1:1 Paul, called to be [T: by vocation] an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God, and Sosthenes our brother [our [BT omit] brother Sostenes],

1:2 Unto the church [T: congregation] of God which is at Corinth, to them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints [GBT: saints by calling], with all that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord [GBT; call on the name of our Lord Jesus Christ in every place], both theirs [G: their Lord; BT: of theirs] and ours [T: of ours]:      qtext

1:3 Grace be unto [GT: with] you, and peace, from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ.

1:4 I thank my God always on your behalf, for the grace of God which is given you by [GB: in] Jesus Christ;

1:5 That in every thing ye are enriched by [in all things ye are made rich in (T: by)] him, in all utterance , [G: kind of speech; T: learning] and in all knowledge;

1:6 Even [GB omit] as the testimony of Christ was [G: hath been] confirmed in you:

1:7 So that ye come behind in no [G: are not destitute of any; BT: are destitute of (T: behind in) no] gift; waiting [T: and wait] for the coming [GBT: appearing] of our Lord Jesus Christ:

1:8 Who shall also confirm [BT: Which shall also (T omits) strength] you unto the end, that ye may be blameless in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ.

1:9 God is faithful, by whom ye were called unto the fellowship of his Son Jesus Christ our Lord.


(1 Cor 1:1) GF3: 139; GF5: 296; GF7: 111 [111] [cf 2 Cor 1:1,etc; often confl w Gal 1:1]

(1 Cor 1:2) GF4: 325; GF5: 97, 295; GF8: 54 [304]; MFS 20, 33; RBA 249; EQ 333 (BC), 528 (BR)

(1 Cor 1:3-5) WPT 277

(1 Cor 1:6-10) GF5: 97

(1 Cor 1:9) GF4: 287; GF6: 229, 260


(1 Cor 1:2)

GF4:325 (1663): And Paul when he writeth to the church of the Corinthians, he calls them saints by calling, and the church of God [1 Cor 1:2GBT], he doth not call them lay-people.

MFS 33 (1660): This is the teacher, leader and guide of God's peopl,e who are called to be saints and sanctified in Christ Jesus [1 Cor 1:2] through the obedience of the Spirit which subdues, brings down, and subjects under in man and woman that which is contrary.

EQ 527f (Robert Barclay, 1676): Now the way to distinguish the church, gathering, or assembly of people whereof Christ truly is the head, from such as falsely pretend thereto, is by considering the principles and grounds upon which they are gathered together.... Forasmuch as sanctification and holiness is the great and chief end among true Christians, which moves them to gather together, therefore the apostle defines the Church in his salutation to the Corinthians, 1 Cor 1:2: "Unto the church of God which is at Corinth, them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints"....


1:10 Now I beseech you, brethren, by [T: in] the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye all speak the same [GBT: one] thing, and that there be no divisions [GB: dissensions; T: dissension] among you; but that ye be perfectly joined [GBT: knit] together in the same [GBT: one] mind and in the same [GBT: one] judgment [BT: meaning].      qtext

1:11 For it hath been declared [BT: is shewed] unto me of you, my brethren, by them which [GT: that] are of the house of Chloe, that there are contentions [T: is strife] among you.

1:12 Now this I say, that every one of you saith, I am of Paul [G: am Paul's]; and I of [G: am; B; am of] Apollos; and I of [G: am; B; am of] Cephas; and I of Christ [G: am Christ's B; am of Christ]. [T: And this is it that I mean: how that commonly among you one sayeth: I hold of Paul: another, I hold of Apollo: the third, I hold of Cephas: the fourth, I hold of Christ.]      qtext

[1 Cor 1:12, cf 1 Cor 3:4]

1:13 Is Christ divided? was Paul crucified for you? or [GBT: either] were ye baptized in the name of Paul?      qtext


(1 Cor 1:10-13) WPR 633

(1 Cor 1:10) GF5: 304f; GF6: 440; GF8: 265 [397]; IP3: 116; EQ 538 (BR); HPS 491

(1 Cor 1:11) EQ 541 (BR)

(1 Cor 1:12) JN3: 101; IP3: 457; WPR 459 [cf 1 Cor 3:4]

(1 Cor 1:12f) MFU 268

(1 Cor 1:13-17)

(1 Cor 1:13) GF4: 109; GF7: 266 [240] JN1: 35; JN2: 595; WDS 139; IP3: 38; IP4: 299; EQ 95 (WD), 561; WPR 322; WPT 148; HPS 411 (EB)


(1 Cor 1:10)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 1:10: IP3:116 (1 Pet 2:5)]

(1 Cor 1:12)

JN3:101 (1656): And this is that which Paul saw getting in amongst the churches in his time, setting up sects, and the person by whom they were baptized; puffed up for them, and against the other apostles, some of Paul, some of Peter, &c. [1 Cor 1:12] Which Paul seeing, thanks God he baptized no more of them [1 Cor 1:14], and plainly says, "Christ sent him not to baptize, but to preach the gospel [1 Cor 1:17]," though he could use it, until he saw them make an idol of it, thereby to make divisions and parties, and to puff up one above another, as it is now used at this day, yea, far more, for it is now made the key to let in and shut out of that they call a church; yea further, some say none can be saved without it, but all that have it are believers and shall be saved; and so set it in the place of Christ.

IP3:457 (1670): What is Paul? what is Apollos? or what is Cephas [1 Cor 1:12]? It is one and the same pure life and word of power which springs in all the holy brethren, whom God hath sanctified and prepared to give forth the sound of his holy trumpet. It is the Lord himself who gives forth the true and certain sound [1 Cor 14:8]: great is the company of those whom he hath chosen and sent forth to publish it; none of whom can be despised in their message, without despising Him that sent them [Luk 10:16]; for he sends forth the least and weakest, as well as the greatest.

(1 Cor 1:12f)

MFU 268 (1659): ....this is the very ground cause of your being erred from the Spirit of the Lamb of God in you..... You are led into the wilderness, and you know few or none in the life as you ought to know them, but you are even jealous of all, and ready to question all, and dare hardly joy [?] to any, except it be these that are one with the spirit that is head in you, and so ye come one for Paul and one for Apollo & one for Cephas [1 Cor 1:12]. But oh friends, this must down: this is for utter ruin and destruction, else it would destroy the Lamb of God, for it is but carnal. Christ is not divided [1 Cor 1:13; continued under John 1:29]

(1 Cor 1:13)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 1:13: GF4:109 (Luke 19:14)]

JN1:35 (1653): Justice Pearson. Is Christ in thee as man? James. Christ filleth all places, and is not divided [1 Cor 1:13]; separate God and man, and he is no more Christ.

IP4:299 (1675?): Is Christ divided [1 Cor 1:13]? Is there one Christ that died without the gates of Jerusalem [Heb 13:12], and another that did not die? Or is it not the same Lord Jesus Christ, who died without the gates of Jerusalem, according to the flesh, yet was then alive in the Spirit? Do we affirm that the Godhead died? No.... But according to the flesh he died; that is, he who was the resurrection and the life [John 11:25] laid down his life, and took it up again, according to the commandment of his Father [John 10:17f].


1:14 I thank God that I baptized [T: christened] none of you, but Crispus and Gaius;      qtext

1:15 Lest any should say that I had baptized in [G: into] mine own name.

1:16 And I baptized also the household [T: house] of Stephanas: besides, I know [GBT: furthermore know I] not whether I baptized any other [T: man or no].

1:17 For Christ sent me not to baptize, but to preach the gospel: not with wisdom of words, lest the cross of Christ should be [T: have been] made of none effect.      qtext


(1 Cor 1:14-17) GF6: 289, 291; DGA 167; JN1: 381; JN2: 63; JN3: 101; IP3: 168; IP4: 371; RBA 359; RBAF 313

(1 Cor 1:14) GF3: 129

(1 Cor 1:15-17) WPR 343, 345

(1 Cor 1:16) WPR 237; WPT 50

(1 Cor 1:17) GF4: 128; GF6: 293; MFS 34; JN1: 381, 522; JN2: 233, 590; JN3: 72, 102, 105, 243, 245, 249, 461, 474; IP4: 131, 187; RBA 288, 327, 344; RBAF 10(301), 233, 284; EQ 334 (BC), 537 (BR), 547

(1 Cor 1: 17f) JN1: 300 (RF); WPR 75


(1 Cor 1:14-17)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 1:14-17: JN3: 101 (1 Cor 1:12]

GF6:290f (1685): And if John's decreasing baptism [John 3:30], with elementary water, had been Christ's baptism, then the apostle would not have thanked God he baptized none but these few [1 cor 1:14-16]; nor have said, that Christ did not send him to baptize with water, but to preach the gospel, as in 1 Cor 1:17. But it is clear, the apostle did bring the church of Christ to the one spiritual baptism of Christ Jesus.

IP3:167f (1668): Now though the apostle condescended ... as to John's baptism; to wit the baptism of water (for that was not Christ's baptism, but his baptism was that of the Holy Ghost and fire [Mat 3:11]); yet he blessed God that he did not make use of it [1 Cor 1:14], and said, he was not sent to baptize [1 Cor 1:17]. What was he not sent to baptize with? Why, not with water, not with John's baptism; but he was sent to baptize with Christ's baptism; to baptize into the name, into the Spirit, into the power (and so were all the apostles), as well as to preach the gospel. Gal 3:5. Mat 28:19.

(1 Cor 1:17)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 1:17: GF4:128 (Heb 10:14), JN2:590 (Mat 4:19f)]

JN2:233 (1655): What scripture had Paul to deny that he was sent to baptize [1 Cor 1:17], when he saw them abuse it, and setting it up above Christ...; for which the literal observers who denied the Spirit's teaching counted them blasphemers, as you do now; and so by such they suffered for holding forth the substance and denying the shadows to such as idolized them, though otherwise the shadows had been lawful: nor do I judge any that do it in obedience and so comes up above it; but all you that stick in these outward things, contending about dipping or sprinkling but neglect the power and life; you are the Jews of these days,... all out of the power and in the world, in your own wills and worldly pleasures and profits, pride and covetousness; some for free will, others not, but all in your own wills: and thus while you are about all these things received by tradition, the law of God written in your hearts is made of none effect [Jer 31:33/1 Cor 1:17].....

RBA 327, RBAF 284 (1678, XI.19): Secondly, this manner of preaching as used by them, considering that they also affirm that it may be and often is performed by men who are wicked or void of true grace, can not only not edify the church [1 Cor 14:4f], beget or nourish true faith, but is destructive to it, being directly contrary to the nature of the Christian and apostolic ministry mentioned in the Scriptures; for the apostle preached the gospel "not in the wisdom of words, lest the cross of Christ be made of none effect" (1 Cor 1:17). But this preaching, not being done by the actings and movings of God's spirit but by man's invention and eloquence, in his own will and through his natural and acquired parts and learning, is in the wisdom of words, and therefore the cross of Christ is thereby made of none effect.

EQ 547 (John Crook, 1686): alas, ... [it is] as if the sins of "Sodom", which were pride, carelessness, excess and contempt of the poor [Ezek 16:49], were become the vices of Sion, many young people and others getting into things again which their parents, relations, and acquaintances, for good conscience sake, were forced to lay aside; as if in these latter times the efficacy of Truth was not the same as at the beginning, and as if the cross of Christ, that was so powerful them, was now become of no effect [1 Cor 1:17].


1:18 For the [G: that] preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power of God.      qtext

1:19 For it is written, I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and will bring to nothing [GBT: cast away] the understanding of the prudent.      qtext

[1 Cor 1:19, cf Isa 29:14 LXX]


(1 Cor 1:18-31) WPR 504

(1 Cor 1:18-29) IPL 69

(1 Cor 1:18-25) JN1: 390; IPL 69; IP1: 290, 411-20; P2: 330; RBA 91f

(1 Cor 1:18) GFJN 15, 18, 174, 205, 283, 333; GF3: 311; GF4: 230, 240, 272, 288; GF5: 179, 296, 340; GF6: 370, 401; GF7: 66 [51], 103f [100], 125 [130], 218 [216], 227 [222], 264 [239], 322 [262] ; GF8: 67 [313], 84 [318], 138 [343], 198 [369]; DGA 171; MFS 34; MFU 265; JN3: 46, 103; IP1: 30, 84; IP3: 317, 474; EQ 321 (BC); HPS 53, 196; 390 (EB); WPR 165; WTG 129, 230 (EH)

(1 Cor 1:19-21) JN1: 71

(1 Cor 1:19) GF4: 18; GF5: 245; MFS 35, 95; JN2: 15, 275; JN3: 61; IP1: 72; IP2: 23, 33, 107; HPS 55 [cf Isa 29:14]


(1 Cor 1:18-25)

IP1: 411-420 (1660): [Tract on worldly vs Godly wisdom, using 1 Cor 1:20 as title]

(1 Cor 1:18)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 1:18: GFJN 283 (John 5:24), IP1:84f (Luke 9:23), HPS 390 (1 Cor 1:20f), WPR 165 (Mat 7:13)]

GF7:227 (1662): You must bow at the cross of Christ, which is the power of God [1 Cor 1:18], which since the apostles' days the apostate christians have lost; and therefore they bow to a cross, a stick, a stone, a piece of iron, a piece of wood. Now bowing to the cross of Christ, which is the power of God, that strikes over the nature of fallen man; for who bends, and submits, and yields, and bows to the power of God within, feels it to rise over and strike over, and work over the carnal part, and that part that turns into ungodliness, and all that is bad, and is a cross to it. So bow to the power of God.

MFU 265 (1659): And the eternal God of power keep you faithful to your measures in his fear to wait in the cross to the carnal & to the flesh: And to all the wisdom of man, which from God is shut, to which wisdom the Cross is foolishness [1 Cor 1:18], but by it & no other way is the enmity slain [Eph 2:16], and this thou shalt eternally witness. Therefore as thou loves thy soul be obedient to the death of the Cross [Phil 2:8]: so there I leave thee to be nailed.

IP3:474 (1671): Thou hast formerly taken up crosses in a way of wisdom, and according to a comprehensive knowledge and judgment; come, now, learn to take up the seed's cross in the true foolishness [1 Cor 1:18]. For there is not another thing that gives life, than the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, which truly and really slays [Eph 2:16]; and to that which can discern and take up this cross [Mat 16:24], and live and walk under it, the yoke is easy and the burden light [Mat 11:30].

HPS 53 (Sarah Blackborow, 1658): ...it matters not what name you bear, or what fellowship you are of while you are out of the fellowship of the Father and the Son [1 Jn 1:3], and turned from that which should lead you thither, and out of the Cross which is the power of God [1 Cor 1:18], which would crucify you to the world, and the world unto you [Gal 6:14]: I say, What are you more than they who never bore any of those names?

WTG 129 (Elizabeth Hudson, 1742): All preaching seemed foolishness to me [1 Cor 1:18] and an interruption to my way of thinking so that [I] dreaded a Friend’s getting up in a meeting, and sometimes when they did I've sat and condemn [sic] their impertinence as judging it such for any one man to teach another [Jer 31:34], especially people of superior understandings.

(1 Cor 1:19)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 1:19: MFS 95 (Luk 7:30), IP2: 107 (1 Cor 2:14), HPS 55 (Rom 8:7)]

GF5:245 (1676): In Job 32:8[G], "surely there is a spirit in man, but the inspiration of the Almighty giveth understanding."... Now all you that deny the inspiration of the Almighty, in these your days, to give you understanding; then pray you, what understanding have you?: is it not that which must come to naught? For it is written, "I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and will cast away the understanding of the prudent." [1 Cor 1:19G, Isa 29:14 LXX].


1:20 Where is the wise? where is the scribe? where is the disputer [T: searcher] of this world? hath not God made foolish [GBT omit] the wisdom of this world [GBT: +foolishness]?      qtext

1:21 For after that in the wisdom of God [G: seeing; B: after that; T: when] the world by [BT: through] wisdom knew not God [GBT: +in the wisdom of God] , it pleased God by the [BT: through] foolishness of preaching to save them that believe.      qtext


(1 Cor 1:20-23) IP4: 192

(1 Cor 1:20) GF7: 249, [232],IP1: 82, 411, 416, 417; IP2: 109; IP3: 6, 182, 263; WPR 35; WPT 169; JWJM 174, 253, 263; JSS 26

(1 Cor 1:20f) JN1: 70; JN2: 75; EQ 334 (BC); HPS 390 (EB)

(1 Cor 1:21) GF4: 18; GF6: 94, 99; GF8: 283 [402], 298 [409]; MFS 34; JN1: 154; JN2: 104; JN3: 7, 126, 127; IP1: 417; IP3: 136; IP4: 9; RBA 109; RBAF 81; HPS 55, 185; WPT 321; JSS 17


(1 Cor 1:20)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 1:20: GF7:249 (1 Cor 3:19), IP1:411 (1 Cor 1:18-25), IP3:263 (1 Cor 3:18), JWJM 174 (Isa 9:6f), JWJM 264 (Luk 16:8), JSS 26 (John 15:6)]

IP1:417 (1660): Hath not God made foolish the wisdom of this world? [1 Cor 1:20] The wisdom of this world is precious in the eye of the world; and the wisdom of God in his poor, weak, despised earthen vessels [2 Cor 4:7] is still foolishness with them; but the Lord so orders it, that he still justifies his despised wisdom in his despised vessels [Mat 11:19], and makes the wisdom of the world appear foolish [1 Cor 3:19] to all the single and upright-hearted, who thirst after and wait for the revelation of his truth.

JWJM 253 (17–): If we consider the havoc that is made in this age, and how numbers of people hurried on,... and in that wisdom which is foolishness with God [1 Cor 1:20] are perverting the true use of things, labouring as in the fire [Hab 2:13], contending with one another even unto blood, and exerting their power to support ways of living foreign to the life of one wholly crucified to the world [Gal 6:14]....

(1 Cor 1:20f)

HPS 390 (Elizabeth Bathurst, 1679): [quotes Deut 30:11-14] This now is the word of faith, which is again preached [Rom 10:8] by those whom the world in scorn call Quakers: And though such preaching be accounted foolish [1 Cor 1:18] by the learned rabbis of our age [1 Cor 1:20]; yet let them know, 'tis by the foolishness of preaching that God is pleased to save them that believe, as 'tis written, 1 Cor 1:21. So notwithstanding these use not enticing words which man's wisdom teacheth, yet do they preach in the evidence and demonstration of the Spirit, and in a way of power [1 Cor 2:4], whereby they are known to be of God (as were the Apostles).

(1 Cor 1:21)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 1:21: JN1:154 (Gen 32:30), JSS 17 (Mat 11:27)]

GF6:94 (1680): It is the power and spirit of God and Christ that brings to ... be conformed to the image of the son of God [Rom 8:29], and so to do his will, and to know his doctrine that is from above [John 7:17]. The doctrines, ordinances, commandments, and rudiments of the men of the world [Col 2:20,22], they are below: "for the world by wisdom knows not God [1 Cor 1:21];" and they with their wisdom would bring all men to a conformity to their image, like Nebuchadnezzar's, which he set up, and to fall down to it, else into his fiery furnace they must be thrown [Dan 3], and Daniel must be cast into the lion's den [Dan 6:16].

MFS 34 (1660): [quotes 1 Cor 1:21] This is the wisdom of God, the way of God, not to teach people by that which man's wisdom teaches, that which man's dark heart invents, imagines, and studies out aof his brain, but by that which the Holy Ghost teaches in this his day in which he is risen in his eternal Spirit. They that can believe in this foolishness of preaching are saved.

IP1:417f (1660): ... the Lord makes the folly of this world's wisdom appear ... in that by all their wisdom they cannot find out the true knowledge of God. 1 Cor 1:21. "The world by wisdom knew not God." Though there be an exceeding desire kindled in them to know God; though they take all the ways that heart can imagine to attain their desires; though they study and meditate ever so hard; though they get ever so many arts and languages; nay, though they read the very Scriptures ever so diligently; though they labor in the very fire ; yet what they get, what they gather, what they understand, what they comprehend by this wisdom, it is all but "very vanity." Hab 2:13. It reaches not the immortal, it nourishes not the immortal; it satisfies not the soul, it refreshes not the soul....


1:22 For [G: Seeing also that] the Jews require a sign, and the Greeks [G: Grecians] seek after wisdom:      qtext

1:23 But we preach Christ crucified, unto the Jews [G: +even] a stumblingblock [T: an occasion of falling] , and unto the Greeks [G: Grecians] foolishness;      qtext

1:24 But unto them which are called, both [GB: +of the; T: +of] Jews and Greeks [G: Grecians], [GBT: +we preach] Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.      qtext


(1 Cor 1:22f) GF5: 97; IP1: 414, 419; SBD 17

(1 Cor 1:23-25) JSS 26f

(1 Cor 1:23) GFJN 333; GF4: 58; GF8: 134 [342]; JN2: 587; JN3: 46; IP1: 222; IP3: 430; EQ 385

(1 Cor 1:23f) MFS 34; HPS 409 (EB)

(1 Cor 1:24-27) WPR 582; WPT 371

(1 Cor 1:24) GFJN 29, 38, 283; GF3: 114, 121, 251, 311, 437, 444, 543; GF4: 169, 200, 306; GF7: 17 [2], 30 [23], 44 [37], 75 [61], 122 [130], 130 [132], 133 [138], 137 [143], 171 [181], 173 [184], 175 [186], 193 [200], 202, 205f [206], 212 [213], 217 [216], 225 [221], 233 [222], 277f, 280 [245], 283 [247], 304 [252], 319 [261], 324 [262]; GF8: 50 [300], 207 [372], 283 [402]; GFT 38; MFU 340 ; JN3: 323; 725 (RR), 734 (GF); IP1: 115, 166, 314; IP2: 144; IP3: 8, 79, 248, 263, 323, 324, 335, 434, 460, 479; RBA 166; EQ 300; WPR 236, 314, 598; WPT 47, 109, 399


(1 Cor 1:22f)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 1:22f: SBD 17 (Jas 3:15)]

IP1:419 (1660): Again, when Christ came, and the kingdom was preached, and the everlasting way of redemption and salvation made manifest, could the wise eye in the Greeks, or the wise eye in the Jews, see it [1 Cor 1:22f]? Did not the Greeks shut themselves out by a wisdom above the letter (as they thought), and the Jews by a knowledge and wisdom which they had gathered out of the letter? How wise were they from the letter to reason against the King of life?

(1 Cor 1:23-25)

JSS 26f (17–): I do not expect to escape censure and severe ridicule; for I know that no man as man merely, receiveth the true undisguised testimony of the son, because it is "foolishness unto him [1 Cor 2:14]. To preach "Christ crucified, was to the Jews a stumbling block, and to the Greeks foolishness." [1 Cor 1:23] To preach this doctrine in its full extent, is now both a stumbling block and downright foolishness unto the creature, as much as ever; but to such as see it in the light, it remains to be both "the power of God, and the wisdom of God; because the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men [1 Cor 1:24f]."

(1 Cor 1:23)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 1:23: GF8:134 (John 19:19f), EQ 385 (Gen 3:5f)]

JN2:586f (1655): And now you who say it is liberty of conscience, when people may meet and not be molested, but deny to give liberty to any to go into markets and synagogues to declare the message of Christ which he sent them about, you are ignorant of the call of Christ and the necessity that is laid upon such as he calls, and the woe that is to them that go not at his command, which none that stand in their own wills or have their times in their own hands [Psa 31:15] knows anything of, for if they did they would not oppose it; but this is the cross of Christ which to the Jews is a stumbling block, and to the Greeks foolishness [1 Cor 1:23].

(1 Cor 1:24)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 1:24: GFJN 38 (Rev 22:16), GFJN 283 (John 5:24), GF3:251 (Rom 3:23), GF7:122 (John 3:13), GF7:171 (John 6:35), GF7:283 (Mat 20:3,6), GF7:319 (Rev 22:8f), GF7:323f (John 14:6), GF8:50 (Luk 17:21), MFU 340 (Rom 1:16), IP3:263 (1 Cor 3:18), IP3:323 (Rom 6:9), IP3:324 (Rom 5:2), IP3:335 (Heb 7:2), RBA 165f (John 4:29), EQ 300 (Rev 4:8), WPR 598f (John 6:63)]


1:25 Because GBT: For] the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men.      qtext

1:26 For [G: For brethren; BT: Brethren] ye see [G: you see; T: look on] your calling, brethren, [GBT omit] how that not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble [T: of high degree], are called:      qtext

1:27 But God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the [BT omit] things which are mighty [G: mighty things];      qtext

1:28 And base [GT: vile; B: unnoble] things of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen, yea [G omits], and things which are not [T: of no reputation], to bring to nought things that are [T: of reputation]:      qtext


(1 Cor 1:25-29) HPS 263

(1 Cor 1:25) MFS 34, 67; MFU 128; JN1: 71; IP3: 182; JWJM 57

(1 Cor 1:26-28) JN1: 84

(1 Cor 1:26) IP1: 148; IP2: 262

(1 Cor 1:26f) IP2: 398; EQ 99 (WD)

(1 Cor 1:27) GF4: 18; GF7: 161 [171]; MFS 35; JN1: 71, 204, 485; JN2: 318, 580; IP1: 15, 187; IP2: 130, 286; IP3: 182, 484; WPR 75; WPT 251

(1 Cor 1:27f) IP1: 216; IP2: 23, 129; HPS 509; SIW 95

(1 Cor 1:28) MFS 63; JN2: 19


(1 Cor 1:25)

MFU 128f (1655): if they dwell and abide in the power, the power of the Lord will work down, and bring the fleshly man under, and bind him that is strong & spoil his goods [Mat 12:29], and this you must not limit with your reason and wisdom for this is unlimited [Psa 78:41], and this is various in its working and operation according to the necessity of the particular on which it is manifested. And this is ordered by the wisdom of the living god which is foolishness to the wisdom of man [1 Cor 1:25], and so be still and silent as you love your souls.

JWJM 57 (1757): Deep humility is a strong bulwark, and as we enter into it we find safety and true exaltation. The foolishness of God is wiser than man; and the weakness of God is stronger than man [1 Cor 1:25]. Being unclothed of our own wisdom and knowing the abasement of the creature, therein we find that power to arise which gives health and vigor [to] us.

(1 Cor 1:26)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 1:26: IP2:262 (Gen 41:3f)]

(1 Cor 1:26f)

IP2:398 (1663): The first work of the Lord, is to confound the knowledge and understanding of the creature [1 Cor 1:27]; especially in those who have been deep in wisdom and experience of things; for if they were not closely pursued with darkness and confusion, they would presently be gathering a stock into the old storehouse again, and so grow wise after the flesh [1 Cor 1:26], and never learn the life of the Spirit.

(1 Cor 1:27)

JN2:318 (1655): Surely you are they that are to be bemoaned above all other, who have had a measure of tenderness but now wholly lost; and not only so but now oppose it in others who retain it, nor would seek after it. And now this being all that this shaking and reformation hath brought forth in you, the righteous God hath cast you off and chosen things that are not, and things weak and foolish and contemptible to confound the wise and mighty and learned [1 Cor 1:27].

(1 Cor 1:27f)

IP1:216 (1659): What persons are fittest for God to make use of, towards the recovery of his people out of the apostasy? Doth not God choose that which is weak and more contemptible [1 Cor 1:27f], that his glory might the more appear? Is not this a more likely way for him to steal upon the world, than if he appeared in the wise and learned ones? And among whom is his appearance to be expected? Among those who are settled upon their lees [Jer 48:11, Zeph 1:12] in the apostasy; or among those who have mourned, panted, and sought to come out of it, and could not be settled without his appearing to them, and fixing their feet upon the rock [Psa 40:2]? But have we been unsettled, since God hath fastened us on the living foundation? Nay, here is no more going out; but he that abides faithful remains a pillar in the house of God [Rev 3:12].

SIW 94f (Sarah Tuke Grubb, 1784): ...it is not an easy task to minister to this degenerate age, who think they know all things, and, like the magicians in Egypt, can account for all the works of the divine hand [Exo 7:10-8:19]. But what a favour it is, that there is still extended to us as a people, that power whcih confounds the wisdom of these, and brings to nought their great understanding [1 Cor 1:27f] ...


1:29 That no flesh should glory [GBT: rejoice] in his presence.      qtext

1:30 But of him are ye [G: But ye are of him; T: And unto him pertain ye] in Christ Jesus, who [BT: which] of God is made unto us wisdom, and [T: +also] righteousness, and sanctification [T: sanctifying], and redemption:      qtext

1:31 That, according as it is written, He that glorieth [GBT: rejoiceth], let him glory [GBT: rejoice] in the Lord.      qtext

[1 Cor 1:31, cf Jer 9:24]


(1 Cor 1:29-31) WTG 111 (SM)

(1 Cor 1:29) GF7: 147 [155]; MFS 35; IP3: 442; WPR 297, 586; WPT 71, 75; WTG 238 (EH)

(1 Cor 1:30) GFJN 603; GF5: 97, 296; GF7: 212 [213]; GF8: 63 [311], 283 [402]; JN2: 80; IP1: 44; IP3: 205, 459; IP4: 347

(1 Cor 1:30f) WPR 508

RBA 25; [1 Cor 1:31 see 2 Cor 10:17; cf Jer 9:24]


(1 Cor 1:29)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 1:29: WPR 586 (Rom 4:2)]

GF7:147 (1657): But in the light rejoicing and walking, ye receive the love of God shed abroad into your hearts [Rom 5:5], which love rejoiceth in the truth [1 Cor 13:6], (mark,) in that which the devil abode not in [John 8:44]. With that ye know and will know the increase of God [Col 2:19], and know God and his law put in your minds, and in your hearts written [Rom 2:15], where the fear is placed [Jer 32:40], where the secrets of the Lord are revealed [Deut 29:29], and the light, which is the truth, comes to be walked in. Here is a joy in the Lord where no flesh glories [1 Cor 1:29].

WTG 237f (Mary Smith, 1750): I pray God so strengthen thy loins of deep travail and bind up the truly broken that thee may be enabled and fortified to bear the various dispensations and sundry baptisms [Mat 20:22f] that he in his infinite wisdom and consummation to his secret will is leading his dear children and people through in the glorious gospel day, and oh what are our manifold deepenings, humblings, and abasements for but that no flesh shall glory in his presence [1 Cor 1:29] or boast in any acquirements or parts whatever.

(1 Cor 1:30)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 1:30: GF8:63 (1 Cor 13:4-7), JN2:80 (Rom 3:27), IP4:347 (1 Pet 1:23)]

GFJN 603 (To the Governor and Assembly at Barbados, 1671): And we do believe that he is our alone redeemer and saviour, even the captain of our salvation [Heb 2:10], who saves us from sin, as well as from hell and the wrath to come [1 Th 1:10], and destroys the devil and his works [Heb 2:14/1Jn 3:8]; who is the seeds of the woman that bruises the serpent's head [Gen 3:15], to wit, Christ Jesus who is alpha and omega, the first and the last [Rev 1:11]; that he is, as the Scriptures of Truth [Dan 10:21] say, our wisdom and righteousness, justification and redemption [1 Cor 1:30]; neither is there salvation in any other, for there is none other name under heaven, given among men whereby we must be saved [Acts 4:12].

IP1:44 (1658): The Christians formerly (in the first day of the breaking forth of God's power) had Christ in them, the living Word; they opened their hearts to him, received him in, felt him there, found him made of God to them their wisdom, their righteousness, their sanctification, their redemption. 1 Cor 1:30. They had the thing that those words signify and speak of, and knew the meaning of the words by feeling of the thing. But Christians now, in the apostasy, have got several apprehensions from the words, without feeling the thing the words speak of; and there lies their religion. And now the heir is come, holding forth the thing they have all been talking of, all sects upon the earth are mad against him, and would fain kill him [Mat 21:37-39]. They would not have the living substance...; but they would have their dead apprehensions from the words live, and their dead forms and practices owned; and the heir of life must come in their way..., or they will not own him.

(1 Cor 1:30f)

WPR 507f (1693): Blessed is he that hears Christ's words and does them [Mat 7:24/Jas 1:25]. The doer is only accepted, and though death be the wages of sin, yet the gift of God is eternal life to such , Rom 6:23; so that as they [the people called Quakers] do not hold that their good works merit, neither believe they that their good works justify [them]. For though none are justified that are not in measure sanctified, yet they are not justified because they are sanctified, but for his sake that sanctifies them, and works all their good works in them [Isa 26:12], and for them; to wit Christ Jesus, who is made unto them as to the saints of old, wisdom, righteousness, sanctification and redemption , that he that glorieth let him glory in the Lord, 1 Cor 1:30,31.


2:1 And I, brethren, when I came to you, came not with excellency [BT: in gloriousness] of speech [GBT: words] or of wisdom, declaring [GBT: shewing] unto you the testimony of God.      qtext

2:2 For I determined not to know [GB: For I esteemed not to know; T: Neither shewed I myself that I knew] any thing among you, save Jesus Christ, and him [T: even the same that was] crucified.

2:3 And I was with [GBT: among] you in weakness, and in fear, and in much trembling.      qtext


(1 Cor 2) JN3: 26

(1 Cor 2:1) JN2: 575

(1 Cor 2:2-6) WPR 504

(1 Cor 2:2) GF5: 98; IP2: 117; RBA 124f; RBAF 90

(1 Cor 2:3) GF4: 257; JN1: 102, 187; IP2: 109; RBA 288; RBAF 233; EQ 334 (BC)

(1 Cor 2:3)


(1 Cor 2:1)

JN2:474f (1655): ...the two men that came out of Wales was there, & they was very high; & I see them, but while I was speaking the one of them was convinced of his deceit & was shaken & much broken into tears, & tenderness did gloriously appear; & I see his heart was with the truth, but the other was thick & dull & got high in conceit; & after the people was gone, he began to glory in his wisdom & excellency of speech & wisdom [1 Cor 2:1], & to witness Christ his teacher & light & in him, but I was mind to ask him how he came thither not having on a wedding garment; & he was speechless [Mat 22:12]....

(1 Cor 2:3)     [one of the texts about "quaking"]

IP2:109 (1660): ...before they went abroad to preach, [the apostles] were to wait for the power, Acts 1:4, 8; and when they had received it, they were tio minister in it, that men might be converted to the power, and by the power, that the faith of persons might not stand in the wisdom of their words ... but in the power of God. 1 Cor 2:5. And this was it made Paul minister in fear and trembling [1 Cor 2:3], lest the wrong part in him should minister; lest the earthly understanding part should be holding forth the truths of God out of the life, out of the power, and he should convert men to the wisdom of the words he spake, and not to the power [1 Cor 2:4].


2:4 And [G: Neither stood] my speech [G: word; BT: words] and my preaching was not with [G: in the; T: were not with] enticing words [G: speech] of man's wisdom, but in demonstration [G: plain evidence; BT: shewing] of the Spirit and of power:      qtext

2:5 That your faith should not stand [G: be] in the wisdom of men, but in the power of God.      qtext


(1 Cor 2:4) GF8: 150 [352]; MFS 22; MFU 431; JN1: 267; JN2: 59; IP2: 110; IPL 48; RBA 296; RBAF 248; HPS 390 (EB) [cf 1 Cor 2:13]

(1 Cor 2:4f) GF5: 180; GFT 84; IP2: 109; RBA 288, 327; RBAF 233, 284; EQ 334 (BC)

(1 Cor 2:5) GF4: 287; GF7: 216 [216], 236 [222]; GF8: 6 [265], 48 [300], 57, 58 [307], 135,138 [343]; GFEJ 476; IP2: 19f, 109, 201; IP3: 183, 236, 312, 395, 446f; RBA 360; RBAF 314; WPR 36

(1 Cor 2:5f) JN1: 121


(1 Cor 2:4)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 2:4: HPS 390 (1 Cor 1:20f)]

MFU 431 (1679): ...the Truth did spring & spread, & increase, & they knew not how to get it suppressed. For all the great profession that was then in this nation of God & Xt, & ordinances; yet when Christ Jesus came, & visited us in his power, & in the demonstration of his Spirit [1 Cor 2:4], then they stood against him, as bad as the Jews in the days of his flesh [Heb 5:7], being that the Truth struck at all their profession, their foundation being false, standing not on Christ the light it was strange to think that all the ministers that professed such high things should be all out of the doctrine of Christ....

JN1:267 (1654): And beware every one of you of lusting after the fleshpots of Egypt [Exo 16:3], earth and earthly things, or after the merchandise of Babylon [Rev 18:11-14], the enticing words of man's wisdom [1 Cor 2:4], from whence the Lord in his eternal love hath called you by revealing his Son in you [Gal 1:16], who is the living bread which came down from heaven [John 6:51].

RBA 296, RBAF 248 (1678, XI.6): And as everyone is thus gathered, and so met together inwardly in their spirits as well as outwardly in their persons, there the secret power and virtue of life is known to refresh the soul, and the pure motions and breathings of God's Spirit are felt to arise, from which as words of declaration, prayers, or praises arise, the acceptable worship is known which edifies the Church [1 Cor 14:4f] and is well-pleasing to God [Phil 4:18], and no man here limits the Spirit of God [Psa 78:41] nor bringeth forth is own cunned and gathered stuff, but everyone puts that forth which the Lord puts into their hearts: and it is uttered forth not in man's will and wisdom but "in the evidence and demonstration of the Spirit and of power [1 Cor 2:4]."

(1 Cor 2:4f)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 2:4f: IP2:109 (1 Cor 2:3)]

GFT 84 (1674): Let your faith stand not in the words of man's wisdom, but in the power of God [1 Cor 2:4f] that thou mayest have a possession of this pearl in thy own field like a merchantman that ventured all for it [Mat 13:44-46], that everyone may take their possession and not stand idle [Mat 20:3,6], that the Lord may be honored and glorified over all, by all.

RBA 327 (1678, XI.19): [quotes 1 Cor 2:4f] But [the professors'] preaching having nothing of the Spirit and power in it, both the preachers and hearers confessing they wait for no such thing nor yet are oftentimes sensible of it, must needs stand in the enticing words of man's wisdom [1 Cor 2:4], since it is by the mere wisdom of man sought after and the mere strength of man's eloquence and enticing words it is uttered, and therefore it is no wonder if the faith of such as hear and depend upon such preachers and preachings stand in the wisdom of men, and not in the power of God [1 Cor 2:5].

(1 Cor 2:5)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 2:5: GF8:48 (1 Pet 1:5), IP2:201 (Heb 4:3), IP3:183 (1 Cor 13:2), IP3:446f (Mat 17:20), WPR 36 (Mat 16:18)]

IP3:312 (1674): ...faith never stands in a man's own power, but always in the virtue and power of the life of the Son [1 Cor 2:5]. So that he that will believe aright, must wait to feel the life of the Son revealed in him [Gal 1:16], and faith flowing therefrom. For the true belief springs from the life of the holy root [Rom 11:16]; and from the flowing up and springing up of that life, faith receives its nourishment and daily virtue.


2:6 Howbeit [GB: And; T: That] we speak [T: +is of] wisdom among them that are perfect: yet [GBT: omit] not the wisdom of this world, nor [GBT: neither] of the princes [T: rulers] of this world, that come [GB: which come; T: which go] to nought:      qtext

2:7 But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, even the hidden wisdom [T: which is in secret and lieth hid], which God ordained [G: had determined] before the world unto our glory:      qtext

2:8 Which [T: +wisdom] none of the princes [T: rulers] of this world knew [G: hath known]: for had they known it, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory.      qtext


(1 Cor 2:6-8) JN1: 71; JN2: 276

(1 Cor 2:6) GF3: 56, 74, 110, 157, 213, 276f, 375, 399, 517, 538, 581; GF4: 188; GF6: 440, 477; GF7: 161 [171]; MFU 105; JN1: 50, 192; JN2: 184; JN3: 17; IP3: 312; EQ 287 (JN); HPS 377 (EB) WPR 502

(1 Cor 2:6f) GF5: 179; MFS 32; EQ 335 (BC); WTG 166 (EH)

(1 Cor 2:7) GF8: 185 [361], 283 [402]; MFU 161; JN3: 53, 107; IP3: 348; IP4: 396

(1 Cor 2:7f) GF5: 98; WPT 192; JSS 27

(1 Cor 2:8) GF3: 158, 527; GF6: 377; GF7: 31 [24], 164 [172]; MFU 29, 140, 387; JN1: 50, 62; IP1: 59, 130, 153; IP2: 311; IP4: 294; RBA 162, 175f; RBAF 116, 133; EQ 537 (BR); HPS 41 (MF); WPR 35, 117, 121, 584


(1 Cor 2:6)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 2:6: JN1:50 (1 Cor 2:13), IP3:312 (Rev 13:3)]

GF3:375 (1659): ...none of you that raven from the spirit of God can keep God's commandments, though ye have all the saints' words; for the saints witness the end of the law [Rom 10:4], and witness perfection and a perfect man [Eph 4:12f], and spoke wisdom among them that were perfect [1 Cor 2:6], and growing up to perfection.

(1 Cor 2:6f)

WTG 166 (Elizabeth Hudson, 1749): ...there was no possibility of speaking to the state of [the church] unless baptized by that Holy power of light and love by which the worlds commenced their beings, and are still upheld [Heb 1:2f], which when we are under the weight of can speak as the oracle of God [1 Pet 4:11], and not only witness those sacred truths confined in mystery from the wise and learned of this world [1 Cor 2:6f] unfolded to us, but are in some sort enabled to unfold them to others.

(1 Cor 2:7)

GF8:185 (1679): And the apostle Paul, after he had spoken many things to the Corinthians, said, "The rest will I set in order when I come [1 Cor 9:34]." 1 Cor. xi. 34. And he saith concerning the collections for the saints, in 1 Cor. xvi. 1. "As I have given order to the churches of Galatia, even so do ye [1 Cor 16:1]," to wit, the Corinthians. So they were to practise the same order, who were the believers in Christ, which the apostle in the power of Christ had given to them. For the apostle had the wisdom of God, which he had ordained before the world began, unto the glory of his people [1 Cor 2:7] then and now also.

JN3:53 (1656): So that which leads out into the knowledge is the fall; but that which leads into the simplicity of life, which is manifest in the Spirit, and not in the knowledge of the first man, that leads to the resurrection of life; for it is the hidden wisdom that God ordained before the world unto glory [1 Cor 2:7]; so to the hidden man of the heart you must look to find it, which is not corruptible [1 Pet 3:4].

(1 Cor 2:8)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 2:8: IP2:311 (Rev 17:14)]

GF7:31 (1653): For God hath raised up his own seed in his saints, which seed, Christ, is but one in all, and spreads over all, and throughout all; and we now are through him come to have dominion and power over the evil one, and to tread upon that which hath been too strong for us [Psa 18:17], the enemy of our peace, and the enemy of our unity with God and one with another. So in that, which is raised up in us, which trampleth upon the earthly, dark power, have we unity with God, and fellowship with his son [1 Jn 1:3], and unity one with another [1 Jn 1:7]; so are known to one another in that, which none, who are of the world, knoweth [1 Cor 2:8].

MFU 387 (1665): My dearly beloved brethren and sisters in the Lord Jesus Christ which are become sufferers for the Lord's truth and for the testimony of his name, which the princes of this world never knew in times nor ages past but forbade to speak and preach in that name upon pain of penalties and sufferings, and so they crucified the Lord of glory [1 Cor 2:8]. And so this generation now forbids to meet and worship in the name and power of our Lord Jesus Christ, to which name every knee must bow and confess to him [Phil 2:10f], though they now strive and contend against his word and work..., but they know not what they do [Luk 23:34], for persecution was always blind....

IP1:59 (1658): Thus they first give way to the fleshly wisdom, and suppress the truth in themselves, and then the would go forth and suppress it in others; and they think them mad, and their rage riseth against them where the truth is suffered to grow, and man's reason or fleshly wisdom denied. And thus is the "Lord of glory" evilly entreated, and slain [1 Cor 2:8] at this day by this generation of Christians.... and his blood will be required [Luk 11:50f]; for the earth shall not always drink it up and cover it [Job 16:18], nor the adulterous woman be always able to wipe her mouth, and say, she hath done no wickedness [Prov 30:20].

RBA 175f, RBAF 133 (1678, VII.3): ...the formal cause of justification is not the works...; but this inward birth, this Jesus brought forth in the heart..., whom the Father cannot but accept, and all those who thus are sprinkled with the blood of Jesus [1 Pet 1:2], and washed with it [Rev 1:5]. By this also comes that communication of the goods of Christ unto us, "by which we come to be made partakers of the divine nature" (2 Pet 1:4), and we are made one with him, as the branches with the vine [John 15:5], and have a title and right to what he hath done and suffered for us. So that his obedience becomes ours, his righteousness ours, his death and sufferings ours. And by this nearness we come to have a sense of his sufferings, and to suffer with his seed, that yet lies pressed and crucified in the hearts of the ungodly, and so travail with it, and for its redemption, and for the repentance of those souls, that in it are crucifying as yet the "Lord of Glory" [1 Cor 2:8].

WPR 584 (1694): as Jerusalem of old persecuted the manifestation of the Son of God in the flesh, and crucified and whipped and imprisoned his servants; so hast thou, O Land, crucified to thyself afresh the Lord of life and glory [Heb 6:6/1 Cor 2:8], and done despite to his spirit of grace [Heb 10:29]....


2:9 But as it is written, [G: +The things which; BT: +The] Eye hath not seen, nor ear [G: neither ear hath; BT: and the ear hath not] heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things [G: came into man's heart, are] which God hath prepared for them that love him.      qtext

[1 Cor 2:9, cf Isa 64:4]

2:10 But God hath revealed [T: opened] them unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God [T: bottom of God's secrets].      qtext


(1 Cor 2:9) IP3: 303; HPS 341 (EB) [cf Isa 64:4]

(1 Cor 2:9f) GF3: 235; GF5: 239; IP3: 88; IP4: 49; RBA 31, 43; RBAF 24, 33; EQ 316 (BC)

(1 Cor 2:10-15) WPR 268, 332

(1 Cor 2:10-14) GF2: 325f

(1 Cor 2:10-13) GF5: 180

(1 Cor 2:10) GF3: 13 (EB), 112, 135, 165, 177, 217, 257f, 290; GF5: 342; MFS 3, 32; JN1: 128, 296, 498; JN2: 59, 272f; JN3: 249, 395; IP3: 27, 90; RBA 26; RBAF 22; EQ 300; HPS 352 (EB); WPT 241, 255, 262, 264, 269, 321; SBD 18, 42; JSS 40; WTG 134 (EH); SIW 90

(1 Cor 2:10f) GF8: 283 [402]; GFT 84; JN3: 453; IP3: 484; IP4: 178, 356; WPR 618; WPT 148, 232, 297


(1 Cor 2:9)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 2:9: HPS 341f (Mat 22:4)]

(1 Cor 2:9f)

GF5:239 (1676): [quotes 1 Cor 2:9f] so the things of God are not known, but as they are revealed by his spirit; and if any thing be revealed to another that sits by, let the first hold his peace [1 Cor 14:30]; so the man of sin and the wicked one is not known, but as he is revealed [2 Th 2:3]; ... you do not know the grace of God, but by revelation, 1 Pet 1:13, nor do you not know the mystery which was kept secret since the world began, but by revelation, Rom 16:25, neither do you know the righteous judgments of God, but by revelation, Rom 2:5, and though the Jews had the scriptures, yet they knew not Christ the Word.

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 2:9f: GF3:235 (Mat 11:27), IP4:49 (Gen 7:11), RBA 43 (1 Cor 12:8- 10)]]

(1 Cor 2:10)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 2:10: GF3:217 (Isa 10:27), IP3:26f (John 3:12), WTG 134 (Rom 6:19)]

GF3:177 (1659): But now who are come to the Lamb, are come to that ye have ravened from, they witness immediate revelation. They are come to that the apostles were in, the spirit of Christ, the spirit of God; they witness immediate revelation. Who are come into the fear of God, the things of God are revealed unto them; who are come into the spirit of God, it reveals to them the deep things of God [1 Cor 2:10].

JN3:395 (1656): And thou denies that this light can show that Christ was born of a virgin, that the world was made of nothing, nor convince of the resurrection. To which I say, none of them was known at f irst but by the light, nor can they be known now as they ought to be (though blind guides [Mat 23:16,24] may talk of them) but by the light; for it is the Spirit that reveals all things, even the hidden things of God [1 Cor 2:10], and leads into all truth [John 16:13], else the knowledge is but a tradition.

SBD 42 (Samuel Bownas, 1750): ...it behooves everyone to consider how they are qualified for the work of the ministry, lest by undertaking what is above their capacities and present strength, they should cause laughter and lightness by delivering impertinent parables, comparisons, and allegories not opened to them nor given them by the Spirit of God; that Spirit which "searcheth all things, even the deep things of God [1 Cor 2:10]," and is the foundation of all the true ministry and ministers.

SIW 90 (Sarah Tuke Grubb, 1782): ... where ministers maintain their inward exercise, and keep near to their gifts, the spirit of true discernment, which searcheth all things [1 Cor 2:10], is not wanting to prove, from the line in which it leads them, the rectitude of their ministry to the living and wise in heart [Prov 10:8]; who judge not by the sight of the eye, or the hearing of the ear [Job 42:5], but by the unerring evidence of truth, which remains to be the savour [text: favour] of life unto life [2 Cor 2:16].

(1 Cor 2:10f)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 2:10f: GFT 84f (Mat 5:29), IP3:484 (Mar 10:15 | Luk 18:17)]


2:11 For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of [GT: +a] man which is in [T: within] him? even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God.      qtext

2:12 Now we have received, not [T: And we have not received] the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is [T: cometh] of God; that we might [T: for to] know the things that are freely [GBT omit] given to us of God.      qtext

2:13 Which things also we speak, not in the words which [T: cunning words of] man's wisdom teacheth [T omits], but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with [with the cunning words of the holy ghost, making spiritual comparisons of] spiritual [GBT: +things].      qtext


(1 Cor 2:11-14) GF5: 250; GF6: 394; EQ 335 (BC)

(1 Cor 2:11) GF3: 193; GF5: 245; GF6: 248, 250; GF7: 244 [230]; JN1:151; IP2: 5; IP3: 258, 263, 475; IP4: 269; RBA 91; EQ 176; WPR 333, 616; WPT 153, 234, 256, 262, 290; SBD 20

(1 Cor 2:11f) GF3: 358; GF6: 407; GF7: 9 [Tes]; RBA 31; RBAF 24; EQ 316 (BC)

(1 Cor 2:12) GF7: 44 [37], 86 [76], 158 [169], 254 [233], 300 [250]; GF8: 56 [306], 198 [369], 235 [388]; MFS 3; JN1: 240, 494, 518; JN2: 252, 590; IP1: 365; IP2: 128, 153, 282; IP3: 6, 152, 425, 432; IP4: 163; TEM 18; RBA 44, 109; RBAF 34, 81; WPR 275, 622; WPT 319; WTG 230 (EH); JSS 27; JWJM 83, 86, 96, 150, 183, 188, 264

(1 Cor 2:13) GF4: 151f; GF6: 250, 479; GF8: 138 [343]; JN1: 50; IP2: 108; RBA 288, 327, 328; RBAF 233


(1 Cor 2:11)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 2:11: GF5:245 (John 16:13-15), GF6:248f (Rom 8:14), IP3:257f (Rom 1:28), IP3:263 (1 Cor 3:18), WPR 333 (Mat 11:27), SBD 20 (Mat 7:7-11)]

GF6:250 (1684): And the things of God knows no man, but the spirit of God [1 Cor 2:11]; and the things of God are not to be spoken in the words which man's wisdom teaches; but in the words that the holy ghost teaches [1 Cor 2:13], &c. So this unction or anointing within [1 Jn 2:20,27], can try when men do speak the things of God [1 Jn 4:1], in the words that man's wisdom has taught them, and not in the words that the holy ghost teaches.

RBA 91 (1678, IV.3): [quotes 1 Cor 2:11] ...I hope these men will confess unto me, that the things of a man are not known by the animal spirit only, i.e. by that which he hath in common with the beasts, but by the rational; so it must be that rational that is here understood.... According to their judgment he should have said, "The things of God knoweth no man by his animal spirit, but by his rational spirit": for to say, the Spirit of God, here spoken of, is no other than the rational spirit of man, would border upon blasphemy, since they are so often contradistinguished. Again, going on, he saith they are not rationally, but spiritually discerned [1 Cor 2:14].

(1 Cor 2:12)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 2:12: GF7:86 (Jas 1:6), GF8:56 (Jas 1:27), GF8:235 ([1] Mat 10:22, [2] John 1:9), JN1:518 (John 5:39), IP2:128 (John 18:36), IP2:153 (Jas 4:1), IP2:282 (Rev 2:9), IP3:152 (1 Jn 2:16), IP3:432 (1 Jn 2:15), IP4:163 (Luk 1:68), TEM 18 (John 1:5), JWJM 86 (Isa 28:16), JWJM 183 (Rom 8:22), JWJM 264 (Heb 8:5)]

JN1: 240 (1654): Query 6. Whether the spirit of the world [1 Cor 2:12], by their carnal laws grounded upon human wisdom and reason, have any power from God to judge that Spirit [of Christ] where it is? And have they not in all ages, when they have attempted it, passed the censure of blasphemy upon it, and so it hath suffered, yea or no?

WTG 230 (Elizabeth Hudson, 1750): I commended ... her retirement from the world and spirit of it [1 Cor 2:12] which was at enmity with all true religion [Jas 4:4] and had a tendency to weaken our desires and growth in it....

JSS 27 (17–) : [quotes 1 Cor 2:12] There is a measure of the spirit, grace, light, and life of the son, freely given to all men to profit withal [1 Cor 12:7], but none savingly know it, but those who give up to its mtions in temselves, so as to receive it for their teacher; then they see clearly, it had been freely given them of God before, though it lay long hid and buried, and they knew it not.

(1 Cor 2:13)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 2:13: GF6: 250 (1 Cor 2:11), IP2:108 (Jas 3:17)]

JN1:50 (1653): The first man ... boasts of learning and tongues..., and with [them] he steps into the throne of Christ and judges of the pure invisible things of God [1 Cor 4:5], comparing spiritual things with carnal [1 Cor 2:13], and thinks none knows more than he: but knows nothing he ought to know [1 Cor 8:2]; yet with this knowledge and that power he hath got in the earth, he sits as judge and condemns the innocent, and lets the guilty go free [Isa 5:23]: for being spiritually blind he calls evil good and good evil [Isa 5:20]; and his seat is in the powers of the earth, and there he sits as lord from the beginning bearing rule by his means [Jer 5:31]. And here he exercises his authority and is heathen [Mat 20:25], and is prince in the air [Eph 2:2], and hath the powers of darkness committed to him; but blessed be the Father who hath hid the glorious things of the kingdom from him [Mat 11:25] and hath appointed that this princely wisdom of his shall come to naught [1 Cor 2:6].


2:14 But [T: For] the natural man receiveth [GBT: perceiveth] not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are [T: +but] foolishness unto him: neither can he know [T: perceive] them, because they are spiritually discerned [T: he is spiritually examined] .      qtext

2:15 But he that is spiritual judgeth [GB: discerneth; T: discusseth] all things, yet he himself is judged of no man.      qtext

2:16 For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct him [T: other who shall inform him]? But we have [T: understand] the mind of Christ.      qtext

[1 Cor 2:16, cf Isa 40:13 LXX]


(1 Cor 2:14) GF3: 84, 92, 394, 468, 519; GF4: 37, 42; GF5: 97, 130, 268, 342, 373; GF6: 354; GF8: 283, 284 [402]; GFEJ 451; GFT 228; MFU 198; JN1: 19, 42, 50, 55; 73 (RF), 87, 178, 221, 369, 501f, 518; JN2: 60; JN3: 18, 48, 99, 107, 235, 453; 731 (WT), 733 (GF); IP1: 346, 415; IP2: 34, 107, 209; IP3: 176; RBA 31, 89f, 91; RBAF 69, 70; HPS 175, 288, 327; WPR 193; SBD 19, 20, 25; JSS 26, 66 [IP2: 209 confl w Jer 10:14]

(1 Cor 2:14f) JN1: 71; 119 (GF); JN2: 272, 278; RBA 91

(1 Cor 2:15) GFJN 184; GF3: 40, 90, 98, 136, 543; JN1: 54, 126, 131, 174, 294f, 380, 498; JN2: 59; EQ 258 (FN); IP3: 90; IP4: 285; RBA 91; RBAF 70; WPR 275; WPT 232

(1 Cor 2:15f) JN2: 4

(1 Cor 2:16) GFJN 576; GF3: 80, 133, 570; GF4: 222, 335; GF5: 105, 180, 223, 227, 306; GF6: 312; GF7: 69 [54], 145 [153], 311 [260]; GF8: 65 [312], 143 [345]; GFT 39; JN1: 14 (GF); JN2: 311; JN3: 51; IP4: 350f; WPR 271f, 322, 578, 624; WPT 326; WTG 81, 101 (SM); JWJM 92 [cf Isa 40:13, Rom 11:34]


(1 Cor 2:14)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 2:14: IP3:176 (John 10:3-5), RBA 91 (1 Cor 2:11), SBD 18f (1 Jn 5:20); JSS 26 (1 Cor 1:23-25)]

GF5:268 (1677): So the natural man with his natural spirit, knows the things of the natural man, and knows not the things of God [1 Cor 2:14]; but his spirit being enlightened, which is the candle of the Lord [Prov 20:27], with this divine light, it gives him the knowledge of the divine and heavenly things, and of his kingdom, and the world that has no end [Eph 3:21/Luk 1:33].

JN3:731 (William Tomlinson, 1656): The natural man perceives not the things of God, neither can he know them [1 Cor 2:14]. How then should he that's such be able to judge of them? How can you that are judge such of the high things of God, and not count them blasphemy? How can you hear one speak of saviors and not count it blasphemy, though the Scripture hath spoke it [Obad 1:21 (text: Obad 11)]? How can you hear it that a feeble one shall be as David, and the house of David as God, as the angel of the Lord [Zech 12:8 (text: 11:8)]? How can you hear it, that we should be co-heirs with Christ Jesus [Rom 8:17], if you consider what a co-heir is?

IP2:107 (1660): The natural man, the reasoning man, the understanding man, the wise man according to the natural wisdom, cannot understand the things of God [1 Cor 2:14]. Here is no learning to pray aright, to believe aright, to hope aright, to mourn aright, to rejoice aright, &c., but this wisdom must be brought to nothing, 1 Cor 1:19, and a man must become a child to all knowledge, as let in this way; and he that so becomes a child is taught to pray, to believe, to wait, to hope, and all that is necessary to eternal life.

HPS 288 (Susannah Blandford, 1698): (Continued from under Heb 3:1): and those that willingly give up all they have to him, shall find in it more than they can believe, or the carnal mind can apprehend, for they knew what they said, that the carnal mind knows not the things of God, for they are spiritually discerned [1 Cor 2:14], and to be carnally minded is death, but to be spiritually minded is life and peace [Rom 8:6]....

(1 Cor 2:15)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 2:15: GF3:136 (Mat 5:13), JN1:380 (1 Cor 5:5)]

JN1:294f (1654): The saints were entered into the spiritual sabbath, Christ Jesus [Heb 4:1-11], but thine is without in observing of days in the type [Gal 4:10], and so denies Christ come in the flesh; and this is antichrist [1 Jn 4:3, 2 Jn 1:7]. And here thou art without in carnal rudiments, but the saints within in spiritual worship; and all who are spiritual judges thee who art carnal; but thou canst not judge the spiritual man [1 Cor 2:15], but art without in the world among the heathen & in thy imaginations, who has not that Spirit to guide thee which was in the apostles [Rom 8:9,14].

(1 Cor 2:16)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 2:16: GF4:335 (Mat 26:53), GF7:69 (Rom 10:2), JN2:311 (Rom 11:33), JN3:51 (Isa 3:22), IP4:350f (Gen 3:15), WPR 624 (1 Pet 4:10f)]

WPR 271f (1672): He that is so inward with a prince, as to know, viva voce , what his mind is, heeds not so much the same when he meets it in print (because in print) as because he has received a more living touch and sensible impression from the prince himself to whose secrets he is privy . And this the Scriptures teach us to believe is a right Christian's state and privilege; for said the Apostle, We have the mind of Christ [1 Cor 2:16]; and the secrets of God are with them that fear him [Psa 25:14]; and guide me by thy counsel, and bring me to glory [Psa 73:24].

WTG 101 (Susanna Morris, 1754): In some places a constraint came upon me to cry out against the too frequent taking of tobacco in all shapes and the too frequent use of strong liquors, and my dear fellow labourers, let me say of a truth I am fully of the mind that these things are a great obstruction to that glorious work that is to be wrought with fear and trembling [Phil 2:12], and I think that I have the mind of truth therein [1 Cor 2:16]....

This page last revised Sept 2008