A comprehensive Scripture index to early Quaker writings
6:1 What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound [ T: there may be abundance of grace] ? qtext
6:2 God forbid [GB: to 6:1] . How shall we, that are dead to [ T: as touching] sin, live any longer [G: yet] therein? qtext
6:3 Know [ T: Remember] ye not, that so many of us as were [GBT: all we which have been (T: are)] baptized into [ T: in the name of] Jesus Christ were [GB: have been; T: are] baptized into his death [T: to die with him] ? qtext
6:4 Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death [GB: into his death T: for to die] : that like [BT: likewise] as Christ was raised up from the dead [ T: death] by [G: to] the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life [ T: a new life] . qtext
(Rom 6) IP4:152f
(Rom 6:1) JN1: 191
(Rom 6:1f) RBA 222; EQ 329 (BC)
(Rom 6:2-7) RBA 215; RBAF 162; EQ 329 (BC)
(Rom 6:2) GF3: 95, 109, 110, 217, 255, 265, 444; JN1: 132, 168, 236, 487; IP1: 227; RBAF 8(155)
(Rom 6:2f) IP4: 375
(Rom 6:3-8) WPR 69
(Rom 6:3-6) GF5: 94; IP4: 152f; WPR 75
(Rom 6:3-5) GF6: 293; JN1: 398 (RF); IP2: 46
(Rom 6:3) GF8: 160 ; MFU 168; JN1: 20, 131, 221, 301; JN2: 221; JN3: 104; 534 (FH&EB); WTG 196, 244 (EH), 298? (AM); SIW 160 [cf Luke 12:50, Mat 20:22]
(Rom 6:3f) GF5: 380f; MFU 31; JN1: 298; JN3: 100; IP2: 42; IP3: 195; IP4: 152; RBA 354; RBAF 310; EQ 339 (BC)
(Rom 6:4) GF7: 56 , 231 ; JN1: 105; 218 (GF); IP2: 144; IP3: 295, 465, 528; IP4: 164, 243, 389f; RBA 344; RBAF 10(301); HPS 411 (EB); WDS 252; WPR 467; WPT 348, 363; JSS 18, 30, 44 [cf Col 2:12]
(Rom 6:4f) GF6: 297
RBA 222 (1678, VIII.9): And if hoping or believing to be made free from sin hinders praying for forgiveness of sin, it would follow by the same inference that men ought not to forsake murder, adultery, or any of these gross evils, seeing the more men are sinful the more plentiful occasion there would be of asking forgiveness of sin, and the more work for mortification. But the apostle hath sufficiently refuted such sin-pleasing cavils in these words (Rom 6:1-2): "Shall we continue in sin that grace may abound? God forbid."
GF3:217 (1659): And such as are made free from sin [Rom 6:18,22], and dead to it, and cannot live any longer therein [Rom 6:2], these have peace. And such have not peace where the body of sin is standing, and sin in the heart; there is the war.
JN1:132 (1653): And thou sayst "that by denying sin to be in them they overthrow repentance"; but here thou showest thy blindness. For he that forsakes his sin doth establish his repentance; but he that returns unto sin again, overthrows it. [Note: Rom 6:2, 7:18,22; 1 John 3:8-10.]
GF6:293 (1685): [quotes Rom 6:3-5] Mark, they were baptized into Jesus Christ, and his death. Then that must be by the holy ghost.... So they that come out of this death by baptism, walk in newness of life; and this baptism into Christ and his death, is not the baptism of John, with his outward elementary water.
[Other texts citing Rom 6:3: JN1:131 (Mat 3:11)]
MFU 31 (1653): And if thou did believe so as to be baptized into his death, and to be buried with him in baptism [Rom 6:3f], then would thou know, & wait for a great thing, brought forth in thy own particular, and not look for it abroad only, but at home also.
JN3:100 (1656): In the world there be many sorts and forms of baptisms, but in Christ there is but one [Eph 4:5], and that is that of the Spirit [1 Cor 12:13]; and this is the baptism of Christ, and all that are baptized with it are baptized into his death, and buried with him [Rom 6:3f] to the world, its ways and worships, loves and friendships, and to all that in them is which would bow or conform thereto; and through this death is the seed of God raised up out of the grave, quickened by the same Spirit which raised Jesus from the dead [Rom 8:11].
SIW 160 (Ann Crowley, 18–): We attended each monthly and particular meeting; in which weighty engagement, my mind was often reduced to a very low state, baptized into death and suffering [Rom 6:3]; but, with an honest endeavour to abide with the gift of grace, in patience and confidence, I was mercifully favoured, at times, to feel the arising of that Almighty power, which can alone enable the poor instruments to minister....
[Rom 6:4 often confl w Rom 7:6: "serve the Lord in newness of life"]
WDS 252 (1686): My dear Friends, as you have received the Truth in some measure, watch and pray [Mat 26:41], and believe in the name of Christ [1 Jn 3:23]; that his power you may feel the heavenly inspiration of his blessed Spirit, to lay judgment to the line and righteousness to the plummet [Isa 28:17], that all that is not obedient to the light of Christ, may be kept down, and buried in the heavenly baptism under the sentence of death [Rom 6:4]; as it was and is with all the children of God, who have received the sentence of death in ourselves, that we may have no confidence in ourselves [2 Cor 1:9], but trust alone in the living God.
IP3:295 (1674): Quest. What is obedience? Ans. The obedience which flows from the true understanding of God's will, and from the holy nature which he begets in the heart.... There is no birth can believe aright but one; nor is there any birth that can obey aright, but that birth which believes aright. The true believing is from the quickening virtue of God's Spirit (all other faith is but dead faith); and the true obedience is in the newness of the Spirit. Rom 6:4 and 7:6. Man may strive to understand and obey all his days; but he can do neither, but as he is quickened, taught, and enabled of the Lord. "Teach me, O Lord, the way of thy statues.": Psa 119:33.
HPS 411 (Elizabeth Bathurst, 1679): .... turn in hither, even unto the secret of your own soul, to that which there reproves you for your sins, witnessing for God against all unrighteousness of men [Rom 1:18], both in thought, word, and action, striving in their hearts to turn them from the evil of their ways, and from the vanity of their conversations, to walk in the newness of life [Rom 6:4], that so they may be redeemed and restored out of thier fallen state of degeneration, into the image of God again [Col 3:10], which hath been lost through transgression.
JSS 44 (17–): and he that will rise with him in the newness of the divine life, must first be buried with him in that baptism which is into real death unto all sin [Rom 6:4], even the baptism by which the floor of the heart is thoroughly cleansed [Mat 3:11f]
6:5 For if we have been [GBT: be] planted [BT: graft] together in the likeness of his death [G: with him to the similitude of his death; T: in death like unto him] , we shall be also in the likeness of his [G: to the similitude of his; B: partakers of the; T: in the] resurrection:
6:6 Knowing this [ T: This we must remember] , that our old man is crucified with him [BT: + also] , that the body of sin might [BT: +utterly] be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve [ T: be servants of] sin. qtext
6:7 For he that is dead is freed [BT: justified] from sin. qtext
(Rom 6:5) IP3: 462 [cf Phil 3:10]
(Rom 6:5f) GF5: 380f
(Rom 6:6) GFJN 166f; GF3: 233, 578; GF4: 366; GF5: 53, 220 252; GF6: 437, 444; GF7: 25 , 53 , 125 , 231, 232, 237 , 322 ; GF8: 76 , 121 ; JN2: 183, 217, 221, 447; JN3: 97, 100, 127, 761; IP3: 217, 517; IP4: 152; JWJM 175f; DQC*
(Rom 6:6f) GF6: 436f, 445; JN1: 179, 191; JN2: 192
(Rom 6:7) GF3: 110; JN1: 183; IP4: 153
GF often conflates Rom 6:6 and Rom 7:24: body of sin and death
[Other texts citing Rom 6:6: GF3:578 (Jas 3:10-12), GF5:53 (Jas 2:19f), GF5:220 (Rom 5:10) GF5:252 (Heb 9:27), GF6:437 (Gen 1:31), GF6:444 (Jas 2:17-20), GF7:125 (Rom 8:10), GF8:76 (Rev 20:6), JWJM 175 (Gen 25:25), DQC* (Mat 6:24)]
JN3:127 (1656): When the hearts of the children of light [John 12:36] are established with grace [Heb 13:9], yet these [reprobates] will be disputing about the body of Christ [cf Jude 1:9]; but the body of sin [Rom 6:6] rules in them, whereby they are darkened and become heart-blind [Eph 4:18], past feeling the measure of God, whose hearts are overcharged with surfeiting and cares of the world [Luk 21:34], and their minds corrupted with earthly things [2 Cor 11:3/Phil 3:19].
JN2:192 (1655): Qu. 10. Can that man that hath one spark of grace believe that he hath no sin, &c. Ans. I say by grace we are saved [Eph 2:5], which we have received of God, which teacheth us to speak the truth, by which truth we are set free [John 8:32], so far as we know him, and so far we declare our freedom according to our measures, and he that sees himself set free from all sin [Rom 6:7] by that power, and brought wholly unto Christ, where there is no sin, self-shame, the body of sin put off [Rom 6:6], and nothing living in him but the life of Christ [margin: 2 Cor 4:10, Gal 2:20]; if he declare this to his praise, he is no liar....
IP4:152f (1671): Query 3. Is he that is crucified with Christ [Gal 2:20], and dead to sin, freed from sin [Rom 6:7]? Doth the truth of Christ, the live of Christ, the Spirit of Christ, the power of Christ, make those that receive and obey it free indeed [John 8:36]; so that sin cannot have dominion over them [Rom 6:14], to make them do what they hate [Rom 7:15], or to hinder them from doing what God requires? Did not Christ himself die to sin once, but now livers to God? And are not believers after this manner to reckon themselves dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God, through Jesus Christ our Lord [Rom 6:10f]?
6:8 Now [GT: Wherefore; B: And] if we be dead with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with him: qtext
6:9 Knowing [ T: Remembering] that Christ being [ T: once] raised from the dead dieth no more; death hath no more dominion [BT: power] over him. qtext
6:10 For in [BT: as touching] that he died, he died unto [BT: concerning] sin once: but in [BT: and as touching] that he liveth, he liveth unto God. qtext
6:11 Likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be [GT: think (T: imagine) ye also, that ye are] dead indeed unto [GB: to; T: concerning] sin, but alive unto God through [G: in] Jesus Christ our Lord. qtext
(Rom 6:8-11) GF5: 95
(Rom 6:8) GF8: 76 
(Rom 6:9) GF6: 377; GFT 59; IPL 58; IP3: 254, 323
(Rom 6:10) GF8: 76 ; JN2: 598; JSS 35, 43
(Rom 6:10f) JN1: 37 (JL), 191; IP4: 153; JSS 30
(Rom 6:11-13) RBA 215; RBAF 162; EQ 329 (BC)
(Rom 6:11) JN2: 221; IP1: 71; IP3: 516, 535
[Other texts citing Rom 6: GF8:76 (Rev 20:6)]
[Other texts citing Rom 6:9: GFT 59 (Mat 13:55)]
IP3:323 (1674): And as thou comest hither, thou wilt find that which death hath no power over [Rom 6:9BT]; and, as thou abidest here, thou shalt find it to have no power over thee. For, of a truth, in the holy covenant of life and peace [Mal 2:5], death never had nor can have power; but he who abideth in him who is the covenant, who is the Shepherd, who is the love, who is the wisdom and power of God [1 Cor 1:24], witnesseth there a sure defence and strong tower [Psa 61:3], where salvation is for a wall and bulwark against the enemy [Isa 26:1].
[Other texts citing Rom 6:10f: IP4:152f (Rom 6:7)]
IP3:71 (1658): It is thou that with this [carnal] wisdom searching into the Scriptures, and gathering the oldness of the letter [Rom 7:6] into the old understanding, makest the Scriptures void and useless to thy soul, and canst not meet with that life and power which they speak of; but art still alive in thy sins, and dead unto God [Rom 6:11]; and then thou criest out against that which comes to discover this to thee, and to bring thee out of the dead knowledge into the life of the Scriptures; thou criest out against this, as if this made the Scriptures useless.
6:12 Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body [ T: bodies] , that ye should obey it in the lusts thereof. qtext
6:13 Neither yield [GBT: give (2x)] ye your members as instruments [G: weapons (2x)] of unrighteousness unto sin: but yield yourselves unto God, as those that are alive from the dead [ T: death] , and your members as instruments of righteousness unto God. qtext
6:14 For sin shall not [ T: Let not sin] have dominion [BT: power] over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace. qtext
(Rom 6:12-14) IP4: 168
(Rom 6:12) GF3: 206; HPS 466
(Rom 6:12f) IP4: 153
(Rom 6:13) GF4: 226; GF6: 167; MFU 168; IP4: 110
(Rom 6:14-16) IP3: 230
(Rom 6:14) GF6: 52, 247; JN3: 31, 121, 233; IPL 58; IP2: 471; IP3: 124, 184, 254, 331, 500, 516; IP4: 150, 153, 251; RBA 67, 215; RBAF 8(155), 51, 162; EQ 328 (BC); HPS 376 (EB)
[Other texts citing Rom 6:12: HPS 466 (Mat 11:29)]
GF6:167 (1684): [quotes Rom 6:13] So it is clear, that they that yield their members as instruments of unrighteousness unto sin, are not alive unto God; and the two witnesses that had power to smite the earth as often as they would [Rev 11:3,6], do you think that they did it with carnal weapons [2 Cor 10:4]? [quotes Rev 12:7-9]
GF6:52 (1679): And the law commanded the priests' tithes [Heb 7:5] and offerings, and the store- house [Mal 3:10]: and these outward things with many others, were elements of the world, which kept them in bondage [Gal 4:3], in the old covenant and old testament, before Christ was revealed. And where faith is revealed by Jesus Christ, who is the author and finisher of it [Heb 12:2], he is the end of that law to every one that believeth [Rom 10:4]; which law commanded these outward worldly elements; and "such are not under the law, but under grace [Rom 6:14]."
IP3:500 (1673): There are some ... who have seen an end of all perfection [Psa 119:96], in the legal comprehendings and creaturely strivings after life, righteousness, and holiness, and are come to the commandment which is exceeding broad [Psa 119:96], and wherein is life everlasting. Now these experience somewhat of the gospel dispensation, and know the difference between being under the law and under grace [Rom 6:14]; and can tell what the Kingdom is which Christ preached and made men seek [Mat 6:33], and what the gospel is which the poor in spirit [Mat 5:3] receive; and what the healing is which drops from under the wing of the Saviour and Redeemer [Mal 4:2].
RBA 67, RBAF 51 (1678, III.2): The Law or letter, which is without us, kills; but the Gospel, which is the inward spiritual law, gives life [2 Cor 3:6]; for it consists not so much in words as in virtue. Wherefore such as come to know it, and be acquainted with it, come to feel greater power over their iniquities than all outward laws or rules can give them. Hence the apostle concludes (Rom 6:14), "Sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the Law, but under grace." This grace then that is inward, and not an outward law, is to be the rule of Christians. [continued under Rom 8:2]
6:15 What then? shall we sin, because we are not under the law, but under grace? God forbid.
6:16 Know [ T: Remember] ye not, that to whom [GBT: whomsoever] ye yield [G: give; BT: commit] yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness? qtext
6:17 But God be thanked, that ye were the servants of sin, but ye have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered you [GT: whereunto ye were delivered; B: into the which ye were brought unto] . qtext
6:18 Being then made free from sin, ye became [G: are made; BT: are become] the servants of righteousness. qtext
6:19 I speak after the manner of men [T: will speak grossly] because of the infirmity of your flesh: for as ye have yielded [GBT: given] your members servants to uncleanness and to iniquity unto [G: to commit; T: from iniquity unto] iniquity; even so now yield [GBT: give] your members servants to righteousness unto holiness [G: in holiness; T: that ye may be sanctified] . qtext
(Rom 6:15) HPS 359 (EB)
(Rom 6:16-23) EQ 329 (BC)
(Rom 6:16-18) JN3: 212; IP4: 153; RBA 215; RBAF 162
(Rom 6:16) GFJN 54; GF3: 535; GF5: 95; MFU 204; JN3: 58, 247; RBA 209; RBAF 157; WPR 159; WPT 319; WTG 134 (EH)
(Rom 6:17) GF8: 17 ; JN1: 166, 234; JN2: 223; WPT 70 [cf 2 Tim 4:3]
(Rom 6:17f) IP4: 374
(Rom 6:19) GF3: 535; GF5: 213; JN3: 74; WTG 134 (EH)
[Other texts citing Rom 6:16: WTG 134 (Rom 6:19)]
JN3:58 (1656): So with the light you may see what works in you [John 3:21], and to what you yield yourselves servants to (Rom 6:16). That you bring forth while you live, that will go with you; so if you own no works in you but what God works; you shall have no righteousness but what is perfect, even the least measure of it.
GF8:17 (1669): So they that be gone out of the covenant of God and life, and out of the power of God, are gone into a confused condition without form [Gen 1:2], a state which is out of the bond of civil men and women. And so such are confused without the right form; for the form that God hath made, viz. the form of the earth, the form of the creatures, the form of men and women, the form of sound words [2 Tim 1:13], the form of godliness [2 Tim 3:5], nor the form of sound doctrine [Rom 6:17], was never denied by the men and women of God. But such as got the form only, and denied the power of godliness, those were denied, for they deny the power [2 Tim 3:5]; and do not only so, but quench the spirit [1 Th 5:19]....
[Other texts citing Rom 6:19: GF5:213 (John 8:34)]
WTG 133f (Elizabeth Hudson, 1745): .... desires are begot after the possession of that which most strikes our fancy as an amiable object ... our affections by degrees are entirely centered therein ... and we ourselves according to the doctrine of Christ become servants to our lusts [Rom 6:19], for his servants we are unto whom we yield our members, servants to obey [Rom 6:16], and by means an indifference towards the things of God [1 Cor 2:10] is fallen into if not an entire forsaking of him, the fountain of living water [Jer 2:13], which if we come but to drink deep draughts of, our thirst after the things of this life will be assuaged.
6:20 For when ye were the servants of sin, ye were free from [G: freed from; T: not under] righteousness. qtext
6:21 What fruit had ye then in those things whereof ye are now ashamed? for the end of those things is death.
6:22 But now being made free [G: being freed; T: are ye delivered] from sin, and become [GBT: made] servants to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness [ T: that ye should be sanctified] , and the end everlasting life. qtext
6:23 For the wages [BT: reward] of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord. qtext
(Rom 6:20) GF5: 95; MFS 93, 95; MFU 160; JN3: 117, 307f
(Rom 6:20f) JN1: 57
(Rom 6:21) JN1: 131, 236
(Rom 6:22) GF2: 335; GF4: 45, 273; GF6: 436; GF7: 173 , 194 , 235 , 280 ; GF8: 167 , 190 , 233 , 244 ; JN1: 191; 216 (GF), 236; RBA 215; RBAF 162; EQ 436 [see also Rom 6:18; cf Rom 8:2]
(Rom 6:22f) GF2: 330; GF5: 95, 213; JN1: 168; IP4: 153; HPS 376 (EB)
(Rom 6:23) GF8: 13 , 31 ; JN1:173; IP3: 85; EQ 200; RBA 94, 228; WPR 310, 508; WPT 38, 99
JF3:117f (1656): Like a man that hath a conceit of eating, but still hungry; so you conceit freedom, but still serve sin; and while servants of soin you are free from righteousness [Rom 6:20]; as he that is a servant of righteousness is free from sin [Rom 6:18]; for it is an easy thing to conceit righteousness and redemption, but he that doth righteounsness is righteous, even as He is righteous [1 Jn 3:7]: but this is not seen while the seed of God is in bondage [John 8:33f].
["made free from sin": See Rom 6:18)]
[Other texts citing Rom 6:22f: GF5:213 (John 8:34)]
[Other texts citing Rom 6:23: WPR 310 (John 8:12)]
GF8:12f (1669): But do you never give over seeking, for the light shines over all, which believe in, and walk in the path of the just, which is as a shining light [Prov 4:18]; for it hath been the work of all the false teachers and ministers to drive away from God, and his truth, and light, and those have been the devil's servants, and the wages he gives them is death [Rom 6:23]. This hath been the way of all true ministers, "to seek that which was lost, and that which was driven away [Ezek 34:16];" as you may see Christ and the apostles, and all the true prophets did, and to bring them to feed in the pastures of life, and gently to lead them, whose wages is life; and he gives them their heavenly penny [Mat 20:9] of life eternal.
IP3:84f (1668): ...he saith, "Death being the first-born of the law, it went forth as a conqueror of all life, both in God and man." Observ. The law is holy, just and good [Rom 7:12], and bringeth forth only that which is holy. Sin is not of the law, but against the law, and the wages of sin is death [Rom 6:23]. Yet neither sin nor death could ever conquer the life of God, but the unconquerable life and power have ever reigned over them. God's kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and his dominion endureth throughout all ages [Psa 145:13], which sin, nor death, nor hell could ever conquer.
RBA 94f (1678, IV.4): ...they object, that "the wages of sin is death [Rom 6:23]"; and that seeing children are subject to diseases and death, therefore they must be guilty of sin. Answ. I answer, That these things are a consequence of the fall and of Adam's sin is confessed; but that that infers necessarily a guilt in all others that are subject to them is denied. For though the whole outward creation suffered a decay by Adam's fall, which groans [Rom 8:22] under vanity; according to which it is said in Job that "the heavens are not clean in the sight of God [Job 15:15]"; yet will it not from thence follow that the herbs, earth, and trees are sinners.
7:1 Know [ T: Remember] ye not, brethren, (for I speak to them that know the law,) how that the law hath dominion [BT: power] over a man as long as he liveth [ T: it endureth] ?
7:2 For the woman which hath an husband [GBT: is in subjection to a man] is bound by the law to her husband [GBT: the man (3x) ] so long as [G: while] he liveth; but if the husband be dead, she is loosed [G: delivered] from the law of her husband.
7:3 So then if, while her husband [GBT: the man (2x)] liveth, she be married to [G: taketh; BT: couple herself with] another man, she shall be called an [BT: counted a] adulteress [BT: wedlock breaker (2x)] : but if her husband be dead, she is free from that law; so that she is no adulteress, though she be married to [G: take; BT: couple herself with] another man.
7:4 Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to [BT: dead concerning] the law by the body of Christ; that ye should be married [BT: coupled to] to another, even to him who is raised from the dead [ T: risen again from death] , that we should bring forth fruit unto God. qtext
7:5 For when we were in the flesh, the motions of sins [G: affections of sins; BT: lusts of sin] , which were [ T: + stirred up] by the law, did work [G: had force; B: wrought; T: reigned] in our members to bring forth fruit unto death. qtext
7:6 But now we are delivered from the law, that being dead wherein we were held [G: in whom we were holden; BT: unto it (T: from that) whereunto we were in bondage] ; that we should serve in newness [ T: a new conversation] of spirit, and not in the oldness [ T: old conversation] of the letter. qtext
(Rom 7) IP2: 61; IP4: 153-6
(Rom 7:1) IP4: 153
(Rom 7:4) GF7: 152 ; GF8: 301 ; IP2: 41; IP4: 153 [cf 1 Cor 6:17]
(Rom 7:5) GF7: 79 ; IP1: 408
(Rom 7:5f) IP4: 154
(Rom 7:6) GF4: 45, 47; GF5: 251, 331; GF6: 54; GF7: 88 , 243, 244 , 282 , 311 , 321 ; GF8: 64 , 91 , 125 , 128 , 130 ; MFS 31; JN1: 105, 107, 113, 127; 216 (GF), 518; JN2: 81f, 83, 245, 252; JN3: 83, 247; IP1: 61, 71, 242, 243, 360; IP2: 64, 128, 356, 447; IP3: 197,295, 311, 361; IP4: 66, 70, 162, 214, 223, 243, 379; EQ 179; SBD 65 [cf Rom 6:4]
GF7: 152 (1658): Neither be cumbered nor surfeited with the riches of this world [Rom 11:12], nor bound, nor straitened with them, nor married to them; but be free and loose from them, and be married to the Lord [Rom 7:4].
IP2:41 (1660): Paul (in that seventh of the Romans) speaks of three states which he had known. First, A state of life before the law: "I was alive without the law once." Secondly, a state of death after the commandment came: then sins revived, and he died [Rom 7:9; more under Rom 7:23f].... Thirdly, A state of life, after the commandment had done its work in thoroughly slaying of him; when that was removed which the law came against, then he was married to another husband, then he could bring forth fruit unto God [Rom 7:4]; then he could walk freely with God, not after the flesh, but after the Spirit [Rom 8:1], and rejoice in the life and the peace, instead of roaring out because of the death, which came from the carnal mind [Rom 8:6].
[Rom 7:6 often confl w Rom 6:4: "serve the Lord in newness of life"]
IP1:242 (1659): The true knowledge is only poured into the new vessel.... Every building which the leprosy of sin hath overspread, is to be pulled down; therefore he that hath only the old house swept and garnished [Mat 12:44], never received the true knowledge, from whence the true faith springs, but his life lies in the oldness of the letter [Rom 7:6], in the conformity of the dead part to that, and he knows not the virtue of the knowledge of God in the newness of the Spirit (The veil being over his heart [2 Cor 3:15]) which is only given to the new understanding.
EQ 179 (Francis Howgill, 1656): How long have you talked of the Spirit, and worshipped in spirit [John 4:23f]? And yet indeed deny its leading and teaching, and live in the oldness of the letter [Rom 7:6], and crying up and setting up things that are carnal, visible and elementary, and washing is not known from sin, nor cleansing; and so you may see what operation your spirit you have talked on has, when you are still what you were.
SBD 65 (1750): ...for want of keeping humble and inward in spirit with the Lord, they have insensibly gone from the foundation and spring of living ministry, and depended on memory, former experience, and openings, and not on the inspiration of the Spirit, which is the root of all true ministry, and what proceeds from it is always new and acceptable. I say, such have fallen into repetitions of the same things, without a newness of virtue attending them therein, and so have become formal ministers in the oldness of the letter [Rom 7:6].
7:7 What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay [G: Nevertheless] , I had not known sin [GB: knew not sin; T: had not known what sin meant] , but by the law: for I had not known lust [ T: what lust had meant] , except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet [GBT: lust] . qtext
[Rom 7:7 cf Exo 20:17, Deu 5:21]
7:8 But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, wrought in me all manner of concupiscence. For without the law sin was dead.
7:9 For I was alive without the law once [BT:once lived without law] : but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died [G: but I died; BT: and I was dead (GT to 7:10)] . qtext
7:10 And the [G: + same; BT: + very same] commandment, which was ordained to life, I [GBT: was] found to be unto [G: unto me unto; BT: unto me an occasion of] death. qtext
7:11 For sin, taking occasion by the commandment, deceived me, and by it [G: thereby; B: by the same; T: by the self commandment] slew me. qtext
(Rom 7:7-14) IP4: 154f
(Rom 7:7) GFJN 22; IP2: 28. 40 [cf Exo 20:17, Deu 5:21]
(Rom 7:9) GF5: 95; MFS 93; JN3: 55; IP1: 78; IP2: 41; IP4: 233
(Rom 7:10) IP1: 132
(Rom 7:10f) IP2: 42
(Rom 7:11) IP2: 41; IP4: 154f
GFJN 22 (): There was a meeting of priests and professors at a justice's house, and I went among them. Here they discoursed how Paul said, "he had not known sin but by the law, which said, thou shalt not lust [Rom 7:7]:" and they held that to be spoken of the outward law. But I told them, Paul spoke that after he was convinced; for he had the outward law before, and was bred up in it, when he was in the lust of persecution; but this was the law of God in his mind which he served [Rom 7:25], which the law in his members warred against [Rom 7:23]: for that which he thought had been life to him, proved death.
GF5:95 (1675): Now it is an easy matter to make an outward profession of Christ's death, but it is another matter to come to die with Christ, and suffer with him; which they must do, if they will come to live, and be glorified with him. Again, Rom 7:9: "I was once alive without the law" (yet he had been a strict professor of the law; so are not you strict professors alive without the gospel?) "But when the commandment came, sin revived and I died," saith the apostle. Can ye professors say so, as many of us can, who were alive in a profession without the possession, where we see many of you yet remaining?
MFS 93 (to the Ranters, 1656): You, who are in your carnal apprehensionsof God, are in the world without God. You are alive without the law [Rom 7:9], [have] not come to know the law yet, and are dead in sins and trespasses [Eph 2:1]. You, that live in pleasure, are dead while you live [1 Tim 5:6]. You live unto sin and so are free from righteousness [Rom 6:20]. The law which is holy, just, and good [Rom 7:12], shall cut you to pieces. You are not yet come to know the law, nor what is lawful, which every one passes through before they come to know the liberty of the sons of God [Rom 8:21—which law cuts down all your carnal apprehensions of God.
IP1:132 (1659): they think to be saved by believing a relation concerning Christ, as he appeared in a fleshly body, and suffered death at Jerusalem. Whereas Christ is the same yesterday, to-day, and for ever [Heb 13:8]; and the saving knowledge reveals him, not only as he was then, but as he was the day before, and will be for ever. And this knowledge is also revealed in the Scripture; but they are so drowned in the letter, wherewith the carnal part is so filled, that the spiritual eye cannot open in them to see: so that which was ordained for life, becomes death to them [2 Cor 3:6, Rom 7:10], and they perish; ... for their eyes are withheld, by a wisdom which they have grown up in from the letter, from the beholding the mystery of life in the spirit, which alone can work out and save from the mystery of death.
[Other texts citing Rom 7:11: IP2:41 (Rom 7:23f)]
7:12 Wherefore the law is holy, and the commandment holy, and just, and good. qtext
7:13 Was then that which is good made death unto me? God forbid. But sin, that it might appear sin, working death in me by that which is good [G: that sin might appear, by that which was good to work death in me; T: was death unto me that it might appear how that sin by the means of that which is good had wrought death in me] ; that sin by the commandment might become exceeding [GBT: be out of measure] sinful. qtext
7:14 For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under sin. qtext
(Rom 7:12-14) IP4: 182; RBA 89, 90, 161
(Rom 7:12) GF3: 52, 68; GF4: 363, 366; GF8: 92 , 137 ; MFS 93; JN2: 41; JN3: 124; IP2: 53f; IP3: 81, 85
(Rom 7:13) IP4: 155; WPR 140
(Rom 7:14-25) JN3: 462; IP3: 261
(Rom 7:14) GF3: 52; GF6: 98, 471; J JN1: 505; JN2: 227, 241; JN3: 122, 407; IP1: 74, 112; IP2: 54; IP3: 229; RBA 220; RBAF 31
[Other texts citing Rom 7:12-14: RBA 90 (Mat 7:16)]
IP4: 182 (1667): by the old corrupt nature or mind, can no man do the things contained in the law [cf Rom 2:14]; for it is enmity against God, and is not subject to his holy law, neither indeed can be. But the law is spiritual [Rom 7:14], holy, just and good [Rom 7:12], converting the soul, and making wise the simple [Psa 19:7]; which work it effecteth, wherever it is written in the heart [Jer 31:33, Rom 2:15] by the finger of God's Spirit [cf Exo 31:18].
GF8:92 (1676): And the Lord having given his law to the children of Israel, which was holy, just and good [Rom 7:12], the Lord said, "I have poured out my spirit upon the house of Israel [Ezek 39:29]": so that by this spirit, they might understand his law, which was spiritual.
[Other texts citing Rom 7:13: WPR 140 (Mat 12:26)]
IP4:155 (1671): Query 10. Doth then the holy law of God, which God ordains and sends unto life, minister death to the soul? Or doth sin, being provoked and stirred up to put forth its strength to save its life, and retain its dominion in the heart, take occasion by the commandment to work death, and show the exceeding evil and sinfulness of its nature [Rom 7:13]?
[Other texts citing Rom 7:14: RBA 220 (Rom 1:1)]
JN2:227 (1655): ... the law is pure and must be fulfilled every jot and tittle [Mat 5:18], and when you see none of themselves can fulfil it in its righteousness and purity, then is way made for Christ; and so is the schoolmaster to lead to him where righteousness is placed [Gal 3:24], and power to fulfil it, who is the end of righteousness to every one that believes [Rom 10:4]. And as your minds are kept to this law that God hath written to show sin and evil, you will come to see the power that sin hath got over you, and that you are wholly polluted and sold under it [Rom 7:14]; then will you see the great transgression, and the fear of God will appear in you, and so your hearts will grow tender in his fear, which is but the beginnings of the knowledge of God and his wisdom [Prov 1:7, Psa 111:10, Prov 9:10].
IP1:74 (1658): "We know" saith the apostle, "that the law is spiritual; but I am carnal." Rom 7:14. The law is the lowest part of the light; and yet that is spiritual; and of Christ's nature, and not of Adam's nature; "we know it," saith the apostle. Such as know the nature of that which manifests sin, know it to be spiritual. It is the fallen man from the light, the man in the darkness, that calls the light darkness [Isa 5:20]: but that which discovers the darkness, and reproves the darkness, and wars against the darkness, it is not darkness, but the light of life.
7:15 For that which I do I allow not [G: For I allow not that which I do; T: because I wot not what I do] : for what I would, that do I not; but what I hate, that do I. qtext
7:16 If then I do that which I would not, I consent unto [ T: grant to] the law that it is good.
7:17 Now then it is no more [BT: not] I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me.
7:18 For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh,) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me; but how to perform that which is good I find not [GBT: I find no means to perform that which is good] . qtext
7:19 For the good that I would I do not [GT: I do not the good thing which I would] : but the evil which I would not, that I do [T: do I which I would not] . qtext
7:20 Now [B: And; T: Finally] if I do that I would not, it is no more [BT: then it is not] I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me [T: +doeth it] . qtext
(Rom 7:15-24) IP3: 229f; EQ 200
(Rom 7:15) JN1: 505; IP3: 316; IP4: 153
(Rom 7:18) JN1: 132; JSS 51
(Rom 7:18f) IP3: 229
(Rom 7:19-21) IP4: 155
(Rom 7:19) IP3: 177; IP4: 368
(Rom 7:20) IP2: 338
EQ 200 (Stephen Crisp, 1694) [of his teenage years] For I did see my misery, but I saw no way to escape. Then I thought I had best not keep my misery so close, but disclose it to some that maybe might help me; but well might I say miserable comforters [Job 16:2] I found them all to be; for then they would bid me apply the promises by faith, and suck comfort out of the scriptures; and tell me of the apostles state in [Rom 7:15-24], and tell me it was so with him, and yet he was a servant of Jesus Christ. And such-like deceitful daubings [Ezek 22:28] as they had daubed themselves with, in like manner dealt they with me; not considering how the apostle called that "a wretched and undelivered state [Rom 7:24]," as I might well do mine....
[Other texts citing Rom 7:15: IP4:152f (Rom 6:7)]
[Other texts citing Rom 7:18: JN1:132 (Rom 6:2)]
JSS 51 (17–): As we can do no good thing merely of ourselves [Rom 7:18], so he, if like us in all things but sin [Heb 2:17], can do no good thing of himself [John 5:19], merely, and independently.
IP3:177 (1668): Who is there, who, by the light of the Spirit of God in his conscience, knoweth not some evil which he ought to leave undone, and some good which he ought to do [Rom 7:19]? Now this is the way of God, and the work which man should be exercised in, to feel his mind gathered into that which teacheth this, that he might receive power from the Lord to cease to do the evil [Isa 1:16] which he is thus warned by him of, and to do the good [Isa 1:17] which is thus required of him.
IP2: 338 (1663): Quest. 7. What if there be a committing of sin after one is turned from it? Ans. The repentance is not there perfected; the enemy is not there wholly cast out, nor his strength quite broken; the law is not there fulfilled, the covenant of grace is not there fully witnessed; but the soul still in a degree of captivity under the power of the enemy: yet if the bent of the heart be gainst the sin committed, God chargeth it upon the enemy and not upon the soul. "Now if I do that I would not, it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me." Rom 7:20.
7:21 I find then a law [G: omits; BT: by the law] that, when I would do good, [G: +I am thus yoked, that] evil is present with me.
7:22 For I delight in the law of God after the inward [GT: concerning the inner] man: qtext
7:23 But I see another law in my members, warring [GBT: rebelling] against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to [G: leading me captive unto; BT: subduing me unto] the law of sin which is in my members. qtext
7:24 O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the body of this death [T: this body of death] ? qtext
7:25 I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord. So then with the mind I myself [GT: I myself in my mind] serve the law of God; but with the [GT: in my] flesh the law of sin. qtext
(Rom 7:21-24) DGA 22
(Rom 7:22) JN1: 132; WPR 71
(Rom 7:23) GFJN 22; GF7: 348 ? JN1: 505, 510; JN2: 401 (TB), 464; IP3: 316; IP4: 368;
(Rom 7:23f) GFJN 60; JN1: 305; IP1: 322; IP2: 41; IP3: 218, 229f; IP4: 155f, 188
(Rom 7:24) GFJN 166, 688; GF4: 408; GF5: 53, 252; GF6: 437, 442, 444, 445, 450; GF7: 232 , 322 ; GF8: 76 , 121 , 154 , 161 , 180 , 275 , 298, 299 ; IP1: 50, 128; IP2: 52; IP3: 12; EQ 200; HPS 134; WPT 226; SBD 69 [cf Rom 6:6, Col 2:11; may be confl]
(Rom 7:24f) IP2: 248f; RBA 220
(Rom 7:25) GFJN 22; GF3: 50
[Other texts citing Rom 7:22: JN1:132 (Rom 6:2)]
[Other texts citing Rom 7:23: GFJN 22 (Rom 7:7)]
[Other texts citing Rom 7:23f]
IP2:41 (1660): Paul (in that seventh of the Romans) speaks of three states which he had known. First, A state of life before the law: "I was alive without the law once [Rom 7:9]." Secondly, a state of death after the commandment came: then sins revived, and he died. [Rom 7:9] When the word of life [1 Jn 1:1] came with its living commandment to set upon sin indeed, then sin would dally no longer; it would no longer lie as dead, and let Paul live in his zeal and worship as he had done before; but it slew him [Rom 7:11], it showed its power in him, sometimes deceiving him, and sometimes forcing him from that which was holy, spiritual, just, and good [Rom 7:12], and to that which was unholy; insomuch as he did do what he hated, and could not do what he loved; and found himself a wretched man, and in miserable captivity, because of the body of death and the law of sin in his members. [Rom 7:23f] Thirdly [see under Rom 7:4]
GF often conflates Rom 6:6 and Rom 7:24: body of sin and death
[Other texts citing Rom 7:24: GF5:53 (Jas 2:19f), GF5:252 (Heb 9:27), GF6:437 (Gen 1:31), GF6:444 (Jas 2:17-20), GF6:445 (Heb 2:14), GF8:76 (Rev 20:6), EQ 200 (rom 7:15-24), HPS 134 (Mat 12:36), SBD 69 (Gen 4:13)]
IP1:50 (1658): And what do they minister to you, but food for the understanding; food for the serpentine wisdom, which always fed upon knowledge, but never the true bread. And hereby another thing is fed in you, and not your souls; but they are kept in leanness [Psa 106:15?] and barrenness, under death and the bondage of corruption [Rom 8:21] (which Paul cried out upon as a wretched state, and could find no ease, rest, or freedom from condemnation there [Rom 7:24]), and without the true life and redemption.
IP2:248f (1661): [Quest. What is the benefit of these exercises upon the soul?.... Context: Beatitudes] Fifthly, They bring into a pure frame [Mat 5:8], into a cleanness of inside. "Cleanse first the inside of the cup and platter [Mat 23:26]," said Christ to the Pharisees; and he doth so in his disciples. "With the mind I serve the law of God [Rom 7:25]," said Paul, when he cried out, "Oh! Wretched man that I am, who shall deliver [Rom 7:24]?" It is not conceivable what purity of heart is formed by God in his Israel, by the fire which he kindleth in his Zion, and by the furnace which he setteth up in his Jerusalem [Isa 31:9]; for though in the furnace the dross still appears [Ezek 22:18-22], ... yet the melting and purifying sweetness go on, and the soul (which abideth the heat) is effectually cleansed thereby, as is very manifest afterwards, when righteousness springs up, and the quiet fruit thereof....
[Other texts citing Rom 7:25: GFJN 22 (Rom 7:7)]
This page added Oct 2007