A comprehensive Scripture index to early Quaker writings
(Hebrews) GF5: 112-119; IP4: 97-106
1:1 God, who at sundry times and in divers manners [T: diversely and many ways] spake in time past [G: in the old time] unto the fathers by the prophets, qtext
1:2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son [G: to v 1], whom he hath appointed [GT: made] heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds [T: world]; qtext
[Heb 1:2 cf John 1:3]
1:3 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image [G: engraved form; BT: very image] of his person [BT: substance], and upholding [GT: bearing up] all things by the word of his power [G: his mighty word], when he had [GT: hath; B: having] by himself [T: in his own person] purged our sins, sat down on [G: and sitteth at; B: hath sat on] the right hand of the Majesty on high [G: in the highest places]; qtext
[Heb 1:3 cf Wis 7:26: For she is the brightness of the everlasting light, the unspotted mirror of the power of God, and the image of his goodness. (reference by Samuel Fisher)]
1:4 Being made so much better [GB: so much more excellent; T: more excellent] than the angels, [GT: +inasmuch] as he hath by inheritance [G: omits] obtained a more excellent name than they.
(Heb 1:1-10) GF5: 112f
(Heb 1:1-3) GF4: 145, 267; GF5: 300, 313; IP4: 423ff; WPR 216, WPT 9f
(Heb 1:1) GFT 141; WPR 239; WPT 53
(Heb 1:1f) GFJN 666; GF3: 581f; GF5: 213, 335; GF6: 31, 339; GFT 57, 93, 178; DGA 105, 120; LB (C21, H37); IP3: 266; IP4: 138; WPR 570; WPT 206, 346
(Heb 1:2) GFJN 38; GF3: 37, 59, 363; GF4: 148, 154; GF5: 88; GF8: 162 ; GFT 142, 206; MFU 388; JN1: 55, 127; JN2: 444; IP4: 115, 213, 243; EQ 130; HPS 412 (EB), 560;WPR 311; WPT 100; WTG 262 (EH)
(Heb 1:2f) GFJN 29; GF4: 219; GF6: 110, 229, 296; MFS 37; JN3: 90; 725 (RR); IP4: 98; EQ 318 (BC); HPS 355 (EB); WTG 150 (EH)
(Heb 1:3) GFJN 2, 89, 109; GF3: 89, 180, 335, 358, 581, 583; GF4: 91, 94, 252; GF5: 3, 270, 445; GF6: 46, 92, 97, 115, 232; GF7: 25 , 133 , 149 , 245 , 252 ; GF8: 14 , 16 , 18 , 43 , 48 , 71 , 76 , 81 , 122 , 159 , 230 , 233 , 251 , 277 , 282 , 307 [414, 416]; GFEJ 121, 370; MFU 75, 222, 238, 240, 259, 276; JN1: 50, 162, 220; JN2: 461; JN3: 60, 229, 410, 439; WDS 320; IP3: 16, 111, 226, 233; IP4: 186, 424; RBA 437; RBAF 396; EQ 307; HPS 139, 186, 201, 265, 317. 330; 385 (EB);WPR 28, 36, 237; WPT 50; SIW 172
Heb 1:1-3: GF4:267 (1660), quoted in DGA 120 as an example of how Fox connects this passage with a prophet-like-Moses christology; IP4: 423f (1678): Hebrews permeates the whole tract, "Concerning the Dispensation of the Gospel..." (IP4: 419-424)
GF5:335 (1676): [quotes Heb 1:1-2a] So God spake to the prophets before the flood, and after the flood, and in the time of the law; but in these last days (the christian days), "he hath spoken to us by his Son:" us, the church, the true christians; so he is the speaker now to all true christians.
WPT 206 (1674, Mod Eng): Then they will be reclaimed, renewed, sanctified, brought into holy subjection to the Lord of Heaven, and become joint-heirs [Rom 8:17] with the true heir of all things [Heb 1:2].
[Other texts citing Heb 1:2: GFJN 38 (under Rev 22:16)]
IP4: 243 (1671?): And they that will not hear the voice of his Spirit in these latter days (seeing God, in these last days speaketh by his Son [Heb 1:2], and saith to all the true disciples and followers of the Lamb, Hear ye Him [Mat 17:5]), are they not to be cut off from the comforts of his Spirit ... and so to be numbered among the dead and unredeemed?
GF4:219 (1660): Christ, by whom the world was made, was before it was made [Heb 1:2, John 1:3], who is the brightness of his glory, the express image of the substance of God [Heb 1:3BT];
MFS 37 (1660): All that desire after godliness and the truth as it is in Jesus [Eph 4:21], they must turn from them that have the form, and deny the power [2 Tim 3:5] ... It is the word of His power by which all things were created, by which He upholds all things [Heb 1:2f]. It is His power that brings His seed out of bondage and out of the house of darkness [Isa 42:7]....
[Other texts citing Heb 1:3: GF3:335 (Rev 3:20), GF4:94 (Heb 4:12f), GF6:232 (1 Jn 2:7), GF8:159 (John 1:12), GF8:233 (1 Jn 1:1), GF8:277 (Rev 3:10), MFU 222 (Rom 1:14f), JN1:161f (John 1:1), EQ 307 (John 1:29), SIW 172 (Mar 4:39)]
GF3:180 (1659): As for the word trinity, and three persons, we have not read it in the Bible, but in the common prayer-book, or mass-book, which the pope was the author of. But as for unity we own it, and Christ being the brightness of the Father's glory, and that express image of his substance (of the Father) [Heb 1:3 AV/BT] , that we own....
GF3:581 (1659; probably from Samuel Fisher): Several scriptures corrupted by the translators. Heb 1:3. "Express image of his person," Gr. substance, or subsistence, hupostasis. GF3:583 notes that in "the old translation" [Tyndale or Bishop's] it reads, "...the very image of his substance." [See also WPR 216 (1668, WPT 9f ); EQ 318 (Robert Barclay, 1673); HPS 355 (Elizabeth Bathurst, 1679)].
GF4:91 (1656): [quotes Heb 1:3] Here you may see that which upholds all things by the word of his power, which the scripture speaks of, is that which was before writings was....
GF5:270 (1677): And in Heb 1:3, "when Christ by himself had purged our sins, sat down at the right hand of God;" so it is Christ that purgeth away our sins, which are within.
GF7:149 (1658): And know the seed of God that is heir of the promise [Gal 3:29] in every one of you, and the wisdom, by which all things must be ordered to his glory [Wis 8:1/1 Cor 10:31], who upholds all things by his word of power [Heb 1:3].
IP4:424 (1678): He is the brightness of the Father's glory [Heb 1:3]; and thither he brings his. What would ye have more? He destroys antichrist inwardly, by the brightness of his coming or appearing [2 Th 2:8]. Oh, the desolations he makes inwardly of sin and iniquity in the hearts of his! He is the express image (or engraving) of his Father's substance [Heb 1:3 AV/G/BT]; and he makes thee, who art one with him in his Spirit of life and love, of the same image with him. He translates thee out of Satan's image, into his very image.
WPR 36 (1668): But if you shall still go on to rebel against the reproofs and instructions [Prov 5:12] of this holy Light, and despise and persecute the children of it; be it known to you all, that before the brightness of its glory [Heb 1:3] shall your shadows vanish, your imitations fly away [Song 2:17], your beggarly elements melt [Gal 4:9/2 Pet 3:10], and you shall die in your sins [John 8:21].
1:5 For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? [B: next sentence to v 6] And again, I will be to him a [GT: his] Father, and he shall be to me a [GT: my] Son? qtext
[Heb 1:5 cf Psa 2:7, Heb 5:5; 2 Cor 6:18]
1:6 And again, when he bringeth in the [G: his] firstbegotten [GBT: +son] into the world, he saith, And let [T: omits] all the angels of God [T: +shall] worship him. qtext
[Heb 1:6 cf Deut 32:43 LXX]
1:7 And of [B: unto] the angels he saith, Who [GBT: he] maketh his angels spirits [G: the spirits his messengers], and his ministers a flame [T: flames] of fire. qtext
[Heb 1:7 cf Psa 104:4]
1:8 But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne [BT: seat] , O God, is [BT: shall be] for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness [T: a right scepter] is the sceptre of thy kingdom. qtext
[Heb 1:8f cf Psa 45:6f]
1:9 Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. qtext
1:10 And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of [G: established] the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands:
1:11 They shall perish; but thou remainest [B: endurest; T: shalt endure]; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment; qtext
[Heb 1:11f cf Psa 107:26f]
1:12 And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up [T: change them], and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail. qtext
1:13 But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool?
[Heb 1:13 cf Psa 110:1]
1:14 Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who [GBT: their sakes which] shall be heirs of salvation? qtext
(Heb 1:5) GFT 171
(Heb 1:6) GFJN 182, 482; GF3: 115; GF6: 50; JN3: 726 (RR)
(Heb 1:6f) JN3: 127
(Heb 1:7) GF5: 140
(Heb 1:8) GF4: 185, 229; GF6: 266; GFT 171; MFS 25, 40; MFU 140; IP1: 378, 410; IP4: 323, 341
(Heb 1:9) GF6: 423; GF8: 287 ; GFEJ 453; JN3: 724 (RR); IP3: 23; WPR 277
(Heb 1:10) WPR 237; WPT 49
(Heb 1:11f) IP4: 424
(Heb 1:14) GF5: 140; GF7: 226,35 , 311 ; GF8: 7 , 24 , 38 
GFT 171: [Heb 1:5, see under Heb 1:8]
GF3: 115 (1659): [Thomas Higginson] saith, "To say that Christ is within man, is to worship angels, and not to hold the head Christ." [Col 2:18f] A. None come to witness Christ the head, but who witness him in them, that the angels must worship [Heb 1:6], that died and suffered at Jerusalem; and they that worship him in them, worship not the angels; and they that are not worshiping him in them, are worshipping men, devils, or angels.
GF6:50 (1679): and as for the angel's swearing [Judg 2:1], it is said,"I bring forth my first begotten into the world, let all the angels worship him," [Heb 1:6] to wit, the son of God, who saith, "Swear not at all" [Mat 5:34].
GF5:140 (1675): Though the gates stand open, and are not shut, none can enter in, no unclean one, nor any liar [Rev 21:25,27]. The angels that stand at the gates [Rev 21:12], and which are ministering spirits in flames of fire [Heb 1:7/14], will keep such out.
GF4:229 (1660): ...the tormentings of this great whore is come in this the Lamb's day, whose sceptre of righteousness [Heb 1:8] is gone forth, who will rule all nations with a rod of iron [Rev 12:5], and make war in righteousness [Rev 19:11].
GFT 170f (1678): He came not after the order of Aaron [Heb 7:11], but he came after another tribe which had the sceptre. So Christ came to take away Judah's outward sceptre. So it is said in Hebrews: "to which of his angels said he at any time, Thou art my son, etc.?" [Heb 1:5] but to his son he saith: "Thy throne, O God, is for ever, thy sceptre is an everlasting sceptre" [Heb 1:8]. Now this Shiloh is come, the law-giver is departed from Judah, and the sceptre is come to Christ [Gen 49:10].
MFS 25 (1660): [quotes John 4:21-24] Now I do ask all the teachers and professors in Christendom, where this Spirit is, that God is to be worshipped in, if it be not in man? ... Where this worship of God in the Spirit is performed, if it be not in man? ... Where the sceptre of Christ is swayed, which is a righteous sceptre [Heb 1:8]?
IP1:378 (1660): [commenting on Mat 20:25-28] Now in the Gentile-state there were nations, princes, laws, governments, dominions, authorities, &c., but all in the fall, all in darkness, all in transgression from the life. The whole state was corrupt, and there must be no imitation from hence, no likeness of any such thing in the kingdom of Christ ... There is nothing to hurt in the mountain of God's holiness [Isa 11:9]; but there is a righteous sceptre [Heb 1:8], a sweet sceptre, a spiritual sceptre, which reacheth the spirit in the power of life, but toucheth not the outward man. (Penington elaborates further on this passage in IP4:323.)
[Other texts citing Heb 1:9: GF6: 423 (under Heb 2:11)]
GF8:287 (1685): And the Lord said to Job, "When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy [Job 38:7]." There was cause of joy to hear that heavenly harmony. "And God hath anointed Christ with the oil of gladness above his fellows." [Psa 45:7, Heb 1: 9].
IP4:424 (1678): His light, his life, his love, his righteousness, his divine nature, doth not wax old as a garment, but endure and remain the same for ever [Psa 102:26f, Heb 1:11f].
GF5:140 (1675): ministering spirits [Heb 1:14; see under Heb 1:7]
GF7-8: uses phrase "heirs of salvation" [Heb 1:14]
2:1 Therefore we ought to give the more earnest [G: omits; T: the more] heed to the things which we have heard, lest at any time we should let them slip [G: run out; T: perish]. qtext
2:2 For if the word spoken by angels was stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompence of reward; qtext
2:3 How shall we escape, if we neglect [T: despise] so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by [G: preached by; BT; preached of] the Lord [T: +himself], and [GT: +afterward] was confirmed unto us by them that heard him [BT: it]; qtext
2:4 God also bearing them witness [GBT: +thereto], both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles [B: powers], and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will?
2:5 For unto the angels hath he not put in subjection the world to come, whereof we speak.
2:6 But one in a certain place testified [GBT: witnessed], saying, What is man, that thou art [G: shouldst be] mindful of him? [T omits next clause] or the son of man, that thou visitest [G: wouldst consider; B: wouldst look upon] him?
[Heb 2:6-8: cf Psa 8:4-6]
2:7 Thou madest him [T: After thou haddest] a little [B: for a little while; T; for a season made him] lower than [G: inferior to] the angels; thou crownedst him with glory and honour, and didst set him over [GBT: above] the works of thy hands: qtext
2:8 Thou hast put all things in subjection under his feet. For in that he put all [GBT: +things] in subjection [BT: omit] under him, he left nothing that is not put under [G: should not be subject unto] him. But now we see not yet all things put under [G: subdued under] him.
2:9 But we see Jesus [B: But him; T: Nevertheless we yet see not all things subdued but him], who [B: that for a while] was made a little lower than [G: little inferior to; BT: less than] the angels for [GB: through] the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste [BT: +of] death for every man [GT: all men; B: all]. qtext
(Heb 2) GF5: 113
(Heb 2:1f) IP4: 156
(Heb 2:2) JN3: 136
(Heb 2:2f) IP3: 195
(Heb 2:3) GFNJ 237; GF3: 375, 552; JN1: 268 (JWh) IP1: 223; WPR 138, 584, 602
(Heb 2:6) LB (D18)
(Heb 2:7) GF8: 14 , 32 ; IP3: 527
(Heb 2:8) HPS 518
(Heb 2:9) GFJN 5, 603; GF2: 332; GF3: 539; GF4: 320; GF5: 47, 172, 221f, 366, 389; GF6: 34, 44, 97, 174, 321, 343, 377; GF8: 94 , 149 , 160 , 164 , 182 , 193 , 202 , 236 , 305 ; GFT 18, 106, 176, 195, 198, 218, 220; EQ 505 (GF); MFS 31; IP3: 26, 220, 345, 463; IP4: 98; RBA 97, 104, 107; RBAF 7(72), 80; EQ 322 (BC), 506, HPS 362, 382, 403 (EB); JWJM 150
IP4: 156 (1671): [Queries on Rom 8:1] What is that state wherein there is no condemnation? Is it not the state of the redeemed souls in Christ? Doth not condemnation follow, where there is sin and disobedience? See Heb 2:1, &c.
IP3: 195 (1670): Under Moses' law every transgression received the just recompense of reward, and shall he escape in the gospel [Heb 2:2f] who grieves the Spirit [Eph 4:30], who despises the Son and gives ear to the enemy?
[Other texts citing Heb 2:3: JN1:268 (Rom 1:21)]
GF3: 375 (1659): P. "That Christ gives to every man a saving light, we utterly deny." A. He is "the true light that enlightens every man that cometh into the world," [John 1:9] ... and he is "salvation to the ends of the earth," [Acts 13:47], and they that hate the light [John 3:20], neglect their salvation [Heb 2:3], and "turn the grace of God into wantonness," [Jude 1:4 GBT], and deny the Lord that bought them [2 Pet 2:1].
WPR 584 (1694): Let not this day of visitation [Luk 19:44] pass over thy head, nor neglect thou so great salvation [Heb 2:3] as this which is come to thy house, O England! For why shouldst thou die, O land that God desires to bless [Ezek 18:31]?
GF8:32 (1670): And let your minds be kept above all visible things; for God took care for man in the beginning, and set him above the works of his hands [Heb 2:7]: and therefore mind the heavenly treasure [Mat 6:20], that will never fade away [1 Pet 1:4]; and dwell in the seed, in which you may know your election [1Th 1:4].
[Other texts citing Heb 2:9: GF5:172 (under Mar 16:15), GF8:160 (1 Jn 2:2), GF8:182 (Heb 12:3), GF8:236 (Mat 27:46), GFT 198/EQ 506 (John 1:15), GFT 218 (John 3:16), IP4: 98 (Heb 2:10, Heb 2:14f), HPS 362f (John 3:16)]
GF2: 332 (1687): For all died in Adam; and Christ by the grace of God tasted death for every man [Heb 2:9], that they might come out of the death of Adam to the eternal life in Jesus Christ: who is also a quickening spirit [1 Cor 15:45]; for as in Adam all died, even so in Christ shall all be made alive [1 Cor 15:22].
GF5:389 (1679): Now if God had foreordained a number of persons (as you say and preach) for reprobation and condemnation, how doth this grace and favour [which brings salvation] then appear to all men [Tit 2:11]: and how then can it be said, "Christ tasted death for every man"? [Heb 2:9]
GF6:97 (1680): Christ hath tasted death for every man [Heb 2:9], that they might be conformable unto his death [Phil 3:10]; and he hath enlightened all men that come into the world [John 1:9], that by it they might come to the knowledge of him [1 Tim 2:4?], and so be conformable to his holy and glorious image [Rom 8:29], who bruises the head of all false images and likeness makers [Gen 3:15].
MFS 31 (1660): But Christ Jesus, who the apostle saw, made a little lower than the angels, for the suffering of death [Heb 2:9], has wrought the redemption of man to bring him into a blessed, happy, and perfect condition.
IP3:220 (1672): Christ came to do the Father’s will [John 5:30, Heb 10:7,9]; to obey, to suffer, to taste death for every man (Heb 2:9); to fight with and overcome the devil; to offer a holy, spotless sacrifice for all mankind, that through him they might witness atonement and acceptance.... But the work of this day is not to preach up a notional knowledge of these things, ... but to bring to that measure of the Spirit, to that sense of grace and truth, which is come by Jesus Christ [John 1:17]; wherein the benefit of these things may be truly reaped and enjoyed....
RBA 97 (1678, Prop VI): ...there is an evangelical and saving Light and grace in all.... Therefore Christ "hath tasted death for every man," [Heb 2:9], not only for all kinds of men, as some vainly talk, but for every man of all kinds; the benefit of whose offering is not only extended to such as have the distinct outward knowledge of his death and sufferings, as the same is declared in the Scriptures, but even unto those who are necessarily excluded from the benefit of this knowledge by some inevitable accident...
JWJM 150: Under this exercise I attended the Quarterly Meeting at Gunpowder, and in bowedness of spirit I had to open with much plainness [of speech, 2 Cor 3:12] what I felt respecting Friends living in fullness on the labours of the poor oppressed Negroes.... Here the sufferings of Christ and his tasting death for every man [Heb 2:9], and the travels, sufferings, and martyrdoms of the apostles and primitive Christians in labouring for the conversion of the Gentiles, was livingly revived in me....
2:10 For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing [G: seeing that he brought; BT: after he had brought] many sons [G: children] unto glory, to [GBT: that he should] make [G: consecrate] the captain [G: prince; T: lord] of their salvation perfect [G: omits] through sufferings [GB: afflictions; T: suffering]. qtext
(Heb 2:10) GFJN 380, 603; GF2: 325; GF4: 232, 304; GF6: 59, 245, 423; GF7: 55 , 295 ; GF8: 27 , 95 , 166 , 203 , 280 ; DGA 76; MFS 54; MFU 191, 209, 262, 339, 350, 377; JN1: 12 (GF), 52; JN2: 454; WDS 309; IPL 45; IP1: 124; IP2: 127, IP3: 12, 42, 104, 158, 166, 325, 331; IP4: 98, 210, 278f; EQ 101 (WD); HPS 288; 343, 357, 428, 433 (EB), 464; WPR 74, 139, 140, 142, 147, 166, 222, 579; WPT 22, 365; JSS 53; SIW 152
[Other texts citing Heb 2:10: GF4:304 (Mat 4:9f), GF6:423 (under Heb 2:11), GF7:55 (John 7:49), GF8:203 (Rom 4:25), MFU 339 (John 3:16), JN1:12 (John 13:15), WDS 309 ( Jas 1:4), IP2:127 (Rev 14:4), HPS 288 (Heb 3:1), HPS 428 (Rev 9:3), WPR 147 (Mat 26:38-41), JSS 53 (1 Pet 2:21)]
GF7:295 (1667): The clean and holy lamb must have the victory over all this [the nature of wild beasts] in you; and therefore join to him that hath the victory, who is the captain of your salvation [Heb 2:10], who bruiseth the serpent's head [Gen 3:15]; Christ the seed (that is he) that breaks the serpent's power, and crusheth him to pieces, destroying him and his works [Heb 2:14/1 Jn 3:8].
GF8:27 (1670): And thus with your heavenly armour and arms stand, and keep your possession of life, who are brought out of spiritual Egypt, Sodom [Rev 11:8], and Babylon, having one to go before you, the captain of your salvation [Heb 2:10], (Christ Jesus,) who was before Moses and Joshua were.
GF8:280 (1685): [quotes 1 Pet 5:10]; this is through the sufferings for Christ Jesus, the captain of our salvation, who was made perfect through sufferings [Heb 2:10], and is able to succour all his followers, in their temptations and sufferings [Heb 2:18].
MFS 54 (1660): For no other cause but love to the souls of all people have our sufferings been. Therefore we have been numbered amongst the transgressors [Isa 53:12] and been accounted as sheep for the slaughter [Psa 44:22, Rom 8:36], as our Lord and Master was, who is the captain of our salvation [Heb 2:10], who though He was a Son, yet learned obedience by the things he suffered [Heb 5:8], who said, "My kingship is not of this world; if my kingship were of this world, my servants would fight..." [John 18:36]
MFU 191 (1656): ...he alone treads the winepress without the city [Isa 63:3/Rev 14:20], and he hath left us an example that we should follow his steps [1 Pet 2:21], who is made perfect through suffering [Heb 2:10]....
JN1:12 (George Fox, 1653): as he is, so are we in this world [1 Jn 4:17]; he is our forerunner [Heb 6:20], captain of our salvation [Heb 2:10], and in all things our example.
IP2:127 (1660): This then is the government of Christ, ... to know the movings, the stirrings, the leadings, the steps of the Lamb, who is "the Captain of our salvation [Heb 2:10];" and to follow him wherever he goes [Rev 14:4], doing all things that he commands, forbearing all things that he forbids, "without murmuring, without disputing [Phil 2:24]."
IP3:42 (1667): Query 21. Who is the captain of our salvation [Heb 2:10]? Who is it that girdeth himself with might [Psa 93:1], riding on conquering and to conquer [Rev 6:2] all the enemies of the soul? Is it not the Lamb? Is it not Christ? Is it not he whose name is called the Word of God [Rev 19:13]?
IP4: 98 (1671): Why this high priest was to suffer death; which was, that he might taste death for every man [Heb 2:9], and so through suffering become a perfect Saviour, a perfect Captain of salvation, to all the sons that were brought by him to glory [Heb 2:10].
IP4:278f (1675?): The aim of God is to bring many sons to glory, Heb 2:10; and as they come out of darkness and sin into light and holiness, they come into the glory....
WPR 74 (1669): Wherefore who will be true Christians, must not think to steer another course; nor to drink of another cup than hath the Captain of their Salvation [Heb 2:10] done before them [quotes Mat 20:20-22]; otherwise no disciples, no Christians.
HPS 357 (Elizabeth Bathurst, 1679): [quotes Heb 2:14] So that his strength being broken, and his power destroyed by the Captain of our Salvation [Heb 2:10], if we resist him steadfast in the faith, he will flee from us, as 'tis written, James 4:7.
SIW 152 (Ann Crowley, 18-): May the sincere in heart...be careful to keep the eye single [Mat 6:22] to the Captain of their salvation (Heb 2:10), who is able to bring through every exercise and trial of faith, to the honour of his great name.
2:11 For both he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are all of one: for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren, qtext
2:12 Saying, I will declare thy name unto my brethren, in the midst of the church [T: congregation] will I sing praise unto [G: sing praises to; BT: praise] thee. qtext
[Heb 2:12 cf Psa 22:22]
2:13 And again, I will put my trust in him. And again, Behold [GBT: +here am] I and the children which God hath given me.
[Heb 2:13 cf Isa 8:17f LXX]
(Heb 2:11) GFJN 134; GF3: 292; GF6: 423; DGA 77; JN1: 9, 14 (GF); EQ 254 (FN); IP1: 26; IP3: 37, 43, 200; HPS 370 (EB); WPR 73; JSS 19, 20, 44f, 65
(Heb 2:11f) GF5: 453; GF6: 482; LB (E90)
(Heb 2:12) GF8: 157 , 286 
GFJN 134 (1652): The charges against George Fox and his answers thereto. 4. That he was equal with God. Answer. That was not so spoken, but he that sanctifieth and they that are sanctified are all of one [Heb 2:11] in the Father and the Son, and that ye are the sons of God [1 Jn 3:2]. The Father and the Son are one [John 10:30], and we of his flesh and of his bone [Eph 5:30]; this the Scripture doth witness.
GF6: 423 (1689): But God hath anointed Christ with the oil of gladness above his fellows [Heb 1:9], who brings many sons into glory [Heb 2:10]; "for both he that sanctifieth, and they that are sanctified are all of one; for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren." [Heb 2:11]
IP3: 37 (1667): Query 11. Are not the children and he of one? Are not he and they of the same stock? ("Both he that sanctifieth, and they that are sanctified, are all of one." Heb 2:11.) Is it not from thence that he is not ashamed to call them brethren, even because he finds the nature, Spirit, and life of his Father in them?
JSS 19 (17-): [quotes Mat 25:40] It is actually done unto him in them, for they are all real brethren: "He that sanctifieth, and they who are sanctified, are all of one. [Heb 2:11]"
JSS 44f (17-): As really as God and man are united in one, in him, so really are they so in all his. Hence "he is not ashamed to call them brethren [Heb 2:11];" for they are true brethren, all born of the same holy and "incorruptible seed and word of God" [1 Pet 1:23]. It is this, and only this, that makes them not only "heirs of God," but "joint-heirs with Christ" [Rom 8:17].
GF8:157 (1678): And this is the tree whose leaf never fadeth, nor fruit faileth [Ezek 47:12]; but its fruit feedeth all the living, and the leaves thereof heal the nations [Rev 22:2]. And this tree stands in the midst of God's garden, who saith, in the midst of thy church will I sing praise [Heb 2:12], which are living stones, a spiritual household of faith [1 Pet 2:5/Gal 6:10], elect and precious, the church of the living God, written in heaven [1 Tim 3:15/Heb 12:22f]; so holiness becomes the house of the Lord [Psa 93:5]
GF8:286 (1685): And again he saith, "I will declare thy name among my brethren [Heb 2:12]." So here Christ calleth his believers his brethren; and again he saith, "Behold, I, and the children which God hath given me, are for signs and for wonders in Israel [Isa 8:18];" so they are now to all outward professors without possession.
2:14 Forasmuch then as the children are [T: were] partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same [GBT: with them]; that through death he might destroy [B: expel; T: put down] him that had the power of [BT: lordship over] death, that is, the devil; qtext
[Heb 2:14 often confl w 1 Jn 3:8; cf 1 Cor 5:26]
2:15 And [GBT: +that he might] deliver [G: +all] them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to [BT: in danger of] bondage. qtext
(Heb 2:14) GFJN 15, 367; GF2: 334; GF3: 318, 437, 445, 469, 531; GF4: 60, 169, 187, 224, 226, 267, 320; GF5: 221, 228, 413; GF6: 25, 34, 64, 97, 174, 377. 380, 445; GF7: 85 , 139 , 154 , 159 , 178 , 201 , 204, 205 , 209 , 219 , 232 , 246, 251 , 257 , 263,265 , 275, 278 , 285,294, 295 , 313 , 321, 324 ; GF8: 6 , 28 , 32 , 34 , 43 , 58 , 141 , 152 , 164 [356,357], 175 , 182 , 198 , 236 , 247 , 251 , 254 , 273f , 282 , 298 , 300, ; GFT 33, 100; IP1: 315; IP4: 79; RBA 316 (RBAF 273); EQ 300318 (BC), 506 (GF); HPS 357 (EB)
(Heb 2:14f) IP4: 98
(Heb 2:15) IP1:41
GF often conflates Heb 2:14 with 1 Jn 3:8: "destroys the devil and his works"
[Other texts citing Heb 2:14: GFJN 14 (1 Pet 1:6f), GFJN 367 (Heb 7:19), GF7:85 (Mat 23:8), GF7: 139 (Mat 5:37, Heb 6:13- 16), GF7:159 (John 5:24), GF7: 251 (Heb 13:12), GF7:257 (Gen 35:11), GF7:295 (Heb 2:10), GF7:324 (Heb 10:20), GF8:6f (Mat 25:1-13), GF8:34 (Jas 1:12), GF8:43 (Rom 5:1), GF8:182 (Heb 12:3), GF7:232, GF8:141 (1 Jn 3:8), GF8:251 (1 Jn 5:19), GF8:6f (Rev 19:7), GFT 33 (Heb 4:3, HPS 357 (Heb 2:10), EQ 506 (Mat 3:11f)]
GF3:318 (1659): [on Mat 11:28] .... So the sabbath was a sign of rest ... a figure of the restoration, and of the sanctifier, Christ Jesus, who destroys death, and the power of death, and the devil and his works [Heb 2:14/1 Jn 3:8], who is the cause and the author of the burthen of the whole of creation, and of mankind.
GF6:64 (1679): So it is Christ, "whom God the Father hath sanctified, and sent into the world" [John 10:36], that makes and end of sin, and finishes transgression [Dan 9:24] in his new covenant, who through death destroys death, and the devil, who had the power of death [Heb 2:14], that made man and woman unholy.
GF6:97 (1680): But all are to be conformable to the image of the son of God [Rom 8:29]: Christ destroys the devil and his works [Heb 2:14/1 Jn 3:8], who is the head of all false and fallible images, and likenesses, and false ways, religions, doctrines, ordinances, and rudiments of the world, which are not to be touched, tasted, nor handled [Col 2:20-22], and so not to be conformed unto.
GF6:445 (16?): Again John saith, "We know that ye are passed from death to life." 1 Jn 3:14. This was while they were upon the earth; then they were passed from the body of death [Rom 7:24], and the devil the power of death [Heb 2:14], which satan's ministers, priests, and teachers plead for, which first came in by hearkening to satan's teaching, and forsaking God's teaching [Gen 3:1-6].
GF7:178 (1659): Live in the seed of God that destroys the devil [Heb 2:14/Gen 3:15]
GF7:263 (1664): Him feel in you all, then ye may all feel the first and the last, who destroys the devil and his works [Heb 2:14, 1 Jn 3:8], (which are imperfect,) whose works are persecution, and murder, and banishment, and cruelty, and imprisonment: "for the devil shall cast some into prison [Rev 2:10]," saith John in the Revelations; and the devil was a murderer from the beginning, and a liar [John 8:44], whom Christ destroys, and his works, who was before he was, and remains when he is destroyed and gone ....
GF8:175 (1679): And they that offer the spiritual sacrifices [1 Pet 2:5] to God, and are his heavenly witnesses, stand for God and Christ, and his righteousness, in his light and life, by which they are grafted into Christ; and so by and in his power, light, and life stand over death, and darkness, and the prince and power of it [Col 1:13/Heb 2:14/Eph 2:2], and in it reign over him.
IP1:315 (1660): [The Quakers] distinguish, according to the Scriptures, between that which is called the Christ, and the bodily garment which he took. The one was flesh, the other spirit.... The body of flesh was but the veil. Heb 10:20. The eternal life was the substance veiled. The one he did partake of, as the rest of the children did; the other was he which did partake there of. Heb 2:14.
RBA 316 (1678, XI.14; RBAF 273): Even as Jesus Christ ... did enjoy and possess his spiritual kingdom while oppressed, persecuted, and rejected of men [Isa 53:3], and is, in despite of the malice and rage of the devil, "he spoiled principalities and powers, triumphing over them [Col 2:15], and through death destroyed him that had the power of death, that is, the devil" [Heb 2:14]; so also his followers both can and do worship him not only without the arm of flesh [2 Chr 32:8] to protect them, but even when oppressed.
IP4:98 (1671): Why he partook of flesh and blood; one reason whereof was, because the children ... were partakers of flesh and blood; ... another was ... that he might taste death [Heb 2:9], and through death destroy him that had the power of death [Heb 2:14], and so break open the prison doors, and deliver those who were captives under him [Heb 2:15].
IP1:41 (1658): [Heb 2:14 see under 1 Jn 4:18]
2:16 For verily he took not [G: in no sort took; BT: in no place taketh] on him the nature of angels; but he took on him the seed of Abraham. qtext
2:17 Wherefore in all things it behoved [BT: became] him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and [GBT: merciful, and a] faithful high priest in things pertaining to [GBT: concerning] God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people [BT: for to purge the people’s sins]. qtext
2:18 For in that he himself hath suffered being [GBT: suffered and was] tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted. qtext
(Heb 2:16) GFJN 336; GF2: 313; GF3: 581; JN1: 12 (GF), 34, 161, 498; JN3: 115; 725 (RR); HPS 355 (EB); WPR 261; JSS 49
(Heb 2:16f) EQ 318 (BC); HPS 399 (EB)
(Heb 2:17) GFT 18; IP4: 79; WPR 232, 622; WPT 317; JSS 51
(Heb 2:17f) IP4: 98; JSS 34
(Heb 2:18) GF4: 304; GF7: 55 ; GF8: 131 , 280 ; LB (B21); SIW 149
[Other texts citing Heb 2:16: JN1:161 (Rom 5:12)]
GFJN 336: And I declared unto him that the promise of God was unto the seed and this they might know within them; and the word became flesh [John 1:14], but not corrupt flesh; for Christ took not upon him the nature of angels but the seed of Abraham [Heb 2:16], so he might know the seed in himself; for who are of faith are of Abraham [Gal 3:7], and come to be flesh of Christ's flesh and bone of his bone [Gen 2:23 / Eph 5:30].
JN1: 34 (1653): Q. Was Christ man, or no? James. Yea, he was, and "took up upon him the seed of Abraham," [Heb 2:16] and was real flesh and bone; but it is a mystery not known to the carnal man; for he is begotten of the "immortal seed," [1 Pet 1:23GBT] and those that know him, know him to be spiritual; for it was "the Word" that "became flesh, and dwelt among us" [John 1:14]; and if he had not been spiritual, he had not wrought my redemption.
HPS 399 (Elizabeth Bathurst, 1679): Oh! the height, and depth, and breadth, and length of the love of God, and of Jesus Christ our Saviour [Eph 3:18f], who took not on him the nature of angels, but took on him the seed of Abraham, and was made in everything like unto us (only without sin) [Heb 2:16f / 4:15], that he might restore fallen men!
IP4:98 (1671): Why he was tempted; and why in all things it behooved him to be made like unto his brethren; which was, "that he might be a faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people." For his own suffering under temptations (even the sense thereof) renders him merciful, tender, faithful, and ready to his in all their temptations, Heb 2:17-18.
JSS 34 (17–): He was dependant, he was tried and tempted in all things as we are; hence his sympathy with the seed; he is touched with a feeling of all our infirmities [Heb 4:15]; is a merciful and faithful high priest; and being himself tempted, knows how to succour them that are tempted [Heb 2:17f].
GF7:55 (1653): He hath overcome Egypt, and he hath fulfilled the law [Mat 5:17], he hath overcome the world John 16:33], he hath overcome the temptations; he is able to succour all who are tempted [Heb 2:18]. It is no sin to be tempted, but to enter into the temptation, that is sin.
3:1 Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly [BT: celestial] calling [G: vocation], consider the Apostle [T: ambassador] and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus; qtext
3:2 Who was faithful to him that appointed [T: made] him, as also Moses was faithful in all his house.
[Heb 3:2 cf Heb 3:5, Num 12:7]
3:3 For this man was [GB: is] counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as he who hath builded [T: prepared] the house hath more honour than [T: most honour in] the house.
3:4 For every house is builded [T: prepared] by some man; but he that built [T: ordained] all things is God. qtext
3:5 And Moses verily was faithful in all his house, as a servant [BT: minister], for a testimony [GB: for a witness; T: to bear witness] of those things which were to be spoken after; qtext
3:6 But Christ as a [G: is as the] son [BT: +hath rule] over his own house; whose house are we, if [T: so that] we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm [GBT: that hope] unto the end. qtext
[Heb 3:6 cf Heb 3:14, 6:11]
(Heb 3:1) GF7: 43 ; GF8: 24 ; MFU 376; IP3: 168; IP4: 78, 97f; HPS 288; 420 (EB); WPT 327, SBD 43
(Heb 3:1f) IP4: 98
(Heb 3:2-6) GF7: 260 
(Heb 3:2) JN1: 110; JN3: 34 [cf Heb 3:5f]
(Heb 3:4) GF6: 113; GF7: 173 ; IP2: 429
(Heb 3:5) GF4: 44 (=JN1: 214 [GF]); JN3: 34; IP3: 81; IP4: 151; IPL 4
(Heb 3:5f) GF5: 334; GF6: 55, 485; GF8: 287 ; GFEJ 454; GFT 199; EQ 506 (GF); IP1: 310; IP2: 26, 63, 147, 429; IP3: 289; IP4: 213, 218, 251, 381, 424
(Heb 3:6) GFJN 126; GF5: 114, 312, 334; GFT 205; LB (C92); IP3: 434; IP4: 87, 99
GF7:43 (1653): Dear Friends, prize your heavenly calling [Heb 3:1], by which ye are called into holiness and righteousness, without which no one shall see the Lord [Heb 12:14]
IP4: 78 (1668): ... we offer up to him the living sacrifices, which the High Priest of our profession [Heb 3:1] prepares in us ...
HPS 288 (Susannah Blandford, 1698): ... all those who have in true obedience submitted to his yoke [Mat 11:29], and their wills subjected to his will; these shall find his saving virtue of life, which ... will endow them with the heavenly virtue, in Christ Jesus our high priest [Heb 3:1], and captain of our salvation [Heb 2:10]....
WPT 327 (1696, Mod Eng): Those with the key of David [Rev 3:7] come in through the door (Christ Jesus). [John 10:1f]. Christ acknowledges and approves them. They have been anointed by the high priest of the gospel dispensation [Heb 3:1], who breathes on them, and lays his hands on them.
GF6:113 (1682): And did not the Jews, in a despising way, say, "Is this not the carpenter's son?" [Mat 13:55] .... So they called Christ the carpenter, but they did not know that he was to build up the fallen house of Adam by his power and spirit. For the apostle Peter says, "Ye are built up a spiritual household" [1 Pet 2:5], and the author to the Hebrews: "He that buildeth all things is God." [Heb 3:4] And again, "For he (Abraham) looked for a city, whose builder and maker is God." [Heb 11:10].
GF7: 173 (1659): by this law of the spirit of life in Christ Jesus [Rom 8:2] .... God's building ye will distinguish from man's building [Heb 3:4] ....
IP2: 429 (1666): the false church ... meets men on the streets, and forceth them into her bed [Prov 7]; whereas the voice of the true church is, Wait for the preparation, for the being changed by that which giveth entrance to the truth; for the builder of the church is God, Heb 3:4....
GF4: 44 (1654): And the saints who were made the temples of God, denied the outward temple; but there is a ministry now which doth in words profess Jesus Christ, holds up these outward temples, and as Moses, which was a type of Christ, which was a servant, was faithful in his house [Heb 3:5], so the deceit (after him) got into his place....
GF6:55 (1679): [quotes Heb 3:5f] So Christ is over his house, the Jews in the spirit [Rom 2:29], in the new covenant and testament, and new and living way [Heb 10:20]; and they enjoy him, the substance, who makes all things new [Rev 21:5]. And Moses was faithful in all his house, in the old covenant and testament, in the old time, over the outward Jews with the outward shadows and signs, which were commanded by the law, and served until Christ the seed came; and when he came, he abolished them....
IP1: 310 (1660): Christ was as faithful in his house as Moses [Heb 3:5f], and if such a course [dismembering, banishment, or death] had been necessary for the preservation of his church, surely he would not have withheld it. But Christ overcomes the devil's kingdom by his spirit... This is his way of overcoming all the mists of darkness and false doctrines, and not a magistrate's sword.
IP4: 218 (1671): He is faithful (in all his house) [Heb 3:5f) inwardly to judge, condemn, crucify, subdue, destroy whatever is contrary to the nature and Spirit of his Father, and to form and build up the spirits of his in that which is new and pure.
[Other texts citing Heb 3:6: GF5: 334 (under Heb 3:7f)]
GFJN 126: ...Christ calls the Church his spouse [Song 4:8-12], and his bride, the Lamb's wife [Rev 21:9]. So this title Church and spouse was not given to an old house but to his Church that was his people and true believers, and the apostle saith, "Whose house we are" [Heb 3:6]. So the people are God's house and dwelling.
GF5: 311f (1676): and the saints had, and have, both assurance and confidence; [catalogue of refs including Heb 3:6,14, 6:11, 10:22,35]
3:7 Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost saith, To day if ye will hear his voice, qtext
[Heb 3:7-11 see Psa 95:7-11]
3:8 Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation [T: after the rebellion], in [G: according to] the day of temptation in the wilderness: qtext
3:9 When [GBT: Where] your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my works forty years [GT: +long].
3:10 Wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do alway err [GT: err ever] in their heart; and they have not known my ways.
3:11 So I sware in my wrath, They shall not [GB: if they shall; T: that they should not] enter into my rest.) qtext
3:12 Take heed, brethren, lest [GB: lest at any time;T: that] there be in any of [T: none of] you an evil heart of unbelief [G: and unfaithful], in departing from the living God. qtext
3:13 But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened [T: wax hardhearted] through the deceitfulness of sin. qtext
[Heb 3:13 cf Heb 10:25]
3:14 For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold [GBT: keep sure unto the end] the beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end [G: that beginning, wherewith we are upholden; B: the beginning of the substance; T: the first substance]; qtext
[Heb 3:14 cf Heb 3:6, 6:11]
3:15 While [GBT: So long as] it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation [T: as when ye rebelled]. qtext
3:16 For some, when they had heard, did provoke [G: provoked him to anger; T: rebelled]: howbeit not all that came out of Egypt by [T: under] Moses.
3:17 But with whom was he grieved [GBT: displeased] forty years? was it not with them that had sinned, whose carcases fell [T: were overthrown] in the wilderness [BT: desert]?
3:18 And to whom sware he that they should not enter into his rest, but to them that believed not [G: obeyed not; B: were not obedient]? qtext
3:19 So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief. qtext
(Heb 3:7f) GFJN 200; GF5: 334, 114
(Heb 3:8) HPS 468
(Heb 3:11f) HPS 373 (EB)
(Heb 3:12-15) GF2: 260
(Heb 3:12) IP1: 153; IP3: 193; IP4: 25
(Heb 3:12f) GF7: 302 ; EQ 331 (BC); IP1: 352
(Heb 3:13) GF5: 334, 341; GF6: 43; GF7: 30 , 249 ; GF8: 67 ; MFU 176; JN1:91, 113; IP3: 277, 445, 526
(Heb 3:14) GF5: 312; GF7: 311 ; IP4: 99, 390; RBA 226; RBAF 168
(Heb 3:15) GFJN 200; GF5: 341; GF6: 43; GFT 175; LB (D30); JN2: 544; IP2: 453; HPS 468
(Heb 3:18) GF6: 76; JN1: 313; IP1: 37; WPT 267
(Heb 3:18f) JN2: 544
(Heb 3:19) GF5: 142Top
GF5:334 (1679): But you may see whose voice we must hear, the voice of Christ, the voice of this prophet, whom God hath raised up, and not man [Acts 3:22-24]; Christ the son of God, who is over his household [Heb 3:6], and they who do not hear his voice, hardens their hearts, and therefore, the Holy Ghost saith unto you, "whilst it is called today, hear his voice," [Heb 3:7f/13] and therefore, ye must not put it off until to-morrow, for ye may be dead before to-morrow.
HPS 468 (Anne Gilman, 1662): therefore (O King) return, return, and repent, and harden not thy heart, as in the day of provocation [Heb 3:8,15/ Psa 95:8], again that secret witness of God [1 Jn 5:9f], which reproves thee secretly when no mortal eye seeth.
HPS 373 (Elizabeth Bathurst, 1679): Concerning a possibility of a total fall from true grace: [quotes Heb 3:11f, 4:11, 6:4-6, 12:15]
GF7: 302 (1667): And, friends, forget not the assembling of yourselves together [Heb 10:25], as the manner of some is, and was; lest there be an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God [Heb 3:12], but exhort one another daily [Heb 3:13]. . . .
IP1:352 (1660): Now when sin hath got its cover, then by degrees it hardens the heart, both from and against the truth. "Take heed," &c. saith the apostle, "lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin. Heb 3:12-13. And persecution most hardens any sin. How cruel, how bloody doth it make!
[Other texts citing Heb 3:13: GF5:334 (under Heb 3:7f)]
JN1:91 (1653): as the apostle saith, exhort one another daily as the light doth appear [Heb 3:13/Heb 10:25], building up one another in the most holy faith [Jude 1:20]; and all the children of God shall be taught by the Lord, and great shall be the peace of them [Isa 54:13].
RBA 226 (1678, IX.2): ...salvation is no otherwise proposed here, but upon certain necessary conditions performed by us [quotes Rom 8:13, Heb 3:14]
IP2: 453 (1666): So to the inward Israel Christ is given for a leader and commander [Isa 55:4], who appears unto the distressed soul in Egypt, brings out of Egypt, and so leads on towards the good land, and into it. Now as the soul follows, as the soul believes in his appearances, and obeys his voice in the holy, pure covenant of life; so he works out the redemption thereof. But as unbelief and disobedience get up, and the heart is hardened at any time against his voice and counsel [Heb 3:15], and the ear open to the temptations of the enemy, the redemption thereby goes backward, and the distress and captivity return again.
[Other texts citing Heb 3:18f: JN2:544 (under Rev 12:15)]
GF6:76 (1676): And they that make a profession of the words of Christ and his apostles in the new covenant ..., and do not obey the gospel, nor believe in the light ... do not enter into the eternal rest [Heb 3:18], but do wander in the spiritual wilderness, and die in their sins [John 8:24]...
GF5:142 (1657): [Heb 3:19, see under Heb 4:10].
This page last revised Sept 2007