(Hebrews) GF5: 112-119; IP4: 97-106

4:1 Let us therefore fear, lest a promise being left us [GBT:at any time (T: any of us) by forsaking the promise] of entering into his rest, any of you [T: omits] should seem to come short of it [G: seem to be deprived; B: be defrauded; T: seem to come behind].

4:2 For unto us was the gospel preached [T: it declared], as well as unto them: but the word preached [GB: the word that they heard; T: it] did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it [G: because it was not with faith in those that heard it; B: not being coupled with faith to them that heard; T: that they heard the word because they which heard it coupled it not with faith.]

4:3 For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said [GT: +to the other], As [T omits] I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall [T: they shall not] enter into my rest: although [T: And that spake he verily long after] the works were finished from [B: made perfect from; T: made and] the foundation of the world [T: +laid].     qtext

[cf Psa 95:11; Heb 3:11]

4:4 For he spake in a certain place of the seventh day on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works.

[cf Gen 2:2]

4:5 And in this place again, If they shall enter [T: They shall not come] into my rest.

4:6 Seeing therefore it remaineth [BT: followeth] that some must enter therein, and they to whom it [B: the gospel] was first preached entered not in because of unbelief [GT: for unbelief’s sake; B: for unbelief]:

4:7 Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day [G: appointed in David a certain day, by To day; BT: appointeth a certain day, by to day, saying in David; T: appointeth in David a certain present day], after so long a time; [GT: +saying,] as it is said [T: rehearsed], To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts [T: Be not hard-hearted].

4:8 For if Jesus had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day.

4:9 There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God.     qtext

4:10 For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased [T: doth cease] from his own works, as God did from his.     qtext

4:11 Let us labour [GBT: study] therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief [GB: of disobedience; T: into unbelief].

(Heb 4:1-12) WPR 75

(Heb 4:1-11) GF3: 335, 336; JN2: 458; IP3: 183

(Heb 4:1-10) GF6: 266

(Heb 4:2) JN3: 15, 37

(Heb 4:3-7) IP2: 68

(Heb 4:3) GF2: 312; GF3: 110, 225, 309, 316, 318; GF4: 41, 132; GF5: 141; GF6: 47; GFT 33, 63, 88, 89. 178; JN2: 544; IPL 15; IP1: 36; IP2: 27, 57, 67, 201; IP3: 183, 198, 311, 375; IP4: 76, 145

(Heb 4:6) JN3: 15

(Heb 4:7) EQ 324 (BC); HPS 393 (EB)

(Heb 4:9-11) JN1: 228

(Heb 4:9) GF3: 331; GF7: 80 [68]; GF8: 28f [279]; WPR 63

(Heb 4:10) GF3: 70, 98, 116, 225, 309, 316, 501; GF4: 41, 132; GF5: 142, 408; GF6: 47; GFT34, 89, 178; JN1: 211 (GF), 294; JN2: 71, 449, 544; IP1: 36; IP2: 61; IP3: 198, 311, 377; IP4: 76; DQC*

(Heb 4:11) EQ 332 (BC); HPS 373 (EB)


(Heb 4:1-11)

[Other texts citing Heb 4:1-11: GF3:335 (Rev 3:20), GF3: 336 (Luk 15:16), IP3:183 (John 4:23f)]

(Heb 4:2)

JN3:37 (1656): [Opponent:] Query 6. And if Christ preached the kingdom of God within unbelievers, as you say he did, what then is the difference between the faithful and the faithless, &c. Answ. Were you not blind you might see you have answered the query you ask, to wit, one believes, the other believes not. And therein doth the difference consist: and the latter of these you are, who cannot believe the light is sufficient, which is one in all, though some will not believe and follow it: and so though the kingdom of God be preached within unbelievers (Luk 17:21), yet saith Christ of such, ye will not come to me that ye may have life [John 5:40]. So the gospel of the kingdom preached doth not profit, not being mixed with faith [Heb 4:2].

(Heb 4:3)

GF (and others) often conflate Heb 4:3 and 4:10: He that believeth, is entered into his rest, and has ceased from his works as God did from his.

[Other texts citing Heb 4:3: GFT 88 (under Mat 21:42-44), GFT 88f (Heb 12:29), IP2:57 (John 5:8-10)]

GFT 33 (1671): Now all Christians say they are believers, but are they entered into their rest, into Christ Jesus [Heb 4:3]? If so then, there is no burden borne [Jer 17:21f], no food or sticks to be gathered [Exo 16:26, Num 15:32-36] if they be entered into their rest who is our life, who is our rest, Christ Jesus, the Lord of the outward day [Mat 12:8 | Mar 2:28 | Luk 6:5]. He is the "substance" of the signs. So every true believer is entered into his rest, that is, Christ; and Christ, He destroys the Devil and his works [Heb 12:14/1 Jn 3:8] which burdens both man and beast, and so he takes away the burden from men and women in their hearts.

JN2: 544 (1655): But where God works all our works in us he ordains peace there, and such as are entered into the rest, the serpent knows not ((Isa 26:12, Phil 2:13); they which did believe were entered into rest (Heb 4:3), but thy sophistry is to keep people from looking for any rest from their own works (Heb 4:10) till they be cut off by death and can serve the devil no longer, and so art one of those who will neither enter thyself nor suffer those that would [Mat 23:13]...

IP2: 201 (1661): "Come unto me; take my yoke upon you and learn of me." [Mat 11:28f]. He that walketh in this path cannot miss of it; the rest is at the end of it, nay, the rest is in it: "he that believeth entereth into the rest." [Heb 4:3] The true faith, the faith which stands in the power [1 Cor 2:5], and which is given to the birth which is born from above, is the substance of the rest hoped for [Heb11:1], and there is a true taste and some enjoyment of it given to him that believeth.

IP3: 311 (1674): He that truly believeth, entereth into rest [Heb 4:3]. How into rest? From what doth he rest? Why, from his own works [Heb 4:10], from the works of the flesh [Gal 5:19]; yea, from the works of the old covenant; from the works that arise from his own ability, from the works wherein he can never be justified by the gospel justification. But doth he cease from the works of faith? Doth he cease from the labor of love [1 Th 1:3]? Doth he cease from obedience to anything that God requires? Nay; then surely he rather beginneth to work and labor in the vineyard; and his work is not in vain in the Lord [1 Cor 15:58].

(Heb 4:7)

HPS 392f: [Heb 4:7, see under Luk 19:41f]

(Heb 4:9-11)

JN1: 228 (1653): The world's sabbath is without them, and they have no rest but in a form without. The saints' sabbath is within, where Christ is come to give them rest [Mat 11:28], and they have ceased from their own works. [Heb 4:9-11]

(Heb 4:9)

GF3: 331 (1659): The apostle says, "There remains therefore a rest for the people of God" [Heb 4:9], such as come off the signs to Christ the body, the soul's rest; there remains in him a rest for the people. And such as celebrate the sabbath, rest in the shadow, and do not come into the body Christ, and such are not the believers that do enter into the rest Christ.

(Heb 4:10)

[Other texts citing Heb 4:10: GFT 34 (John 1:16), GFT 89 (Heb 12:29), JN2:544, IP3:311 (Heb 4:3), IP2:61 (Jas 2:10), DQC* (Rev 13:18)]

GF5:142 (1675): Now if all they, that are called christians, were the true believers in the light, as Christ the light commands [John 12:36], they would enter into him, their rest, and be children of the light, and cease from their own works, as God did from his [Heb 4:10], but unbelief shuts out, for they entered not in, because of unbelief [Heb 3:19].

JN2:71 (1655) [The Word] is his counselor, & he inquires at it, as at an oracle [1 Sam 16:23], and thereby he is brought to life the life of godliness, and from which is spoken words of life and power to others, and he speaks not his own words [Isa 58:13], nor brings forth his own works; but hath ceased from his own works, as God did from his, and is entered into his rest [Heb 4:10], and is come into the eternal sabbath, and is comprehended into the Word which is Christ, and is no more his own [1 Cor 6:19]....

IP2:60f: [long discussion of gospel-sabbath, partly in context of Jas 2:10, q.v.]: He that commits any sin breaks the gospel-sabbath, which is a resting from all sin and self-works [Heb 4:10]....


4:12 For the word of God is quick [G: lively], and powerful [GBT: mighty in operation], and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing [GBT: and entreth through,] even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.     qtext

[Heb 4:12 cf Rev 2:12]

4:13 Neither is there any creature that is not manifest [T: invisible] in his sight: but all things are naked and opened [GB: open; T: bare] unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do [BT: of whom we speak].     qtext

(Heb 4:12) GFJN 15; GF3: 213, 227, 271; GF4: 18, 43, 168, 197; GF5: 114; GF6: 18; GF7: 69 [54], 77 [64], 103 [100], 107 [105], 133 [138], 171 [182], 205 [206], 207 [207], 290 [249], 320 [262] ; GF8: 16 [270], 32 [282], 124 [333], 135 [342], 181 [361]; GFEJ 55, 161; GFT 140, 193f; DGA 71; MFS 34; MFU 75, 259, 265, 347, 359; JN1: 101, 109, 127, 154, 161; 213 (GF), 370, 502; JN2: 70; 265 (A); JN3: 61; WDS 107; IP1: 30, 89; IP2: 26, 454; IP3: 8, 61, 96f, 112, 122, 267, 306, 330, 337, 371, 444, 490; IP4: 99, 187, 377; EQ 59; 94 (WD), 114 (JN), 412; HPS 293; 404 (EB); RBA 147, 155; WPR 128, 141, 145, 313, 331; WTG 341 (AM)

(Heb 4:12f) GF4: 94; RBA 146f; RBAF 104; EQ 326 (BC); HPS 351 (EB)

(Heb 4:13) GF3: 89, 340; DGA 79; IP3: 254


(Heb 4:12)

GF usually combines (as do others often) Heb 4:12 with Jer 23:29, e.g.:

[Other texts citing Heb 4:12: GF3:213 (under Heb 12:1), GFT 193f (Gen 3:24), JN1:161f (John 1:1), WDS 107 (Mat 5:3) IP3:337 (Rev 2:23), RBA 147 (John 1:7)]

GF7: 77 (1654): But ye that are moved to speak in steeple-houses, or to the priests, (who have not the word of the Lord, but the letter,) speak the word of the Lord faithfully [Jer 23:28], neither add to it with your reason, nor diminish from it [Deut 4:2] with a disobedient mind; but speaking the word of the Lord faithfully it is sharper than a two-edged sword [Heb 4:12], to cut down all deceit, and as a fire to burn up the chaff [Mat 3:12]; and it purifies you that speak it [1 Pet 1:22]: and so as a hammer it will break down all the contrary [Jer 23:29].

GF7:103 (1655) Friends,—In the power of the Lord God dwell and live, that over all the world ye may stand, in that which fathoms it, that ye may handle the word of God aright [2 Tim 2:15], which is as a hammer, and as a sword to divide the precious from the vile; and is a fire, to burn up that which is hammered down, and divided from the precious [Heb 4:12, Jer 15:19, Jer 23:29]

GF7: 290 (1667): And so we say, that the word of God is the original, which doth fulfil the scriptures; and the word is it which makes a divine, which is called a hammer , but it is a living hammer; and is called a sword and fire [Jer 23:29], but it is a living sword [Heb 4:12], and a living fire, to hammer, and cut down, and burn up that which separated and kept man from God; by which word man is reconciled again to God, which is called the word of reconciliation [2 Cor 5:19]; by this word are men and women sanctified and made clean.

GF5: 114 (1675): For the word of God is lively and mighty in operation, and "sharper than any two-edged sword," &c. [Heb 4:12G]

JN1:127 (1653): The apostle saith, "The word is powerful, sharper than a two-edged sword," &c., [Heb 4:12] and this thou twines to deceive the simple [Rom 16:18], and saith the Scripture is so; why wilt thou wrest the Scripture to thy own destruction [2 Pet 3:16]? Thou hast long had the Bible by thee, but what hath it cut down or divided in thee? or hath it discerned the thoughts and intents of thy heart [Heb 4:12]? thou and thy sins are not yet divided.

JN1: 370 (1654): Now that Christ enlightens everyone that cometh into the world [John 1:9] is plain Scripture; and if Christ be not in the most vile in the world, there to see the heart, thoughts, and intents [Heb 4:12], how shall he judge everyone according to their thoughts, that come not forth into actions, as well as according to what they do?

IP2:454 (1666): Quest. 2. How may the principle of truth be discerned? Ans. By its piercing, quickening nature, which discovereth itself in its appearances and operations. For it appears and works, not like man's reason, or like motions of his mind which he takes into his understanding part; but it appears and works livingly, effectually, and powerfully in the heart. [Heb 4:12]

IP3:112 (1668): The Word of God is quick and powerful, sharper than any two-edged sword [Heb 4:12]; and what doth it do? Why it separates between nation and nation, between church and church, between people and people, between cattle and cattle [Ezek 34:17], between soul and soul, yea, between the thoughts and intents of the same heart; owning and cherishing all that is of the pure, and condemning and destroying all that is of the impure.

IP3:306 (1674): The soul's food is that which nourisheth it, which is the same with that which giveth it life. Every word proceding out of the mouth of God [Mat 4:4 | Luk 4:4, Deut 8:3], every motion, every quickening, every operation of his Spirit, is living [Heb 4:12], and nourisheth the soul with life, which receiveth it and feedeth upon it.

IP3: 330 (1674): And what is the truth which makes free [John 8:32]? Is it not the living Truth (the Word which lives and abides forever [1 Pet 1:23]), the powerful Truth, the operative Truth? This cuts between a man and his lovers; this divides between soul and spirit, joints and marrow [Heb 4:12], and makes the soul free from that evil spirit which hath embondaged it.

HPS 293 (Susannah Blandford, 1698): ... whoso therein believes, shall find power in that Gift which God hath given, which is a true discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart [Heb 4:12]....

WPR 141 (1695): Shrink not from the pure operations of his holy Word; let it divide asunder between the soul and spirit, the joints and marrow in you [Heb 4:12]; suffer your right hands to be cut off, and your right eyes to be plucked out, that do offend [Mat 5:29f], let not the pain scare you. O bear the pure searchings of this heavenly Word!

WTG 339f (Ann Moore, 1760): [conclusion of a dream interpretation] Thus I saw that spirit which had rose up against me as a horse, which is one of the strongest creatures, reigned back and must join the regions of darkness and the foolish world, that loves ease and pleasure more than the Lord, because his cross is to them as a two-edged sword [Heb 4:12].

(Heb 4:12f)

GF4: 94 (1656): [quotes Heb 4:12]. This is the word, but he doth not say so of the letter which killeth [2 Cor 3:6]; neither is there any creature which not manifest in his sight; [quotes rest of Heb 4:13]. All things being upheld by the word [Heb 1:3], must needs be naked in his sight, and manifest....

RBA 146f (1678, V/VI:23): [quotes Heb 4:12f] The virtues of this spiritual Word are here enumerated, it is quick, because it searches and tries the hearts of all: no man's heart is exempt from it... The apostle shows how every intent and thought of the heart is discerned by the Word of God, because all things are naked before God.... and so [the Word] must needs be in all men, because the apostle saith, "There is no creature that is not manifest in his sight."

(Heb 4:13)

[Other texts citing Heb 4:13: IP3:254 (John 12:50)]


4:14 Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens [GBT: which is entered into heaven], Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession [B: the confession].     qtext

4:15 For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of [T: have compassion on] our infirmities; but was in all points [G: things] tempted like as we are [G: in like sort], yet without sin.     qtext

4:16 Let us therefore come [GT: go] boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain [GT: receive] mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.     qtext

(Heb 4:14-16) GF5: 114

(Heb 4:15) GF4: 303; GF6: 28; MFU 389; EQ 319 (BC); HPS 399; WPR 232, 489, 622; WPT 41, 205, 317; JSS 34, 44; SIW 149

(Heb 4:15f) IP4: 99

(Heb 4:16) GF3: 256; GF8: 35 [286], 65 [312], 160 [355], 235 [388]; DG120; MFU 311; JN3: 323; WDS 299; IP4: 78


(Heb 4:14-16)

GF5: 114 (1675): [quotes Heb 4:14 Geneva]: This is our profession, which we have held fast, and declared to the professors of scripture without the possession; though for so doing we have been persecuted by them. [quotes Heb 4:15f/Tit 2:11f]

(Heb 4:15)

[Other texts citing Heb 4:15: HPS:399 (under Heb 2:16f), JSS 34 (Heb 2:17f)]

MFU 389 (1665): ... cast your care upon the Lord of heaven and earth for he careth for you [1 Pet 5:7], give up freely unto his good will and pleasure, for we have not such an high priest as cannot be touched with the sufferings and infirmities [Heb 4:15] of his people, but hath freely declared that what they do unto his little ones they do unto him [Mat 25:40] ....

WPT 205 (1674 [Mod Eng]): We further acknowledge that in that holy body, the divine principle of Light and Life discovered the depths of Satan's darkness, encountered hell, death, and the grave, and knew every temptation with which the subtle serpent could entice him. In that way, he was made like us in all things except sin [Heb 4:15] so that he might understand our weaknesses.

JSS 43f (17–): "In that he died, he died unto sin once," saith the apostle, "and in that he liveth, he liveth unto God." [Rom 6:10] Though he was sinless, yet he died unto sin; he died to the very first risings and motions of evil; for "he was in all things tempted as we are." [Heb 4:15] In yielding to these temptations, lust would have been so conceived as to have brought forth sin, but in dying, instantly, the death of the holy cross, to every motion whose tendency was unto sin, he is properly said to have died unto sin. And herein, as well as in his death outwardly to the life of the creature, he has powerfully taught us the necessity of dying with him unto all sin.

SIW 149 (Ann Crowley, 18__): Thus the enemy to my present and future happiness used many means to discourage me; but Christ, our great High Priest, who is touched with a feeling of our infirmities [Heb 4:15], did not fail to succour in the needful time [Heb 2:18]....

(Heb 4:15f)

IP4: 99 (1671): What an advantage we have, by having such an high priest (as was tempted like us, and touched with a sense of our infirmities), or coming boldly to the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need! For he who experimentally knew what the weakness of our flesh is, and what it was to be tempted therein, and how needful and seasonable help from his father then was; surely he cannot but be ready to give out and multiply grace and mercy to his in the time of their need, [Heb] 4:15-16.

(Heb 4:16)

[Other texts citing Heb 4:16: GF8:235 (John 1:9)]

GF3:256 (1659): And the grace (that comes from the throne) that brings salvation, which is the saints' teacher, teacheth not to call "nature grace". [Tit 2:11f/Heb 4:16]

GF8:65 (1674): And concerning praying in the spirit; which "spirit makes intercession to God, with sighs and groans that cannot be uttered [Rom 8:26]." Now where this spirit is prayed in, (which all true prayer is to be in,) it makes intercession through the veils [Heb 10:20-22?], through the clouds and thick darkness [Deut 4:11?], by the invisible power, to the invisible God [Col 1:15]; and this prayer being made in an assembly to the throne of grace [Heb 4:16], there the assembly (in their spirits) join in this spirit, and do make intercession, and do enter through the veils [Heb 10:20-22?], clouds, and thick darkness [Deut 4:11f] to the throne of grace.


5:1 For every high priest taken from among men is ordained for men in things pertaining to God, that he may [GT: to] offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins:

5:2 Who can [G: is able sufficiently to; B: + sufficiently] have compassion on the ignorant, and on them that are [B: err] out of the way; for that [GT: because that; B: forasmuch as] he himself also is compassed with infirmity.

5:3 And by reason hereof [G: And for the same’s sake; B: And for the same infirmity; T: For the which infirmity’s sake] he ought [GBT: is bound], as for the people, so also for himself, to offer for sins.

5:4 And no man taketh this honour unto himself, but he that is called of God, as was Aaron.     qtext

5:5 So also Christ glorified not himself [G: took not to himself this honour] to be made an [GBT: the] high priest; but he that said unto him, Thou art my Son, to day have I begotten thee [GBT: +, gave it (T: glorified) him].

[Heb 5:5 cf Psa 2:7]

5:6 As he saith also in another place [GT: also in another place speaketh], Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.     qtext

[Heb 5:6 cf Psa 110:4, Heb 6:20, 7:17-21]

5:7 Who in the days of his flesh, when he had offered [GT: did offer] up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears unto him that was able to save him from death, and was heard in that he feared [T: because of his godliness];     qtext

5:8 Though he were a [GB: the; T: God’s] Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered;     qtext

5:9 And being made perfect, he became [GB: being consecrate (B: perfect), was made; T: was made perfect and] the author [T: cause] of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him;     qtext

5:10 [GBT: +And is] Called of God an high priest after the order of Melchisedec.

(Heb 5 - 7) HPS 72

(Heb 5:4) RBA 257f, 287; RBAF 196, 231; SBD 25

(Heb 5:4f) IP4: 7, 99

(Heb 5:5-9G) GF5: 114f

(Heb 5:6,10, 6:20, 7:21) GF6: 183; GF7: 36 [29], 144 [151], 155 [166], 202 [206]; GF8: 21 [275], 71 [313], 183 [361]; JN3: 245, 249; HPS 411 (EB)

(Heb 5:7-9) MFS 50; IP4: 99f

(Heb 5:7) GF5: 209; MFU 339, 431; WDS 266; IP1: 215; IP3: 292, 503; IP4: 116, 134, 218, 259; RBA 181

(Heb 5:7f) MFU 350

(Heb 5:8) MFS 54; IP3: 351; HPS 355 (EB), 518; WPT 320; JSS 35

(Heb 5:9) GF3: 546; GF4: 414; GF5: 414; GFEJ 477; DGA 76; MFU 389; WPR 63, 302; WPT 80, 91, 212; WTG 357 (AM)


(Heb 5:4)

RBA 257f (1678, X:17): ...there is necessary to making a minister, a special and particular call from the Spirit of God, which is something besides the universal dispensation of grace to all, according to that of the apostle, [quotes Heb 5:4].

SBD 25 (1750): As thee ministers from a right spirit, and keeps in thy gift, thee may be instrumental to beget faith in them that believe not, and greatly to edify and confirm them that believe, so that they'll soon conclude thee is a right minister, not of the letter, but of the Spirit [2 Cor 3:6].... For no man ought to take his honour unto himself by any human or external call, until he is called of God, as was Aaron. [Heb 5:4]

(Heb 5:4f)

IP3: 7 (167-) : [True ministers] must be called by God. The ministry under the law, this was their warrant, – they were called and appointed of God thereunto. Christ himself took not the honour to himself, but he was called of God to this priesthood, as Aaron to his. [Heb 5:4f] So the apostles and ministers, in the first publication of the gospel, were called and appointed by Christ. And when the everlasting gospel is again to be preached, God sends his angel with it, as Rev14:6.

(Heb 5:6)

GF sometimes uses phrase "everlasting priest," which appears to come from Psa 110:4, Heb 5:6/6:20/7:21 (q.v.).

HPS 410f (Elizabeth Bathurst, 1679): For 'tis no other Jesus, concerning whom I write, but the same that was born of the Virgin, even the Lord's Christ, who hath made himself known unto his servants by such peculiar names, as suited the particular circumstances of their souls.... [list of examples, including Heb 5:6 etc, 8:2 (attributed to Paul)]

(Heb 5:7)

[Other texts citing Heb 5:7: GF5:208f (John 8:49), MFU 339 (John 3:16), IP1:215 (John 8:19), IP3:292 (John 14:12), IP3:503 (Mat 11:6), IP4:218 (John 16:7)]

IP uses phrase "in the days of his flesh" to mean when Christ was alive. e.g., IP4: 259 (1671?): ... knowing assuredly, that as none but Christ could do those works outwardly which he did in the days of his flesh [Heb 5:7]; so none beneath his Spirit could do these works inwardly ....

(Heb 5:8)

[Other texts citing Heb 5:8: MFS 54 (under Heb 2:10), HPS 355 (Mat 26:39) ]

IP3: 351 (1675): For by owning the mystery, and receiving the mystery, we are not taught of God to deny anything of the outward flesh and blood, or of his obedience and sufferings in the flesh [Heb 5:8/1 Pet 4:1], but rather are taught and enabled there rightly to understand it, and to reap the benefits and precious fruits of it.

JSS 35 (17–): He submitted to his parents, obeyed and learned gradually, "learned obedience by the things he suffered ." [Heb 5:8] He advanced by degrees, and grew in "stature and favour with God and man [Luke 2:52]."

(Heb 5:9)

[Other texts citing Heb 5:9: WPR 63 (under Heb 11:14-16)]

WPR 302 (WPT 80, 1674): ... God therefore first appeared to, and Impower'd, and sent forth plain men, [Gen 25:27] to declare the plain truth, to turn men from that darkness, which cover'd their hearts, notwithstanding their splendid profession, to the Light [Acts 26:18] that hath shined therein uncomprehended [John 1:5], which obeyed, was sufficient to salvation [Heb 5:9]...

WTG 357 (Ann Moore, 1761) [conversation with Roman priest about Mat 16:18f]: I request the favour of thee, as thou has so strongly pleaded for Peter to be the rock, to tell me, thy real belief, whether Christ or Peter is the author of our soul’s salvation? [Heb 5:9]


5:11 Of whom we have many things to say, and [GT: which are] hard to be uttered, seeing [GT: because] ye are dull of hearing.     qtext

[Heb 5:11 cf John 16:12]

5:12 For when for [GBT: as concerning] the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one teach you again [GBT: yet have ye need again that we teach you] which be the first principles of the oracles [GT: word; B: beginning of the word] of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat.     qtext

5:13 For every one that useth [T: man that is fed with] milk is unskilful in [GT: inexpert in; B: unexpert of] the word of righteousness: for he is [T: +but] a babe.

5:14 But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age [G: of age; BT: perfect], even those who by reason of use [GT: which through (G: +long) custom] have their senses [GBT: wits] exercised to discern [T: judge] both good and evil.     qtext

(Heb 5:11) GFJN 32; GF8: 72 [313]

(Heb 5:12) GF4: 45; MFU 234; JN1: 516

(Heb 5:14) GF3: 582; GF6: 427, 440; IP4: 300; JWJM 267


(Heb 5:11)

GF8: 72 (1674): Much more I might write concerning these things but they are hard to be uttered [Heb 5:11], or to be borne [John 16:12]....

(Heb 5:12)

GF4: 45 (1654,= JN1: 216): And all people consider (you have long been hearers and learners) if you be yet come to the first principle of religion [Heb 5:12/6:1], to that which turns the mind to God.

MFU 234 (1657): ...turn thy mind to the light, which shews thee thy evil deeds [John 3:19f], and the filthy deceit, which thou lives in who betrays poor people, and deceives their souls and causes them to look after thee for teaching, when thou thyself is not yet taught; in the first principles of the oracles of God [Heb 5:12] eternally thou shalt witness me....

JN1:516 (1655): And you ask why the apostle wrote to the Hebrews to teach them, if that were the meaning that no man should teach their neighbour [Jer 31:34, Heb 8:11]. I answer, to draw them to the teaching of Christ, as is plain, when he tells them of a growth that need no man to teach them [1 Jn 2:27]: and though he say, You have need that one teach you again, which is the first principle of the oracles of God [Heb 5:12], doth he say this to continue in the need of that (as you would infer), or to shame them, that they that were not yet grown up to the teachings of God and out of man's teachings toward perfection [Heb 6:1].

(Heb 5:14)

[Other texts citing Heb 5:14: IP4: 300 (Luk 18:7f)].

GF6: 440 (168-?): And the apostle said, Strong meat belongeth to them that of full age, or perfect [Heb 5:14 AV, BT]; let us go on to perfection [Heb 6:1]. (part of a string of quotes about perfection)

JWJM 267 (17--): ... we are instructed in the necessity of a humble walking before God, that by faithfully attending on the leadings of his Holy Spirit, our senses may be "exercised to discern good and evil" [Heb 5:14].


6:1 Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine [GBT: doctrine of (T: pertaining to) the beginning] of Christ [T: a Christian man and], let us go on [G: be led forward; B: go forth; T: go] unto perfection; not laying again the foundation of repentance from dead works, and of faith toward God,     qtext

6:2 Of the doctrine of baptisms [T: baptism of doctrine], and of laying on of hands, and of resurrection of the dead, and of eternal judgment.     qtext

6:3 And this will we [B: I] do, if God permit.

(Heb 6:1-6) GF2: 298

(Heb 6:1) GF3: 109, 529; GF4: 45; GF6: 440; MFU 106; JN1: 49, 192; 216 (GF), 516; IP1: 40, 319; IP3: 194f, 233, 413; IP4: 233, 244; EQ 92; WPR 202, 502, 577 [cf Heb 9:14]

(Heb 6:2) GF3: 82, 100

(Heb 6:3) WPR 202


(Heb 6:1-6)

GF2: 298 (1685): [quotes Heb 6:1-6 as part of a series of prooftexts showing that prophets, apostles, saints, etc. may judge in divine and spiritual matters]

(Heb 6:1)

[Other texts citing Heb 6:1: GF4: 45/JN1: 216, JN1:516 (under Heb 5:12), GF6:440 (Heb 5:14), IP3:194f (Mar 16:16), EQ 92 (Luk 3:14)]

MFU 106 (1654): [quotes Heb 6:1 as part of a string of quotes about perfection]

IP3: 233 (1672): We have repented from dead works [Heb 6:1]; but we cannot repent of God's pure truth, and the living way, spirit, and power thereof.

WPR 577, WPT 362 (1694): First, repentance from dead works to serve the living God [Heb 6:1/9:14]. Which comprehends three operations. First, a sight of sin. Secondly, a sense and godly sorrow [2 Cor 7:10] for it. Thirdly, and amendment for the time to come. This was the repentance they preached and pressed, and a natural result from the principle they turned all people unto [Acts 26:18]. For of light came sight; and of sight came sense and sorrow; and of sense and sorrow, came amendment of life [Mat 3:8G].

(Heb 6:2)

GF3: 81f (1659): And whereas thou sayest, "The spirit of God doth not teach to judge before the time," .... But the spirit did teach the apostle to judge, and his time was come. And he tells some, "that they were of old ordained for condemnation [Jude 1:4], and their damnation slumbered not [2 Pet 2:3], and they went on to "eternal judgment" [Heb 6:2], and it is high time now to judge.


6:4 For it is impossible [B: cannot be] for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made [BT: become] partakers of the Holy Ghost,     qtext

6:5 And have tasted the good word of God, and the powers of the world to come,     qtext

6:6 If they shall fall away [ T: fall], to renew them again unto [G: by] repentance; seeing they crucify [T: for as much as they have crucified] to themselves the Son of God afresh, and put him to an open shame [GBT: and make (T: making) a mock of him].     qtext

6:7 For the earth which drinketh in the rain that cometh oft upon it, and bringeth forth herbs meet for them by whom it is dressed [T: that dress it], receiveth blessing from [GBT: of] God:

6:8 But that [BT: +ground] which beareth thorns and briers is rejected [GBT: reproved], and is nigh [G: near] unto cursing; whose end is to be burned.     qtext

[Heb 6:8 cf Isa 10:17]

(Heb 6:4-8) EQ 548 (JC)

(Heb 6:4-6) JN1: 370; RBA 223; RBAF 8(166); EQ 332 (BC); IP1: 414; HPS 373 (EB); DFR 10

(Heb 6:4) GF7: 169 [178], 311 [260]; RBA 226; WPR 280; JWJM 49

(Heb 6:4f) IP3: 240f [minicom], 481f

(Heb 6:5) GF7: 235 [222]; EQ 127; SBD 13, 21

(Heb 6:6) GF2: 333; GF3: 86, 212, 496f; GF5: 87f, 198, 208, 325; GF6: 448, 473; GF7: 39 [32], 65 [49], 162 [171]; GF8: 30 [281], 139 [343], 198 [369]; GFT 14, 59; JN1: 499; JN2: 598; JN3: 112, 755; IP3: 45; RBA 124; WPR 31, 159, 584; WPT 314; JSS 26

(Heb 6:8) GF7: 45 [37], 109 [109]; MFU 79, 152; IP3: 29; HPS 319 HPS 473


(Heb 6:4-8)

EQ 548 (John Crook, 1686): Children and others ought to know that there is no standing at a stay or stop in religion, "for not to go forward therein, is to go backward"; hence it is that scripture saith" [Heb 6:4-8, quoted in full].

(Heb 6:4-6)

[Other texts citing Heb 6:4-6: HPS 373 (under Heb 12:15)]

RBA 223 (1678, IX): Although this gift and inward grace from God be sufficient to work out salvation, yet ... they in whose hearts it hath wrought in part to purify and sanctify them in order to their further perfection may by disobedience fall from it ... and "after having tasted the heavenly gift and been made partakers of the Holy Ghost, again fall away" (Heb 6:4-6), yet such an increase and stability in the Truth may, in this life be attained, from which there cannot be a total apostasy.

DFR 10 (17–): He suggested that I had had such a day of visitation [Luke 19:41-44], and had passed by it; that I had been uncommonly favored with help, and for a time did not accept of it; that I had been made a partaker of the Holy Ghost; that I had tasted of the good word of God, and the powers of the world to come, and had fallen from it; so now it was impossible that I should again be renewed unto repentance; seeing I had crucified the Son of God afresh, and put him to an open shame. [Heb 6:4-6]

(Heb 6:4)

JWJM 49 (17–): For as the Truth is but one and many are made partakers of its spirit [Heb 6:4], so the world is but one and many are made partakers the spirit of it; and so many as do partake of it, so many will be straitened and perplexed with it.

(Heb 6:4f)

IP3: 240f (1672, minicom): There are four or five things very precious, which were generally witnessed in the days of the apostles among the true Christians, which are all mentioned together. Heb 6:4-5. First, They were truly enlightened.... Secondly, they tasted of the heavenly gift.... Thirdly, they were made partakers of the Holy Ghost.... Fourthly, they tasted of the good Word of God.... Fifthly, they tasted of the powers of the world to come.... Now, in the apostasy and night of darkness which hat come over the Christian state, these things have been greatly lost....

(Heb 6:5)

EQ 127 (Marmaduke Stephenson, 1659): And this hath appeared in our generation, that many have had a true taste of the love of God and of the powers of the world to come [Heb 6:5], but they are gone from it again and are turned aside into the crooked path, like the dog to his vomit and like the sow that was washed into the mire again [2 Pet 2:22], where they are defiled with the flesh-pots of Egypt, which they lusted after [Exo 16:3]. Oh! is not the unclean spirit entered into them again and become worse than he was before [Mat 12:43-45]....

SBD 13 (1750): This preparation by the Spirit for the ministry so qualifies the receiver of this excellent inspiring gift, that he can experimentally say, "What I have tasted, felt, and heard of the good Word of Life [1 Jn 1:1], and the powers of the world to come [Heb 6:5], I declare unto you [1 Jn 1:3]." [also under 1 Jn 1:1,3]

(Heb 6:6)

[Other texts citing Heb 6:6: GF2:333f (under Mat 25:40,45), GF5:202 (Luk 23:21), GF5:325 (John 18:37f), GF6:473 (Mat 21:33-41), GFT 59 (Mat 13:55), IP3:45 (Heb 10:29)]

GF5:198 (1675): ... neither powers, thrones, principalities, nor dominions, can pluck [him] out of his throne, and crucify him again, though they may crucify him to themselves afresh [Heb 6:6], and persecute him in his members.

GF6:448 (168-?): And after, when Christianity was spread up and down the world, and many got an outward form of Christianity and denied the power [2 Tim 3:5], and got into this brutish outward knowledge [Jer 10:14] and wisdom below [Jas 3:15], they crucified to themselves Christ afresh, as in Heb 6:6.

JN2:598 (1655): I witness him that was dead but is alive & lives forevermore [Rev 1:18]. And had thou had a part in this resurrection, the second death could have had no power [Rev 20:6] & with that of the first resurrection which lives forever do I judge thee who art under the power of the second death to have crucified the Lord of life afresh [Heb 6:6].

RBA 124 (1678, V/VI:15): The Scripture saith (Amos 2:13), God is pressed down as a cart under sheaves; and (Heb 6:6) Christ is crucified in the ungodly; though to speak properly and strictly, neither can God be pressed down, nor Christ, as God, be crucified.

WPR 31 (1668): you are out of the power and Spirit your fore-fathers lived and died in, professing their words, but persecuting the same Spirit in others, and crucifying it in yourselves [Heb 6:6]....

WPR 159 (1682): These are they that the author of the Hebrews tells us, Crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and put him to open shame [Heb 6:6]: whose defiled hearts John in his Revelation styles, the streets of Sodom and Egypt, spiritually so called, where he beheld the Lord Jesus crucified [Rev 11:8].

(Heb 6:8)

HPS 473 (Elizabeth Hendericks, 1672): You who are called to come out of the Fall, let nothing that is of that spirit and nature be cherished nor regarded, but that all may be judged in the Light, which is springing forth of that ground, the cursed ground in which the the thorns and briars, and the weeds grows [Gen 3:17f], and let the fire consume it [Isa 10:17, Heb 6:8]


6:9 But, beloved [BT: Nevertheless, dear friends], we are persuaded [GB: have persuaded ourselves; T: trust to see] better things of you, and things that accompany salvation, though we thus speak.

6:10 For God is not unrighteous to forget your work and labour [T: +that proceedeth] of love, which ye have shewed toward [T: love showed in] his name, in that ye have ministered to the saints, and do [GT: yet] minister.     qtext

6:11 And we desire that every one of you do shew the same diligence to the full assurance [T: stablishing] of hope [T: +even] unto the end:      qtext

[Heb 6:11 cf Heb 3:6,14]

6:12 That ye be not slothful [BT: faint not], but followers of [B: be followers of; T: follow] them who through faith and patience inherit the promises.     qtext

(Heb 6:10) IP3: 133; HPS 509, 531; WTG 85 (SM), 368 (AM); JWJM 148; SIW 27, 160

(Heb 6:11) GF5: 312

(Heb 6:12) GF8: 163 [356]; MFU 87; IP3: 313; WPR 145, 640; SIW 158


(Heb 6:10)

IP3: 133 (1668): Again, the apostle that writeth to the Hebrews, speaketh of their work and labour of love [Heb 6:10] (which advanceth the soul apace toward the kingdom), and of their patient enduring the trials, persecutions, afflictions, and crosses, through which perfection is attained [cites Jas 1:4, Heb 10:32f]

HPS 531 (Women's Yearly Meeting at York, 1688]: ... dear friends, it is the very end of our travel and labour of love [Heb 6:10], that the hungry may be fed, the naked clothed [Mat 25:35f], the weak strengthened, the feeble comforted [1 Th 5:14], and the wounded healed.

JWJM 148 (17--): I had inward peace in my labours of love amongst them. [Heb 6:10]

(Heb 6:11)

[Other texts citing Heb 6:11: GF5:311f (Heb 3:6)]

(Heb 6:12)

GF8: 163 (1679): And the faith that Jesus Christ is the author and finisher of [Heb 12:2], works by love [Gal 5:6]; and the spirit of faith [2 Cor 4:13] is a peaceable spirit; which faith gives the victory [1 Jn 5:4] over the unpeaceable, unruly, ravenous spirit; and by which faith you have the inheritance [Heb 6:12].

WPR 145 (1695): Dear Friends, gird up the loins of your minds [1 Pet 1:13], watch and hope to the end; be not slothful [Heb 6:12], neither strive; despond not, nor be presumptuous; be as little children; for such is the kingdom of God [Mat19:14].

SIW 158 (Ann Crowley, 18--): In this journey we travelled more than 4000 miles, attended 397 meetings, visited friends in many families, much to the relief and satisfaction of our own minds, although, in the winding up, we could truly say, we were but unprofitable servants [Luke 17:10], and had need of patience, that we might inherit the promises. [Heb 6:12]


6:13 For when God made [G: +the] promise to Abraham, because he could swear by no greater [GBT: had no greater (T: +thing) to swear by], he sware by himself,     qtext

[Heb 6:13f: cf Gen22:16f]

6:14 Saying, Surely blessing [GT: omit] I will [G: +abundantly] bless thee, and multiplying I will [GT: omit; B: multiplying,] multiply thee [G: +marvelously; T: + indeed].

6:15 And so, after he had patiently endured [GB: tarried patiently; T: tarried a long time], he obtained [GBT: enjoyed] the promise.

6:16 For men verily swear by the greater [GT: him that is greater than themselves]: and an oath for confirmation is to [GT: among] them an end of all strife.     qtext

6:17 Wherein God, willing more [BT: very] abundantly to shew unto the heirs of promise the immutability [GBT: stableness] of his counsel, confirmed it by [G: bound himself by; T: added] an oath:

6:18 That by two immutable things, in which it was [G: wherein it is] impossible for God to lie, we might have a strong [T: perfect] consolation, who have fled for refuge [G: our refuge; B: fled T: fled for] to lay hold upon [BT: hold fast] the hope set [B: laid] before us:     qtext

6:19 Which hope we have [B: hold] as an anchor of the soul, both sure and stedfast, and which entereth into that [G: that which is; B: that thing which is; T: those things which are] within the veil;     qtext

6:20 Whither the forerunner is for us entered [GT: +in], even Jesus, [GT: +that is] made an high priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.     qtext

[Heb 6:20 cf Psa 110:4, Heb 5:6, Heb 7:17,21]

(Heb 6:13-18) GF3: 278

(Heb 6:13-17) GF5: 169

(Heb 6:13-16) GF3: 297-301; GF7: 139 [147]

(Heb 6:13) GF4: 33; GF7: 12 [Tes]; JN1: 284

(Heb 6:14) GFT 39

(Heb 6:15) WPT 320

(Heb 6:16) GF3: 560; GF6: 72; MFU 340, 461; JN2: 11f; RBA 462; RBAF 419

(Heb 6:18-20) GF5: 115; GF6: 390

(Heb 6:18) IP2: 274; HPS 422 (EB)

(Heb 6:19) GFJN 14; GF7: 157 [169],243 [229], 244 [230]; MFS 24; JN2: 81; JN3: 72; IPL 12; IP1: 40, 87, 127; IP2: 341; IP3: 108, 299, 435; IP4: 139, 209, 344; EQ 177; HPS 258, 264; 408 (EB); JWJM 40; WTG 64, 68, 105 (SM); JSS 60; SIW 131

(Heb 6:19f) IP4: 100

(Heb 6:20) GF4: 33, 266; GF8: 150 [352]; JN1: 12 (GF)

[Heb 6:20: cf Heb 5:6, 10, 7:21]


(Heb 6:13-16)

GF3: 300 (1659): And the apostle brings that concerning an oath's being the end of controversy among men of strife; and that men swear by the greater, and that they swear by the Lord; he brings these examples, not that men should swear, but to show how God, that could not find a greater, sware by himself concerning his son, who is the oath of God, the end of oaths. [Heb 6:13-16] And as to the true oath that men swore, that ended the strife; he brought peace on earth, and good will towards men [Luke 2:14], that ended that oath, and brought men to unity with God and one another, out of the earth to the beginning.

GF7: 139 (1657): Oaths which ended strife [Heb 6:16] in the time of the law and before, were figures of Christ, the oath of God, who sware by himself [Heb 6:13]; which oath Christ Jesus endeth, and destroys the devil [Heb 2:14] the author of strife, and brings people to yea and nay [Mat 5:37], who judges the false oath and ends the true.

(Heb 6:13)

[Other texts citing Heb 6:13: GF4:33 (under Heb 7:1f)]

JN1:284: And the apostle, who was come into the new covenant and did witness the oath of God fulfilled [Heb 6:13], said, above all things, my brethren, swear not any oath whatsoever, lest ye fall into temptation. [Jas 5:12]

(Heb 6:16)

MFU 461 (1698): [Paul] saith the cause of ground of an oath was to put an end to strife [Heb 6:16] and that they that are in strife, are not in the Truth. The peaceable spirit of Christ would have all to be in the Truth and in their communication, where their yea is yea, and their nay is nay [Mat 5:37], more and better than an oath.

RBA 462 (1678, XV:12): They object, But the apostle Paul approves oaths among men [Heb 6:16].... I answer, the apostle tells indeed in this place, what men at that time did, who lived in controversies and incredulity, not what they ought to have done, nor what the saints did, who were redeemed from strife and incredulity, and had come to Christ, the Truth and Amen of God.

(Heb 6:18)

IP2: 274 (1662): ...in the midst of its administering death and condemnation [2 cor 3:6-9], [the law] pointed to him who was the justification and the life; insomuch as the law was kind to them in slaying them, and serviceable to the life of such souls as kindly received the stroke thereof, and fled to the hope set before them [Heb 6:18].

(Heb 6:19)

[Other texts citing Heb 6:19: GF7:157 (Mat 8:26a), GF7:243 (Rev 17:15), GF7:244 (John 8:14), IP1:39 (Mar 16:16), IP3:435, IP4:209 (1 Jn 3:3), WTG 64 (Heb 11:26)]

GFJN 14 (16–): And when at any time my condition was veiled, my secret belief was stayed firm, and hope underneath held me, as an anchor in the bottom of the sea [Heb 6:19], and anchored my immortal soul to its Bishop [1 Pet 2:25], causing it to swim above the sea, the world where all the raging waves [Jude 1:13], foul weather, tempests, and temptations are.

MFS 24 (1660): This is the hope which purifies, even as He is pure [1 Jn 3:3], which hope makes not ashamed [Rom 5:5], but anchors the soul [Heb 6:19] upon the rock, Christ Jesus [1 Cor 10:4].

JN2: 81 (1655): ... their faith and hope we deny, who say they hope to be saved, but live in sin, making a profession. And this is the hope of the hypocrite, which shall perish [Job 8:13], and not the hope of Christ; for he that hath this hope of Christ purifies himself, even as he is pure [1 Jn 3:3]: and this faith and hope we own, which purifies the heart [Acts 15:9], and enters into the place of holiness within the veil [Heb 6:19]; but that which is without holiness we deny, which is not in Christ but in a vain mind.

IP4: 344 (167_?): The pure hope, the hope of the upright, the hope which makes not ashamed [Rom 5:5], the hope which goes within the veil, and is a sure and steadfast anchor there [Heb 6:19], staying the mind upon the Lord, who keeps such in perfect peace [Isa 26:3]; this hope is contained in and springeth from the seed.

HPS 258 (Joan Vokins, 1691): But then I could not watch nor wait, but was as a ship without an anchor among the merciless waves; but praises unto the Lord for ever, he caused the Living Hope to spring that anchored in trying times [Heb 6:19].

HPS 408 (Elizabeth Bathurst, 1679): But though it be a day of trial (in which everyone's work must be tried as by fire) and of sore exercise with the creature, yet there is a secret hope lieth hid under all this, which is as an anchor to the soul, sure and steadfast [Heb 6:19], founded on that Rock which endures for ever; and this bears it up above those floods [Mat 7:25] of persecution whch the dragon spews out of his mouth to drown that heavenly birth that the power of God is bringing forth within [Rev 12:4, 15]....

WTG 68 (Susanna Morris, 1745): ... we and all his faithful messengers may be sharers of that hope which is an anchor both sure and steadfast [Heb 6:19] ....

JSS 60: He may hear and tell a great deal of Christ, of faith, of imputation, and of being complete in Jesus [Col 2:10]; but all this will never anchor his soul upon that which is sure and steadfast [Heb 6:19] ... unless he truly knows the Son of God begotten, formed, and brought forth in himself [Gal 4:19]....

(Heb 6:20)

[Other texts citing Heb 6:20: GF4:33 (under Heb 7:1f), GF8:150f (John 10:28f), JN1: 12 (John 13:15)]

This page last revised Sept 2007