3:1 Likewise, ye wives, be in subjection [G: subject] to your own husbands; that, if any [GBT: even they which] obey [T: believe] not the word, they also may without the word be won by the conversation of the wives;     qtext

3:2 While they behold your chaste [GT: pure] conversation coupled with fear.     qtext

3:3 Whose adorning [G: apparelling; BT: apparel] let it not be that outward adorning of plaiting the hair [GBT: with braided hair], and of wearing of gold [G: gold put about; BT: hanging on of gold], or of putting on of [BT: +gorgeous] apparel;     qtext

[cf 1 Tim 2:9]

3:4 But let it be the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not corruptible, even the ornament of [G: which consisteth in the incorruption of; B: without all corruption; T: incorrupt with] a meek and quiet spirit [B: so that the spirit be at rest and quiet], which is in the sight of God of great price [GBT: before God a thing much set by].     qtext

3:5 For after this manner in the old time the holy women also, who trusted in God, adorned [GBT: did (at)tire] themselves, being in subjection unto their own [G: and were subject to their; BT: and were obedient unto (T:to) their] husbands:

3:6 Even as Sara obeyed Abraham, calling him lord [G: Sir]: whose daughters ye are, as long as ye do well, and are not afraid with any amazement [G: of any terror; B: for any terror; T: of every shadow].     qtext

3:7 Likewise, ye husbands [T: the men] , dwell with them according to [G: as men of] knowledge, giving honour unto the wife [G: woman], as unto the weaker vessel, and as being heirs together of the grace of life; that your prayers be not hindered [G: interrupted; T; let] .     qtext

(1 Pet 3:1-7) GF3: 354;; GF8: 113 [320]

(1 Pet 3:1-4) WPR 91

(1 Pet 3:1) GF6: 106

(1 Pet 3:1f) GF7: 68 [53]

(1 Pet 3:2) GF8: 241 [389]

(1 Pet 3:3-6) GFJN 205

(1 Pet 3:3-5) GF3: 71; GF8: 241,2 [389], 262 [397], 296,7 [409]; GFT 32; WPR 65, 646

(1 Pet 3:3) GF4: 195f; GFEJ 423f; TEM 19 [cf 1 Tim 2:9]

(1 Pet 3:3f) GF4: 51; GFEJ 438; RBA 449; RBAF 407; EQ 342 (BC); HPS 520

(1 Pet 3:4) GF3: 50, 224, 281; GF7: 44 [37], 229 [222], 301 [250]; GF8: 16 [270], 164 [356], 191 [364], 307 [416]; GFEJ 461; MFS 33; IP1: 43, 84; IP3: 105, 464; IP4: 345; RBAF 153; HPS 143, 526, 532; WPR 639; SBD 82; SIW 157

(1 Pet 3:4f) WPR 55, 63

(1 Pet 3:6) GF7: 221 [218], 245 [231]; IP2: 507; IP3: 509

(1 Pet 3:7) GF7: 237 [222]; GF8: 80 [317], 97, 115 [320], 132 [341]; MFU 458; SIW 78


(1 Pet 3:1f)

GF7: 68 (1653): ...your chaste conversation may judge them, and ye may win them by your chaste conversation [1 Pet 3:1f], walking in the light, which answereth the light in them wherewith they are enlightened [John 1:9] ...

(1 Pet 3:3-5)

WPR 65 (1669): [quotes 1 Pet 3:3f] and as an inducement, he adds, "For after this manner, in the old time, the holy women, who so trusted in God, adorned themselves" [3:5]; which doth not only intimate, that both holy women were so adorned, and that it behoves such as would be holy, and trust in the Holy God to be so adorned; but also that they who used those forbidden ornaments, were the women and people in all ages, that (for all their talk) were not holy, nor did trust in God ...

(1 Pet 3:3)

GF4: 195f (1659): this is not like the christians' fashions, nor the apostles' doctrine, which saith, it is not the plaiting of hair, and putting on of gold [1 Pet 3:3]; nor like Christ's doctrine, who saith, they should not take thought what to eat and to drink, nor what to put on, for the Gentiles did so [Mat 6:31f]....

(1 Pet 3:3f)

RBA 449 (XV:7, 1678): lengthy passage on adornments as lying vanities, building on 1 Tim 2:8-10 and 1 Pet 3:3f.

(1 Pet 3:4)

[Other texts citing 1 Pet 3:4: WPR 639 (under Mat 5:5)]

GF3: 281 (1659): ["hidden man of the heart" [1 Pet 3;4] part of a long string of phrases for divine within]

GF7: 44 (1653): the word in the heart [Deut 30:14], the hidden man [1 Pet 3:4]

GF8: 16 (1669): mind the truth in the inward parts [Psa 51:6]; so that you may be adorned and arrayed with a meek and quiet spirit [1 Pet 3:4].

MFS 33 (1660): [The Spirit is] working and operating in the inward man, putting on and adorning the heart with a meek and with a quiet spirit, which is with the Lord of great price [1 Pet 3:4].

IP1: 84 (1658): The one seed of life lies in the invisible, in the hidden man of the heart [1 Pet 3:4], among multitudes of seeds of death; all which have their growth up into, and strength in, the corrupted natural.

IP3: 105 (1668): I witness at this day a great difference between the sweetness of comprehending the knowledge of things, as expressed in the Scriptures (this I fed much on formerly), and tasting the hidden life [Col 3:3], the hidden Manna in the heart [Rev 2:17/1 Pet 3:4] (which is my food now...)

HPS 526 (London Women's Meeting, 1685): if they themselves had kept to that that first convince them, they would have shewed forth a meek and quiet spirit [1 Pet 3:4] ....

SBD 82 (1750): It will therefore be prudent to consider thy natural temper and disposition of mind, endeavouring to keep thyself under subjection to the mortifying power of the cross, that thy doctrine may be adorned with meekness [1 Pet 3:4], and also seasoned with gospel salt [Col 4:6]

(1 Pet 3:6)

Other texts citing 1 Pet 3:6: GF7:221 (Rom 5:2)

IP3:509 (1675): show thyself a faithful daughter of Abraham, and be like Sarah, not terrified with any amazement [1 Pet 3:6].

(1 Pet 3:7)

[Other texts citing 1 Pet 3:7: GF8:97 (Luk 16:2)]

GF (various places): heirs of life and grace [1 Pet 3:7]

MFU 458 (1695): ...God is engaged to bless us, and be with us though we be the weaker vessel [1 Pet 3:7], yet the Seed is one in male and female

SIW 78 (Catherine Payton Phillips, 1757): Although this meeting was attended by several able ministers [2 Cor 3:6] of the male sex it pleased the wise Master of the solemnity to employ them but little and to lay the weight of the service on the females; who though the weaker vessels by nature [1 Pet 3:7] are at times rendered strong through his Divine power....


3:8 Finally [BT: In conclusion], be ye all of one mind, having compassion one of another [GT: one suffer with another; B: of one heart], love as brethren, be pitiful, be courteous:

[be ye all of one mind: cf Phil 2:2]

3:9 Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing [GBT: rebuke for rebuke]: but contrariwise blessing; knowing [T: remembering] that ye are thereunto called, that ye should inherit a [GT: be heirs of; B: be heirs of the] blessing.     qtext

3:10 For he that will love [GBT: long after] life, and see good days, let him refrain his tongue from evil, and his lips that they speak no guile:

3:11 Let him eschew evil, and do good; let him seek peace, and ensue [G: follow after] it.     qtext

[cf Psa 34:14, Isa 1:16f]

3:12 For the eyes of the Lord are over the righteous, and his ears are open unto their prayers but the face of the Lord is against [B: is over; T: beholdeth] them that do evil.     qtext

[3:12: cf Psa 34:15f]

(1 Pet 3:8) GF5: 304; JN3: 90

(1 Pet 3:9) GF4: 341; GF7: 203 [206]; EQ 344 (BC)

(1 Pet 3:10) GF8: 199 [369]

(1 Pet 3:11 WPR 623; WPT 324

(1 Pet 3:12) JN2: 352


(1 Pet 3:9)

[Other texts citing 1 Pet 3:9: GF4:341 (under Heb 12:14)]

GF7: 203 (1661): So happy are ye who are...heirs of this blessing [1 Pet 3:9G], and heirs of the promise [Gal 3:29]

(1 Pet 3:11)

EQ 344 (Robert Barclay, 1673): [1Pet 3:9 cited in catechism re defensive war]

WPR 623 (1653; WPT 324): For, bowing to the Convictions of the Spirit in themselves, in their daily course of living, by which they were taught to eschew that which was made manifest to them to be evil, and to do that which was good [1 Pet 3:11]....

(1 Pet 3:12)

JN2: 352 (1655): against you do I bear testimony, who knows the eyes of the Lord to be over the righteous, and his ears open to their prayers [1 Pet 3:12], but the imaginations of the wicked grieve him at the heart [Gen 6:5f].


3:13 And who is he that will harm you, if ye be followers of [GBT: follow] that which is good?

3:14 But and if ye suffer [T: any trouble happen unto you] for righteousness' sake, happy [G: blessed] are ye: and be not afraid of their terror [G: Yea, fear not their fear; B: Be ye not afraid for any terror of them; T: Yea and fear not though they seem terrible unto you], neither be troubled;     qtext

[3:14: cf Phil 1:29]

3:15 But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts: and be ready always to give an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you with meekness and fear [G: with meekness and reverence; (B to beginning of v 16)]:     qtext

3:16 Having a good conscience; that, whereas they speak evil of [BT: backbite] you as of evildoers, they may be ashamed that falsely accuse [G: which slander] your good conversation in Christ.     qtext

3:17 For it is better, if the will of God be so, that ye suffer for well doing, than for evil doing.     qtext

(1 Pet 3:13-17) GF8: 279 [401]

(1 Pet 3:14-17) GF6: 123; JN3: 74

(1 Pet 3:14) GF3: 25 (EB); MFU 350f; EQ 345 (BC); IP1: 341

(1 Pet 3:14f) JN2: 453

(1 Pet 3:15) GF2: 335; GF3: 152; IPL 42; HPS 49; WPR 129; SIW 79

(1 Pet 3:15f) MFU 62

(1 Pet 3:16) GF6: 106; GF7: 30 [22]

(1 Pet 3:17) JN3: 99; TEM 119; HPS 257


(1 Pet 3:14)

[Other texts citing 1 Pet 3: 14: MFU 350f (Rev 19:14)

GF3: 25 (Edward Burrough, 1658:) And what do you think? Is their suffering for evil doing, or is it not for righteousness' sake? [1 Pet 3:14]

(1 Pet 3:15)

GF3: 152 (1659): the saints ... witnessed the the hope of glory within them [Col 1:27] while they were upon earth, and of that hope they were to give a reason that was in them [1 Pet 3:15]

HPS 49 (Sarah Blackborow, 1658): this is far from that spirit which should be ready to give an answer to every one that asketh [1 Pet 3:15; more under Mat 12:30]

SIW 79 (Catherine Payton Phillips, 1757): being endowed with a good understanding, both naturally and spiritually, she [Sophia Hume] was qualified to give an answer of "her faith and the hope that was in her" [1 Pet 3:15].

(1 Pet 3:16)

GF7: 30 (1653): walk so that the world may be confounded and ashamed, when they speak evil of you, as evil doers [1 Pet 3:16]

(1 Pet 3:17)

TEM 119 (1662): Prepar'd I am to suffer with content / The worst that canc'red malice can invent / Which is no more than to my Lord befell / To suffer evil things for doing well. [1 Pet 3:17]


3:18 For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in [G: and was put to death concerning; BT: and was killed as pertaining to] the flesh, but quickened by [BT: in] the Spirit:     qtext

3:19 By which also he went and preached unto the spirits in prison;     qtext

3:20 Which sometime were [GT: were in time past; B: sometime had been] disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited [GBT: abode (T: +exceeding patiently)] in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is [BT: +to say] , eight souls were saved by [GB: in the] water.     qtext

[3:20: cf Gen 6]

3:21 The like figure whereunto even baptism doth also now save us [G: Whereof the baptism that now is, answering that figure (...) saveth us also; B: To the which also the figure agreeth that now saveth us, even baptism; T: which signifieth baptism that now saveth us] (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God [G: a confident demanding which a good conscience maketh to God; B: in that a good conscience maketh request to God; T: in that a good conscience consenteth to God] ,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ:     qtext

3:22 Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto him [G: to whom the Angels, and Powers, and might are subject; BT: angels, powers, and might subdued unto him].     qtext

(1 Pet 3:18-20) GF5: 324; DGA 100

(1 Pet 3:18) GFNJ 574; GF5: 221; GF6: 123, 483; GF7: 20 [8], 208 [208], 256 [234]; GF8: 38 [289], 215 [377]; JN1: 191; JN2: 566; RBA 173, 174; RBAF 132; EQ 319 (BC); HPS 356 (EB)

(1 Pet 3:18f) GF5: 122; GFEJ 475; MFS 41

(1 Pet 3:19-21) MFU 62f

(1 Pet 3:19) GFNJ 263, 340; GF3: 55, 62, 208, 370; GF4: 25, 42, 69, 202, 327; GF7: 10 [Tes], 40 [33], 52 [43], 113 [114]; DGA 68, 89, 139; MFU 116; JN1: 44, 171; 212 (GF), 270; JN2: 59, 211; JN3: 587 (MS); EQ 107 (JN); HPS 47, 50; 454 (MF); RBA 173; WPR 600; WPT 402; WTG 312, 320 (AM)

(1 Pet 3:20) RBA 133, 353; RBAF 96

(1 Pet 3:20f) IP4: 125f, 389; RBA 352f; HPS 364f (EB)

(1 Pet 3:21) GF8: 87 [319], 128 [336], 220 [380]; MFU 38, 58, 62f; JN1: 19; 74 (RF), 137, 161, 221; 263 (WD), 294, 300, 320; JN2: 279; JN3: 104, 210, 218, 237, 248; WDS 68; IP3: 404; IP4: 374, 380, 383, 427; EQ 258 (JN); RBA 343; RBAF 10(301), 308, 322; HPS 301, 365f (EB)

(1 Pet 3:21f) GF5: 122; EQ 339(BC)

(1 Pet 3:22) GF3: 205; GF4: 56; MFU 375; HPS 361; JSS 36


(1 Pet 3:18)

GF (various places): the just suffereth by the unjust [1 Pet 3:18]

(1 Pet 3:18f)

GF5: 122 (1675): "For Christ also hath suffered for sins, (mark, his sufferings were for sins,) the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, and was put to death concerning the flesh, (mark, concerning the flesh, not as he was God,) but quickened in the Spirit, by which (to wit, the spirit) he preached unto the spirits in prison [1 Pet 3:18f G] See ye this, or do ye hear this preacher? The prisoners of hope [Zech 9:12] have and do, and he hath said unto the prisoners, "Shew yourselves forth" [Isa 49:9], and they have shewed themselves forth, though you have evily entreated them, as the pharisees and chief priests did Christ.

(1 Pet 3:19-21)

MFU 62f (1654) And when [Peter] spoke of Noah's preaching to the spirits in prison, to them that were sometimes disobedient [1 Pet 3:19f], he told them that they had the like figure whereunto even baptism doth also save us [quotes rest of 3:21].

(1 Pet 3:19)

[Other texts citing 1 Pet 3:19: GF4:25 (under 1 Pet 2:8), GF7:40 (Mat 28:20), JN1:44 (John 5:25), RBA 173 (Heb 9:14)

GF7:10: people came out of their spiritual and inward prison, (through the preaching of the gospel) [1 Pet 3:19]

GF7:52 (1653): speaks to that which is in prison in others [1 Pet 3:19]

HPS 454 (Margaret Fell, 1653): So dear hearts, mind your eternal Teacher, which is the preacher of righteousness, which speaks to the spirits in prison [1 Pet 3:19], for you cannot hear without this preacher, nor can any speak to the spirits in prison, but he who is sent of the living God....

WTG 312 (Ann Moore, 1758): I had renewedly to see that the Lord's regard was to the poor spirits in prison [1 Pet 3:19], and that it was his mind and will that his everlasting gospel should be preached to them [Rev 14:6] for their encouragement and the renewing of their strength [Isa 40:31].

(1 Pet 3:20)

RBA 133 (V/VI.19, 1678): The apostle Peter says expressly that this "long-suffering of God waited in the days of Noah for those of the old world" (1 Pet 3:20), which being compared with that of Gen 6:3 ... doth sufficiently hold forth our proposition [concerning the day of visitation].

(1 Pet 3:20f)

[Other texts citing 1 Pet 3:2: HPS 364f (under Gen 7)]

IP4:125 (1671): The apostle Peter shows, 1 Pet 3[:20f], what the baptism is which saveth, even that which is the antitype, which inwardly or spiritually answers to Noah's ark ... the substance, which comes instead of the figure or shadow; and so it is more properly and naturally rendered in the old translation thus: The baptism that now is, answering the figure, saveth. [3:21G] For as Noah's ark saved the bodies of them that were in it when God came to judge and destroy the old world; so the inward washing saves those that are washed thereby from the wrath and destruction that will come upon all that are unwashed.

RBA 352f (1678, XII:4) [extensive discussion of 1 Peter 3:20f, which mentions Noah's ark [Gen 7] as a figure or antitype of water baptism.]

(1 Pet 3:21)

[Other texts citing 1Pet 3:21: MFU 58f (under Mar 1:2), JN1:74 (Rev 13:7), JN2:279 (Heb 9:14), IP4:427 (Heb 10:22), RBA 344 (Mat 3:11)]

GF8: 128 (1676): answering that of God in every man's and woman's conscience [1 Pet 3:21; confl w Rom 1:19, Col 4:6]

MFU 63 (1654): Now see if thou have this answer in thy conscience [1 Pet 3:21]; who hath been long professing of Christ and his resurrection; but the answer of his witness in thy conscience sees him not risen yet.

JN1: 263 (William Dewsbury, 1654): Let the light guide you all in your ways, and it will purge away all the filth of the flesh [1 Pet 3:21]; so will the old man be put off with his deeds [Col 3:9], and the imprisoned seed will be set at liberty in you....

RBA 343 (XII, 1678): There is one Lord and one faith, so there is one baptism [Eph 4:5], which is not the putting away the filth of the flesh but the answer of a good conscience before God [1 Pet 3:21]... [More under Mat 3:11 | Luk 3:16]

(1 Pet 3:21f)

GF5: 122 (1675): And it is a good conscience, that maketh request to God by the resurrection of Jesus Christ, who is at the right hand of God, to whom the angels and powers are subject [1 Pet 3:21f B].

(1 Pet 3:22)

MFU 375 (1664): ... [Christ] hath all power in heaven and earth committed unto him [Mat 28:18], and hath trodden down principalities and powers [Col 2:15]; and angels and authorities are subject to him [1 Pet 3:22]....


4:1 Forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the same mind: for he that hath suffered [BT: suffereth] in the flesh hath ceased [BT: ceaseth] from sin;     qtext

4:2 That he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh to [GBT: henceforward should live, as much time as remaineth in the flesh, not after] the lusts of men, but to [GBT: after] the will of God.

4:3 For the time past of our life may suffice us to have wrought the will [it is sufficient for us that we have spent the time (BT: +that is) past of the life, after the will (G: lust)] of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness [walking in wantonness], lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings [G: drunkenness, in gluttony, drinkings; B: in excess of wine, in excess of eating, in excess of drinking; T: drunkenness, in eating, drinking], and abominable idolatries:     qtext

4:4 Wherein they think it [GBT: it seemeth to them] strange [B: an inconvenient thing; T: a strange thing] that ye run not with them to the same excess of riot, speaking [GBT: and therefore speak they] evil of you:     qtext

4:5 Who shall give account to him that is ready to judge the quick and the dead.     qtext

4:6 For for this cause [GBT: unto this purpose (BT: + verily)] was the gospel preached alsoto them that are dead, that they might be judged [GT: condemned] according to [B: like other; T; of] men in the flesh, but live according to [BT: should live before] God in the spirit.

(1 Pet 4:1-5) GF5: 122

(1 Pet 4:1-3) GF6: 167

(1 Pet 4:1) GF6: 123; GF8: 236 [388]; JN1: 12 (GF); IP3: 183, 351; HPS 259

(1 Pet 4:2) JN1: 157

(1 Pet 4:3) GF4: 65, 67

(1 Pet 4:3f) JN1: 147; JN3: 110

(1 Pet 4:4) GF5: 12; JN1:152, 229

(1 Pet 4:5) GF8: 161 [355]

(1 Pet 4:6) MFS 41


(1 Pet 4:1)

[Other texts citing 1 Pet 4:1: GF8:236 (under Mat 27:46), IP3:351 (Heb 5:8)]

IP3: 183 (1668): The apostle Peter also speaks of [the gospel-rest], and declares how it is attained, even by suffering in the flesh. "He that hath suffered (saith he) in the flesh hath ceased from sin." 1 Pet 4:1. It is the fleshly part, the motions in the flesh, from whence sin ariseth.

(1 Pet 4:3)

GF4: 67 (1656): for they that are in the light, are from the will of the Gentiles turned [1 Pet 4:3; context under Heb 8:13]

(1 Pet 4:3f)

JN1: 147 (1653): But are you not so far from that [estate wherein that you was made in the image of God, Gen 1:26f], that if the image of God seem to be renewed in any [Col 3:10], and they begin to turn from these and like abominations to serve the living God [Heb 9:14] in purity and holiness, and they refuse to partake with you in your pride, covetousness, drunkenness, and excess of riot [1 Pet 4:3f], and deny your vain heathenish customs, fashions, and worships; and are not such objects of your envy and hatred?

(1 Pet 4:4)

GF5: 12 (1674): Though you may call drunkenness and uncleanness, good fellowship, and call others fools that will not follow you into the same excess of riot [1 Pet 4:4], yet it is the bad fellowship; for the good fellowship is in the food spirit of God, which mortifies these evils....

(1 Pet 4:5)

GF8: 161 (1679): ...Christ, who hath all power in heaven and in earth, given unto him [Mat 28:18], who will judge both the quick and the dead [1 Pet 4:5], and reward every man according to his works [Mat 16:27]


4:7 But the end of all things is at hand: be ye therefore sober [T: discreet and sober], and watch unto prayer [G: and watching in prayer; T: that ye may be apt to prayers].     qtext

4:8 And above all things have fervent charity [GBT: love (2x)] among yourselves: for charity shall cover the multitude of sins.     qtext

4:9 Use hospitality [GBT: Be ye harberous] one to another without grudging.

4:10 As every man hath received the gift, even so minister the same one to another, as good stewards [G: disposers; BT: ministers] of the manifold grace of God.     qtext

4:11 If any man speak, let him speak as [B: talk; T: talk as though he spake] the oracles [GBT: words] of God; if any man minister, let him do it as of the ability which God giveth [G: ministreth; BT: ministreth unto him]: that God in all things may be glorified through Jesus Christ, to whom be praise and dominion for for ever, and ever [T: +while the world standeth], Amen.     qtext

(1 Pet 4:7) GF4: 121, 122; DGA 158; IP2: 108; IP3: 453, 504; IP4: 113; WDS 264; RBA 304, 311; RBAF 260, 268; WPR 147; SIW 144

(1 Pet 4:8) GF7: 116 [120], 308 [256]; LB (LO-1); JN2: 41

(1 Pet 4:9) WPR 67

(1 Pet 4:10) GFJN 173; GF3: 347; GF6: 393; GF8: 13 [267], 68 [313], 95, 97 [320], 172 [360], 190 [363]; JN1: 113; WDS 270; RBA 279; WPR 576

(1 Pet 4:10f) GF6: 425; DGA 169; LB (E25); JN1: 21f, 223; IP4: 280; RBA 255f, 288; RBAF 233; EQ 334 (BC); WPR 624; WPT 326

(1 Pet 4:11) GF7: 117 [122], 301 [250]; GF8: 33 [284], 68 [313], 117 [321]; MFU 331; IP3: 49, 141, 203; IP4: 118; SBD 18, 24, 50, 69; WTG 166 (EH)


(1 Pet 4:7)

[Other texts citing 1 Pet 4:7: IP2:108 (John 3:8)]

GF4: 122 (1657): ... the saints were to watch and be sober unto prayer [1 Pet 4:7; quotes 1 Th 5:6-9].

IP3: 453 (1670): Therefore watch unto prayer [1 Pet 4:7], watch unto God's preparing the heart by the motion and virtue of his good Spirit, and offer up the breathings that then arise; and wait to distinguish between the desires which arise from the fleshly part, and the desires which arise from the spiritual and heavenly part.

RBA 311 ( 1678, XI.9): in several of these places where praying is commended, as Matt 26:41 [and pars], 1 Pet 4:7, watching is specially prefixed, as a preface thereunto. So that we do well and certainly conclude that since waiting and watching are so particularly commanded and recommended, and this cannot be truly performed but in this inward silence of the mind from men's own thoughts and imaginations, this silence is and must necessarily be a special and principal part of God's worship.

SIW 144 (Ann Crowley, 18-): In this awakened state, my prayers were frequently put up in secret, to the God and Father of all our sure mercies [Isa 55:3], that His almighty presence might be as walls and bulwarks [Isa 26:1] round my fearful and trembling spirit, to keep steadfast in the faith, and watchful unto prayer [1 Pet 4:7]

(1 Pet 4:8)

GF7: 116 (1656): And dwell together in the love and life of God ... through which love ye may cover the multitude of sins [1 Pet 4:8], and answer the life of God in all;

(1 Pet 4:10)

[Other texts citing 1 Pet 4:10: GF8:97 (under Luk 16:2), GF8: 172 (1 Pet 5:10)]

GF8: 13 (1669): and so all may minister as they have received the grace; so every one is a steward of the grace of God [1 Pet 4:10], if he do not turn the grace of God into wantonness [Jude 1:4 GBT]....

(1 Pet 4:10f)

GF6: 425 (1689): [quotes 1 Pet 4:10f] So here you may see the ministry is not limited to one sort of people, or to a tribe.... this gift they receive from God, and are stewards of the manifold grace of God.... not the oracles of men .... So it is not of the ability that they minister which men give, but what God giveth. So it is to the glory of God through Jesus Christ.

JN1:21f (1653): the true ministry is the gift of Jesus Christ and needs no addition of human help and learning; but as the work is spiritual and of the Lord, so are they spiritually fitted only by the Lord [1 Cor 12:7; 1 Pet 4:10f] ....

RBA 255f (X.16, 1678): discussion of 1 Pet 4:10f to demonstrate that "this Grace and Gift [of God] is a necessary qualification to a minister".

WPR 624 WPT 326 (1696): Christian Ministers are to minister what they receive [1 Pet 4:10]: This is Scripture; now that which we receive is not our own, less another Man's, but the Lord's: So that we are not only not to Steal from our Neighbours [Jer 23:30], but we are not to Study nor speak our own Words. If we are not to study what we are to say before Magistrates for ourselves [Mat 10:19], less are we to study what we are to say for and from God to the People. We are to minister, as the Oracles of God [1 Pet 4:11]; if so, then must we receive from Christ, God's Great Oracle, what we are to minister. And if we are to minister what we receive, then not what we Study, Collect, and beat out of our own Brains, for that is not the Mind of Christ [1 Cor 2:16], but our Imaginations, and this will not profit the People [Jer 23:32].

(1 Pet 4:11)

[Other texts citing 1 Pet 4:11: IP4:118 (under Gen 11:1-9)]

IP4: 203 (1667): [The apostles] spake spake what they received from the Spirit [2 Pet 1:21]; ye, what ye apprehend and conceive concerning words spoken of by the Spirit. This is very short of speaking as God's oracles [1 Pet 4:11]. And one sort of you conceives thus, and another thus, concerning the same scriptures, &c.

SBD 24f (1750): But it will be a hard task to make proof of thy ministry, though thee speak as the oracle of God, and minister of that ability which God gives [1 Pet 4:11], to such as are in unbelief, and in a state of nature.

WTG 166 (Elizabeth Hudson, 1749): ...baptized by that Holy power of light and love...which when we are under the weight of can speak as the oracle of God [1 Pet 4:11]


4:12 Beloved [GBT: Dearly beloved] , think it not strange concerning the fiery trial [T: be not troubled in this heat] which is [G: which is among you; T: which now is come among you] to try [G: prove] you, as though some strange thing happened [G: were come; T: had happened] unto you:     qtext

4:13 But rejoice, inasmuch as ye are partakers of Christ's sufferings [BT: passions]; that, when his glory shall be revealed [G: shall appear; BT: appeareth] , ye may be glad also with exceeding joy [G: glad and rejoice; BT: merry and glad].     qtext

[1 Pet 4:13 cf Acts 5:41]

4:14 If ye be reproached [GBT: railed upon] for the name of Christ, happy [blessed] are ye; for the spirit of glory and of God resteth upon you: on their part he is evil spoken of, but on your part he is glorified.     qtext

4:15 But let [BT: See that] none of you suffer as a murderer, or as a thief, or as an evildoer, or as a busybody in other men's matters.

4:16 Yet if any man suffer as a Christian, let him not be ashamed; but let him glorify God on this behalf.

4:17 For the time is come that judgment must begin at the house of God: and if it first begin at us, what shall the end be of them that obey [believe] not the gospel of God?     qtext

4:18 And if the righteous scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?     qtext

4:19 Wherefore let them that suffer [are troubled] according to the will of God commit the keeping of [GBT omit] their souls to him in well doing, as unto a faithful Creator.     qtext

(1 Pet 4:12-16) GF6: 123

(1 Pet 4:12-14) MFU 389

(1 Pet 4:12) MFU 128, 259, 350, 378; HPS 422 (EB), 465; WPR 127, 366; WTG 69 (SM); SIW 88

(1 Pet 4:12f) IP4: 85

(1 Pet 4:13-16) GF8:200 [370]

(1 Pet 4:13-15) GFEJ 428; LB (X4)

(1 Pet 4:13) GF5: 122, 235; GF8: 73 [314]; JN1: 4; WPR 75; JSS 28; WTG 69(SM)

(1 Pet 4:13f) GF4: 285; GF8: 200 [370], 248 [391]; JN1: 77 (RF); WPT 276

(1 Pet 4:14-16) GF8: 280 [401]

(1 Pet 4:14) GF7: 238 [223]; GFEJ 448; IP2: 184; EQ 378 (IP); WPR 240; WPT 55

(1 Pet 4:15f) GF5: 122

(1 Pet 4:16) JN2: 453

(1 Pet 4:17) JN3: 78; IP2: 100

(1 Pet 4:17f) GF7: 207 [206]

(1 Pet 4:18) IP3: 6; WPR 36, 124, 161

(1 Pet 4:19) GF4: 287; GF6: 123


(1 Pet 4:12)

[Other texts citing 1 Pet 4:12: MFU 378 (under 1 Pet 1:7), SIW 88 (Jas 3:15-17)]

MFU 259 (1658): My dear hearts, look not out [Eccl 12:3], nor be not troubled, nor think it strange concerning the fiery trials [1 Pet 4:12]: to the word of patience keep [Rev 3:10] in the light, waiting, as newborn babes desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby [1 Pet 2:2; quotes thru 2:5]

WTG 69 (Susanna Morris, 1745): he is the only true God that answers by fire [1 Ki 18:24], for all the right minded among the children of men, their works are, in the love of God, tried as by fiery trials [1 Pet 4:12] that we poor worms [Psa 22:6] may the more depend on the all wise giver of every good gift [Jas 1:17]

(1 Pet 4:12f)

IP4: 85 (1671): And happy will they be, whose religion and worship in that day will stand the trial, and bear the fire [1 Pet 4:12f].

(1 Pet 4:13-16)

GF8: 200 (1681): But rejoice inasmuch as ye are partakers of Christ's sufferings [1 Pet 4:13]; for the spirit of glory, and of God, rests upon you, who are railed upon [1 Pet 4:14 GBT], and suffer for his name sake [Acts 9:16]. And though he is evil spoken of by your persecutors, but on your part he is glorified [1 Pet 4:14], that suffer for his name. And therefore let none be ashamed to suffer as a christian, but let him glorify God in his sufferings, who doth support him [1 Pet 4:16].

(1 Pet 4:13)

GF5: 122 (1675): And rejoice inasmuch as ye are partakers of Christ's sufferings [1 Pet 4:13]. Mark, as ye are partakers of Christ's sufferings; this is not only talk of his sufferings, as many professors of the letter, that killeth [2 Cor 3:6], do; and deny the having of the spirit, that quickeneth now a-days, which the apostles and the saints had.

GF5: 235 (1676): [quotes 1 Pet 4:13] ...you that deny revelation, deny that glory of Christ that glads and rejoiceth the saints, that is to be revealed to them.

WTG 69 (Susanna Morris, 1745): truth suffered in the hearts of many of them and so we were made sharers with the suffering Seed in them [1 Pet 4:13]

(1 Pet 4:13f)

JN1: 77 (Richard Farnworth, 1653): [Peter saith,] if ye be reproached for the name of Christ happy are you, for the spirit of grace and of glory resteth on you, rejoice and be exceeding glad [1 Pet 4:13f];

(1 Pet 4:17)

IP2: 100 (1660): And when the time of God's judgment comes upon the earth, God begins with his own house first [1 Pet 4:17], and so with that which hath taken upon it to separate from Babylon, to see what he can find of Babylon within; and he will judge that before he fall upon the great body of the mystery of iniquity [2 Th 2:7].

(1 Pet 4:17f)

GF7: 207 (1661): And if the judgment begin at the house of God first, and the righteous pass the straight way to salvation, where will the hypocrites and the sinners appear? [1 Pet 4:17f]

(1 Pet 4:19)

GF4: 287 (1661): your souls every one committing unto the faithful Creator of all things [1 Pet 4:19]


5:1 The elders which are among you I exhort [G: beseech], who am also an elder, and a witness of the sufferings [BT: afflictions] of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed [BT: opened]:     qtext

5:2 Feed the flock of God [B: Feed you God his flock; T: See that ye feed Christ’s flock] which is among [G: dependeth upon; B: is committed to] you, taking the oversight thereof [G: caring for it], not by constraint [B: as compelled thereto; T (rest of verse to beginning of v.3): as though ye were compelled thereto] , but willingly; not for [BT: +the desire of] filthy lucre, but of a ready [BT: good] mind;     qtext

[teach for filthy lucre's sake: Tit 1:11; teach for hire: Mic 3:11]

5:3 Neither as being [GBT: Not as though ye were] lords over God's heritage [T: the parishes] , but being ensamples to the flock.     qtext

5:4 And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away [GBT: an incorruptible crown of glory].     qtext

[incorruptible crown: cf 1 Cor 9:25]

5:5 Likewise, ye younger, submit yourselves unto the elder. Yea, all of you be subject [GBT: (G: and) submit yourselves every man]one to another, and be clothed with [GB: deck yourselves inwardly in; T: knit yourselves together in ] humility [GBT: lowliness of mind]: for God resisteth the proud, and giveth grace to the humble.     qtext

[1 Pet 5:5, cf Prov 3:34 LXX; Jas 4:6]

(1 Pet 5:1-4) GF6: 469

(1 Pet 5:1-3) GF5: 46; GF6: 393; EQ 333 (BC)

(1 Pet 5:1) GF5: 122, 235; GF8: 76 [316]; HPS 293

(1 Pet 5:1f) GF6: 346

(1 Pet 5:2) GFJN 81, 187; GF4: 261, 317; GF7: 267 [240]; JN1:378; HPS 63; HPS 370 (EB)

(1 Pet 5:2f) GF6: 102; WDS 63

(1 Pet 5:3) GF4: 361; JN1: 174

(1 Pet 5:4) GFJN 198; GF3: 5 (EB); GF4: 124; GF7: 76 [63], 92 [81], 106 [104], 244 [230]; MFU 225, 350; HPS 275; 361 (EB); WPR 147

(1 Pet 5:5) GF2: 284; GF4: 286; GF5: 122f; GF6: 252; GF7: 167 [175]; GF8: 190 [364], 259 [397]; IP3: 302; IP4: 303; EQ 334 (BC); RBA 274; RBAF 215; HPS 425; WPR 638; SIW 66


(1 Pet 5:1-3)

GF5: 46 (1674): [quotes 1 Pet 5:1-3] come and try yourselves, ye priests and teachers of Christendom, and elders ... where is there any amongst you, but they are as lords and masters over God's heritage [1 Pet 5:3]; yea, and have the title of lords and masters, though it be contrary to Christ's command, as in Mat 23[:10] and Luke 22:25.... see if you do not feed your flocks for filthy lucre's sake, and not willingly [1 Pet 5:2] and freely, as Christ commands [Mat 10:8]; and see if you have lost the example of the ministers and elders, [5:3], whom the Holy Ghost made overseers [Acts 20:28]....

(1 Pet 5:2)

[Other texts citing 1 Pet 5:2: HPS 370 (John 8:32)]

GF7:267: such as preached for filthy lucre [1 Pet 5:2/Mic 3:11]

(1 Pet 5:3)

Other texts citing 1 Pet 5:3: GF4:361 (under Mat 20:25f)

JN1: 174 (1653): And will you be found in that day subjects of the kingdom of Christ, wherein all the saints are one, and Christ their head and lawgiver? Or are you not lords over God's heritage [1 Pet 5:3]; yea, over Christ himself?

(1 Pet 5:4)

[Other texts citing 1 Pet 5:4: GF7:244 (under Heb 12:1), MFU 225 (Rev 4:10)]

GF4: 124 (1657): Where is the ground of the spirit of strife and mastery, and the crown that fades and vanishes away? [1 Cor 9:25/1 Pet 5:4]

GF7: 106 (1655): And all your crowns it will lay down, that are mortal, and will raise up the seed and bring life and immortality to light [2 Tim 1:10]; where the crown that is immortal is known, and the glory that fadeth not away is possessed [1 Pet 5:4].

HPS 275 (Barbara Blaugdone, 1691): And so, dear Friends, the Cross is the way to the crown of life [Rev 2:10], and to the crown of glory [1 Pet 5:4];

(1 Pet 5:5)

[Other texts citing 1 Pet 5:5: RBA 274 (under Heb 13:17), HPS 425 (1 Pet 2:11f)]

GF5: 122 (1675): "deck yourselves inwardly in lowliness of mind" [1 Pet 5:5G]....

IP3: 302 (1674): They are filled with humility, and clothed with humility [1 Pet 5:5], in the midst of all the graces and heavenly riches which God fills them and adorns them with.

SIW 66 (Catherine Payton Phillips, 178-?): Human knowledge and acquirements too often puff up the minds of youth; and indeed some of the more advanced age pride themselves therein, when, as examples to the rising generation, they should be clothed with humility [1 Pet 5:5].


5:6 Humble [BT: Submit] yourselves therefore under the mighty hand of God, that he may exalt you in due time [BT: when the time is come]:     qtext

5:7 Casting all your care upon him; for he careth for you.     qtext

5:8 Be sober, be vigilant; because [GBT: and watch, for] your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:     qtext

5:9 Whom resist stedfast in the faith, knowing that the same afflictions are accomplished in [T: remembering that ye do but fulfill the same afflictions which are appointed to] your brethren that are in the world.

5:10 But the God of all grace, who hath called us [called you] unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while [G: a little; BT: a little affliction], make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle [G: confirm, strengthen and stablish; BT: settle, strength(en), and stablish] you.     qtext

5:11 To him be glory and dominion for ever and ever [T: while the world endureth]. Amen.

(1 Pet 5:6) GF8: 212 [375], 259 [397]; WDS 264; IP4: 278; WPT 226

(1 Pet 5:7) GF8: 122 [332], 249 [391]; MFU 389; WDS 316, 321; EQ 160; HPS 261; WPR 145

(1 Pet 5:8) GFJN 443; GF7: 251 [232]; GF8: 134 [342], 138 [343]; MFU 145; JN2: 173f; WDS 110; HPS 531; WPR 138

(1 Pet 5:8f) GF6: 7

(1 Pet 5:10) GF5: 123; GF6: 123, 440; GF8: 172 [360], 280 [401]; MFU 105; JN1: 192; IP3:322; HPS 377 (EB);WPR 222, 349, 502; WPT 21


(1 Pet 5:6)

GF8: 212 (1682): keep low in humility, for such God will exalt [1 Pet 5:6].

IP4: 278 (1675?): For indeed, the children of light, the tender, the humble, the contrite and broken-hearted ones [Psa 51:17], are glorious in his eye [Isa 49:5], and the Lord doth exalt them in due time [1 Pet 5:6]; for after the true humility, and in the true humility, they come to partake of the true honor.

WPT 226 (1674, Mod Eng): they patiently endure the hand of God [1 Pet 5:6] until the Lord's righteous anger has passed and the root of sin has been utterly removed from deep within their hearts and all its fruits utterly destroyed.

(1 Pet 5:7)

GF8: 122 (1676): And therefore let your minds and hearts be with the Lord, and your care cast upon him [1 Pet 5:7]

[Other texts citing 1 Pet 5:7: MFU 389 (under 1 Pet 1:13, Heb 4:15), WPR 145 (Heb 12:2)]

(1 Pet 5:8)

[Other texts citing 1 Pet 5:8: GFJN 443 (under Rev 20:2)]

GF7: 251 (1664): he that is out of truth [John 8:44], who got into Adam and Eve by disobedience, rules in all them that are disobedient, going roaring up and down, seeking whom he may devour [1 Pet 5:8].

GF8: 134 (1676): satan (the adversary of man) [1 Pet 5:8]

JN2: 173f (1655): Such a generation of raging beasts was never yet in the world, who seek to devour on every side of you [1 Pet 5:8, with an echo of Prov 28:15: "a roaring lion and a ranging bear"]

(1 Pet 5:10)

GF8: 172 (1679): For the apostle saith, 'As every one hath received the gift, even so minister the same one to another, as good stewards of the manifold grace of God [1 Pet 4:10], that the God of all grace [1 Pet 5:10], and Christ by whom it comes, may be glorified in all his people, who gives unto them freely the spiritual and heavenly gifts.'

MFU 105 (1654): And the Apostle Peter prayed that they might be perfect, when they had suffered a while. [1 Pet 5:10]

WPR 222 (1668): [Peter] does not say that God's justice, in consideration of Christ's satisfaction, acquitted us from sins past, present, and to come, and therefore hath called unto his eternal glory, but from his grace [1 Pet 5:10].


5:12 By Silvanus, a faithful brother unto you, as I suppose, I have written briefly, exhorting, and testifying that this is the true grace of God wherein ye stand.

5:13 The church that is at Babylon, elected together with you [T: companions of your election that are at Babylon], saluteth you; and so doth Marcus my son.

5:14 Greet ye one another with a kiss of charity [GBT: the kiss of love]. Peace be with you all that are in Christ Jesus. Amen.     qtext

(1 Pet 5:14) GF8: 251 [393]; HPS 527

(1 Pet 5:14)

GF8: 251 (1683): [quotes 1 Pet 5:14] This charity keeps all God's people in heavenly love and unity.

This page last revised Sept 2007