18:1 When Jesus had spoken these words [G: things], he went forth with his disciples over the brook Cedron, where was a garden, into the which he entered, and [T: and] his disciples.

18:2 And Judas also [G: And Judas; BT: Judas also], which betrayed him, knew [G: +also] the place: for Jesus ofttimes resorted thither with his disciples.

18:3 Judas then, having [GBT: after he had] received a band of men and officers [T: ministers] from the chief [GBT: of the high] priests and Pharisees, cometh [GBT: came] thither with lanterns and torches [T: firebrands] and weapons.

18:4 Jesus therefore [GBT: Then (B: and) Jesus] , knowing all things that should come upon [G: unto; BT: on] him, went forth, and said unto them, Whom seek ye?

18:5 They answered him, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus saith [GT: said] unto them, I am he. And [G: Now; BT: omit] Judas also, which betrayed him, stood with them.

18:6 As soon then [T: But as soon] as he had [B: omits] said unto them, I am he, they went [G: +away] backward [GT: backwards], and fell to the ground.

18:7 Then asked he [T: And he asked] them again, Whom seek ye? And [BT: omit] they said, Jesus of Nazareth.

18:8 Jesus answered, I have told [GT: said unto] you that I am he: if therefore ye seek me [G: therefore if ye seek me; B: If ye seek me therefore; T: if ye seek me], let these go their way:

18:9 That the saying [G: This was that the word] might be fulfilled, which he spake, Of them which thou gavest me have I lost none [BT: not lost one].

18:10 Then [T: omits] Simon Peter having a sword [T: had a sword nad] drew it, and smote the high priest's servant, and cut off his right ear. The servant's name was Malchus.      qtext

18:11 Then said Jesus unto Peter, Put up thy sword into the sheath: [GBT: +shall I not drink of] the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it [GBT: omit]?      qtext

[John 18:11, cf Mat 26:52]

18:12 Then the band [BT: company] and the captain and [GT: +the] officers [T: ministers] of the Jews took Jesus, and bound him,

18:13 And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year. [B: +And Annas sent Christ bound unto Caiaphas the high priest.]

18:14 Now [G: And; BT: omit] Caiaphas was he, which [GT: that] gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.


(John 18:1-8) GF6: 192

(John 18:10f) RBA 440; RBAF 398

(John 18:11) GF3: 579; WDS 266f; IP2: 310 [cf Mat 26:52]


(John 18:10f)

RBA 439f, RBAF 398 (1678, XV.3): [continued from under Jas 4:1] Whatever honor any might have attained of old, under the Law [by fighting], we find under the Gospel Christians commended for suffering, not for fighting, neither did any of Christ's disciples, save one, offer outward violence by the sword, in cutting of Malchus's ear, for which he received no title of honor, but a just reproof [John 18:10f].

(John 18:11)

[Other texts citing John 18:11: WDS 266f (under .htm#q">Mat 27:46)]


18:15 And [G: Now] Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did [GT: omit] another disciple: [G: +and] that disciple was known unto [GT: of] the high priest, and [G: therefore he] went in with Jesus into the palace [G: hall] of the high priest.

18:16 But Peter stood at the door without. Then went out that [G: the] other disciple, which was known unto the high priest, and spake unto her [BT: the damsel] that kept the door, and brought in Peter.

18:17 Then saith [GBT: said (2x)] the damsel [G: maid] that kept the door unto Peter, Art not thou also one of this man's disciples? He saith, I am not.

18:18 And [BT: omit] the servants and officers stood there, who [GB: which; T: and] had made a fire of coals; for it was cold: and they warmed themselves: and Peter stood with $[GBT: among] them, and warmed himself [B: him].

18:19 The high priest then [T: omit] asked Jesus of his disciples, and of his doctrine.      qtext

18:20 Jesus answered him, I spake openly to [T: in] the world; I ever taught in the synagogue, and in the temple, whither [BT: +all] the Jews always resort [G: resort continually; B: resort; T: resorted]; and in secret have I said nothing.

18:21 Why askest thou me? ask them which heard me, what I have [GT: omit] said unto them: behold, they know [BT: can tell] what I said.

18:22 And [GBT: omit] when he had thus spoken [G: spoken these things], one of the officers which stood by struck [GBT: smote] Jesus with the palm of his hand [G: with his rod; B: with a rod; T: on the face], saying, Answerest thou the high priest so?

18:23 Jesus answered him, If I have spoken evil [GBT: evil spoken (T: spoke)], bear witness of the evil: but if well [GBT: I have well spoken (T: spoke)], why smitest thou me?

18:24 Now Annas had [T: And Annas] sent him bound unto Caiaphas the high priest.

18:25 And [BT: omit] Simon Peter stood and warmed himself. They said therefore [GT: and they said; B: then said they] unto him, Art not thou also one [G: omits] of his disciples? He denied it, and said, I am not.

18:26 One of the servants of the high priest [G: priests], being his kinsman [GBT: his cousin] whose ear Peter cut [GBT: smote] off, saith, Did not I see thee in the garden with him?

18:27 Peter then [B: therefore; T: omits] denied [T: +it] again: and immediately the cock crew.


(John 18:19-22) IP1: 211

(John 18:20) RBA 109; RBAF 81

(John 18:26) GF6: 354


(John 18:19-22)

IP1:211 (1659): [Jews' exceptions against Christ] His disrespectful or irreverent answering of the high-priest, as it seemed to them, when he asked him of his doctrine, John 18:19. His answer was that "He spake openly in the world, not in secret; Why askest thou me? Ask them that heard me [John 18:20f]." Whereupon one of the officers struck him, saying, "Answerest thou the high priest so?" v. 22. The plainness and simplicity of the life (which bows to God, and cannot regard man in the transgression) seem rude and unmannerly to the lofty spirit of the world.


18:28 Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment [G: common hall]: and [G: Now; BT omit] it was early [G: morning; BT: in the morning]; and they themselves went not into the judgment [G: common] hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover [T: paschal lamb].

18:29 Pilate then went out unto them, and said, What accusation bring ye [B: you] against this man?

18:30 They answered and said unto him, If he were not a malefactor [GBT: an evildoer], we would not have delivered him up [GBT: omit] unto thee.

18:31 Then said Pilate unto them, Take ye him, and judge him according to your [GBT: after your own] law. The Jews therefore [GT: Then the Jews] said unto him, It is not lawful for us to put any man to death:

18:32 [G: +It was] That the saying [G: word; BT: words] of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what death he should die.

18:33 Then Pilate entered into the judgment [G: common] hall again, and called Jesus, and said unto him, Art thou the King of the Jews?

18:34 Jesus answered him, Sayest thou this thing [GBT: that] of thyself, or did others [GBT: other] tell it thee of me?

18:35 Pilate answered, Am I a Jew? Thine own nation and the chief [G: the high; BT: high] priests have delivered thee unto me: what hast thou done?

18:36 Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would [G: omits] my servants [B: ministers] [G: +would surely; BT: +surely]fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence.      qtext

18:37 Pilate therefore [G: then; T omits] said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was [GBT: For this cause am (T: was)] I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is $[BT: And all that are] of the truth heareth [BT: hear] my voice.      qtext

18:38 Pilate saith [GBT: said] unto him, What [BT: +thing] is truth? And when he had said this [GT: that], he went out again unto the Jews, and saith [GT: said] unto them, I find in him no fault [GBT: cause] at all.      qtext

18:39 But ye [G: But you; BT: Ye] have a custom, that I should release unto you one [GBT: deliver you one loose] at the passover: will ye therefore [G: then; BT omit] that I release [GBT loose] unto you the King of the Jews?

18:40 Then cried they all again, saying, Not this man [GBT: him], but Barabbas. Now [G: Now this; B: this; T: that] Barabbas was a robber.

[John 18:40 cf Mat 27:21-23]


(John 18:29f) IP1: 212

(John 18:36) GFJN 198, 357, 380, 399, 420; GF2: 330; GF4: 124, 335; GF6: 168; DGA 203; MFS 54; MFU 21, 203, 339, 345, 361, 389; JN1: 79, 184; JN2: 211, 230, 590; JN3: 722 (RR); WDS 30; IP1: 381; IP2: 128; IP3: 478; IP4: 222; TEM 54; RBA 316, 462, 470; RBAF 428; EQ 210, 406f; HPS 487; WPR 471, 475, 571; WPT 246, 247, 349

(John 18:37) IP3: 222, 425

(John 18:37f) GF5: 325

(John 18:37) GF5: 209, 277

(John 18:38) GF5: 227; GF8: 134 [342]; IP1: 212; EQ 548; WPR 605; WPT 413

[John 18:40 see Mat 27:21-23]


(John 18:36)

[Other texts citing John 18:36: GFJN 357 (under Luk 9:56), GFJN 399 (Luk 22:36-38), MFS 54 (Heb 2:10), MFU 339 (Jas 4:14), JN2:211 (Mat 13:31f), IP4:222 (Heb 12:27f), RBA 462 (Luk 14:31)]

IP2:128 (1660): Surely the spirit of this world will try it out to the very last against the Spirit of God [1 Cor 2:12]! For indeed the spirit of this world is not subject to the Spirit of God, nor indeed can be, and so cannot endure the government of his kingdom (which is not of this world [John 18:36]) to be set up in the sight of it.

TEM 53f, EQ 210 (16 ): The occasion of this stopping of letters at that time was that mad prank of those infatuated fifth-monarchy men, who from their meeting-house inf Coleman Street, London, breaking forth in arms, under the command of their chieftain, Venner, made an insurrection in the city, on pretence of setting up the kingdom of Jesus, who, it is said, they expected would come down from heaven to be their leader; so little understood they the nature of his kingdom, though he himself had declared it was not of this world [John 18:36].

RBA 316 (1678, XI.14): forasmuch as his "kingdom is not of this world [John 18:36]", neither doth his worship consist in it or need either the wisdom, glory, riches or splendor of this world to beautify or adorn it, nor yet the outward power or arm of flesh [Jer 17:5] to maintain, uphold or protect it; but it is and may be performed by those that are spiritually minded [Rom 8:6], notwithstanding all the opposition, violence, and malice of men; because it being purely spiritual, it is out of the reach of natural men to interrupt or molest it.

WPR 471 (1678): Render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's [Mat 22:21]; that is, divine worship, and all things relating to it, belong unto God.... it is not in the power of any man or men in the world, to sway or compel the mind in matters of worship to God. Where this is attempted, God's prerogative is invaded, and Caesar (by which word I understand the civil government) hath all. For he doth not only take his own things, but the things appertaining to God also. Since if God hath not conscience he hath nothing. My kingdom, saith Christ, is not of this world [John 18:36], nor is the magistrate's of the other world; therefore he exceeds his province and commission whenever he meddles with the rites of it.

(John 18:37)

IP3:222 (1672): for this cause we were born and brought into the world, to testify [John 18:37] to the present appearance of our God, and of his Christ, in this our day. Glory to him who hath called and chosen us [Rev 17:14] to, and (in a true and precious measure and degree of his own pure life) made us faithful therein.

(John 18:37f)

GF5:325 (1676): And Christ tells Pilate, when he was examining him, [quotes John 18:37]; mark this, every one of you christians, every one of you that is of the truth, heareth Christ's voice; but you that are not of the truth, heareth not his voice, and will say there is no hearing of his voice nowadays. And Pilate, the governor, said unto Christ, "What is truth [John 18:38]?" and I fear that there is too many that are called christians, that crucify Christ to themselves afresh [Heb 6:6], that may say as Pilate did, "what is truth?" so much are they strangers to it.

(John 18:38)

Other texts citing John 18:38: GF8:134 (John 19:19f), WPR 605 (under Luk 15:8)

GF5:227 (1676): And are not a great part in Christendom saying with Pilate, that crucified Christ, "what is truth?" John 18:38, though they are bred up at schools, and think themselves as wise men as Pilate was, who understood the Jews' law and the Romans', and had his Latin, Greek, and Hebrew, to set over Christ when he was crucified [John 19:19f]; but Christ is risen a-top of it, and the truth is Christ, that does enlighten you [John 1:9], and you must find it in your inward parts [Psa 51:6]....


19:1 Then Pilate therefore [GBT: omit] took Jesus [B: +therefore], and scourged him.

19:2 And the soldiers platted [BT: wound] a crown of thorns, and put it on his head, and they put [BT: did] on him a purple robe [GBT: garment],

19:3 And said, Hail, King of the Jews! and they smote him with their hands [G: with their rods; B: with rods; T: on the face].

19:4 Pilate therefore [G: Then Pilate; BT: Pilate] went forth again, and saith [GBT: said] unto them, Behold, I bring him forth to you, that ye may know that I find no fault in him [G: +at all].

19:5 Then came Jesus forth, wearing the [GBT: a] crown of thorns, and the purple robe [G: a purple garment; BT: a robe of purple]. And Pilate saith [GT: Pilate said; B: he saith] unto them, Behold the man!

19:6 [G: +then] When the chief [GBT: high] priests therefore [GT: omit] and officers [T: ministers] saw him, they cried out [GBT: omit] , saying, Crucify him [G: omits] , crucify him. Pilate saith [GT: said] unto them, Take ye him, and crucify him: for I find no fault [BT: cause] in him.

19:7 The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law he ought to die, because he made himself the Son of God.      qtext

19:8 When Pilate therefore heard that saying [G: word], he was the more afraid;

19:9 And went again into the judgment [G: common] hall, and saith [GT: said] unto Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no [GBT: none] answer.

19:10 Then saith [GBT: said] Pilate unto him, Speakest thou not unto me? knowest thou not that I have power to crucify thee, and have power to release [GBT: loose] thee?

19:11 Jesus answered, Thou couldest have no power at all against me, except it were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered me unto thee hath the greater [B: hath the more; T: is more in] sin.

19:12 And [G: omits] from thenceforth Pilate sought [BT: sought Pilate means] to release [GBT: loose] him: but the Jews cried out [GBT: omit], saying, If thou let this man go [G: deliver him; BT: let him go], thou art not Caesar's friend: [GBT: +for] whosoever maketh himself a king speaketh [T: is] against Caesar.

19:13 When Pilate therefore [GBT: omit] heard that saying [G: this word], he brought Jesus forth, and [B: +he] sat down in the judgment seat [T: to give sentence] in a place that is [GT: omit] called the Pavement, but [G: and] in the Hebrew [G: Hebrew; BT: the Hebrew tongue], Gabbatha.

19:14 And [BT: omit] it was the preparation of the passover [B: preparing of the Passover; T: Sabbath even which falleth in the Easter feast] , and about the sixth hour: and he saith [GT: said] unto the Jews, Behold your King!

19:15 But they cried out [GBT: omit] , Away with him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate saith [GT: said] unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief [GBT: high] priests answered, We have no king but Caesar.      qtext


(John 19:1) JN3: 714n (RR)

(John 19:4-12) IP1: 213

(John 19:6) GF6: 116; WPR 242

(John 19:7) JN2: 443, 461; JN3: 398, 439; EQ 376 (IP); IP1: 369; IP2: 178

(John 19:9) WPT 413

(John 19:12) GF6: 137

(John 19:15) GF4: 296; GF5: 202


(John 19:7)

IP2:178, EQ 376 (1661): One great way of persecution is by making use of laws already made, either according to their proper tendency to that end and purpose, or by bending them aside from their proper intent, to reach those whom they have a mind to afflict and persecute. Thus the Jews, when they had a mind to have Christ put to death, told Pilate, "We have a law, and by our law he ought to die." John 19:7.

(John 19:15)

GF5:202 (1675): And now, as the Jews cried, "Crucify him, away with him [John 19:15]" in the flesh; so you that do profess him in the flesh, do not you cry, "away with the lgiht which enlighens every man that cometh into the world [John 1:9]," which is the life of Christ?


19:16 Then delivered he him therefore [GBT: omit] unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led him away.

19:17 And he bearing his cross [GBT: bare his (G: +own) cross, and] went forth [G: came] into a place [B: +which is] called the place [G: named] of a skull [GBT: of dead men’s skulls], which is called [B: but; T: which is named] in the [GBT: omit] Hebrew Golgotha:

19:18 Where they crucified him, and two other with him, on either side one, and Jesus in the midst.

19:19 And Pilate wrote a [G: also a; T: his] title, and put it on the cross. And [BT: omit] the writing was [G: it was written] , JESUS OF NAZARETH THE [BT: omit] KING OF THE JEWS.      qtext

[John 19:19f cf Luke 23:38]

19:20 This title then [BT: omit] read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh [G: near] to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin.

19:21 Then said the chief [GBT: high] priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews; but that he said, I am King of the Jews.

19:22 Pilate answered, What I have written I have [BT: that have I] written.

19:23 Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments, and made four parts, to every soldier a part; and also [G: omits] his coat: now [G: and; BT omit] the coat was without seam, woven from the top [T: wrought upon] throughout.      qtext

19:24 [G: +Therefore]They said therefore among themselves [GT: one to another], Let us not rend [GBT: divide] it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be [BT: who shall have it]: [G: +This was] that the scripture might be fulfilled, which saith [B: saying], They parted my raiment [G: garments] among them, and for my vesture they did [GBT: on my coat did (B: +they)] cast lots. These things therefore the soldiers did [GBT: So (BT: and) the soldiers did these (BT: such) things indeed].

19:25 Now there [G: Then; BT: There] stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene.

19:26 [G: +And] When Jesus therefore [GT: omit] saw his mother, and the disciple standing by [T: omits], whom he loved, he saith [GT: said] unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son!

19:27 Then saith [GBT: said] he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that [GBT: the] disciple took her unto his own home [G: home unto him; B: unto his own; T: for his own].

19:28 After this, [G: when; B: these things; T: that when] Jesus knowing [G: new; T: perceived] that all things were now [GT: omit] accomplished [GBT: performed], that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith [GT: he said; B: he saith], I thirst.

19:29 Now there was set [G: And there was set; B: So there stood; T: There stood] a vessel full of vinegar [BT: +by] : and [B: therefore] they filled a spunge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop [G: put it about an hyssop stalk; T: wound it about with hyssop], and put it to his mouth.

19:30 When [G: Now when; BT: As soon as] Jesus therefore had [GT: had; B: then] received [GBT: +of] the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he [GBT: omit] bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.      qtext


[John 19:19 cf Luke 23:38]

(John 19:19f) GFJN 333f; GF4: 188, 236, 301; GF5: 227; GF8: 134 [342]; DGA 124

(John 19:23) SIW 40

(John 19:24) GF5: 285

(John 19:28) GF5: 285

(John 19:30) RBA 179


(John 19:19f)

[Other texts citing John 19:19f: GF4:236 (Rev 17:1), GF5:227 (John 18:38)]

GF8:134 (1676): [String of refs to faith] And it is called the mystery of faith [1 Tim 3:9]; for no natural men, with all the arts, languages, and wisdom upon the earth, can find it out, or know this mystery, nor make it; for Christ Jesus, the heavenly and spiritual man, [1 Cor 15:47] is the author and finisher of it; and no natural man, though he may have all the languages that began at Babel [Gen 11:1- 9], and yet he may not know the mystery of this one faith, which Christ Jesus is the author of. For Pilate, that set Hebrew, Greek, and Latin atop of Christ [John 19:18f], who was the author and finisher of faith; he was so ignorant of the mystery of faith, that he asked Christ, ''what is truth?'' [John 18:38] And the Greeks, that spoke natural Greek, and the Hebrews, that spoke natural Hebrew, the preaching of Christ, the author and finisher of the true faith, was a stumbling block and foolishness to them [1 Cor 1:23].

(John 19:23)

SIW 40 (Lydia Rawlinson Lancaster, 1743): ...[many are] strangers to this heart-uniting pure love, whereby the members or body of Christ come to be clothed with that garment which is wove together and without seam [John 19:23]; a covering which I humbly desire we may all covet after, as it is only peculiar to the mystical body which dwell in Christ and he in them [John 15:4f]...

(John 19:30)

RBA 179 (1678, VII.5): For since Christ said, "It is finished [John 19:30]," and did finish his work sixteen hundred years ago and upwards, if he so fully perfected redemption then, and did then actually reconcile everyone that is to be saved, not simply opening a door of mercy for them ... and communicating unto them a measure of his grace, by which they may see their sins, and be able to repent; but really make them to be reputed as just,... while nevertheless they are actually unjust, so that no part of their redemption is to be wrought by him now, as to their reconciliation and justification; then the whole doctrinal part of the Bible is useless and of no profit....


19:31 The Jews therefore [GT: then] , because it was the preparation [B: preparing of the sabbath; T: sabbath even], that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day [G: omits] was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.

19:32 Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was crucified with him [GT: Jesus].

19:33 But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake not his legs:

19:34 But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his [BT: thrust him into the] side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.      qtext

19:35 And he that saw it bare record, and his record is true: and he knoweth that he saith true, that ye might believe [G: +it; BT: +also].

19:36 For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken [G: Not a bone of him shall be broken; BT: YE shall not break a bone of him].

19:37 And again another scripture saith, They shall look on [G: see] him whom they pierced [G: have thrust through].      qtext

19:38 And [BT: omit] after this [G: these things; T: that] Joseph of Arimathaea, being [G: who was; BT: which was] a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate that he might take away [GBT: down] the body of Jesus: and Pilate gave him leave [GBT: license]. [T omits next sentence] He came therefore [G: then], and took the body of Jesus [G: Jesus’ body].      qtext

19:39 And there came also Nicodemus, which at the first [G: first; BT: at the beginning] came to Jesus by night, and brought a mixture [GBT: omit] of myrrh and aloes [GBT: +mingled together], about an hundred pound weight [G: hundreth pound].

19:40 Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound [G: wrapped] it in linen clothes with the spices [GBT: odors], as the manner of the Jews is to bury.

19:41 Now [GBT: And] in the [G: that] place where he [GT: Jesus] was crucified there [GT: omit] was a garden; and in the garden a new sepulchre, wherein was never man yet [T: omits] laid.

19:42 There laid they Jesus therefore [GT: omit] because of the Jews' preparation day [B: preparing of the Sabbath of the Jews; T: Jews’ sabbath even] for the sepulchre was nigh at hand [G: near].


(John 19:34) IP3: 40

(John 19:36) GF5: 285

(John 19:37) RBA 124; RBAF 90; EQ 174 [cf Zech 2:10]

(John 19:38-42) GF6: 116


(John 19:34)

IP3:40 (1667): Query 16. What is the laver of regeneration, or the water wherewith the soul is washed, and whereof a man is born again? Is it outward or inward? Is it the water which ran out of the side of the natural body, when it was pierced with a spear [John 19:34]? Or the water whcih springs from the fountain of life, the water which floweth from the Spirit?

(John 19:37)

RBA 124, RBAF 90 (1678, V/VI.15) The Scripture saith (Amos 2:13), God is pressed down as a cart under sheaves; and (Heb 6:6) Christ is crucified in the ungodly.... In this respect, then, as he is in the seed, which is in all men, we have said "Christ is in all men," and have preached and directed all men to Christ in them; who lies cruicfied in them by their sins and iniquities, that they may "look upon him whom they have pierced [Zech 2:10 | John 19:37]," and repent; whereby he, that now lies as it were slain and buried in them, may come to be raised, and have dominion in their hearts, over all.

(John 19:38-42)

[Other texts citing John 19:38-42: GF6:116 (under Gen 50:26)]


20:1 [G: +Now] The first day of the week [B: first day of the Sabbaths; T: morrow after the sabbath day] cometh [GBT: came] Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth [GBT: saw] the stone taken away from the sepulchre [GT: tomb; B: grave].

20:2 Then she runneth, and cometh [GBT: ran, and came] to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple, whom Jesus loved, and saith [GT: said] unto them, They have taken away the Lord out of the sepulchre [B: grave; T: tomb], and we know not [BT: cannot tell] where they have laid him.

20:3 Peter therefore [T: omits] went forth, and that [G: the] other disciple, and came to [GT: unto] the sepulchre.

20:4 So [BT: omit] they ran both together: and [G: but] the [T: that] other disciple did outrun Peter, and came first to the sepulchre.

20:5 And he stooping [GT: he stooped; B: whenhe had stooped] down, and looking in, [GT: and; B: he] saw the linen clothes lying; yet went he not in.

20:6 Then cometh [GBT: came] Simon Peter following him, and went into the sepulchre, and seeth [GBT: saw] the linen clothes lie,

20:7 And the napkin [G: kerchief] , that was about [G: upon] his head, not lying with the linen clothes, but wrapped together in a place by itself.

20:8 Then went in also that [G: that] other disciple, which came first to the sepulchre, and he saw [G: +it] , and believed.

20:9 For as yet they knew not the scripture [T: scriptures], that he must [BT: should] rise again from the dead [BT: dead] .

20:10 Then [GT: And] the disciples went away again unto their own home.


(John 20:1) GF4: 108f

(John 20:1f) HPS 438 (EB)


20:11 But Mary stood without at the sepulchre weeping: and as she wept, she stooped down, and looked [GBT: bowed herself] into the sepulchre,

20:12 And seeth [GT: saw] two angels in white sitting, the one at the head, and the other at the feet, where [T: +they had laid] the body of Jesus had lain [B: was laid; T omits].

20:13 And [B: omits] they say [GT: said] unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? She saith [GT: said] unto them, Because [G: omits; BT: For] they have taken away my Lord, and I know [BT: wot] not where they have laid him.

20:14 And [GBT: omit] when she had thus said, she turned herself back, and saw Jesus standing, and knew not that it was Jesus.

20:15 Jesus saith [T: said] unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? whom seekest thou? She, supposing him to be [GBT: that he had been] the gardener, saith [GT: said] unto him, Sir, if thou have [G: hast] borne him hence, tell me where thou hast laid him, and I will take him away $[B: and I will fetch him; T: that I may fetch him].

20:16 Jesus saith unto her, Mary. She turned herself, and saith [GBT: said] unto him, Rabboni; which is to say, Master.

20:17 Jesus saith [T: said] unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and [T: omits] to my God, and your God.      qtext

20:18 Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples that she had seen the Lord, and that he had spoken these [BT: such] things unto her.


(John 20:11-18) GF8: 106f [320]; GFEJ 334; HPS 438 (EB)

(John 20:14-19) GF4: 109

(John 20:15-17) MFS 67

(John 20:15) GF3: 362; JN3: 723 (RR)

(John 20:17-19) GF6:199

(John 20:17) GF2: 279; MFS 63; IP3: 395; JSS 36

(John 20:18) GF4: 403


(John 20:17)

[Other texts citing John 20:17: IP3:395 (John 21:15-17), JSS 36 (Mat 28:18)]

MFS 63 (1666): [title] Women's speaking justified, proved and allowed of by the Scriptures, all such as speak by the Spirit and power of the Lord Jesus. And how women were the first that preached the tidings of the resurrection of Jesus, and were sent by Christ's own command before he ascended to the Father (John 20:17).


20:19 Then [GBT: omit] the same day [G: +then] at evening, being [GBT: night, which was] the first day of the week [G: first day of the Sabbaths; T: morrow after the sabbath day], when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith unto[GT: said to] them, Peace be unto [T: with] you.      qtext

20:20 And when he had so said, he shewed unto them his hands and his side. Then were the disciples glad, when they saw the Lord.

20:21 Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto [T: with] you: as my Father hath [GBT: omit] sent me, even [G: omits] so send I you [B: +also].

20:22 And when he had said this [GT: that; B: those words], he breathed on them, and saith [GT: said] unto them, Receive ye [GT: omit] the Holy Ghost:

20:23 Whose soever [GBT: Whosoever’s (2x)] sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained.      qtext

20:24 But Thomas, one of the twelve, [B: +which is] called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came.

20:25 The other disciples therefore said unto him, We have seen the Lord. But [T: And] he said unto them, Except I shall [GBT: omit] see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print [T: in the holes] of the nails, and thrust [G: put] my hand into his side, I will not believe [G: +it].

20:26 And after eight days [G: eight days after] again his disciples were within, and Thomas with them: then came Jesus, the doors being [GBT: when the doors were] shut, and stood in the midst, and said, Peace be unto [T: with] you.

20:27 Then saith [GBT: After (BT: +that) said] he to Thomas, Reach hither thy finger [G: Put thy finger here; BT: Reach my figher hither], and behold [see] my hands; and reach hither thy [G: put forth thine; T: bring thy] hand, and thrust [G: put] it into my side: and be not faithless, but believing [G: faithful].

20:28 And [G: then; BT: omit] Thomas answered and said unto him, [G: +Thou art] My Lord and my God.

20:29 Jesus saith [GT: said] unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, [T: +therefore] thou hast believed [GT: believest]: blessed [T: happy] are they that have not seen, and yet [G: omit] have believed [T: believe].      qtext

20:30 And many other signs truly [G: also; T omits] did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book:

20:31 But [BT: omit] these [G: +things] are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the [G: that; BT omit] Christ, the [G: that] Son of God; and that [GBT: +in] believing ye might have life through his name.


(John 20:19) GF5: 86; JN1: 28, 34; JN2: 548; RBA 428; RBAF 386

(John 20:21) GF5: 87; JN1: 213 (GF)

(John 20:23) IP1: 43; HPS 177 [confl w Mat 18:18?]

(John 20:28) WPR 137

(John 20:29) SIW 97


(John 20:19)

JN1:28 (1653): the priest said, "Christ is in heaven with a carnal body." To which said James, "Christ filleth heaven and earth [cf Jer 23:24], and is not carnal, but spiritual: for if Christ be in heaven with a carnal body, and the saints with a spiritual body [1 Cor 15:44], that is not proportionable; neither was that a carnal body which came in among the disciples, the doors being shut [John 20:19]; for Christ is a mystery, and thou knowest him not."

RBA 428, RBAF 386 (1678, XIV.5): But as to ... fleeing, and meeting secretly and not openly testifying for the Truth, they usually object that ... the disciples met secretly "for fear of the Jews [John 20:19].".... As for that private meeting of the disciples, we have only an account of the matter of fact, but that suffices not to make of it a precedent for us, and men's aptness to imitate them in that (which, for aught we know, might have been an act of weakness) and not in other things of the contrary nature, shows that it is not a true zeal to be like those disciples, but indeed a desire to preserve themselves, which moves them to do so.

(John 20:23)

[Other texts citing John 20:23: HPS 177 (under Luk 5:21)]

IP1:43 (1658): Disobedience to the law is unrighteousness, and brings death; and disobedience to the living Word is unrighteousness, and cannot be justified, but condemned; and obedience to it cannot be condemned, but justified; so that when the soul hears, believes, and obeys, then it is justified; then its former sins are forgotten, and this is imputed to it unto righteousness [Jas 2:23]. But when the soul will not hear, will not believe, will not obey, this unbelief is judged in him, and his sins retained, and not remitted [John 20:23].

(John 20:29)

SIW 97 (Sarah Tuke Grubb, 1787?): Does it not therefore, remain to be our business, to wait for the light when a little of it appears; to believe in it, and that the fullness of the day will come, though we do not now see it; remembering that "Blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed [John 20:29]."


21:1 After these things [B: Afterward did; T: After that] Jesus shewed [B: shew] himself again to the disciples [GB: to his disciples; T omits] at the sea of Tiberias; and on this wise [G: thus] shewed he himself.      qtext

21:2 There were together Simon Peter, and Thomas [GBT: +which is] called Didymus, and Nathanael of Cana [T: +a city] in Galilee, and the sons of Zebedee, and two other of his [T: the] disciples.

21:3 Simon Peter saith [GT: said] unto them, I [B: +will] go a fishing. They say [GT: said] unto him, We also [GBT: +will] go with thee. They went forth [GBT: their way], and entered into a ship immediately [GT: straightway]; and that night they caught [GBT: caught they] nothing.

21:4 But when the morning was now come, Jesus stood on the shore: but [GBT: nevertheless] the disciples knew not that it was Jesus.

21:5 Then Jesus saith [GT: said] unto them, Children [GT: Sirs], have ye any meat? They answered him, No.

21:6 And he said [B: saith] unto them, Cast [GBT: +out] the net on the right side of the ship, and ye shall find. [G: +So] They cast [GBT: +out] therefore [GT: omit], and now [G: omits; BT: anon] they were not able [G: +at all] to draw it for the multitude of fishes.      qtext

21:7 Therefore that [GBT: said the] that disciple whom Jesus loved saith [GBT: omit] unto Peter, It is the Lord. Now [GBT: omit] when Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord, he girt [G: girded] his fisher's coat [GB: coat; T: mantle] unto [GT: to] him, (for he was naked,) and did cast himself into the sea.

21:8 And [G: But; BT omit] the other disciples came in a little [GBT: by] ship; (for they were not far from land, but as it were [G: about] two hundred cubits,) dragging [GBT: and they drew] the net with fishes.

21:9 As soon then [T: omits] as they were come to land, they saw a fire of coals there [GBT: hot coals], and fish laid thereon, and bread.

21:10 Jesus saith [GBT: +out] unto them, Bring of the fish [G: fishes] which ye have now caught.

21:11 Simon Peter went up [GT: stepped forth], and drew the net to [B: +the] land full of great fishes, an hundred and fifty and three: and for all [G: albeit] there were so many, yet was not the net broken.

21:12 Jesus saith [GBT: +out] unto them, Come and dine. And none of the disciples durst ask him, Who [T: What] art thou? knowing [GBT: seeing (BT: for) they knew] that it [G: he] was the Lord.

21:13 Jesus then cometh, and taketh [GBT came and took] bread, and giveth [GBT: gave] them, and fish likewise.

21:14 [T: +And] This is now the third time that Jesus shewed himself [BT: appeared] to his disciples, after that he was risen [GBT: +again] from the dead [BT: death].


(John 21:1-14) GF5: 281f; GF6: 283

(John 21:1-8) GF2: 342f; GF5: 36

(John 21:6) JSS 11

(John 21:14) GF5: 87


(John 21:1-8)

[Other texts citing John 21:1-8: GF5:36 (under Mat 10:29)]

(John 21:6)

JSS 11 (17–) : ...all holding back, and declining to work with the Great Worker of all things in true religion; all backwardness in letting down the net on the right side of the ship, in the break of heavenly light and day, and by his direction [John 21:6]; all stayaing behind when he puts forth his sheep, goes before them, utters his voice, and calls upon them to follow him [John 10:4] –are as effectual in preventing the work of salvation, as running, toiling, and willing of ourselves [Rom 9:16], in our own might and spirit, without him.


21:15 So when they had dined, Jesus saith [GT: said] to Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas [BT: Ioanna], lovest thou me more than these? He saith [GBT: said] unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith [GBT: said] unto him, Feed my lambs.      qtext

21:16 He saith [GT: said] to him again the second time, Simon, son of Jonas [BT: Ioanna], lovest thou me? He saith   [GT: said] unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith [GBT: said] unto him, Feed my sheep.

21:17 He saith [GBT: said] unto him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas [BT: Ioanna] , lovest thou me? [T: +And] Peter was grieved [GB: was sorry; T: sorrowed] because he said unto [GT: to] him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he [GT: omit] said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith [GT: said] unto him, Feed my sheep.

21:18 Verily, verily, I say unto thee, When thou wast young, thou girdedst thyself, and walkedst whither thou wouldest: but when thou shalt be [T: art] old, thou shalt stretch forth thy [G: thine] hands, and another shall gird thee, and carry [GBT: lead] thee whither thou wouldest not.      qtext

21:19 This [G: And this; BT: That] spake he, signifying by what death he should glorify God. And when he had spoken [GT: said] this [T: thus], he saith unto [GT: said to] him, Follow me.

21:20 Then [BT: omit] Peter, turning about, seeth [GBT: turned about and saw] the [T: that] disciple whom Jesus loved following; which [G: +had] also leaned on his breast at supper, and said, Lord, which is he that betrayeth [T: shall betray] thee?

21:21 [GBT: +When] Peter seeing him [GBT: therefore (T omits) saw him, he] saith [GT: said] to Jesus, Lord, and [GBT: omit] what shall this man [B: he; T: he here] do?

21:22 Jesus saith [GT: said] unto him, If I will that he [BT: have him to] tarry till I come, what is that to thee? follow thou me.

21:23 Then went this saying [G: word] abroad among the brethren, that that disciple should not die: yet Jesus said not unto [GBT: to] him, He shall not die; but, If I will that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee?

21:24 This is the disciple [G: This is that disciple; BT: The same disciple is he] which testifieth of these things, and wrote these things: and we know that his testimony is true.

21:25 And [G: Now; BT omit] there are also many other things which Jesus did, the which, if they should be written every one, I suppose that even the world itself [GBT: the world] could not contain the books that should be written. Amen [BT: omit].


(John 21:15-17) GF3: 567; IP3: 395; IP4: 357; EQ 542 (BR); SIW 46

(John 21:15) GF4: 46; JN1: 217 (GF); WDS 182; WTG 304 (AM)

(John 21:18) JN3: 737 (GF); EQ 159

(John 21:20-24) WPT 294


(John 21:15-17)

IP3:395 (1677): "feed my lambs, feed my sheep," said Christ to [Peter. John 21:15-17] But how should he feed them? In what should he feed them? With what should he feed them? All power, saith Chrisat, is given me in heaven and on earth [Mat 28:18]; and I am to ascend to my Father [John 20:17], and to receive the fulness of his Spirit; and do ye wait, and ye shall receive abundantly of the same Spirit and power [Luk 24:49, Acts 1:4f], and then in that Spirit and power ye shall be able to feed my lambs and sheep, that are begotten and gathered to me, in it; but out of it none is able to feed and build them up; for that is the very thing they are to be fed with and built up in.

SIW 46 (Lydia Rawlinson Lancaster, 1755): Now then, let us be encouraged to follow on in feeding his sheep [John 21:15-17], and being as good pastors to the flock over which the holy ghost hath made us overseers [Acts 20:28], to feed the flock of God which is among us....

(John 21:15)

[Other texts citing John 21:15: WTG 304 (under 2 Pet 3:18)]

WDS 182f (1660): And all that are strong, serve the weak in strengthening them; and wait in wisdom, to give place to the motion of the Spirit in them, that it may have time to bring forth what God hath given. Dear brethren, feed the lambs [John 21:15]; and loose the tongue of the dumb, that praises may arise [Luk 1:64] in and amongst you all, to the glory of God; that in him you may be a well-spring of life one to another, in the power of the endless love of God, in which the Lord God keep you all.

(John 21:18)

[Other texts citing John 21:18: EQ 159 (John 8:46)]

This page last revised Sept 2007