A comprehensive Scripture index to early Quaker writings
6:1 After these things Jesus went [GBT: +his way] over the sea of Galilee, which is the sea of [G: which is; T: nigh to a city called] Tiberias.
6:2 And a great multitude followed him, because they saw [T: had seen] his miracles which he did on them that were diseased.
6:3 And [Then] Jesus went up into a mountain, and there he sat with his disciples.
6:4 And [G: Now] the passover [T: Easter], a feast of the Jews, was nigh.
6:5 When Jesus then [GT: Then] lifted [GBT: lift] up his eyes, and saw a great company come [G: seeing that a great multitude came] unto him, he saith [GT: said] unto Philip, Whence shall we buy bread, that these may [GT: might] eat?
6:6 And [BT: omit] this he said to prove him: for he himself knew what he would do.
6:7 Philip answered him, Two hundred pennyworth of bread is [BT: are] not sufficient for them, that every one of them [BT: man] may take [T: have] a little.
6:8 [GT: Then said unto him] One of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, saith unto him [GT: omit] ,
6:9 There is a lad [G: little boy; B: little lad] here, which hath five barley loaves, and two small [GBT: omit] fishes: but what are they [T: is that] among so many? qtext
6:10 And Jesus said, Make the men [GBT: people] sit down. Now [BT: omit] there was much grass in the [G: that] place. So [G: Then; T: And] the men sat down, in number about five thousand.
6:11 And Jesus took the loaves [GBT: bread]; and when he had given [GT: gave] thanks, he [GT: and] distributed [GBT: gave] to the disciples, and the disciples to them that were set down; and likewise of the fishes as much as they would.
6:12 [G: +And] When they were filled [G: were satisfied; BT: had eaten enough], he said unto his disciples, Gather up the fragments that remain [GBT: broken meat which (BT: that) remaineth], that nothing be lost.
6:13 Therefore [G: Then; BT: And] they gathered them [GBT: it] together, and filled twelve baskets with the fragments [GBT: broken meat] of the five barley loaves, which [BT: +broken meat] remained over and above [GBT: omit] unto them that had eaten.
[John 6 see John 6:32-58]
(John 6:9-12) SIW 136
(John 6:13) JN3: 698n (RR)
SIW 136 (Mary Alexander, 1800): A mournful time it was to me; occasioned, I believe, by my withholding more than was meet, which tended to poverty, and distress of mind; yet I think it was more from a preference I felt for others, whose public labour I esteemed before my own [Phil 2:3], than from any unwillingness to offer the food given me to hand, though it might have appeared but as the barley loaf [John 6:9]; for that with a little of the divine blessing, doubtless would have proved sufficient to have fed those, for whom it might be designed [John 6:9-12]; which was my painful reflection when too late.
6:14 Then those [GT: the] men, when they had seen the miracle that Jesus did, said, This is of a truth that [B: the same; T: the] prophet that should come into the world.
6:15 When Jesus therefore perceived that they would come and take him by force [GB: omit; T: up], to make him a [BT: omit] king, he departed again into a mountain himself alone. qtext
6:16 And when even was now [T: omits] come, his disciples went down [T: omits] unto the sea,
6:17 And entered [B: got up] into a ship, and went over the sea toward [GB: towards; T: unto] Capernaum. And it was now [G: now it was; T: anon it was] dark, and Jesus was not come to them.
6:18 And the sea arose by reason of [GBT: with] a great wind that blew.
6:19 So [GT: And] when they had rowed about five and twenty or thirty furlongs, they see [GBT: saw] Jesus walking on the sea, and drawing nigh [G: drawing near; T: draw nigh] unto the ship: and they were afraid.
6:20 But [T: And] he saith [GT: said] unto them, It is I; be not afraid.
6:21 Then they willingly [G: willingly they; T: would they have] received him into the ship: and immediately the ship was [GT: the ship was by and by] at the land whither they went.
(John 6:14) DGA 105
(John 6:15) GF6: 486
(John 6:16-21) GF5: 279
GF6:486f (16–): And when that Jesus perceived that they would make him a king by force, he departed into a mountain himself alone. John 6:15. For Christ was anointed king by the Lord [1 Chr 16:22, Psa 105:15], and so he knew that he needed not be made king by man; for Zechariah [9:9] saith, "Fear not, daughter of Sion. Behold, thy king cometh upon an ass colt." [John 12:15] And was not this fulfilled when Christ came? But it was their spiritual king, and they would not have him to reign in spirit [Luk 19:14].
6:22 The day following, when [GT: omit] the people which stood on the other side of the sea saw that there was none other boat [GBT: ship (2x)] there, save that one whereinto [T: wherein] his disciples were entered, and that Jesus went not [BT: +in] with his disciples into [G: in] the boat, but that his disciples were gone away [G: omits] alone;
6:23 (Howbeit [G: And that] there came other boats [GBT: ships] from Tiberias nigh [G: near] unto the place where they did eat [G: ate the; T: ate] bread, after that [G: after; T: when] the Lord had given thanks [T: blessed]:)
6:24 [G: +Now; T: +Then] When the people therefore [GT: omit] saw that Jesus was not there, neither his disciples, they also took shipping, and came to Capernaum, seeking for Jesus.
6:25 And when they had found him on the other side of the sea, they said unto him, Rabbi, when camest thou hither?
6:26 Jesus answered them and said [B: to v.25], Verily, verily, I say unto you, Ye seek me, not because ye saw the miracles, but because ye did eat [GT: ate] of the loaves, and were filled.
6:27 Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that meat [GT: the meat; B: that] which endureth unto everlasting life, which [BT: +meat] the Son of man shall give unto you: for him hath God the Father sealed. qtext
6:28 Then said they unto him, What shall we do, that we might work the works of God? qtext
6:29 Jesus answered and said unto them, This is the work of God, that ye believe on [G: in] him whom he hath sent. qtext
6:30 They said therefore [T: omit] unto him, What sign shewest thou then, that we may see, and believe thee? what dost thou work?
6:31 Our fathers did eat manna in the desert; as it [T: that] is written, He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
(John 6:27-29) IP3: 33; IP4: 243
(John 6:27) GF2: 329; IP3: 20, 158; RBA 375; RBAF 328; EQ 109 (JN)
(John 6:28) IP3: 338
(John 6:29) GF3: 60; GF6: 76; GF7: 243 ; MFS 39; HPS 178; IP3: 170; IP4: 193
(John 6:30) IP1: 204
IP3:19f (1667): We ... laid out as much of our money as others, ... and as much of our labour [Isa 55:2]; and ... some of us had as much of that which they feed on, and call bread, as they have now. Yet when the Lord brought us to the true balance [Prov 16:11G], we found it not to be bread, nor able to give the soul true satisfaction. The bread was not that which we then called bread, but that which we overlooked, and wist not what it was [Exo 16:15]. But the eternal life which was hid with the father [1 Jn 1:2], and is manifested in the Son, and made known to the soul (as the Son is manifested to it, and revealed in it [Gal 1:16]), that is bread indeed, that is meat which perisheth not [John 6:27], but will endure when all literal and outward knowledge of God and Christ fails, and [falls] short of satisfying that hunger of the soul, which is after the substance itself.
EQ 109 (James Nayler, 1658): Now seeing he has appeared who is from everlasting [Prov 8:23, Mic 5:2] and changes not [Heb 13:8], here is an everlasting trial for you all, all sorts of professors, whether you profess him from the letter or the light; come try whether Christ is in you [2 Cor 13:5]. Measure your life and weigh your profession with that which cannot deceive you [Tit 1:2], which has stood and will stand forever, for he is sealed of the Father [John 6:27].
[Other texts citing John 6:28: IP3:338 (John 9:30)]
GF7:243 (1663): Stand still and see [Exo 14:16], be still and hear, sit at Jesus' feet, and choose the better thing [Luke 10:38-42]; to do the work of God is to believe in his son Jesus Christ [John 6:29] the light; and your hope and faith are to stand in God, and in his son, walk by that faith which he is the author of [Heb 12:2], and walk in the light [1 Jn 1:7], and walk in the spirit [Gal 5:16].
IP3:170 (1672): These are the two great duties we are taught, To love the Lord our God with all our heart, soul, and spirit; and our neighbor as ourselves [Mat 22:37,39]. And these we learn by believing him him whom God sent [John 6:29], and receiving the seed of life from him; in the growth whereof in us we live, and are made one with him, and partakers of the ability which is of him. For not by working of ourselves do we attain to this; but by the working of his powerful life in us, through his mercy to us.
6:32 Then [T: omits] Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Moses gave you not that [T: omits] bread from heaven; but my Father giveth you the [G: that] true bread from heaven. qtext
6:33 For the bread of God is he which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life unto the world.
6:34 Then said they [G: they said] unto him, Lord, evermore give us this bread.
6:35 And Jesus said unto them, I am the [GT: that] bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never [GBT: not] hunger; and he that believeth on [G: in] me shall never thirst. qtext
6:36 But I said [B: say] unto you, That ye also [T: omits] have seen me, and [B: +yet ye; T: +yet] believe not.
6:37 All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out [GBT: cast not away].
(John 6:32-58) GFJN 134, 345; GF4: 145; GF5: 144f; GF7: 91 , 106 , 122 , 129 , 148 , 149 , 243 ; GF8: 28 , 58 , 91 , 166-8 , 192 , 217 , 308 ; GFT 116; IP3: 349f; RBA 375-80; RBAF 328-332; HPS 366, 383 (EB); WPR 144, 344; WTG 187 (EH)
(John 6:32-35) RBA 373; RBAF 11(327); EQ 341 (BC); HPS 143;
(John 6:32) GFJN 294; IP1: 89; IP3: 105; IPL 10; HPS 367 (EB); WTG 66 (SM);
(John 6:33) GF8: 304 ; GFEJ 100; GFT 57; WPR 143(John 6:35) GFJN 18, 449; GF4: 47, 291; GF5: 305; GF6: 48; GF7: 37 , 155 , 171 , 211 , 249 , 258 ; GF8: 15 , 27 , 167 ; GFEJ 87, 100; GFT 81; JN1: 17; 218 (GF); JN2: 350; JN3: 310, 526; IPL 27; IP1: 15, 164, 241; IP2: 105; IP4: 226
[Other texts citing John 6:32-58: GFJN 345 (Heb 13:8)]
GF7:90f (1654): mind that which is of God in you, which is pure, which is but one, to guide you to the Father of life, who gives you food, and raiment, and strength; that ye may gather strength, and flourish, and your souls delight themselves in fatness [Isa 55:2], and feed and eat of the abundance of riches with him and from him which filleth all things [Eph 4:10], and of the daily bread [Mat 6:11] which cometh from above, which none can feed upon, but who are above the world [John 6:35-58]; for who are below, never could nor would, but are ready to stone them that confess, they eat of the bread of life, and would give of it to them.
WPR 144 (1677): Have a care of hay, straw, and stubble! Have a care of your own wills and spirits! Labour not for the bread that perisheth, as all the bread of man's making doth [Isa 55:2]. But labour you in the Light and strength of the Lord, for the bread that never perisheth, that bread that cometh form heaven, that nourisheth the soul in that life that hs heavenly [John 6:32-58], that is hid with Christ in God [Col 3:3], the root and Father of life....
WTG 187 (Elizabeth Hudson, 1749): [in meeting God] was pleased to favour us his poor dependent children with a fresh supply of bread from his heavenly table [John 6:32-58] and give us to hand forth; even the cup of consolation [Jer 16:7] was not withheld.
RBA 373f , RBAF 11, 327 (1678, XIII): The communion of the body and blood of Christ is inward and spiritual, which is the participation of his flesh and blood, by which the inward man is daily nourished in the hearts of those in whom Christ dwells, of which things the breaking of bread by Christ with his disciples was a figure, which they even used in the church for a time [Margin: 1 Cor 10:16f, John 6:32-35; 1 Cor 5:8], who had received the Substance for the sake of the weak; even as abstaining from things strangled and from blood [Acts 15:20], the washing one another's feet [John 13:14], and the anointing of the sick with oil [Jas 5:14], all of which are commanded with no less authority and solemnity than the former; yet seeing they are but shadows of better things [Heb 10:1, Col 2:17], they cease in such as have obtained the Substance.
(John 6:35)[Other texts citing John 6:35: GF8:167 (Rev 17:2, Rev 21:6), IP1:15 (Gen 3:14), IP1:241 (John 5:37f)]
GFJN 18 (): In that day I wondered that the children of Israel should murmur for water and victuals [Exo 15:24, 16:2f], for I could have fasted long without murmuring or minding victuals. But I was judged at other times, that I was not contented to be sometimes without the water and bread of life [Rev 21:6, John 6:35], that I might learn to know how to want, and how to abound [Phil 4:12].
GF7:171 (1659): Therefore all be wise in the wisdom of God [1 Cor 1:24], and let every one's eye be unto that wisdom, which the departing from sin and evil is the beginning of [Job 28:28, Prov 14:16]..., that ye may know the seed immortal to have the dominion in you; that there ye may come to know Christ to reign. And your growth in the seed is in the silence, where ye may all find a feeding of the bread of life [John 6:35].
GF8:15 (1669): And therefore all you that be gathered into the name of Jesus [Mat 18:20], and walk in the path of the just [Prov 4:18], where the footsteps of the flock are [Song 1:8], quench not the spirit [1 Th 5:19] in any, and if any will not have of your bread of life [John 6:35], and water of life [Rev 21:6], let them fast, that will neither receive, nor give; for the bread of life and water of life, are not only given to feed yourselves, but by them you may feed others, and refresh others: therefore have bread in your houses, and water in your own well [Prov 5:15], and fruit of your own tree, and salt in yourselves, to savour withal [Mark 9:50], that you may try all things [1 Th 5:21]....
6:38 For I came down from heaven, not to do mine own [B: that I] will, but the will of him that [GBT: his will (B: that he will) which hath] sent me. qtext
6:39 And this is the Father's will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I should [B: shall] lose nothing, but should [B: omits] raise it up again at the last day.
6:40 And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one [GT: man] which seeth the Son, and believeth on [G: in] him, may have [G: should have; B: hath; T: have] everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day.
6:41 The Jews then murmured at him, because he said, I am the [GT: that] bread [B: +of life] which came [GT: is come] down from heaven.
6:42 And they said, Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? how is it then that he saith [G: then saith he] , I came down from heaven?
6:43 Jesus therefore [G: then; BT omit] answered and said unto them, Murmur not among [T: between] yourselves.
(John 6:38) JN2: 82, 277; IP3: 97; IP4: 103; HPS 355, 399; WPR 142
(John 6:40) GF5: 305; MFS 39(John 6:41f) IP1: 198
(John 6:41) IP1: 199
(John 6:42) DGA 90
(John 6:38)[Other texts citing John 6:38: IP3:97 (Heb 13:12), HPS 355 (Mat 26:39), HPS 399 (Heb 10:5-7), WPR 142 (John 2:4)]
JN2:82 (1655): And in this light, which leads us out of all our own ways and wills, is the cross of Crhist revealed, who came not to do his own will but the will of him that sent him [John 6:38]; which cross is not carnal, but spiritual.... by this cross we are crucified unto the world and all carnal worships, and they to us [Gal 6:4]; so we being dead to that wherein we were held, viz., the rudiments of the world [Col 2:22], by this light and power of Christ are we raised up to serve the Lord in newness of life and Spirit, not in the oldness of the letter [Rom 7:6].
6:44 No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day. qtext
6:45 It is written in the prophets, And [T: that] they shall be all [T:all be] taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me. qtext
[John 6:45 cf Isa 54:13]
6:46 Not that any man hath seen the Father, save he which is of God, he [BT: the same] hath seen the Father. qtext
6:47 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on [G: believeth in; B: putteth his trust in] me hath everlasting life.
(John 6:44f) GF5: 315; GF6: 408; MFS 39; JN1: 513; JN2: 226; IP3: 362, 405, 413; IP4: 375(John 6:45) GF3: 375; GF4: 145, 232, 317; DGA 90; MFS 52; JN1: 74 (RF), 280, 304; JN2: 101, 352; 400 (TB); JN3: 431, 442; IP2: 455; IP3: 92, 214, 394; IP4: 71, 225, 231; RBA 72; RBAF 55; EQ 317 (BC); HPS 387 (EB) [cf Isa 54:13, 1 Th 4:9]
(John 6:46) JWJM 176
MFS 38 (1660): So these teachers, that deny revelation and the Spirit's teaching, do not desire that the Son should be known by the Father's drawing, for there is none that can come to the Son, except the Father draw him [John 6:44]. Neither is it possible for them to bring people to the knowledge of the Father, who deny revelation, being there is none that knows the Father, save the Son, and he to whom the Son reveals him [Mat 11:27]. So the infinite mercy and wisdom of the Lord God hid these things from them and has revealed them unto the faithful and obedient who walk in his light and keep in it where the revelation is manifested.
IP4:381 (1679): ...that this washing with outward water is the baptizing into Christ, is a very low and dark apprehension, far from truth, and the right understanding of the Scriptures, and the experience of those who are baptized with Christ's baptism [Mat 20:22f]. And that which brings to Christ, is the Father, by his drawings [John 6:44]; not outward baptizing, or washing the outward man with outward water; that is but a bodily exercise, and bodily exercises profit little [1 Tim 4:8], so far are they from bringing to Christ, the substance.
IP3:362 (1675): In man's day, how doth wise and prudent man beat his brains, and labor in the fire for very vanity [Hab 2:13]? But in God's day, how doth the knowledge of the Lord cover the earth, as the waters cover the sea [Isa 11:9]! When the day-spring from on high [Luk 1:78] visits inwardly, when the Lord lighteth the candle inwardly [Psa 18:28], oh, how clear is the knowledge of the Lord, and how doth it abou nd then! Oh, what a difference there is between man's apprehensions and conceivings concerning Christ, and God's revealing him inwardly [Gal 1:16]; and between man's coming to Christ according to his own apprehensions, and his coming to Christ in the heavenly drawings and teachings of the Father [John 6:44f]!
(John 6:45) [cf Isa 54:13][Other texts citing John 6:45: JN1:74 (Rev 13:7), JN1:280 (Heb 8:10f), JN2:101 (Rev 14:9), IP2: 455 (John 6:60), IP4:70f (Rev 14:6f), RBA 72 (Heb 8:11)]
GF3:375 (1659): And "every one that hath heard and learned of the Father cometh to the son [John 6:45];" and none hear or come to the Father, that come not to the son; none but they who come to the thing that is transgressed in them, and the light that every man that cometh into the world is enlightened with [John 1:9]; nor do they hear or learn of the Father, or come to the son, but by that....
[Other texts citing John 6:46: JWJM 176 (Mat 5:8)]
6:48 I am that bread of life.
6:49 Your fathers did eat manna in the wilderness, and are dead.
6:50 This is the [GBT: that] bread which cometh down from heaven, that a man may eat thereof, and [GT: he which eateth of it should (T: +also); B: if any man eat thereof, he should] not die. qtext
6:51 I am the [GBT: that] living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world. qtext
6:52 [G: +Then ; T: +And]The Jews therefore [GT: omit] strove among themselves, saying, How can this man [BT: fellow] give us his flesh to eat?
[John 6:48-52 see also John 6:32-58]
[John 6:48, see John 6:35]
(John 6:48-58) EQ 341 (BC)
(John 6:50-62) GF5: 145; GF6: 288, 364f
(John 6:50) GF8: 69 , 84 ; IP3: 501; SIW 59
(John 6:51-56) JN1: 20
(John 6:51-54) WPT 204
(John 6:51-53) WPR 35, 314; WPT 110(John 6:51) GF2: 306; GF3: 182, 377; GF5: 220, 417; GF7: 22 , 23 ; GF8: 138 ; GFT 13, 222; DGA 158; MFU 98, 213; JN1: 17, 20, 222; 267 (Jwh), 293; WDS 179; IP1: 198; IP2: 263, 492; IP3: 36, 390, 437; IP4: 142; RBAF 328; HPS 49; 462 (MF); WTG 293 (AM)
(John 6:52) IP1: 202; HPS 366 (EB)
GF8:69 (1674): So all members, from the eye to the foot, are serviceable in the body [1 Cor 12:14-24], in the grace of God, who are joined together by the spirit of God, and to Christ their head, from whom they receive nourishment; for the spirit of God does distribute to every one severally, as he will [1 Cor 12:11], and so are all made to drink, (mark to drink,) into one spirit [1 Cor 12:13]; in which they have all fellowship in the heavenly drinking of the spiritual drink, and eating of the spiritual bread that comes down from heaven [John 6:50].
SIW 59 (Ruth Alcock Follows, 1777): Dost thou not sometimes think of the way of thy fathers, and of that pure spiritual worship by them performed, when thou wast often made to partake with them of that spiritual food, that bread which comes down from heaven [John 6:50], whereby thy poor soul was nourished?
[Other texts citing John 6:51-56: JN1:20 (Mat 26:26-28)]
MFU 98, HPS 462 (To the prisoners in Lancaster Castle, 1654): My dear hearts, be faithful in every particular to your own measure of grace, made manifest and enjoyed; and in that which is eternal, wait continually; I charge you in the presence of the living God, that you do not neglect your several measures, which the Lord God of life and power hath given you to profit withal [1 Cor 12:7]; that so you may come to receive living virtue from the living God, and be fed with the living bread [John 6:51], and drink of the living water [John 4:10f] of the spiritual rock, which they drank of in the wilderness [1 Cor 10:4].
HPS 49 (Sarah Blackborow, 1658): A love there is which doth not cease, to the seed of God in you all; and therefore doth invite you every one, priest and people, to return into it, that into Wisdom's house you may come [Prov 9:1-6], where there is a feast provided of things well refined [Isa 25:6], and the living bread of God is known and fed upon [John 6:51], and the fruit of the vine drunk of [Mat 26:29], and the unity in the Spirit witnessed, the well-beloved of the Father is here [Mar 12:6], and this is he who is the fairest of ten thousand [Song 1:16/5:10], there is no spot or wrinkle in him [Song 4:7/Eph 5:27]....
IP2:263 (1661): That which man conceiveth concerning the Scriptures, is not the pure milk of the word [1 Pet 2:2]...; that is it which hath the immediate life, virture, and true nourishment in it. And this must be returned back into the treasury, and not held in the earthly part, in the earthly will and understanding, but received from the life again when it is again needed; yea, this have I often known, that when I have been in great distress, I have received fresh comfort form the Lord; but running to that afterwards, it never was able to comfort me, but more deeply wounded me. And thus hath the Lord been teaching me to live upon himself, and not upon any thing received from him, but upon the life itself, the mercy, the good pleasure, which proportions out the living bread daily [John 6:51/Mat 6:11] to the living birth.
WTG 293 (Ann Moore, 1756): may the Lord... feed their souls with living bread [John 6:51] as freely as they fed us poor servants with temporal bread.
6:53 Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no [T: shall not have] life in you. qtext
6:54 Whoso [GT: Whosoever] eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day.
6:55 For my flesh is meat indeed, and my blood is drink indeed. qtext
6:56 He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me, and I in him. qtext
6:57 As the [G: that] living Father hath sent me, and I live [GT: so (T: even so) live I] by the [T: my] Father: so [GT: and; B: even so] he that eateth me, even he [BT: omit] shall live by [B: +the means of] me. qtext
6:58 This is that bread which came down from heaven: not as your fathers did eat [GT: have eaten] manna, and are dead: he that eateth of this bread shall live for [BT: omit] ever. qtext
[John 6:53-58 see also John 6:32-58]
(John 6:53-63) WPR 509
(John 6:53-56) GF6: 287; JN1: 20, 222; JN2: 61
(John 6:53-55) JN1: 14 (GF)(John 6:53) GF3: 191, 291; GF5: 267, 363; GF6: 287; GF8: 155 , 304 ; GFEJ 367; GFT 142f, 201; JN1: 131; IP3: 33, 45, 206, 437, 481; IP4:149; RBA 379, 384; RBAF 329, 332; HPS 176; JSS 23
(John 6:54-58) GF5: 197, 338
(John 6:54-56) GF3: 134, 272
(John 6:54) GF3: 212, 227; GF8: 25f ; JN1:522; RBAF 329; WTG 139 (EH)
(John 6:54f) IP3: 36, 492
(John 6:55) GF5: 203; GF7: 120 ; IP1: 123; IP2: 493; IP3: 168; IP4: 174, 361; RBA 378; RBAF 328, 331; HPS 332
(John 6:55f) IP3: 327
(John 6:56) GF3: 36; IP3: 45, 349f; RBA 380
(John 6:56f) RBA 379, 380; RBAF 329, 332
(John 6:57) GF6: 295;GF8: 58 ; IP1: 315; JSS 23
(John 6:58) GF6: 58; JN1: 302; RBAF 329 [cf John 6:51]
(John 6:53)[Other texts citing John 6:53: GF5:267 (Mat 7:15, Gen 3:14), GF6:286f (Rev 19:21), IP3:45 (Heb 10:29)]
GF8:155 (1678): in the old covenant they were not to eat the blood of beasts, or any blood [Lev 17:14]; but in the new covenant Christ tells you, "Except ye do eat my flesh, and drink my blood, ye have no part in me [John 6:53/13:8]": for as by Adam and Eve, their eating that which God forbad, came death [Gen 3]; so if Adam and Eve's sons and daughters have life again, it is by eating of that which Christ commands; and as by eating came death, so by eating cometh life....
HPS 176 (Katharine Evans and Sarah Chevers, prisoners of the Inquisition, 1662): He said, If we did not eat the flesh and drink the blood of the Son of God, we had no life in us [John 6:53]. We said, the flesh and blood of Christ is spiritual, and we do feed upon it daily; for that which is begotten of God in us, can no more live without spiritual food, than our temporal bodies can without temporal food.
JSS 23 (17–): To know God and Christ is life eternal. He is in all; all have of his fulness, and yetthousands are dead because they do not know him; they eat not his spiritual flesh, nor drink his spiritual blood, and so cannot live by him [John 6:53]. "He that eateth me, shall live by me." says he [John 6:57].
IP3:169 (1668): ...the house wherein we appear is spiritual [1 Pet 2:5] (a house of God's own building), the worship spiritual [John 4:23f], the sacrifices spiritual [1 Pet 2:5], the day of worship spiritual, even the day which the Lord hath made [Psa 118:24]. And here we know and enjoy the thing shadowed out under the law spiritually, eating that which is meat indeed, and drinking that which is drink indeed, even the flesh and blood of the Son of man [John 6:55]; in which we feel and partake of his nature, his virtue, his life, his substance, and both take it into us, and put it upon us [Gal 3:27]; so that we know Christ both to be our food and clothing; and in the birth, nature, and Spirit which is of him, cannot be deceived concerning him.
IP3:45 (1667): Is it not as necessary that the eternal word be made flesh inwardly [John 1:14], that so the children may feed on him [John 6:56], as it was to take on him an outward body of flesh, to suffer and die for them, and to fulfil all righteousness [Mat 3:15], both of the law of the letter, and of the law of the Spirit in?
[Other texts citing John 6:57: JSS 23 (John 6:53)]
[Other texts citing John 6:58: GF6:58 (Heb 9:4)]
6:59 These things said [G: spake] he in the synagogue, as he taught in Capernaum.
6:60 Many therefore [T: omits] of his disciples, when they had [G: omits] heard this, said, This is an hard saying; who can hear [BT: abide the hearing of] it? qtext
6:61 When [G: But; BT: omit] Jesus knew [G: knowing] in himself that his disciples murmured at it [G: this], he [G: omits; B: and he; T: and] said unto them, Doth this offend you?
6:62 What and if ye shall see the [G: that] Son of man ascend up [B: +thither] where he was before?
6:63 It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life [GBT: are spirit and life]. qtext
6:64 But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning who [GBT: which] they were that believed not, and who should betray him.
6:65 And he said, Therefore said I unto you, that no man can come unto me, except it were [G: be] given unto him of my Father.
6:66 From that time many of his disciples went back, and walked no more with him.
6:67 Then said Jesus unto [GT: to] the twelve, Will ye also go away?
6:68 Then Simon Peter answered him [T: omits], Lord [GT: Master], to whom [B: who] shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life. qtext
6:69 And we believe and are sure [GT: know] that thou art that [BT: omit] Christ, the [G: that] Son of the living God. qtext
6:70 Jesus answered them, Have not I chosen you twelve, and [T: +yet] one of you is a devil?
6:71 [G: +Now] He spake [GT: +it] of Judas Iscariot the son of Simon: for he it was that should betray him, being [G: though he was; T: and was] one of the twelve.
(John 6:60-66) RBAF 331
(John 6:60) JN3: 723 (RR); IP2: 455; IP3: 39
(John 6:60f) RBA 378
(John 6:61-63) IP1: 203, 315
(John 6:62) GF5: 149; LB (C118); JSS 15
(John 6:62f) WPT 204(John 6:63) GF3: 547; MFS 32; IP3: 44, 206, 350, 537; IP4: 361; RBA 43, 376; RBAF 32, 329; WPR 598\, 599; WPT 120, 208, 399; JSS 4, 37
(John 6:64-66) DGA 90
(John 6:66) GF8: 138 ; RBA 378; IP1: 414
(John 6:67f) GF5: 145
(John 6:68) IP3: 34
(John 6:69) IP2: 447; IP3: 338 [cf Mat 16:16]
(John 6:70) MFU 433; JN3: 299
IP2:455 (1666): How may this principle, seed, or pearl, be purchased and possessed? [Mat 13:45f] Ans. By dying to a man's own wisdom and will. There is not another way. For the light is wholly contrary to man, as he stands in the alienation from God. It crosseth his spirit, his thoughts, his desires, his knowledge, his reason, his understanding; even all that is of himself. He must therefore consult with none of these, put prefer the little, pure demonstration of the light of Christ's Spirit above all these, and stand in the parting with and loss of them all for ever. Oh! this is an hard saying, who can bear it [John 6:60]? Surely none but those that are taught and learn of the Father [John 6:45], can thus come to give up and follow the light of the Son.
[Other texts citing John 6:63: MFS 32 (John 3:5f)]
IP3:349f (1675): [quotes John 6:63] As if he had said, I am speaking of the soul's food; I am speaking of the heavenly bread; I am speaking of Spirit and life; I am speaking of the mystery, which ye look upon and understand as outwardly intended by me, and so miss of the mystery of the Spirit, wherein is the quickening virtue, and look only at the outward body or flesh, which, without the Spirit, profiteth not, nor ever can profit man.
WPR 598f, WPT 399 (1694): A dry doctrinal ministry, however found in words, can reach but the ear, and is but a dream at the best: There is another soundness, that is soundest of all, viz. Christ the Power of God [1 Cor 1:24]. This is the Key of David, that opens and none shuts, and shuts, and none can open [Rev 3:7]; as the oil to the lamp, and the soul to the body, so is that to the best of words. Which made Christ to say, "My words they are Spirit, and they are life" [John 6:63]; that is, they are from life, and therefore they make you alive, that receive them. If the disciples that had lived with Jesus, were to stay at Jerusalem till they received it [Acts 1:4]; so must we wait to receive, before we minister, if we will turn people from darkness to light, and from Satan's power to God [Acts 26:18].
JSS 37: God is a spirit [John 4:24]; why? because he quickens and giveth life, or maketh alive; his influence on the soul is felt enlivening, animating, and invigorating its faculties. The beginning and progress in all true religion is in God as a spirit; the renewing of the holy ghost [Tit 3:5], is the comfort and consolation of the begotten of God; it is the very life of God, that is food for the soul; the flesh and blood of the son, which the saints feed on and live by, and which he explains thus: "It is the spirit that quickeneth, the flesh profiteth nothing." [John 6:63] Indeed, if ye can receive it, it is the very "blood of God."
IP3:34 (1667): Why should you not open to him that knocks in his holy power [Rev 3:20], and in the demonstrations of his Spirit to your conscience? Why should a subtle device of the deceiver be let in and hugged by you, to cause you to thrust him back from your hearts who is the Word of eternal life [1 Jn 1:1], and with whom are the words of eternal life [John 6:68]?
7:1 After these things [T: that] Jesus walked [BT: went about] in Galilee: for he would not walk [BT: go about] in Jewry [G: Judea], because [GT: for; B: because that] the Jews sought to kill him.
7:2 Now [BT: omit] the Jews' feast of tabernacles [G: feast of the tabernacles; T: taberacle feast] was at hand.
7:3 His brethren therefore said unto him, Depart [B: Get thee; T: Get ye] hence, and go into Judaea [BT: Jewry], that thy disciples also [GT: omit] may see the [GBT: thy] works that thou doest. qtext
7:4 For there is no man that doeth any thing in secret [GT: secretly], and he himself seeketh to be known openly [G: famous; T: known]. If thou do [G: doest] these [BT: such] things, shew thyself to the world.
7:5 For neither did his brethren believe [GBT: as yet (B omits) his brethren believed not] in him.
7:6 Then Jesus said unto them, My time is not yet come: but [T: omits] your time is alway ready.
7:7 The world cannot hate you; but [T: omits] me it hateth, because I testify of it, that the works thereof [T: of it] are evil. qtext
7:8 Go ye up unto this feast: I go not [GBT: will not go] up yet unto this feast; for my time is not yet full come [G: fulfilled].
7:9 When he had said these words [GT: These things (T: words) he said] unto them, he [GT: and] abode still in Galilee.
7:10 But when [GBT: as soon as] his brethren were gone up, then went he also up unto the feast, not openly, but as it were in secret [GBT: privily].
7:11 Then the Jews sought him [BT: sought him the Jews] at the feast, and said, Where is he?
7:12 And there was much murmuring GT: much murmuring was there of him; B: much murmuring of him was there] among the people concerning him: for [GBT: omit] some said, He is a good man: others [GBT: other] said, Nay; but he deceiveth the people. qtext
7:13 Howbeit no man spake openly of him for fear of the Jews.
(John 7:3-6) IP4: 80
(John 7:7) GF6: 99; GF7: 100 ; JN1: 93; RBA 109; RBAF 81; HPS 344 (EB)
(John 7:12) EQ 90
[Other texts citing John 7:3-6: IP4:80 (under John 2:4)]
[Other texts citing John 7:7: GF6:99 (John 17:14)]
GF8:100 (1655): XCII. — To all the seed of Abraham, who suffer for denying the world's customs, and because they cannot hold up the corrupt priesthood that is therein; or for testifying against the world, that the works thereof are evil [John 7:7].
EQ 90 (William Crouch, 1712): the Lord set [Edward Burrough] above his enemies, and I have beheld him filled with power by the spirit of the Lord. For instance, at the Bull and Mouth, when the room, which was very large, had been filled with people, many of whom have been in uproars, contending one with another. Some exclaimed against the Quakers.... Others endeavouring to vindicate them.... In the midst of all which noise and contention, this servant of the Lord has stood on a bench, with his Bible in his hand, ... speaking to the people with great authority from the words of John 7:12 [quote]. And so suitable to the present debate among them, that the whole multitude were overcome thereby, and became exceedingly calm and attentive, and departed peaceably, and with seeming satisfaction.
7:14 Now about the midst of the feast [GB: Now when half the feast was done; T: In the midst of the feast] Jesus went up into the temple, and taught.
7:15 And the Jews marvelled, saying, How knoweth this man [BT: he] letters, having [GBT: the scriptures, seeing that he] never learned? qtext
7:16 Jesus answered them, and said, My doctrine is not mine, but his that sent me.
7:17 If any man will do his will, he shall know of the doctrine, whether it be of God, or whether I speak of myself. qtext
7:18 He that speaketh of himself seeketh his own glory [BT; praise (2x)]: but he that seeketh his glory that sent him, the same is true, and no unrighteousness is in him. qtext
(John 7:15-17) GF4: 319
(John 7:15) WPR 586; WPT 378
(John 7:15f) GF6: 420(John 7:17) IP2: 3; IP3: 5, 178f; IP4: 23; RBAF 18; HPS 421 (EB); WPR 168, 309, 405; WPT 98, 254, 301; DFR 21 [cf John 15:18]
(John 7:18) GF7: 124 
WPR 586, WPT 378 (1694): The accomplishments with which this principle fitted, even some of the meanest of this people, for their work and service: furnishing some of them with an extraordinary understanding in divine things, and an admirable fluency and taking way of expression, which gave occasion to some to wonder, saying of them as of their Master [John 7:15], "is not this such a mechanic's son, how came he by this learning?"
IP3:179 (1668): [part of long exposition of John 7:17] It is true, the Son's doctrine is the Father's will, and thou canst not do the Father's will, but as thou receivest the Son's doctrine..... Now, the question is concerning the way thou mayest attain this.... Which is, not by entering into reasonings and disputes about these things whereof thou doubtest, but ... by coming into obedience to the Father in that which he hath already made manifest; for in that light (to them that believe in it) , and in obedience thereto (be it ever so little, or the manifestation ever so small), the Father will reveal more, and give to that heart and mind to be sensible of what is of him, and what is of the enemy, so far as it is needful for it as yet to know.
HPS 420f (Elizabeth Bathurst, 1679): And by [the Quakers'] innocent life ... I felt my own conscience powerfully reached for some time, before my judgment was fully satisfied; but having those words of Our Saviour imprinted on my mind, "If any man will do his will, he shall know of the doctrine, whether it be of God, or whether I speak of myself [John 7:17]". Then immediately I consulted not with flesh and blood [Gal 1:16], but was made willing to give up to the obedience of his will revealed in my conscience, and so I came to receive the faith of that principle which the Quakers do profess, and by it am I joined to them, not only in head, but in heart.....
WPR 309, WPT 98 (1674): ... the tutor not telling his pupil all that is fit to be known at once, implies no defect in, or ignorance of, those things in the tutor; which to apply scripturally, in short thus: If you do my will, you shall know (more) of my doctrine [John 7:17]; I have many things to say, but you are not able to bear them now [John 16:12].
[Other texts citing John 7:18: GF7:124 (under John 5:41)]
7:19 Did not Moses give you the law, and yet none of you keepeth the law? Why go ye about to kill me?
7:20 The people answered and said, Thou hast a [BT: the] devil: who goeth about to kill thee?
7:21 Jesus answered and said unto them, I have done one work, and ye all marvel.
7:22 Moses therefore gave unto you circumcision; (not because it is of Moses, but of the fathers;) and [BT: +yet] ye on the sabbath day circumcise a man.
7:23 If a man on the sabbath day [G: omits] receive circumcision, that [BT: without breaking] the law of Moses should not be broken [BT omit]; are ye angry at [G: be ye angry with; BT: disdain ye at] me, because I have made a man every whit whole on the sabbath day?
7:24 Judge not according to the [BT: after the utter] appearance, but judge righteous judgment. qtext
7:25 Then said some of them of Jerusalem, Is not this he, whom [T: who] they seek [GBT: go about] to kill?
7:26 But, lo [G: And behold; T: Behold] , he speaketh boldly [G: openly], and they say nothing unto [GBT: to] him. Do the rulers know indeed that this is the very [G: indeed that; BT: very] Christ?
7:27 Howbeit we know this man whence he is: but when Christ cometh, no man knoweth [GT: shall know] whence he is.
7:28 Then cried Jesus in the temple as he taught, saying, Ye both [T: omits] know me, and ye know whence I am [BT: whence I am ye know]: and [G: yet; T: and yet] I am [G: am I] not come of myself, but he that sent me is true, whom ye know not.
7:29 But [T: omits] I know him: for I am from [GBT: of] him, and he hath sent me.
(John 7:20) GF8: 8 ; IP1: 208; IP2: 182 [cf John 8:48, 10:20]
(John 7:24) JN1: 534; IP2: 433; IP3: 89, 319f; IP4: 71
(John 7:27) IP1: 198, 369; IP3: 24, 32; IP4: 177
[Other texts citing John 7:24: IP2:433 (under Mat 11:19b)]
IP3:319f (1674): What is it to judge according to the appearance? And what is it to judge righteous judgment [John 7:24]? I shall speak what I have experienced, having been deeply exercised about this thing. [goes on for 2 pages]
7:30 Then they sought to take him: but no man laid hands on him, because his hour [T: time] was not yet come.
7:31 And [G: Now; BT omit] many of the people believed on [G: in] him, and said, When [G: +that] Christ cometh, will he do more miracles than these which [GT: omit; B: these that] this man hath done?
7:32 The Pharisees heard that the people murmured such [G: these] things concerning [G: of; T: about] him; and [T: wherefore] the Pharisees and the chief [GT: high; B: the high] priests sent officers [B: servants; T: ministers forth] to take him.
7:33 Then said Jesus unto them, Yet a little while am I [GBT: am I a little while] with you, and then I go [GBT: go I] unto him that sent me.
7:34 Ye shall seek me, and shall not find me: and where I am, thither [G: omits] ye cannot [GBT: can ye not] come.
7:35 Then said the Jews among [G: amongst; T: between] themselves, Whither will he go, that we shall not find him? will he go unto the dispersed among the Gentiles [GB: unto them that are (B: the) dispersed among the Grecians; T: among the Gentiles which are scattered all abroad], and teach the Gentiles [G: Grecians]?
7:36 What manner of [G: omits] saying is this that he said, Ye shall seek me, and shall not find me: and where I am, thither [G: omits] ye cannot [G: cannot ye; BT: can ye not] come?
7:37 [G: +Now] In the last day, that [G: and] great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink. qtext
7:38 He that believeth on [G: in] me, as the scripture hath said [GBT: saith the scripture] , out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water [GBT: water of life]. qtext
7:39 (But [GT: omit] this spake he of the Spirit, which they that believe on [GT: believed in (T: on)] him should receive: for the Holy Ghost was not yet given [BT: there]; because that [B: omits] Jesus was not yet glorified.) qtext
7:40 [G: +So] Many of the people therefore [GT: omit], when they heard this saying, said, Of a truth this is the [G: that; T: a] Prophet.
7:41 Others [GT: Other; B: But other] said, This is the [G: that; BT omit] Christ. But [G: and; T omits] some said, Shall [G: But shall that] Christ come out of Galilee?
7:42 Hath [GBT: Saith] not the scripture said, That [G: that that; BT: that] Christ cometh [GBT: shall come] of the seed of David, and out of the town of Bethlehem, where David was?
7:43 So there was a division [GBT: was there dissension] among the people because of [G: for; T: about] him.
(John 7:37) MFU 261, 319; WPR 277
(John 7:37f) GF5: 90, 306; GF6: 363, 397, 408; MFS 30(John 7:38) GF3: 226; GF7: 246, 249f ; GF8: 125 ; GFT 140, 185f; MFU 378; JN2: 75, 554; IP1: 31, 67, 365; IP2: 436; IP3: 304, 494; IP4: 223, 259; JSS 27
(John 7:38f) IP3: 286; IP4: 131
(John 7:39) JN3: 236; IP3: 494; HPS 367 (EB); WPR 276
(John 7:41) DGA 90; IP1: 199
MFU 261 (1658): So the Lord God of life and power keep you firm and constant every one to your measures of him ... who saith, If any man thirst let him come to me and drink [John 7:37], who is the living fountain which is set open, this is the river, the streams whereof doth make glad the city of God, the holy place of the tabernacle of the most high [Psa 46:4], this is the fountain of gardens, a well of living water, and streams from Lebanon [Song 4:15]....
MFS 29f (1660): ...their doctrine has been and now is that none must look for nor expect revelation nor inspiration by the Spirit of God. So they do what in them lies to stop this current of life and spirit, which Christ Jesus, the fountain of all life [Psa 36:9], has set open, who in the last day of the feast, "stood up and proclaimed [quotes John 7:37f]." This he spoke of the Spirit, which these teachers of the world would stop, the pourings of which spirit is unlimited to son or daughter [Joel 2:28], Jew or Gentile, barbarian, Scythian, bond or free [Gal 3:28/Col 3:11], time or place, or condition, but according to the good pleasure of his will [Eph 1:5], who is the author and fountain of it.
GF3:226 (1659): None come to witness their conversation in heaven [Phil 3:20], but who are come to witness Christ within them, the substance, the second Adam [1 Cor 15:45/47], who redeems out of the earth [Rev 14:3]. And the apostle brought the saints to the light that shined in their hearts, &c. [2 Cor 4:6], and walking in this light [1 Jn 1:7] was not a serving of bellies [Rom 16:18]. That light shining in them, and believing in the light Christ [John 12:36], "out of their belly flowed rives of living waters [John 7:38]," and such made not divisions, but were in unity in the light, and in fellowship.
IP4:258f (1671): ...we were not only invited to the waters [Isa 55:1], but taught to come thereto; and when we came, we were not sent away empty [Luk 1:53], but had the water of life given us [Rev 21:6]; which became such a well, as out of it flow streams of living water [John 7:38]. Ah, blessed be the Lord! Did we ever think, in our dry, dead, barren estate, to have seen such a day as this?
[Other texts citing John 7:39: HPS 367 (Mat 26:26-29)]
IP3:494 (1672): ...when the river of life is found, when the well of life is received, and the water springs up, the soul draws it from the spring, and drinks it with unspeakable joy. This metaphor, or similitude, is explained by the evangelist John, 7:39. The receiving of the Spirit, the receiving of the substance, belongs to the Christian's state, as the receiving of the figures did to the Jew's state. When the Spirit is received, the river, the well of life, is received; and then the waters thereof flow, and are drawn and drunk of.
7:44 And some of them would have taken him; but no man laid hands on him.
7:45 Then came the officers [B: servants; T: ministers] to the chief [GBT: high] priests and Pharisees; and they said unto them, Why have ye not brought him?
7:46 The officers [BT: servants] answered, Never man spake like this man [BT: as this man doth]. qtext
7:47 Then answered them the Pharisees, Are ye also deceived?
7:48 Have [GBT: Doth] any of the rulers or of the Pharisees believed on [GBT: believe in (BT: on)] him?
7:49 But this [B: this common; T: the common] people who knoweth [GBT: which know] not the law are cursed. qtext
7:50 Nicodemus saith [GT: said] unto them, (he that came to Jesus by night, being [GBT: and was] one of them,)
7:51 Doth our law judge any [G: a] man, before it hear him, and know what he doeth [GBT: hath done]?
7:52 They answered and said unto him, Art thou also of Galilee? Search, and look: for out of Galilee ariseth no prophet. qtext
7:53 And every man went unto his own house.
(John 7:46) SIW 55
(John 7:47-49) IP1: 205
(John 7:48f) JN1: 54; RBA 20; RBAF 14
(John 7:49) GF7: 55 ; IP2: 182
(John 7:50-52) IP4: 177
(John 7:52) GF7: 262 ; IP1: 199, 369; IP3: 32, 319; IP4: 40, 263; RBA 152
SIW 55 (Ruth Alcock Follows, 1757): ...it is the Divine Monitor from heaven that is still the teacher of his people. It is He that yet speaks as never man spoke [John 7:46], and he cannot be removed into a corner [Isa 30:20].
GF7:55 (1653): But look at the captain Jesus Christ, who hath passed before, who was tempted (the captain of our salvation [Heb 2:10]) with the same temptations to worship the devil; and that if thou wouldst worship the devil, thou shouldst have the glory of the world [Mat 4:8f]; if not, be called a devil, as Christ was, and be called a mad man, as he was [John 10:20]; and that none followed him, but a cursed people, (as they said.) [John 7:49] And they that worship the devil, gave those titles to him. And thou shalt lose thy good name, and be a laughing stock to them that worship the devil, and as a derision among them, and a mark for every one of them to shoot at, and the drunkards to make songs of. This is the portion of them, who deny the worship of the world, and the glory, and the favour, and the evil fashions thereof, and cannot fashion themselves to it; who are tempted to all these things. But it is no sin to be tempted; but standing in the power of the Almighty God, ye will be enabled to stand against, and above all the wiles of satan [Eph 6:11].
RBA 152f (1678, V/VI:24): ... they go about to set up their natural power and will, with one consent denying that this little Seed, this small appearance of the Light, is that supernatural saving grace of God given to every man to save him.... So Christ, as he met with opposition from all kinds of professors in his outward appearance, so doth he now in his inward. It was the meanness of his outward man that made many despise him, saying, "Is this not the son of the carpenter? Are not his brethren and sisters among us [Mark 6:3]? Is this not a Galilean? And came there ever a prophet out of Galilee [John 7:52]?".... So the meanness of this appearance makes the crafty Jesuits, the pretended rational Socinians, and the learned Arminians overlook it; desiring rather something that they might exercise their subtilty, reason, and learning about, and use the liberty of their own wills.
This page last revised Sept 2007