit." Isa 31:3. What could Sennacherib with his army do against one angel in the time of the law? [2 K 19:35f=Isa 37:36f] How many of his host were slain in one night? And what power then shall be able to prevail over a nation brought into the peaceable Spirit of the gospel, and defended therein by the mighty power of God himself?

(Isa 31:7)

[Other texts citing Isa 31:7: JN1:125 (Isa 2:20)]

(Isa 31:9)

[DGA 70 , see under Isa 11:10]

[Other texts citing Isa 31:9: IP2:248f (Rom 7:24f), JSS 31 (Luk 12:49)]


32:1 Behold, a king shall reign in righteousness [G: justice] , and princes shall rule in judgment.      qtext

32:2 And a [G: that] man shall be as an hiding place from the wind, and a covert [G: refuge] from the tempest; as rivers of water in a dry place, as the shadow of a great rock in a weary land.      qtext

32:3 And the eyes of them that see [G: the seeing] shall not be dim [G: shut] , and the ears of them that hear shall hearken.

32:4 The heart also of the rash [G: of the foolish] shall understand knowledge, and the tongue of the stammerers [G: stutterers] shall be ready to speak plainly [G: distinctly].

32:5 The vile person [G: niggard] shall be no more called liberal, nor the churl said to be bountiful [G: rich].

32:6 For the vile person will speak villany [G: niggard will speak of niggardness], and his heart will work iniquity, to practise hypocrisy, and to utter error [G: and do wickedly, and speak falsely] against the LORD, to make empty the soul of the hungry, and he will [G: hungry soul, and to] cause the drink of the thirsty to fail.

[32:4-8 omitted]


(Isa 32) WPT 303

(Isa 32:1-3) GF5: 65

(Isa 32:1) GF6: 486; GF8: 33 [284]; MFU 223; JN2: 234, 569

(Isa 32:2) HPS 410 (EB)

(Isa 32:6) GF5: 10


(Isa 32:1)

[Other texts citing Isa 32:1: MFU 223 (John 3:33), JN2: 234 (Isa 33:22), JN2:569 (Rev 12:5)]

(Isa 32:2)

HPS 410 (Elizabeth Bathurst, 1679): Christ ... hath made himself known unto his servants by such peculiar names, as suited the particular circumstances of their souls: and according to their several experiences of him, so they reported concerning him, Isaiah describes him to be as the "shadow of a great rock in a weary land [Isa 32:2], a refuge from heat, a cover from rain and from storms [Isa 4:6]". Again, he speaks of his being to his people, "as a place of broad rivers and streams," Isa 33:21.

(Isa 32:6)

[Other texts citing Isa 32:6: GF5:10 (Isa 28:7f)]


32:9 Rise up, ye women that are at ease; hear my voice, ye careless daughters; give ear unto my speech [G: hearken to my words] .      qtext

32:10 Many days and years shall ye be troubled, ye careless women [G: Ye women, that are careless, shall be in fear above a year in days] : for the vintage shall fail, the gathering shall not come.

32:11 Tremble [G omits] , ye women that are at ease; be troubled [G: at ease, be asotnied: fear, O] , ye careless ones: strip you, and make you [G: women: put off the clothes: make] bare, and gird sackcloth upon your [G: the] loins.

32:12 They [G: Men] shall lament for the teats, [G: +even] for the pleasant fields, [G: +and] for the fruitful vine.


(Isa 32:9-11) GF8: 103 [320]

(Isa 32:9) HPS 504

(Isa 32:11) JN1: 188


(Isa 32:9)

HPS 504 (Katharine Whitton, 1681): For saith the Lord, "Cry aloud and spare not, lift up thy voice like a trumpet, shew my people their transgression, and the house of Jacob their sin" [Isa 58:1]. Yea it is a warning from the Almighty, to all and every one of the backsliders in Israel, and lukewarm ones, and careless daughters of Jerusalem, and women at ease in Sion [Isa 32:9], yea an alarm is sounded out of the holy mountain [Joel 2:1], that you may hear and be awakened to righteousness [1 Cor 15:34], and stirred up to holiness, to meet the Lord in the way of his pure judgments; for woe will be to those that are at ease [Amos 6:1] in that day that is coming....


32:13 Upon the land of my people shall come up [G: grow] thorns and briers; yea, upon all the houses of joy in the joyous city [G: city of rejoicing] :

32:14 Because the palaces [G: palace] shall be forsaken; the multitude [G: noise] of the city shall be left; the forts and towers [G: tower and fortress] shall be for dens for ever, a joy [G: and the delight] of wild asses, a pasture of [G: and a pasture for] flocks;

32:15 Until the spirit be poured upon us from on high [G: above] , and the wilderness be [G: become] a fruitful field, and the fruitful [G: plenteous] field be counted for [G: as] a forest.      qtext

32:16 Then [G: And] judgment shall dwell in the wilderness, and righteousness [G: desert, and justice shall] remain in the fruitful field.      qtext

32:17 And the work of righteousness [G: justice] shall be peace; and the effect of righteousness quietness [G: even the work of justice and quietness] and assurance for ever.

32:18 And my people shall dwell in a peaceable habitation [G: the tabernacle of peace] , and in sure dwellings, and in quiet [G: safe] resting places;      qtext

32:19 When it shall hail, coming down [G: haileth, it shall fall] on the forest; and the city shall be low in a [G: set in the] low place.

32:20 Blessed are ye that sow beside [G: upon] all waters, that send forth [G: and drive] thither the feet of the ox and the ass.


(Isa 32:15-18) IP2: 230; IP4: 121

(Isa 32:15) GFJN 10,13; WDS 302; IP2: 80; IP4: 405 [GFJN confl w Psa 107:34f]

(Isa 32:16f) WPR 113

(Isa 32:17) GF5: 311; JWJM 69

(Isa 32:18) GF7: 223 [221]; GF8: 162 [356], 278 [400]; IP2: 69; IP3: 416; WPR 642; WTG 234, 270 (EH) SIW 68, 159 [cf Isa 33:20]


(Isa 32:15-18)

IP2:229f (1661): IP2:229f (1661): [Substantive exposition of Isa 32:15-18 in relation to the workings of the Spirit, concluding:] But there is to be a more general pouring out of the Spirit, even upon all flesh [Joel 2:28], and the wilderness is more generally to be visited, and become a fruitful field, and the fruitful field is more generally to be blasted and made a forest [Isa 32:15]; insomuch as all flesh everywhere shall appear grass, and the glory thereof as the flower in the field, which shall fade and wither before the breath of God's Spirit [Isa 40:6f]. Then judgment shall dwell in the wilderness which is then visited, and righteousness shall remain in the field which is then made fruitful [Isa 32:16]; and righteousness shall be powerfully operative, working out the lasting peace; and the effect of it shall be "quietness and assurance for ever [Isa 32:17]." No more war, no more fighting with creatures, no more burdening and oppressing of the creation, no more sinning and offending against the Creator, no more being dispossessed of his life and glory; but the dwellings which God reareth up in the last days for Israel, his people, shall be peaceable habitations, sure dwellings, and quiet resting-places for evermore [Isa 32:18]. Oh, let Israel feel that which is able to awaken him, and wait for this!

(Isa 32:15)

[Other texts citing Isa 32:18: IP4:405 (Isa 35:7)]

GFJN 10 ([1647]): Thou, Lord, makest a fruitful field a barren wilderness [Psa 107:34], and a barren wilderness a fruitful field [Isa 32:15]; thou bringest down and settest up [1 Sam 2:6]; thou killest and makest alive [Deu 32:39]; all honour and glory be to thee, O Lord of glory!

WDS 302 (1668): You are not to quench the Spirit [1 Th 5:19] of the Lord in this his day, that he is come and doth appear, in giving divers gifts unto his people, in his appearance, as he did amongst his disciples who waited at Jerusalem for the pourings forth of his Spirit from on high [Luk 24:49/Isa 32:15]....

(Isa 32:17)

JWJM 69 (1757): When we look toward the end of life and think on the division of our substance among our successors, if we know that it was collected in the fear of the Lord, in honesty, in equity, and in uprightness of heart before him, we may consider it as his gift to us and with a single eye to his blessing [Mat 6:22] bestow it on those we leave behind us. Such is the happiness in the plain ways of true virtue. [Quotes Isa 32:17]

(Isa 32:18)

[Other texts citing Isa 32:18: GF8:277f (John 8:32)]

SIW 68 (Catherine Payton Phillips, 1797): Such as have a strong and quick imagination, and whose hearts have been deeply affected with the exceeding sinfulness of sin, and of the love of God to mankind; whose desires are strong, that the one might come to an end, and the other abound in the earth; it is difficult for these at all times (especially when young in religious experience) to keep the quiet habitation [Isa 32:18], wherein alone the voice of the true Shepherd is to be heard, and distinguished from that of the stranger's [John 10:4f].


33:1 Woe to thee that spoilest, and thou wast not spoiled; and dealest treacherously, and they dealt not treacherously with [G: doest wickedly, and they did not wickedly against] thee! when thou shalt cease to spoil, thou shalt be spoiled; and when thou shalt make an end to deal treacherously, they shall deal treacherously with [G: of doing wickedly, they shall do wickedly against] thee.

33:2 O LORD, be gracious unto [G: have mercy upon] us; we have waited for [G: trnsted in] thee: be thou their arm every morning [G: which wast their arm in the morning] , our salvation [G: help] also in the time of trouble.

33:3 At the noise of the tumult the people fled; at the lifting up of thyself [G: thine exalting] the nations were scattered.

33:4 And your spoil shall be gathered like the gathering of the caterpiller: as the running to and fro of locusts shall he run upon them [G: caterpillers: and he shall go against him like the leaping of grashoppers] .

33:5 The LORD is exalted; for he dwelleth on high: he hath filled Zion with judgment and righteousness [G: justice] .

33:6 And wisdom and knowledge [G: there] shall be the stability of thy times, and strength of salvation [G: strength, salvation, wisdom and knowledge: for] : the fear of the LORD is [G: shall be] his treasure.      qtext

[33:7-12 omitted]


(Isa 33:1) GF5: 13

(Isa 33:5) GF6: 162

(Isa 33:6) IP3: 387, 408


(Isa 33:6)

IP3:387 (1667): Mark what it [the new covenant] contains, putting God's fear into you: not the fear which is taught by men's precepts [Isa 29:13], which man may get into his carnal mind [Rom 8:7]; but which God places as the treasury of life in the heart; as it is written, "The fear of the Lord [is] his treasure." Isa 33:6.


33:13 Hear, ye that are far off, what I have done; and, ye that are near, acknowledge [G: know] my might [G: power]

33:14 The sinners in Zion are afraid; fearfulness hath surprised [G: a fear has come upon] the hypocrites. Who among us shall dwell with the devouring fire? who among us shall dwell with everlasting burnings?      qtext

33:15 He that walketh righteously [G: in justice;] , and speaketh uprightly; he that despiseth the [G: righteous things, refusing] gain of oppressions, that shaketh [G: shaking] his hands from holding of bribes [G: taking of gifts] , that stoppeth [G: stopping] his ears from hearing of blood, and shutteth [G: shutting] his eyes from seeing evil;      qtext

33:16 He shall dwell on high: his place of [G omits] defence shall be the munitions of rocks: bread shall be given him; his waters shall be sure.      qtext

33:17 Thine eyes shall see the king in his beauty [G: glory] : they shall behold the land that is very far off [G: far off; L: from afar] .

33:18 Thine heart shall meditate terror [G: fear] . Where is the scribe? where is the receiver? where is he that counted the towers?      qtext

33:19 Thou shalt not see a fierce people, a people of a deeper speech than thou canst [G: dark speech that thou canst not] perceive; of a stammering tongue, that thou canst not understand.


(Isa 33:14-17) GF6: 275

(Isa 33:14) GF8: 150 [352]; GFT 88f; MFU 178; WDS 75; IP3: 45, 213, 347; HPS 483; WPR 127

(Isa 33:15) JN2: 231; IP3: 416; WPR 45

(Isa 33:15f) IP4: 93

(Isa 33:16) GF5: 203; GF8: 167 [359]; IP3: 133; IP4: 121, 286, 433; EQ 95; HPS 344 (EB); WPR 138; JSS 55; JWJM 49

(Isa 33:18) IP1: 412


(Isa 33:14)

[Other texts citing Isa 33:14: GFT 88 (Heb 12:29), MFU 178 (1 Cor 3:15), HPS 483 (Rev 6:15-17)]

IP3:213 (1672): For there is a state of discipleship, wherein a man hardly knoweth a settlement, so much as how to watch with Christ [Mat 26:38] rightly and constantly; but it is a great matter to be able to dwell and abide with him. None can do this, but he that can dwell with devouring fire and everlasting burnings [Isa 33:14]; for the pure word of life [1 Jn 1:1] is a fire [Jer 23:29], and he that sits down in the heavenly place in him [Eph 2:6], must sit down in that fire.

(Isa 33:15)

JN2:231 (1655) ... a man of sorrows, acquainted with grief [Isa 53:3], who takes no pleasure in unrighteousness [2 Th 2:12], to set up pride, but shakes his hand at the gain of oppression [Isa 33:15], who strikes at your life in all unrighteousness, and that's his witness in you [1 Jn 5:9]....

(Isa 33:16)

HPS 344f (Elizabeth Bathurst, 1679): And truly, my Friends, this is the testimony this people bears this day against the corrupt ways and practices of the world, both among professors and profane, telling of them plainly, that all unrighteousness is sin [1 Jn 5:17]; and for this cause, I know, were power given into men's hands, they should quickly be rooted out from amongst them; but though they put no trust in an arm of flesh [Jer 17:5], yet they have a strong tower of defence (even the name of the Lord), which they run into, and are safe [Prov 18:10]: this is their munition of rocks [Isa 33:16], whereunto their adversaries cannot climb up....

JWJM 49: [Epistle from General Spring Meeting, 1755] And now dear Friends, with respect to the commotions and stirrings of the powers of the earth at this time near us, we are desirous that none of us may be moved thereat, but repose ourselves in the munition of that rock [Isa 33:16] that all these shakings shall not move [Heb 12:27], even in the knowledge and feeling of the eternal power of God keeping us subjectly given up to his heavenly will, and feel it daily to mortify that which remains in any of us which is of this world.

(Isa 33:18)

IP1:412 (1660: And how did all the wise nations still watch to make a prey of God's Jerusalem! how did they count the towers [Isa 33:18]! how often did they think to divide the spoil [Judg 5:30]! how did Sennacherib and Rabshakeh make her their own [Isa 36:1f]! and when the Lord did at any time give Jacob for a spoil, and Israel to the robbers [Isa 42:24], how did they think to keep her under for ever!


33:20 Look upon Zion, the city of our solemnities [G: solemn feasts] : thine eyes shall see Jerusalem a quiet habitation, a tabernacle that shall not be taken down; not one of [G: cannot be removed; and] the stakes thereof shall ever be removed [G: can never be taken away] , neither shall any of the cords thereof be broken.      qtext

33:21 But there the glorious [G: For surely there the mighty] LORD will be unto us a place of [G: +floods and] broad rivers and streams; wherein shall go no galley [G: whereby shall pass no ship] with oars, neither shall gallant [G: great] ship pass thereby.      qtext

33:22 For the LORD is our judge, the LORD is our lawgiver, the LORD is our king; he will save us.      qtext

33:23 Thy tacklings [G: cords] are loosed; they could not well strengthen their mast, they could not [G: neither could they] spread the sail: then is the prey of a great spoil divided [G: shall the pray be devided for a great spoil: yea,] ; the lame take [G: shall take away] the prey.

33:24 And the inhabitant shall not [G: none inhabitant shall] say, I am sick: the people that dwell therein shall be forgiven their iniquity [G: have their iniquity forgiven] .


(Isa 33:20) GF6: 162, 275; MFU 390; IP1: 193; IP2: 69, 483; IP3: 386; IP4: 85; WPR 123, 142; WTG 234, 270 (EH); JWJM 86, 160; SIW 40, 68, 159 [cf Isa 32:18]

(Isa 33:21) GF7: 312 [260]; HPS 410 (EB)

(Isa 33:22) MFU 376; JN1: 107; JN2: 234; JN3: 84, 225, 248; IP4: 132; EQ 128; WPR 48; WPT 247


(Isa 33:20)

[Other texts citing Isa 33:20: IP4:85 (Heb 11:10), WPR 142 (Gen 25:27), JWJM 86 (Isa 28:16), JWJM 160 (Rev 8:2-4), SIW 68f (John 10:4f)]

IP3:234 (1672): For of a truth the Lord will never forsake you [Heb 13:5]; but his mercy endures for ever towards you [Psa 136 refrain], and your stakes shall never be removed [Isa 33:20]; but this inward building shall stand for ever. This Zion is the place of God's rest, where he will dwell for ever; whereof the outward Zion was but a figure.

WPR 123 (1671): For Sion the city of God's solemnities [Isa 33:20] must be redeemed through judgment, & her converts through righteousness [Isa 1:27]. And this is the true foundation of the generations of the righteous, whose path was, is, and shall be forever a light shining in the heart and conscience [Prov 4:18/2 Cor 4:6], which through their obedience to that which the Light requires of them, comes to shine clear and clearer to the perfect day [Prov 4:18].

(Isa 33:21)

[Other texts citing Isa 33:21: GF7:312 (2 Jn 1:7), HPS 410 (Isa 32:2)]

(Isa 33:22)

JN2:234 (1655): And you rulers, magistrates, and governors, who have the sword of the Lord in your hands, to rule in righteousness and judgment [Isa 32:1], there is one thing needful for you to mind, that you know the Lord to be your judge and law-giver in particular [Isa 33:22], without which you cannot rule for God, nor as deserving the name of Christians: the heathen exercised lordship in their own wills [Mark 10:42], and there is but one thing that differs you from them; if you rule for God, and after his will, so as to give way that he may set up his kingdom in the soul, who hath set you up to rule amongst men.... (continued under Rom 13:5)


This page added September 2008