Synoptic Gospels keyed to Henry Burton Sharman, Records of the Life of Jesus (§§63-73)

§63A-H (Mat 15:1-9 | Mar 7:1-13)     index     qtext

§63I-L (Mat 15:10-20 | Mar 7:14-23)     index     qtext

§64-67 (Mat 15:22-28 | Mar 7:25- 8:9)     index     qtext

§68 (Mat 16:1-12 | Mar 8:10-26 | Luk 12:54-56 )     index     qtext

§71 (Mat 16:13-20 | Mar 8:27-30 | Luk 9:18-21)     index     qtext

§72-73A (Mat 16:21-24 | Mar 8:31-34 | Lk 9:22-23)     index     qtext

§73B-D (Mat 16:25-28 | Mar 8:35-9:1 | Lk 9:24-27)     index     qtext

§63A-H (Mat 15:1-9 | Mar 7:1-13)

Mat 15:1 Then came to Jesus scribes and Pharisees, which were of [B: which were come from; T: from] Jerusalem, saying,

Mat 15:2 Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition [BT: traditions] of the elders? for they wash not their hands when they eat bread.      qtext

Mat 15:3 But he answered and said unto them, Why do ye also transgress the commandment of God by your tradition [T: through your traditions]?

Mat 15:4 For God [G: +hath] commanded, saying, Honour thy father and mother: and, He that curseth father or mother, let him die the [T: shall suffer] death.

Mat 15:5 But ye say, Whosoever [T: every man] shall say to his father or his mother, It is a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me [GB: By the gift that is offered by (B: of) me, thou mayest have profit (B: shalt be helped); T: That which thou desirest of me to help them with is given God]:

Mat 15:6 And honour not [G: Though he honour not; BT: and so shall he not honour] his father or his mother, he shall be free [BT: omit]. Thus have ye made [T: +that] the commandment of God of none effect [G: of no authority; T: is without effect] by your tradition [T: through your traditions].      qtext

Mat 15:7 Ye hypocrites, well did Esaias prophesy of you [G: Esaias prophesied well of you; B: full well did Esaias prophesy of you; T: well prophesied of you Esai], saying,

Mat 15:8 This people draweth nigh unto me with their mouth [T: mouths], and honoureth me with their lips; but their heart is [BT: hearts are] far [G: +off] from me.

Mat 15:9 But in vain they do worship me, teaching for [BT: omit] doctrines [B: doctrine] the commandments of men [G: men’s precepts; B: precepts of men; T: which are nothing but men’s precepts] .      qtext

[cf Isa 29:13]

Mar 7:1 Then came together [G: gathered] unto him the Pharisees, and certain [T: divers] of the scribes, which came from Jerusalem.

Mar 7:2 And when they saw some [T: certain] of his disciples eat bread [G: meat] with defiled [GBT: common], that is to say, with unwashen, hands, they found fault [GT: complained].

Mar 7:3 For the Pharisees, and all the Jews, except they wash their hands oft, eat not, holding the tradition of the elders.

Mar 7:4 And when they come from the market, except they wash, they eat not. And many other things there be, which they have received to hold [GBT: taken upon them to observe], as the washing of cups, and pots [T: cruses], brasen vessels, and of tables [G: beds].

Mar 7:5 Then the Pharisees and scribes asked him, Why walk not thy disciples according to the tradition of the elders, but eat bread [G: meat] with unwashen hands?      qtext

Mar 7:6 He answered and said unto them, Well hath Esaias prophesied [GB: Surely (B: that) Esaias hath prophesied well; T: well prophesied Esaias] of you hypocrites, as it is written, This people honoureth me with their lips, but their heart is far [G: +away] from me.

Mar 7:7 Howbeit in vain do they worship me [G But they worship me in vain; T: In vain they worship me], teaching for doctrines [B: doctrines; T: doctrines which are nothing but] the commandments of men.      qtext

Mar 7:8 For laying aside the commandment of God, ye hold [GBT: ye lay the commandment of God apaart, and observe] the tradition of men, as the washing of pots [T: cruses] and cups: and many other such like things ye do.      qtext

Mar 7:9 And he said unto them, Full [GBT: omit] well ye reject [BT: cast aside] the commandment of God, that ye may keep [BT: to maintain] your own tradition [T: traditions].

Mar 7:10 For Moses said, Honour thy father and thy mother; and, Whoso [GT: Whosoever] curseth [G: shall speak evil of] father or mother, let him die the death [T: for it]:

Mar 7:11 But ye say, If [T: omits] a man shall say to his [GBT: omit] father or mother, It is [GBT: omit] Corban, that is to say, a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me; he shall be free. [G: that is, By the gift that is offered by me, thou mayest have profit, he shall be free; B: that is, by the gift that is offered of me, thou shalt be helped; T: which is: that thou desirest of me to help thee with is given God].

Mar 7:12 And ye suffer him no more to do ought [G: any thing] for his father or his mother;

Mar 7:13 Making [B: And make] the word of God of none effect through [G: authority, by] your tradition, which ye have delivered [GBT: ordained]: and many such like things do ye.      qtext


(Mat 15:2 | Mar 7:5) IP1: 203; IP2: 2

(Mat 15:3-9 | Mar 7:5-8, 13) GF6: 365f

(Mat 15:4-6 | Mar 7:10-13) JN3: 396, 465

(Mat 15:6 | Mar 7:13) GF3: 74; JN1: 45, 96; JN3: 436; RBA 345, RBAF 302; WPR 503; JWJM 218

(Mat 15:8 | Mar 7:6b) GF4: 177, 205 [cf Isa 29:13]

[Mat 15:8f cf Isa 29:13]

(Mat 15:9 | Mar 7:7) GF3: 348; GF4: 321; GF7: 152 [161]; JN1: 45, 49, 81, 132, 274, 525; IP2: 1; WPR 30, 33, 215, 403 [cf Isa 29:13]

[Mar 7:6-13: see Mat 15:3-9]

(Mar 7:8) JN1: 124; JN3: 65; EQ 178


(Mat 15:2 | Mar 7:5)

IP1: 203f: [Mat 15:2, see under Mat 9:14f]

(Mat 15:6 | Mar 7:13)

JN1:45 (1653): have been blinded for many years and led on to worship God in outside forms and customs, after the traditions and commandments of men [Mat 15:9 | Mar 7:7], which by imaginary imitations and consultations they have set up for their own ends, and have made laws to bind the people to observe them, contrary to that light shining into the conscience ... and the practice of Christ and the apostles, and so have made the word of God of none effect by their traditions [Mat 15:6 | Mar 7:13].

RBA 345, RBAF 302 (1678, XII.1): [Christ reproves the Pharisees] for "making void the commandments of God by their traditions" [Mat 15:6 | Mar 7:13]. This complaint may at this day be no less justly made as to many bearing the name of Christians, who have introduced many things of this kind, partly borrowed from the Jews, which they more tenaciously stick to and more earnestly contend for [Jude 1:3] than for the weightier points of Christianity: because that self, yet alive and ruling in them, loves their own inventions [Psa 106:39] better than God's commands.

JWJM 218 (1762): Jeremiah acquaints us that the priests cried, "Peace, peace," when there was no peace [Jer 8:11], by which means the people grew bold in their wickedness – and having committed abominations were not ashamed [Jer 8:11], but through wrong constructions of the Law they justified themselves and boastingly said: "We are wise, and the law of the Lord is with us" [Jer 8:8]. These corruptions continued till the days of our Saviour, who told the Pharisees: "You have made the commandment of God of none effect through your tradition" [Mat 15:6].

(Mat 15:9 | Mar 7:7)

[Other texts citing Mat 15:9: GF7:152 (under Mat 6:22), JN1:45 (Mat 15:6)]

GF4:321 (1663): and hath not Christianity ... left the commands of Christ and the apostles, and taught their own traditions for doctrine [Mat 15:9 | Mar 7:7], which they have not received from Christ, nor the apostles; and if men do not observe them, they are judged and persecuted, and imprisoned, and their goods spoiled?

JN1:274 (1653): ... you are among the heathen who worship in vain, and receives no acceptance from God, for you receive for doctrines the commandments of men [Mat 15:9 | Mar 7:7], & your fear towards God is taught by the precepts of men [Isa 29:13], & not by the Spirit, & what you have is by tradition; and here you are shut out of the Scriptures.

WPR 33 (1668): you are teaching and receiving for doctrines the traditions of men [Mat 15:9], running and striving in your own spirits, compassing yourselves with the sparks of your own fire [Isa 50:11], being not yet come to stand still and know [Psa 46:10] that Will done on earth which is done in Heaven [Mat 6:10]....

(Mar 7:8) [cf Mat 15:3]

EQ 178 (Francis Howgill, 1655): And therefore you professors, who have built high towers [Gen 11:1-9] and castles in your imaginations, and have told of reformation these many years, but you have nothing but a hand writing to establish your building on, and all your reformation has been but the washing of cups [Mar 7:8], and pulling down one thing, and setting up another beggarly elementary image [Gal 4:9 / Lev 26:1, Deut 16:22]; you do not witness the better hope brought in [Heb 7:19], nor the time of reformation [Heb 9:10], nor cannot abide that any should declare it to you, nor believe it, nor hear it.


§63I-L (Mat 15:10-20 | Mar 7:14-23)

Mat 15:10 And he called the multitude [BT: people; GBT: +unto (B: to) him] , and said unto them, Hear, and understand:

Mat 15:11 Not [GBT: omit] that which goeth into the mouth defileth a [GBT: not the] man; but that which cometh out of the mouth, this defileth a [GBT: the] man.      qtext

Mat 15:12 Then came his disciples, and said unto him, Knowest [GT: Perceivest] thou that the Pharisees were [GT: are] offended, after they heard [GT: in hearing] this saying?      qtext

Mat 15:13 But he answered and said, Every plant [B: Every planting; T: All plants], which my heavenly Father hath not planted, shall be rooted up [T: plucked up by the roots].

Mat 15:14 Let them alone: they be [GBT: +the] blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch.      qtext

Mat 15:15 Then answered Peter and said unto him, Declare unto us this parable.

Mat 15:16 And Jesus said, Are ye also yet [GT: yet; B: also] without understanding?

Mat 15:17 Do not ye yet understand [GT: Perceive ye not], that whatsoever entereth [T: goeth] in at [G: into] the mouth goeth [T: descendeth down] into the belly, and is cast out into the draught?      qtext

Mat 15:18 But those things which proceed out of the mouth come forth [GT: omit] from the heart; and they defile the man.

Mat 15:19 For out of the heart proceed [GT: come] evil thoughts, murders, adulteries [T: murder, breaking of wedlock], fornications [B: whoredoms; T: whoredom], thefts [T: theft], false witness [G: testimonies; T: witness bearing], blasphemies [G: slanders; T: blasphemy]:      qtext

Mat 15:20 These are the things which defile a man: but to eat with unwashen hands defileth not a man.      qtext

Mar 7:14 And when he had [G: Then (T: And) he] called all the people [G: the whole multitude] unto him, he [GT: and] said unto them, Hearken unto me every one of you [G: you all unto me], and understand:

Mar 7:15 There is nothing from [GBT: omit] without a man, that entering into him can defile him [GBT: can defile him when it entereth into him]: but the things which come [GBT: proceed] out of him [B: a man], those are they that [G: are they which; T: are those which] defile the man.      qtext

Mar 7:16 If any man [G omits] have ears to hear, let him hear.

Mar 7:17 And when he was entered [GBT: came] into the [G: into an;T: to] house [GBT: +away] from the people, his disciples asked him concerning the parable [BT: of the similitude].

Mar 7:18 And he saith [GBT: said] unto them, Are ye so [G: What? are ye] without understanding also [BT omit] ? Do ye not perceive [G: know; BT: yet perceive], that whatsoever thing from without entereth into the [GBT: a] man, it [G: omits] cannot defile him;

Mar 7:19 Because it entereth not into his heart, but into the belly, and goeth out into the draught, purging [G: which is the purging of; T: that purgeth out] all meats?      qtext

Mar 7:20 And he said, That which cometh out of the [G: omits; BT: a] man, that defileth the man.

Mar 7:21 For from within, [GBT: +even] out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders [BT: adultery (T: advantry), fornication, murder],      qtext

Mar 7:22 Thefts [GBT: Theft] , covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness [GT: uncleanness and; B: wantonness], an evil [GBT: a wicked] eye, blasphemy [B: blasphemies], pride, foolishness:

Mar 7:23 All these evil things come from within, and defile the [GBT: a] man.

Luk 6:39 And he spake a parable [BT: put forth a similitude] unto them, Can the blind lead the blind? shall [BT: do] they not both fall into the ditch?      qtext


(Mat 15:10f | Mar 7:14f) GFT 147

(Mat 15:11 | Mar 7:15) GF4: 321; GF5: 269; RBA 347, RBAF 305

(Mat 15:13) GF6: 11; MFU 242; IP1: 322; IP4: 258; RBA 430; RBAF 12 (389); WPR 45

(Mat 15:14 | Luk 6:39) GFJN 144, 407; GF3: 17 (EB), 49, 220, 466, 573; GF4: 25, 146, 326, 355; GF5: 54; GF8: 57 [306]; MFS 22, 28, 53; MFU 104, 117, 132, 161, 201, 235; JN1: 87, 140, 165, 302, 505, 519; JN2: 13, 16, 164, 176, 211; 266 (A); 274, 553; JN3: 388, 435; WDS 296; IP1: 209; IP2: 125, 448; IP4: 64; WPR 187

(Mat 15:17-20 | Mar 7:18-23) GF5: 269; GF6: 45

(Mat 15:17 | Mar 7:19) RBA 347

(Mat 15:17f | Mar 7:18-20) GF4: 321

(Mat 15:19 | Mar 7:21f) MFU 347; IP3: 340, 405

(Mat 15:19f | Mar 7:21-23) GF6: 150; GF8: 258 [397], GFEJ 436; WPR 165

[Mar 7:15 see Mat 15:11]

[Mar 7:18-23 see Mat 15:17-20]


(Mat 15:11 | Mar 7:15)

RBA 347, RBAF 305 (1678, XII.2): We find not anything called the "seal" or "pledge" of our inheritance but the Spirit of God; it is by that we are said to be sealed (Eph 1:14 and 4:30), which is also termed the "earnest of our inheritence (2 Cor 1:22), and not by outward water, or eating and drinking; which as the wickedest of men may partake of, so many that do, do notwithstanding it go to perdition; for it is not outward washing with water that maketh the heart clean, by which men are fitted for heaven; and is "that which goeth into the mouth does not defile a man [Mat 15:11 | Mar 7:15], because it is put forth again" and so goeth to the dunghill [Mat 15:17 | Mar 7:19]

(Mat 15:13)

GF6:11 (1679): So the serpent is called the world's god, the world that lies in wickedness [1 Jn 15:19]; and he hath made it like a wilderness with his rough plants, briars and thorns, that he hath planted in man's and woman's transgressing heart, which as Christ saith, "must all be rooted up, every plant that the heavenly Father hath not planted [Mat 15:13]".

RBA 429f, RBAF 389 (1678, XV): Seeing the chief end of all religion is to redeem men from the spirit and vain conversation of the world, and to lead into inward communion with God, before whom if we fear always, we are accounted happy [Prov 28:14], therefore all the vain customs and habits thereof, both in word and deed, are to be rejected and forsaken by those who come to this fear. [Margin: Eph 5:11, 1 Pet 1:14, John 5:44, Jer 10:3, Acts 10:26, Mat 15:13, Col 2:8]

(Mat 15:14 | Luk 6:39)

Other texts citing Mat 15:14: GF8: 57 (Gen 11:1-9), MFU 235 (Rom 2:6), JN1:505 (under Mat 26:69-75), JN2:274 (Heb 11:27)

GF4:355 (1668): [cites Mat 15:14] and are not all the persecuting priests and teachers now in Christendom blind guides? and will any be led by them but the blind, is not the place they lead into, the ditch, and is not the persecution against them that can see? and so all the guides in Christendom that persecute, are they not the blind ones, and doing the works of the night, not of the day, wherein people can see....

MFS 27f (1660): [quoting Isa 42:15f] "... And I will lead the blind in a way that they know not, in paths that they have not known I will guide them...." Them that come into this path and way must come from the blind teachers of the world, who are leaders of the blind [Mat 15:14], [who] keep people in blindness and ignorance of God and his truth, who deny the light to be a sufficient teacher, which is the eye of the whole body [cf Mat 6:22].

JN1:302 (1654): All who stumbles at the light [Isa 59:10/John 11:9f], stumbles at the Scriptures, and does not know the meaning of them, for that eye that is turned from the light is the blind and leads into the ditch [Mat 15:14], and is to be condemned with the light from Christ [John 3:19f].

JN2:16 (1655): The light is risen [Isa 2:16], thy mist can blind none [Acts 13:11], the refuge of lies is sweeping away [Isa 28:17], neither shalt thou lead any but who is willing to be blind [Mat 15:14], for the mighty day is coming on apace....

WDS 295f (1661): ... set up proud covetous men, that know not God, to be teachers in the land, that draw people into idolatry [cf Eph 5:5], worshipping they know not what [John 4:22]; so, the blind leading the blind, they both fall into great wickedness [Mat 15:14]....

(Mat 15:17 | Mar 7:19)

RBA 347, RBAF 305: [Mat 15:17 see under Mat 15:11]

(Mat 15:19 | Mar 7:21f)

IP3:340 (1674): There is that inwardly in the unregenerate which hardens and misleads; there is also that inwardly which tenders, melts, teacheth, and leadeth aright, and is believed in and obeyed. Oh, that men knew the difference between these two, and how to turn from the one to the other! For out of the heart proceeds all that is evil and vain [Mat 15:19], and out of the heart are the issues of life also [Prov 4:23]. The well or puddle of the muddy waters, of the waters of Egypt [Exo 7:19], of the wine of Sodom [Deut 32:32], and waters of Babylon [Psa 137:1], is there; and the well and cistern of the pure waters [Prov 5:15] is there also.

(Mat 15:19f | Mar 7:21-23)

[Other texts citing Mat 15:19f: GF6:150 (under Mat 5:27f)]

GF8:258, GFEJ 436 (1684): And Christ saith in Mark, "Pride is one of those evils that cometh out of the heart, and defiles the man [Mark 7:22f];" so take heed of that which defiles.


§ 64-67 (Mat 15:22-28 | Mar 7:25- 8:10)

Mat 15:21 Then Jesus went thence, and departed into the coasts of Tyre and Sidon.

Mat 15:22 And, behold, a woman of Canaan [G: a Canaanite; B: of the Canannites, which; T: which was a Canaanite] came out of the same coasts, and [B: omits] cried unto him, saying [G: saying unto him], Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou [GT: the] Son of David; my daughter is grievously [G: miserably; T: piteously] vexed with a devil.

Mat 15:23 But he answered her not a word [T: gave her never a word to answer]. And his disciples came [GT: Then came to him his disciples] and besought him, saying, Send her away; for she crieth after us [T: followeth us crying].

Mat 15:24 But he answered and said, I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel.      qtext

Mat 15:25 Then came she [G: Yet she came] and worshipped him, saying, Lord [T: Master], help me.

Mat 15:26 But he answered and said, It is not meet [GT: good] to take the children's bread, and to cast it to dogs [GT: whelps; B: little dogs].      qtext

Mat 15:27 And she [BG: +answered and] said, Truth, Lord: yet [G: yet indeed; B: and yet; T: neverthless] the dogs [GT: the whelps; B: little dogs] eat of the crumbs which fall from their masters' table.      qtext

Mat 15:28 Then Jesus answered and said unto her, O woman, great is thy faith: be it unto thee even [G: omits] as thou wilt [GT: desirest]. And her daughter was made whole from that very hour [G: at that hour; B: even from that same time; T: even at that same hour].

Mat 15:29 And Jesus departed [GT: went away; B: went] from thence, and came nigh [G: near] unto the sea of Galilee; and went up into a mountain, and sat down there.

Mat 15:30 And great multitudes [T: much people] came unto him, having with them those that were lame [GT: halt], blind, dumb, maimed, and many others [BT: other many], and cast them down at Jesus' feet; and he healed them:

Mat 15:31 Insomuch that the multitude [BT: people] wondered, when they saw [GT: to see] the dumb to [GBT omit] speak, the maimed to be [GT omit] whole, the lame to walk [GT: halt to go] , and the blind to see: and they glorified the God of Israel.

Mat 15:32 Then Jesus called his disciples unto him, and said, I have compassion on the [G: this] multitude [GT: people], because they continue with me now [GT: have continued with me already] three days, and have nothing [T: nought] to eat: and I will not send them away [GBT: let them depart] fasting, lest they faint [T: perish] in the way.      qtext

Mat 15:33 And his disciples say [GT: said] unto him, Whence should we have [GBT: get] so much bread in the wilderness, as to fill [GBT: should (B: to) suffice] so great a multitude?

Mat 15:34 And Jesus saith [GT: said] unto them, How many loaves have ye? And they said, Seven, and a few little fishes.

Mat 15:35 And he commanded the multitude [BT: people] to sit down on the ground.

Mat 15:36 And he took the seven loaves and the fishes, and gave thanks, and [B: after that he had given thanks, he] brake them, and gave to his disciples, and the disciples to the multitude [BT: gave them to the people].

Mat 15:37 And they did all eat, and were filled [GBT: sufficed]: and they took up of the broken meat that was left [G: fragments that remained] seven baskets full.

Mat 15:38 And [BT: +yet] they that did eat [G: had eaten; T: ate] were four thousand men, beside women and [G: +little] children.

Mat 15:39 And he [G: Then Jesus] sent away the multitude, and took ship, and came into the coasts [GBT: parts] of Magdala.

Mar 7:24 And from thence he arose, and went into the borders of Tyre and Sidon, and entered into an house, and would have no man know it [GBT: that no man should have known]: but he could not be hid.

Mar 7:25 For a certain woman, whose young [G: little; T omits] daughter had an unclean [T: a foul] spirit, heard of him, and [B: as soon as she heard of him] came and fell at his feet:

Mar 7:26 The woman was a Greek, a Syrophenician by nation [BT: out of (B: +the nation of) Syrophenicia]; and she besought him that he would cast forth [GBT: out] the devil out of [B: from] her daughter.

Mar 7:27 But Jesus said unto her, Let the children first be filled [GBT: fed]: for it is not meet [G: good] to take the children's bread, and to cast it unto the dogs [GT: whelps; B: little dogs].      qtext

Mar 7:28 And she answered and said unto him, Yes, Lord: yet [G: Truth, Lord: yet inderd; BT: even so, Lord (T: Master): nevertheless] the dogs [G: whelps eat; B: little dogs also eat; T: whelps also eat] under the table eat [GBT: omit] of the children's crumbs.      qtext

Mar 7:29 And he said unto her, For this saying go thy way; the devil is gone out of thy daughter.

Mar 7:30 And when she was come to her house, she found the devil gone out [GT: the devil departed; B: that the devil was departed] , and her daughter laid upon the bed.

Mar 7:31 And again, departing [GBT: he departed again] from the coasts of Tyre and Sidon, he [GBT: and] came unto the sea of Galilee, through the midst of the coasts of Decapolis [BT: the ten cities].

Mar 7:32 And they bring unto him one that was deaf, and had an impediment GT: stammered] in his speech; and they beseech [GT: prayed; B: they prayed] him to put [T: lay] his hand upon him.

Mar 7:33 And he took [B: when he had taken] him aside from the multitude [BT: people], and [B: he] put his fingers into his ears, and he [GBT: did] spit, and touched his tongue;

Mar 7:34 And looking [BT: looked] up to heaven, he [BT: and] sighed, and saith [GBT: said] unto him, Ephphatha, that is [BT: +to say], Be opened.

Mar 7:35 And straightway his ears were opened, and the string of his tongue was loosed, and he spake plain.

Mar 7:36 And he charged [GBT: commanded] them that they should tell no man: but the more [G: how much soever] he charged [GBT: forbade] them, so much [G omits] the more a great deal they published it;

Mar 7:37 And were beyond measure astonished, saying, He hath done all things well: he maketh [BT: and hath made] both the deaf to hear, and the dumb to speak.

Mar 8:1 In those days the multitude being very great [GBT: when there was a very great multitude (BT: company)] , and having [GBT: had] nothing to eat, Jesus called his disciples unto him, and saith [GBT: said] unto them,

Mar 8:2 I have compassion on the multitude [B: the (T: this) people], because they have now been [G: continued] with me three days, and have nothing to eat:      qtext

Mar 8:3 And if I [T: +should] send them away fasting to their own houses, they will [G: would; B: shall; T: should] faint by the way: for divers [G: some] of them came from far.

Mar 8:4 And his disciples answered him, From whence can [G: Whence can; T: Where should] a man satisfy these men with [T: have] bread here in the wilderness [T: +to satisfy these]?

Mar 8:5 And he asked them, How many loaves have ye? And they said, Seven.

Mar 8:6 And he commanded the people [G: multitude] to sit down on the ground: and he took the seven loaves, and gave [B: when he had given] thanks, and brake [G: brake them; B: he brake], and gave to his disciples to set before them; and they did set them before the people.

Mar 8:7 And they had [G: They had also] a few small fishes: and he blessed, and [GB: when he had given thanks (B: blessed), he; T: he blessed them and] commanded to set them also [GBT: them also to be set] before them.

Mar 8:8 So they did eat [T: And they ate], and were filled [GBT: sufficed]: and they took up of the broken meat that was left seven baskets [GBT: +full].

Mar 8:9 And they that had eaten were [T: ate were in number] about four thousand: and he sent them away.


(Mat 15:22-28 | Mar 7:25-30) GF8: 105 [320]; HPS 435f (EB)

(Mat 15:24) IP2: 390-394; IP3: 144; IP4: 256

(Mat 15:26-28 | Mar 7:27-30) IP3: 483

(Mat 15:26 | Mar 7:27) HPS 295

(Mat 15:27 | Mar 7:28) WTG 270 (EH), 371 (AM)

(Mat 15:28 | Mar 7:29f) IP3: 145

(Mat 15:29-38 | Mar 8:1-9) GF6: 187 [cf Mar 8:1-9]

(Mat 15:32 | Mar 8:2f) MFU 87; JN1: 268; IP4: 408

[Mar 7:25-30 see Mat 15:22-28]

[Mar 8:1-9 see Mat 15:29-38]


(Mat 15:24)

IP2:390-394 (1663): Meditation on Mat 15:24, under headings: 1. Who are his sheep? 2. How will he seek them, and how will he find them out? 3. What will he do with them, when he hath sought after them and found them out?

(Mat 15:26 | Mar 7:27)

HPS 295 (Susannah Blandford, 1698): the literal Jews, when they could find nothing to accuse Christ of, ... sought to entrap him in his words; but God gave him that wisdom to see in them, and cautioned his disciples, not to give the children's bread to dogs [Mat 15:27 | Mar 7:28], nor pearls to swine, lest they trample them underfoot, and turn again and rend you [Mat 7:6]; under Christ's protection I leave myself.

(Mat 15:27 | Mar 7:28)

WTG 270 (Elizabeth Hudson, 175-): I went to [meeting] poor and low, nor did I ask great things, a crumb from the table was sufficient

WTG 371f (Ann Moore, 1778): just as we were about to set off... a voice passed through me, saying, "The poor servants have not been favored with crumbs which fall from their master's table," so that I did not dare to go until I sat down with the family, and handed forth the crumbs which were committed to my trust.

(Mat 15:28 | Mar 7:29f)

[Other texts citing Mat 15:28: IP3: 145 (John 11:40)]

(Mat 15:32 | Mar 8:2f)

MFU 87 (1654): Persecution ever was & is the portion of the saints, if ever you own God or the truth of God, you must own persecution, but be not discouraged, nor faint in the way [Mat 15:32], neither be you of a doubtful mind [Luk 12:29].

IP4:408 (1670): And what shall separate us from his love [Rom 8:35], or come between us and his care over us, who is able to bear us up in all, and carry us over all ... that can set upon us, and strive to turn us out of the way, or make us faint in the way [Mat 15:32]?


§ 68-69 (Mat 16:1-12 | Mar 8:10-26 | Luk 12:54-56)

Mat 16:1 The Pharisees also with the Sadducees came, and tempting desired him that he would [GT: Then came the Pharisees and the Sadducees, and did tempt him, desiring him to] shew them a sign from heaven.

Mat 16:2 He answered and said unto them, When it is evening [T: At even], ye say, It will be [G: omits; T: we shall have] fair weather: for [T: and that because] the sky is red.      qtext

Mat 16:3 And in the morning, It will be foul weather to day [GT: ye say, today shall be a tempest (T: foul weather)] : for [T: and that because] the sky is red and lowring [B: lowring red; T: cloudy and red]. O ye hypocrites, ye can discern the face [B: outward appearance; T: fashion] of the sky; but [GT: and] can ye not discern the signs of the times?      qtext

Mat 16:4 A wicked and adulterous generation [G: The wicked generation and adulterous; B: The froward and adulterous nation; T: The froward nation and advoutrous] seeketh after [GT: seeketh; B: requireth] a sign; and there shall no [T: none other] sign be given unto it [G: it; T: unto them], but the sign of the prophet Jonas. And he left them, and departed.      qtext

Mat 16:5 And when his disciples were come to the other side [BT: +of the water], they had forgotten to take bread [GBT: +with them].      qtext

Mat 16:6 Then Jesus said unto them, Take heed and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the [G omits] Sadducees.      qtext

Mat 16:7 And they reasoned among [BT: thought in] themselves, saying, It is [B: for; T omits] because we have taken [GT: brought] no bread [BT: +with us].

Mat 16:8 Which when Jesus perceived, he [G: But Jesus knowing it; B: Which when Jesus understood, he; T: When Jesus understood that he] said unto them, O ye of little faith, why reason ye among yourselves [G: reason you thus among yourselves; B: think you within yourselves; T: are your minds cumbered], because ye have brought no bread?

Mat 16:9 Do ye not yet understand [GBT: perceive], neither remember the [BT: those] five loaves of the five thousand [GBT: when there were five thousand men], and how many baskets ye took up?

Mat 16:10 Neither the seven loaves of the four thousand [GBT: when there were four thousand men], and how many baskets ye took up?

Mat 16:11 How is it that ye do not understand [GT: Why perceive ye not (T: +then)] that I spake it [G: said; T: spake] not to you concerning [T: of] bread, [B: +warning you] that ye should [T: when I said] beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the [G: omits] Sadducees?

Mat 16:12 Then understood they how that he bade them not [G: that he had not said that they whould] beware of the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and of the [G omits] Sadducees.

Mar 8:10 And straightway [GBT: anon] he entered into a ship with his disciples, and came into the parts of Dalmanutha.

Mar 8:11 And the Pharisees came forth, and began to question [GBT: dispute] with him, seeking of him a sign from heaven, tempting him.

Mar 8:12 And he [B: when he had] sighed deeply [T: omits] in his spirit, and saith [GT: and said; B: he saith], Why doth this generation seek after [GBT omit] a sign? verily I say unto you, There shall no sign [G: a sign shall not] be given unto this generation.      qtext

Mar 8:13 And he left them, and entering [GBT: went] into the ship again [GBT: +and] departed to the other side [BT: over the water].      qtext

Mar 8:14 Now the disciples [GBT: And they] had forgotten to take bread [B: +with them], neither had they in the ship with them more than one loaf.

Mar 8:15 And he charged them, saying, Take heed, beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, and of the leaven of Herod.      qtext

Mar 8:16 And they reasoned among themselves, saying, It is because [BT: omit] we have no bread.

Mar 8:17 And when [B: omits] Jesus knew it, he saith [GT: he said; B: and saith] unto them, Why reason ye [G: reason you thus; T: take ye thought], because ye have no bread? perceive ye not yet, neither understand? have ye your heart [GT: hearts] yet hardened [T: blinded]?

Mar 8:18 Having eyes, see ye [GBT: Have ye eyes, and see] not? and having ears, hear ye [GBT: have ye ears, and hear] not? and do ye not remember?

Mar 8:19 When I brake the five loaves among five thousand [B: +men], how many baskets full of fragments [GBT: broken meat] took ye up? They say [GT: said] unto him, Twelve.

Mar 8:20 And when the [GBT: I brake] seven among four thousand, how many baskets full of fragments [GBT: of the leavings of broken meat] took ye up? And they said, Seven.

Mar 8:21 And he said unto them, How is [B: happeneth] it that ye do not understand [GT: understand not]?

Mar 8:22 And he cometh [GBT: came] to Bethsaida; and they bring [GBT: brought] a blind man unto him, and besought [GBT: desired] him to touch him.

Mar 8:23 And he took [BT: caught] the blind man [GBT: omit] by the hand, and led him out of the town; and when he had spit on [GBT: spat in] his eyes, and put his hands upon him, he [GBT: and] asked him if [T: whether] he saw ought.

Mar 8:24 And he looked up, and said, I see men as trees, walking [GBT: men: for I see (B: perceive) them walking like (BT: walk as they were) trees].

Mar 8:25 After that he put his hands again upon his eyes, and made him look up [G: look again; BT: see]: and he was restored [GT: +to his sight], and saw every man [G: +afar off] clearly.

Mar 8:26 And he sent him away [GBT: home] to his house, saying, Neither go into the town, nor tell it to any in the town.

Luk 12:1 In the mean time, when there were [G: In the meantime, there; T: As there] gathered together an innumerable multitude of people, insomuch [G: so] that they trode one upon [GBT: omit] another, [G: +and] he began to say unto his disciples first of all, Beware ye [G: first, take heed to yourselves] of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy.      qtext

Luk 12:54 And he said also to the people, When ye see a cloud rise out of the west, straightway ye say, There cometh a shower [G: A shower cometh; T: We shall have a shower]; and so it is.      qtext

Luk 12:55 And when ye see the south wind blow, ye say, There will be heat [GB: that (B omits) it will be hot; T: we shall have heat]; and it cometh to pass.

Luk 12:56 Ye [GT: omit] hypocrites, ye can discern [T: skill of (distinguish, understand)] the face [B: outward appearance; T: fashion] of the sky and of the earth; but how is it that ye do not discern [G: why discern ye not; T: what is the cause that ye cannot skill of] this time?


(Mat 16:2f | Luk 12:54-56) GF3: 126; GF6: 109

(Mat 16:3) GF3: 356; GF5: 164

(Mat 16:4 | Mar 8:12) IP3: 457; EQ 160

(Mat 16:5-12 | Mar 8:13-21) GF5: 279f

(Mat 16:6 | Mar 8:15 | Luk 12:1) GF8: 244 [390]; MFU 269; JN1: 152; IP1: 202, 209; HPS 296

[Mat 16:12 see Mat 16:6]

[Mar 8:15-21 cf Mat 16:5-12]

[Luk 12:1, see Mat 16:6]

[Luk 12:54-56 see Mat 16:2f]


(Mat 16:2f | Luk 12:54-56)

GF3:126 (1659): P. He saith, "the Pharisees could tell by the skies what should be the weather, and what the days should bring forth [Mat 16:2f], and this without the spirit of God." A. That which gives to understand the creation, and the altering and changing of the creation, either in weather or days, is the wisdom of God; and his spirit, by which all things were made, knows these things in the truth [cites Gen 15:5, 1:16]. Now who understands these things aright, it is by the spirit of wisdom; and there may be a wilful rejecting, and a having these things in the form, yet a not knowing them in truth, and so Christ calls these hypocrites. And a man may know things by the spirit, and go into error from the spirit, and then hold them in his memory.

(Mat 16:4 | Mar 8:12)

IP3:457 (1670): Oh, take heed of that nature and spirit in thee which desires and seeks after a sign! It is the evil and adulterous generation which seeks after a sign [Mat 16:4 | Mar 8:12]. But wait to meet with that inwardly, which changeth the heart, and renews the mind [Rom 12:2] to God; which teacheth to love the Lord God with all the heart, soul, mind, and spirit [Mat 22:37], that so true life from and in him may be witnessed.

(Mat 16:5-12 | Mar 8:13-21)

GF5:279f (1676): [quotes Mar 8:13-21] Now consider ye seamen, and fishermen, and others, that are not disciples of Christ; for sometimes in your ships you have been in scarcity of bread; and now here was Christ and his disciples which had but one loaf in the ship, and Christ convinced them that they had enough, by his former miracles. And therefore, they that have Christ, they have enough, they have by whom all things were made [John 1:3], who gives the increase [1 Cor 3:6f], as you may see by his miracles. And therefore, it is good for every one to see with the pure eye ... and to take heed of Herod's and the fair-sayer's leaven [Mar 8:15], which are not the doers, but resist Christ, who doth not only say, but doth the will of his Father....

(Mat 16:6 | Mar 8:15 | Luk 12:1)

GF8:244 (1683): And beware of the leaven of the Pharisees [Mat 16:6], who make an outward profession of the holy men's words, but are persecutors of the seed, Christ Jesus, in whom all nations are blest [Gen 22:18], and despisers of his peaceable government; of the increase of which there is no end [Isa 9:7].

HPS 296 (Susannah Blandford, 1698): But I have seen the new wine put into the old bottle [Mat 9:17], it not being well seasoned there becomes a sourness, and the good relish thereby seems to be lost; that is in itself good; in which state there is many that keeps to the old leaven of the Pharisees [1 Cor 5:7f /Mat 16:6]....


§71 (Mat 16:13-20 | Mar 8:27-30 | Luk 9:18-21)

Mat 16:13 When Jesus came into the coasts of [T: +the city which is called]Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, saying, Whom do men say that I the Son of man am?

Mat 16:14 And they said, Some say that thou art [G: omit] John the [GBT omit] Baptist: some, Elias; and others [BT: some] , Jeremias, or one of the prophets.

Mat 16:15 He saith [GT: said] unto them, But whom say ye that I am?      qtext

Mat 16:16 And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the [G: that; BT omit] Christ, the Son of the living God.      qtext

Mat 16:17 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed [BT: Happy] art thou, Simon Barjona [GT: the son of Jonas]: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it [BT: opened that] unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven.      qtext

Mat 16:18 And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church [BT: congregation]; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against [G: overcome] it.      qtext

Mat 16:19 And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind [BT: bindest] on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose [BT: loosest] on earth shall be loosed in heaven.      qtext

[Mat 16:19, cf Mat 18:18]

Mat 16:20 Then charged he his disciples that they should tell no man that he was Jesus the [G: that; BT omit] Christ.

Mar 8:27 And Jesus went out, and his disciples, into the towns of [BT: that long to (T: +the city called)] Caesarea Philippi: and by the way he asked his disciples, saying unto them [T: omits], Whom do men say that I am?

Mar 8:28 And they answered, [GBT: Some say (BT: +that thou art )] John the Baptist: but [GBT: Baptist, and] some say [G: omit], Elias; and others, [G: and some (B: +say that thou art)] one of the prophets.

Mar 8:29 And he saith [GBT: said] unto them, But whom say ye that I am? And Peter answereth and saith [GT: answered and said] unto him, Thou art the [G: that; BT: very] Christ.      qtext

Mar 8:30 And he [G: +sharply] charged them that [G: +concerning him] they should tell no man of him [G: omits; T: of it].

Luk 9:18 And it came to pass, as he was alone praying, his disciples were with him: and he asked them, saying, Whom say the people that I am?

Luk 9:19 They answering said, John the [GBT: omit] Baptist; but some [G: and others] say, Elias; and others [GBT: some] say, that one of the old prophets is risen again.

Luk 9:20 He said unto them, But whom say ye that I am? Peter answering [GBT: answered, and] said, [BT: +Thou art] The Christ of God.      qtext

Luk 9:21 And he straitly charged them, and commanded them to tell no man that thing;


(Mat 16:13-20 | Mar 8:27-30 | Luk 9:18-21) GF6: 367

(Mat 16:15f | Mar 8:29 | Luk 9:20) IP2: 447; IP3: 338; HPS 404 (EB) [cf John 6:69]

(Mat 16:16f) GF5: 231; IP3: 49f, 336; HPS 328f; JSS 17

(Mat 16:17) GF3: 142; IP3: 68, 317, 362; IP4: 231

(Mat 16:17f) IP2: 279

(Mat 16:18) GF3: 28 (EB), 308, 348, 560; GF4: 260; GF7: 126 [130], 212 [213], 229 [222]; MFS 32; JN1: 248; JN2: 60; WDS 203, 311, 320; IPL 46; IP1: 18, 357, 391; IP2: 12, 198, 471; IP3: 110, 117f, 189, 246, 429, 517; IP4: 7, 46, 306, 312; HPS 288, 336; EQ 541 (BR); WPR 36, 136; SIW 86, 89, 91

(Mat 16:18f) WTG 354 (AM)

(Mat 16:19) MFU 431; IP4: 95, 356 [cf Mat 18:18]

[Luk 9:18-21 see Mat 16:13-20]


(Mat 16:15f | Mar 8:29 | Luk 9:20] cf John 6:69

[Other texts citing (Mat 16:15f) IP3:338 (John 9:30), HPS 404f (John 1:48)]

IP2:447 (1666): The way whereby a man must come, the truth wherein he must be renewed, the life wherein a man must be quickened [John 14:6], is Christ, the Son of the living God [Mat 16:16 | John 6:69]; and he must know him as the Son of the living God, and feel him revealed in him [Gal 1:16], and received by him, and so walk in him the way, in him the truth, in him the life, if ever he come to the Father.

(Mat 16:16f)

HPS 328 (Rebecca Travers, 1669): ...thousands of those that saw his presence at Jerusalem knew him not to be the Christ; nay, by Spirit then was he to be learned, as thou may read, where Peter confesseth him; and Christ saith, "Flesh and blood hath not revealed this to thee, but the Spirit of my Father [Mat 16:16f]", and against this thou art fighting, and those that are led thereby [Rom 8:14]; for by Light and Spirit have we learned Christ, and so teach him; ... but of this they are all ignorant who call the Light in the conscience "a formed thing, and the spirit of the humane earthly soul".... [more]

JSS 17 (179-) : When Peter knew Christ to be the son of God, Christ told him, flesh and blood had not revealed it unto him, but his heavenly Father [Mat 16:16f]. This holds good to every individual.

(Mat 16:17)

[Other texts citing Mat 16:17: IP4:231 (under Mat 11:27)]

GF3:142 (1659): And none can know Christ by the scriptures; they testify of him, but none can know Christ but by revelation. Flesh and blood had not revealed it to Peter [Mat 16:17]; and the son was revealed in the apostle [Gal 1:16].

(Mat 16:18)

[Other texts citing Mat 16:18: IP3:117 (Mat 7:24f), EQ 541 (Jas 3:16), SIW 89 (Mat 7:24f)]

GF3:308 (1659): Such as lead people from [the light] ... lead people into hell, into its gates, which prevail against them; but they who are in the light, the gates of hell cannot prevail against them [Mat 16:18]; and they that believe in it are not condemned [John 3:18].

JN2:60 (1655): What is the inward man and the inward man [2 Cor 4:16], if there be nothing in man to speak to? And what was that which Christ spake to in Peter, when he said, Upon thee I will build my church [Mat 16:18], and presently after, Get thee behind me Satan [Mat 16:23]? Was this all one thing in Peter? or was it to him alone as he was a creature? And herein thou declarest thyself to be an unbeliever, for he that believeth hath the witness in himself [1 Jn 5:10], which witness thou knows not in thee.

IP2:198 (1661): The Spirit of the Lord once raised up a spiritual building, which the spirit of the dragon overturned (as to its outward state, though the gates of hell could not prevail against the being and inward state of the true church [Mat 16:18]), and instead thereof set up an earthly image, agreeable to the earthly spirit in nations, but burdensome to that which is innocent, pure, and spiritual. The Lord God suffered this to stand all its allotted time, and to have power to keep down the visibility of his truth and people; but the Lord hath appointed a season to raise up his own building again, and to throw down this image.

WPR 36 (1668): Here all old things, covenant, signs, ordinances, whatever perisheth with the using, shall be done away [2 Cor 5:17/Col 2:22]; and the everlasting unchangeable substance witnessed; and no more shal l you profess religion, or perform worship from the imagining and transgressing nature, but from a certain sense of God's own operation; so shall your faith stand in that power [1 Cor 2:5] the gates of Hell can never prevail against [Mat 16:18].

SIW 86 (Sarah Tuke Grubb, 1774): That [painful feelings] may overflow the banks of my pleasures, and bring down the tall cedars of Lebanon [Isa 37:24], laying waste the hills and the mountains [Isa 42:15], and establishing in their room, that rock on which the church must be built [Mat 16:18], is the swaying inclination of my heart.

(Mat 16:18f)

WTG 355f (Ann Moore, 1761): [Extended discussion of this text with a Roman priest, 354-7] ... He then asked me what I thought the rock was and the key that was promised to Peter [Mat 16:18f]? I then told him it was my real belief the rock meant was Christ [1 Cor 10:4] and the key his Holy Spirit which are one, which opens and no man can shut and shuts and no man can open [Rev 3:7]. What this spirit binds on earth will be bound in heaven for it is in us and with us all the days of our visitation, bearing testimony against every appearance of evil [1 Th 5:22]. [More under Heb 5:9]

(Mat 16:19)

MFU 431 (1679): It was strange to think that all the ministers that professed such high things should be all out of the doctrine of Christ; yet when we come to witness the Light of Jesus which is the key that opens into the mysteries of God's kingdom [Mat 16:18/Mat 13:11/Rev 3:7] & sees Christ the stone that is laid in Sion for a foundation [Isa 28:16], that all the prophets & apostles & saints of the Lord is built upon, & they are all denying this Light, & would not own it.


§ 72-73A (Mat 16:21-24 | Mar 8:31-34 | Lk 9:22-23)

Mat 16:21 From that time forth began Jesus to shew unto his disciples, how that he must go unto Jerusalem, and suffer many things of the elders and chief [GT: of the high; B: high] priests and scribes, and be killed [G: slain], and be raised [T: rise] again the third day.      qtext

Mat 16:22 Then Peter took him [B: And when Peter had taken him; GBT: +aside] and [B: he] began to rebuke him, saying, Be it far from thee, Lord [GBT: Master (B: Lord), pity (BT: favour) thyself]: this shall not be [T: come] unto thee.

Mat 16:23 But he turned [G: back; B: him about: T: about] , and said unto Peter, Get thee behind [BT: go (T: come) after] me, Satan: thou art an offence unto [T: offencest] me: for [GT: because] thou savourest [G: understandest] not the things that be of God [T: godly things], but those that be of men [G: the things that are of men; T: worldly things].      qtext

Mat 16:24 Then said Jesus unto his disciples, If any man will come after [GBT: follow] me, let him deny [GBT: forsake] himself, and take up his cross, and follow me.      qtext

Mar 8:31 And he began to teach them, [BT: +how] that the Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected [GBT: should (B omits) be reproved] of the elders, and of the chief [GBT: high] priests, and [G: +of the] scribes, and be killed [G: slain] , and after [G: within] three days rise again.      qtext

Mar 8:32 And he spake that saying openly [G: thing boldly]. And Peter took him [GBT: +aside], and began to rebuke [T: chide] him.

Mar 8:33 But when he had [GT: Then he; B: But he] turned about [G: back] and looked on his disciples, he [GBT: and] rebuked Peter, saying, Get thee behind [BT: Go after] me, Satan: for thou savourest [G: understandest] not the things that be [G: that are; T omits (2x)] of God, but the things that be of men.      qtext

Mar 8:34 And when he had [GT: he] called the people unto him with his disciples also, he [G: and; T: also and] said unto them, Whosoever will come after [GBT: follow] me, let him deny [GBT: forsake] himself, and take up his cross, and follow me.      qtext

Luk 9:22 Saying, The Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected [GBT: reproved] of the elders and chief [GBT: high] priests and scribes, and be slain, and be raised [GBT: rise again] the third day.      qtext

Luk 9:23 And he said to them all, If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross daily, and follow me.      qtext (1)      qtext (2)


(Mat 16:21-24 Mar 8:31-34 | Luk 9:22f) IP1:349

(Mat 16:21-23 | Mar 8:31-33) GF6: 367; WPR 74

(Mat 16:21 | Mar 8:31 | Luk 9:22) GF2: 310; JN1: 115

(Mat 16:22 | Mar 8:32) EQ 211

(Mat 16:23 | Mar 8:33) JN2: 60, 156; IP1: 207

(Mat 16:24 | Mar 8:34 | cf Luk 9:23) GF3: 13 (EB), 365; GF5: 30; GF7: 66 [51], 193 [200]; GF8: 53 [302]; DGA 83; JN1: 315, 492, 511; JN2: 5, 80, 91, 213, 302; JN3: 46, 92, 104, 455f; WDS 86 (FE), 288; IPL 9; IP1: 272, 319; IP2: 328, 456; IP3: 17, 184, 195, 314, 367; IP4: 103, 239, 259; RBA 309, 471; RBAF 429; EQ 111 (JN), 175; 345 (BC); HPS 268, 275; 370 (EB); WPR 141, 297, 476; WPT 71, 278

(Luk 9:23) GFJN 18; GF3: 24 (EB); GF7: 26 [19]; GF8: 39 [291]; JN1: 4, 43, 125; JN2: 230; JN3: 107; WDS 108, 112, 142, 164, 201, 256, 293, 306, 308, 323; IP1: 83f, 242, 340, 350; IP2: 75, 195, 448; IP3: 316, 413, 506; IP4: 225; IPL 41; HPS 196, 261; 346 (EB), 482, 487, 517, 521; EQ 157; 238 (IP), 548; WPR 32, 56, 73, 158, 163, 310, 513, 605; WPT 29, 100, 166; DFR 12, 25, 33, 90, 92; JSS 29, 44, 58; JWJM 41; SIW 133 [cf Mat 10:38, 16:24; Mar 9:34]


(Mat 16:21-24 | Mar 8:31-34 | Luk 9:22f)

IP1:348f (to the Puritans in New England, 1660): Consider whether ye did not flee the cross, in transplanting to New England.... That spirit which would save itself from the cross, is the same with that which would persecute that which will not save itself. Mark how sharply Christ speaks to Peter upon this account, when he would have tempted him to avoid the cross: [quotes Mat 16:23]. The seed offers up all to God in his service, will suffer anything for his name's sake [Acts 9:16], even the loss of liberty, goods, yea, life itself, for the testimony to the least truth. Now that which says to the seed, when sufferings come for the testimony of truth, "Avoid it, save thyself [Mat 27:40]; let not this be unto thee," or the like, that is Satan; and if Satan be not cast behind, but that counsel hearkened unto which leadeth from the cross, Satan is followed.

(Mat 16:23 | Mar 8:33)

JN2:60: [Mat 16:23, see under Mat 16:18]

(Mat 16:24 | Mar 8:34 | for phases specific to "the daily cross, see under Luk 9:23)

[Other texts citing Mat 16:24: JN1:511 (under Heb 13:8), JN2:80 (Rom 3:27), WDS 288 (Rev 4:10), IP2:328f (Mat 3:12), IP3:17 (Mat 13:44-46), IP3:194f (Mar 16:16), IP4:103 (Heb 10:10), RBA 309 (Mat 13:31-33), HPS 370 (John 8:32)]

GF3:13 (Edward Burrough, 1659): we obeyed the light of Christ in us, and followed the motions of the Lord's pure spirit, and took up the cross [Mat 16:24] to all earthly glories, crowns, and ways, and denied ourselves, and our relations, and all that stood in the way betwixt us and the Lord; and we chose to suffer with and for the name of Christ, rather than enjoy all the pleaures on earth [Heb 11:25], or all our former zealous professions and practices in religion without the power and spirit of God, which the world yet lives in.

(Luk 9:23) [specific to phrases with "daily cross"; cf Mat 16:24]

[Other texts citing Luke 9:23: JN2:230 (under Luk 2:34, Heb 13:13), IP1:241f (Mat 11:25), IP2:75 (Heb 10:19f), IP2:448 (1 Jn 4:17), WPR 72f (Heb 11:36-40)]

WDS 306 (1680): My dear Friends, mind your calling, under which you are called, to wait in the light, to retain God in your knowledge, to feel the work of regeneration perfected in you; that you may truly learn to take up the cross daily [Luk 9:23], and to feel the heavenly power manifest itself in the light, to raise you up in the life that makes self of no reputation [Phil 2:7], and drieth up the tongue of the Egyptian sea [Isa 11:15], and bringeth all flesh to true silence in you before the Lord [Zech 2:13].

IP1:84f (1658): Know and take up thy cross, ...the daily cross of Christ [Luk 9:23]. The cross of Christ is that which crosseth the natural; and this is the power of God [1 Cor 1:18] to deliver from the natural. How is the earthly understanding, the earthly will, the earthly affections, the elementary nature ... be crucified and slain, but by the cross of Christ? [Gal 6:14] (more)

JSS 58 (179-): And is it not on the very ground of this necessity of a real self-denial, and death to sin, that Christ insists upon it, that whoever will be his disciple, must first deny himself, take up his daily (mark daily) cross, and follow him [Luk 9:23]? Follow him! -- Why what is that? Why it is to take his holy spirit for our leader and guide into all truth [John 16:13]; to take him for our pattern [1 Tim 1:16] and example [1 Pet 2:21]; and to follow him, wheresoever he leadeth us, in the way of regeneration, self-denial, the loss of our own life, and death unto all sin!

DFR 12 (17-): From this time my mind, after such great favor, was humbled and made subject to the cross of Christ, and heartily willing to take it up, daily [Luk 9:23], and follow him, my kind leader, in the narrow way [Mat 7:14] of self-denial.


§ 73B-D (Mat 16:25-28 | Mar 8:35-9:1 | Lk 9:24-27)

Mat 16:25 For whosoever [B: whoso] will save his life shall lose it: and whosoever [B: Again, whoso] will [GT: will; B: doth] lose his life for my sake shall find it.      qtext

Mat 16:26 For what is a man profited [GBT: shall (B: doth) it profit a man], if he shall gain [GT: though he should win; B: if he win; BT: +all] the whole world, and [GT: if he] lose his own soul? or [T: +else] what shall a man give in exchange for [G: for recompense of; B: for a ransom of; T: to redeem] his soul [T: +again with all]?      qtext

Mat 16:27 For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward [G: give to] every man according to his works [GT: deeds].      qtext

Mat 16:28 Verily I say unto you, There be some standing [GT: of (T: among) them that stand] here, which shall not taste of death, till they see [G: have seen; T: shall have seen] the Son of man coming [GBT: come] in his kingdom.      qtext

Mar 8:35 For whosoever will save his life shall lose it; but whosoever shall lose his life for my sake and the gospel's, the same [G: he] shall save it.      qtext

Mar 8:36 For what shall it profit a man, if [G: though] he shall gain [GBT: should (B omits) win] the whole [BT: all the] world, and lose his own soul?      qtext

Mar 8:37 Or what shall a man give in exchange for [G: for; B: for a ransom of; T: to redeem] his soul [T: +again]?

Mar 8:38 Whosoever therefore [G: For whosoever] shall be ashamed of me and of my words in [GT: among] this adulterous and sinful generation; of him also [GT: omit] shall the Son of man be ashamed [G: +also], when he cometh in the glory of his Father with the holy angels.      qtext

Mar 9:1 And he said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That there be some of them that stand here, which shall not taste of death, till they have seen the kingdom of God come with power.      qtext

Luk 9:24 For whosoever will save his life shall lose it: but whosoever will [GBT: shall] lose his life for my sake, the same shall save it.      qtext

Luk 9:25 For what is a man advantaged [GBT: advantageth it a man], if he (T: to] gain [GBT: win] the whole world, and [T: if he] lose [G: destroy] himself, or be cast away [G: lose himself; BT: run in danger (T: damage) of himself]?      qtext

Luk 9:26 For whosoever shall be [T: is] ashamed of me and of my words [T: sayings], of him shall the Son of man be ashamed, when he shall come [BT: cometh] in his own glory [B: majesty], and in his Father's [GBT: the glory (B: majesty) of his Father], and of the holy angels.      qtext

Luk 9:27 But I tell you of a truth [GT: surety], there be some standing [T: of them that stand] here, which shall not taste of death, till they see the kingdom of God.      qtext


(Mat 16:25-28 | Mar 8:35-9:1 | Luk 9:24-27) WPR 74

(Mat 16:25 | Mar 8:35 | Luk 9:24) WDS 261; IP3: 506; EQ 345 (BC); HPS 173; JSS 29, 44 [cf Mat 10:39]

[Mat 16:26 see Mar 8:36f]

(Mat 16:27) GF3: 254; GF4: 314; GF5: 322; GF6: 323; GF7: 298 [249]; GF8: 157 [354], 161 [355]; MFU 29; JN1: 167, 272; HPS 41; RBA 204; RBAF 154; EQ 328 (BC) [cf Mar 8:38 | Luk 9:26]

(Mat 16:28 | Mar 9:1 | Luk 9:27) GF6: 283; IP4: 354; HPS 367 (EB); WPR 347, 508

[Mar 8:35 see Mat 16:25]

(Mar 8:36 | Mat 16:26a | Luk 9:25) GF3: 501; JN1: 144; IP3: 128; HPS 206, 259; WPT 220; DFR 83, 86f

(Mar 8:37 | Mat 16:26b) WPR 78

(Mar 8:38 | Luk 9:26) GF2: 262; GF6: 156; GF7: 259 [238]; GF8: 85 [318], 215 [377], 233 [385], 251 [393]; GFEJ 418 [385] [cf Mat 16:27]

[Mar 9:1 see Mat 16:28]

[Luk 9:24f see Mat 16:25]

[Luk 9:25 see Mar 8:36]

[(Luk 9:26 see Mar 8:38; cf Mat 16:27]

[Luk 9:27 see Ma 16:28]


(Mat 16:25 | Mar 8:35 | Luk 9:24)

WDS 261 (1688): You will never complain of sin until you are burdened with it, till you have a trumpet sounding in your ears, to awaken you, that you may arise from the dead [1 Cor 15:52], that Christ may give you light. There is no other way, dear people: you must bring your deeds to the light of Christ, and abide in the sentence of condemnation [John 3:20f]; if you save your lives, you lose them; if you will lose your lives for Christ's sake, there is no danger [to] your eternal life [Mat 16:25 ||].

(Mat 16:27) [cf Mar 8:38 | Luk 9:26)

[Other texts citing Mat 17:27: GF7:298 (Rom 2:16), GF8: 161 (1 Pet 4:5)]

MFU 29, HPS 41 (1653): They shall find, that the Lord of the vineyard is coming to look for fruits [Mat 21:40f] and will reward every man according to his deeds [Mat 16:27] for the Keeper of Israel neither slumbers nor sleeps [Psa 121:4] but takes notice of all the actions, words, thoughts and intentions of his enemies. So let them act what they can, their compass is known, their time is but short [Rev 12:12].

JN1:272 (1654): You have long covered yourselves by talking of the Scriptures and professing other men's conditions; but now the truth is appeared, and your deceit is laid open, and your covers are too narrow, for words can no longer hide you, for the righteous Judge is risen to reward everyone after their works [Mat 16:27], not after their words.

(Mat 16:28 | Mar 9:1 | Luk 9:27)

[Other texts citing Mat 16:28: HPS 367 (under Mat 26:26- 29), WPR 508 (Luk 5:37f)]

(Mar 8:36 | Mat 16:26a | Luk 9:25)

IP3:128 (1668): [quotes Mar 8:36] So say I in this case: What would it profit you, if ye could make your church stand, and be approved in the sight of the whole world, if the Lord disown and disallow it, and they that are gathered into it perish by it?

HPS 259 (Joan Vokins, 259): Living praises unto the Almighty, he hath made me a partaker of the sure mercies of David [Isa 55:3], ... and kept and preserved me faithful, till several of my relations were convinced, that God's power was with me; and now when my husband, and children, and relations are with me in a good Meeting, and the powerful presence of the Lord is among us, it is a blessed reward for all; for one soul is worth more than all the world, as saith the scripture [Mar 8:36 ||].

DFR 83 (1766): And those who live in the neglect [of duty to educate and nurture their young Negroes], I believe, when they come to be weighed in the balance, will be found wanting. And if that should be the case, what will it profit such an one to have gained abundance? [Mar 8:36 ||]

(Mar 8:38 | Luk 9:26) [cf Mat 16:27, 10:33]

[Other texts citing Mar 8:38 | Luk 9:26: GF8:85f (Mat 13:20f)]

Synoptic Gospels keyed to Henry Burton Sharman, Records of the Life of Jesus (§§63-73)

§63A-H (Mat 15:1-9 | Mar 7:1-13)

§63I-L (Mat 15:10-20 | Mar 7:14-23)

§64-67 (Mat 15:22-28 | Mar 7:25- 8:9)

§68-69 (Mat 16:1-12 | Mar 8:10-26 | Luk 12:54-56 )

§71 (Mat 16:13-20 | Mar 8:27-30 | Luk 9:18-21)

§72-73A (Mat 16:21-24 | Mar 8:31-34 | Lk 9:22-23)

§73B-D (Mat 16:25-28 | Mar 8:35-9:1 | Lk 9:24-27)

This page last revised September 2007