9:1 Then verily the first covenant [G: testament; T: tabernacle] had also [B: +justifying] ordinances of divine service [G: of religion; BT: and servings of God], and a worldly sanctuary [BT: worldly holiness].     qtext

9:2 For there was a tabernacle made, the first [G: the first tabernacle was made; BT: there was a fore tabernacle made] wherein was the candlestick [B: light], and the table, and the shewbread; which [G: +tabernacle] is called the sanctuary [G: the holy places; BT: holy].

9:3 And after [T: within] the second veil, the [G: was the; B: was a: T: was there a] tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all;

9:4 Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant [GT: testament (2x)] overlaid round about with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had [G: which had; B: having: T: with] manna, and Aaron's rod that budded [GB: had budded; T: sprang], and the tables of the covenant;     qtext

9:5 And over it [GT: the ark were] the cherubims of glory [G: glorious cherubims] shadowing the mercyseat [T: seat of grace]; of which [BT: +things] we cannot [GT: will not] now speak particularly.     qtext

9:6 Now when these things were thus ordained, the priests went always into the first tabernacle, accomplishing [G: and accomplished; T: and excuted] the service of God [G: omits] .     qtext

9:7 But into the second went the high priest alone once every year, [T: +and] not without blood, which he offered for himself, and for the errors [G: ignorances; B: ignorancies; T: ignorance] of the people:

9:8 [G: +Whereby; T: +Wherewith] The Holy Ghost this signifying [G: signified], that the way into the holiest of all [BT: of holy things] was not yet made manifest [GBT: opened], while as the first tabernacle was yet standing:

9:9 Which was a figure [BT: similitude] for the time then present, in which [G: that present time, wherein] were offered both [GBT: omit] gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service [B: the worshippper; T: them that minister] perfect [G: holy], as pertaining to [G: concerning] the conscience;     qtext

9:10 Which stood only in [ BT: With only] meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances [G: carnal rites; BT: justifyings of the flesh], imposed on them [G: which were enjoined; B: which were laid up; T: which were ordained] until the time of reformation.     qtext

(Heb 9 - 10] GF7: 74 [61], 81 [71], 83 [73], 223 [221], 265 [240]; MFU 62 [cf Col 2:17]

(Heb 9) GF6: 342f; LB (E147)

(Heb 9:1-10) GF6: 98

(Heb 9:1-5) GF6: 39

(Heb 9:1) GF3: 78f; GF6: 317; WPR 569;WPT 345

(Heb 9:1f) GF6: 482

(Heb 9:4) GF6: 58; GF8: 168 [359]; IP2: 37; IP4: 77, 78

(Heb 9:5) IP2: 106; IP4: 78

(Heb 9:6) GF5: 116; WPR 569; WPT 345

(Heb 9:7-10) IP2: 49

(Heb 9:9-11) IP4: 101

(Heb 9:9) GF5: 116; GF7: 27 [19]; DGA 105; MFU 62, 243; IP2: 50; RBA 216, 259; RBAF 163; WPR 222, WPT 21, 95

(Heb 9:9f) RBAF 312

(Heb 9:10) GF3: 78, 363; GF4: 270; GF7: 56 [45]; JN3: 4, 63, 100, 103; RBA 356, 404; RBAF 357; EQ 178; WPR 571; WPT 349

(Heb 9:10f) GF6:472


(Heb 9:1-5)

GF6:39 (1679): And in Heb ix. he saith, how the first covenant had ordinances of divine services, and a worldly sanctuary and tabernacle, and candlestick, and table, and show-bread, and censors, and pot of manna, and Aaron's rod, and many other outward things. [Heb 9:1-5] But in the new covenant Christ hath abolished all these outward things, who will rule all nations with a rod of iron [Rev 12:5], which is beyond Aaron's rod.

(Heb 9:1)

GF3:78f (1659): For the scripture calls those ordinances, which were ordinances of God once, "worldly and carnal," [Heb 9:10] and the sanctuary is called a "worldly sanctuary" when the substance is come [Heb 9:1].

WPR 569 (WPT 345, 1694): In this time the Law was written on stone [2 Cor 3:3], the temple built with hands [Heb 9:11], attended with an outward priest-hood and external rites and ceremonies [Heb 9:1,6], that were shadows of the good things that were to come [Heb 10:1], and were only to serve till the Seed came, or the more excellent and general manifestation of Christ....

(Heb 9:4)

GF6:58 (1679): And in the old covenant and testament they had an outward ark, and in it they had the pot of manna, and Aaron's rod that budded, [Heb 9:4], and outward altars; and in the ark they put the testament. But Christ in his new covenant puts his testament, his spirit, in the hearts of his people; and the altar is spiritual, upon which the saints do offer up their spiritual sacrifices [1 Pet 2:5]; and they have their heavenly bread in their hearts, which gives them life. For they that eat of the manna, died in the wilderness; but they that eat of this heavenly bread, it gives them life eternal [John 6:58].

(Heb 9:5)

IP2:106 (1660): [man who is not born of the Spirit] will be hoping in God's mercy, although he be both off from the foundation, and from under the shadow of the mercy-seat [Heb 9:5]...

(Heb 9:6)

WPR 569/WPT 345: [Heb 9:6, see under Heb 9:1]

(Heb 9:9)

GF often uses phrase "types, figures, and shadows." Figure: Heb 9:9, 9:24, 11:19, 1 Pet 3:21; shadow: Heb 8:5, 10:1, Col 2:17. See DGA 105f for discussion of the typology of Hebrews and its importance for Fox.

[Other texts citing Heb 9:9: RBA 259 (under Heb 10:1)]

MFU 243 (1657): ... we have no fellowship but in that living word which makes clean, sanctifieth and purifieth [Eph 5:26], and that purgeth the conscience from dead works [Heb 9:14], and doth not the apostle say that the offering which was a figure of the true, did not make the comers thereunto perfect as pertaining to the conscience [Heb 9:9]....

WPR 222 (WPT 21, 1668): [Christ manifested God's love] 1. In abolishing that other covenant, which consisted in external and shadowy ordinances, that made none clean as concerning the conscience [Heb 9:9].

(Heb 9:10)

[Other texts citing Heb 9:10: GF3:78 (Heb 9:1), GF7:56 (Rev 3:21), EQ 178 (Mar 7:8)]

GF4: 270 (1661): And in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, we deny all [the Catholics'] observing of days, and times [Gal 4:10], and observing of meats and drinks [Heb 9:10], and their commandments to abstain from the same [1 Tim 4:3], because we perfectly know it is a doctrine of devils [1 Tim 4:1]....

RBA 356 (1678, XII:6): But to make water baptism a necessary institution of the Christian religion, which is pure and spiritual, and not carnal and ceremonial, is to derogate from the New Covenant dispensation and set up the legal rites and ceremonies of which this of baptism, or washing with water, was one, as appears from Heb 9:10, where the apostle speaking thereof saith that "it stood only in meats and drinks, and divers baptisms, and carnal ordinances imposed until the time of reformation." If then the time of reformation, or the dispensation of the Gospel, which puts an end to the shadows, be come, then such baptisms and carnal ordinances are no more to be imposed.


9:11 But Christ being come [T: omits] an high priest of good things to come, [T: +came] by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this [T: +manner] building;     qtext

9:12 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in [T: we entered] once [T: +for all into] into the holy place, having obtained [G: and obtained; BT: and found] eternal redemption for us [BT: omit].     qtext

9:13 For if the blood of bulls [BT: oxen] and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer [B: a young cow] sprinkling the [G: sprinkling them that are; T: when it was sprinkled purified the] unclean, sanctifieth to [BT: as touching] the purifying of the flesh:     qtext

xref [Heb 9:13f cf Heb 10:22]

9:14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot [G: fault] to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?     qtext

9:15 And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament [B: covenant], that by means of [GBT: through] death, [GB: +which was; T: +which chanced] for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first [GT: in the former (T: first)] testament [B: covenant], they which are [GT: were] called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.     qtext

9:16 For where [B: whereas; T: wheresover] a testament is, there must also of necessity [G: omits; T: also] be the death of the testator [GT: him that made (BT: maketh) the testament (B: it)] .

9:17 For a testament is of force after [GT: is confirmed when; T: taketh authority when] men are dead: otherwise it is [GBT: for it is (GB: +yet)] of no strength at all [G: force; BT: value] while the testator liveth [GBT: as long as he that made it (B: maketh the testament) is alive].

9:18 Whereupon [G: Wherefore; BT: For which cause also] neither the first testament was dedicated [GT: ordained] without blood.

9:19 For when Moses had spoken every precept to [T: all the commandments were read of Moses unto] all the people according to the law, he took [B: taking] the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet [GBT: purple] wool, and hyssop, and [B:he] sprinkled both the book [B: +itself], and all the people,

9:20 Saying, This is the blood of the testament which God hath enjoined [GT: appointed] unto you.

9:21 Moreover he sprinkled [G: +likewise] with blood both the tabernacle [GT: the tabernacle with blood also], and all the vessels of the ministry [BT: ministering vessels].

9:22 And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding [T: effusion] of blood is no remission.     qtext

(Heb 9:11-25) IP4: 102

(Heb 9:11-15) GF5: 116

(Heb 9:11) GFJN 8; GF6: 56, 485; HPS 185; WPR 569; WPT 345

(Heb 9:11f) GF5: 363; GF6: 55

(Heb 9:12-15) EQ 319 (BC)

(Heb 9:12-14) IP2: 50

(Heb 9:12) GF4: 33; GF5: 265

(Heb 9:12f) GF8: 284 [402]; MFS 40

(Heb 9:13) GF7: 295 [249] GF8: 168 [359]

(Heb 9:13f) GF6: 75; GF8: 11 [265]; GFT 201; JN3: 121; IP3: 394, 480, 525

(Heb 9:14) GFJN 23, 603; GF3: 212, 269, 304, 529; GF5: 260, 270, 362f, 366, 447; GF6: 381; GF8: 16 [270], 26 [279], 64 [311], 154 [353]; GFT 148, 230; MFS 35, 40; MFU 61, 243; JN1: 147, 315; JN2: 70, 279; JN3: 52, 116, 117; WDS 249; IP2: 102, 114, 284, 337; IP3: 35, 310; IP4: 105, 125, 133, 361; EQ 92; RBA 173; RBAF 59; HPS 496; WPR 35, 118, 340, 376, 570, 577, 606; WPT 414

(Heb 9:15) GF6: 56; JN3: 250; HPS 357 (EB)

(Heb 9:18) GF5: 116

(Heb 9:19-22) GF5: 362

(Heb 9:19) GF5: 260

(Heb 9:22) WPR 118, 340; JSS 28, 43

(Heb 9:22f) IP3: 480


(Heb 9:11)

[Other texts citing Heb 9:11: WPR 569/WPT 345 (under Heb 9:1)]

GF6:485 (168-?] For Aaron did light the outward candles and lamps in the outward tabernaclesthat were made with hands [Num 8:2]. But Christ the great prophet, priest, bishop and shepherd [1 Pet 2:25], doth enlighten the spirits of men [John 1:9], the candle of the Lord [Prov 20:27], in their tabernacle not made with hands [Heb 9:11], with his true heavenly divine light, which is the life in himself , the word, by whom all things were made [John 1:3f].

(Heb 9:12-14)

IP2:50 (1660): And the apostle distinguisheth the precepts of Moses under the law, which were sprinkled with the blood of sacrifices under the law, Heb 7:19, from the precepts of Christ which he writes in other tables, [Heb 10:16], which are also sprinkled with blood, but not with the blood of bulls and goats, but with his own blood [Heb 9:12-14]; and he that receives any of these precepts out of the blood of Christ, cannot truly and spiritually obey them, though he may strive much to form his spirit into the obedience thereof.

(Heb 9:12)

GF5:265 (1676): And so Christ has ended the Levitical priesthood, and his service, and has taken away the first priesthood, that he may establish the second, who is made higher than the heavens [Heb 7:26], who hath not entered into the worldly sanctuary or tabernacle, but into the holy place by his own blood [Heb 9:12].

(Heb 9:13f)

GF8:11 (1669): The third witness is his blood [1 Jn 5:8], with which the hearts of people are sprinkled, and their consciences are sprinkled with the blood of Jesus. As Moses sprinkled the outside of the posts, &c. with the blood of bulls and goats; which blood of bulls and goats, Christ's blood ends [Heb 9:13f], which sprinkles the heart and conscience of people [Heb 10:22]. So this blood of Jesus Christ, the heavenly man, is felt in the hearts and consciences of people; by which blood they are sanctified [Heb 13:12], they are cleansed from all their dead works, to serve the living God [Heb 9:14], and to serve their dead works no longer. So by this blood they are cleased from all sin [1 Jn 1:7].

(Heb 9:14)

[Other texts citing Heb 9:14: GFJN 23 (under Mat 26:28, confl Heb 10:22), MFU 243 (Heb 9:9), JN1: 147 (1 Pet 4:3f), IP2:284 (Heb 12:24), IP4:132f (Mat 28:19), EQ 92 (Luk 3:14). WPR 577 (Mat 3:8, confl Heb 6:1)]

GF8:64 (1674): So here is the new heart, the new spirit [Ezek 18:31], the new life, in which the living God is served [Rom 7:6/Heb 9:14].

MFS 35 (1660): So they have access by one Spirit unto the God the Father [Eph 2:18], Jews, and Gentiles, barbarians, Scythians, bond and free [Col 3:11], if they come unto Christ Jesus the light, life, and everlasting covenant who is given to be the salvation unto the ends of the earth [Acts 13:47], who was offered up by the Eternal Spirit once for all [Heb 9:14].

JN2: 279 (1655): The saints was saved by the answer of a good conscience towards God [1 Pet 3:21], and by the blood of Christ through the eternal spirit had their consciences purged from dead works to serve the living God [Heb 9:14], and they were subject for conscience sake [Rom 13:5].

IP2:114 (1660): ...to make the committing of sin necessary while in the body, is a great derogation to the power of God's grace, and to the mystery of faith, which overcometh the evils of the heart, and the worldly nature within; purifieth the conscience from dead works [Heb 9:14], and is "held in the pure conscience" [1 Tim 3:9].

IP3:35 (1667): Query 4. Wherein lay the value and worth of his sacrifice, and of all he did? Did it lie chiefly in the thing done, or in the life wherein he did it, in that he did it in the pure faith and obedience to the Father? He became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross [Phil 2:8]; and he, through the eternal Spirit, offered himself without spot to God [Heb 9:14].

HPS 496 (Anne Whitehead, 1680): Surely these, though they may cry, liberty of conscience, and pretend for tender consciences too, yet they are not fit subjects for that liberty that Christ redeems to, and sets free in [Gal 5:1], to serve him with a conscience purged from dead works [Heb 9:14]....

RBA 173 (1678, VII:3): [Christ]... made peace through the blood of his cross, that he might reconcile us unto himself [Col 1:20], and by the Eternal Spirit offered himself without spot unto God [Heb 9:14], and suffered for our sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us unto God [1 Pet 3:19].

(Heb 9:15)

HPS 357 (Elizabeth Bathurst, 1679): Through him we receive a sure hope of eternal life; as 'tis recorded, Heb 9:15 [quote].

(Heb 9:22)

JSS 43 (17–): Had there been any possible way of salvation but through the real death of all that is sinful in man, Christ need not have died; death is the alone way, and "without blood there is no remission." [Heb 9:22]


9:23 It was therefore necessary [G: was then necessary; B: is need then; T: is then need] that the patterns [GT: similitudes; B: pattern] of things in the heavens [GBT: heavenly things] should be purified with these [GBT: such things]; but the heavenly things themselves [GBT: +are (B: be) purified] with better sacrifices than these [BT: are those].     qtext

9:24 For Christ is not entered into the holy places [GT: +that are] made with hands, which are [T: +but] the figures [GT: similitudes; B: patterns] of the true [G: the true sanctuary; BT: true things]; but into heaven itself [GT: but is entered into very heaven], now to appear in the presence [GBT: sight] of God for us:     qtext

9:25 Nor yet [GBT: Not] that he should [T: to] offer himself often, as the high priest entereth [G: entered] into the holy place [B: places] every year with blood of others [G: with other blood; BT: in (T: with) strange blood];

9:26 For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world [T: world began]: but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared [G: been made manifest] to put away sin [T: sin to flight] by the sacrifice [T: offering up] of himself.     qtext

9:27 And as it is appointed unto men once to [GT: that they shall once] die, but [GBT: and] after this [G: after that cometh; T: then cometh] the judgment:     qtext

9:28 [BT: +Even] So Christ was [B: omits] once offered to bear [GBT: take away] the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time [B: shall be seen without sin of them which wait for him; T: ... appear again] unto salvation.     qtext

[Heb 9:28 cf Heb 7:27]

(Heb 9:23) IP3: 41

(Heb 9:24-28) GF5: 116; GF6: 382

(Heb 9:24) GFJN 8; GF6: 56; GF8: 285 [402]; DGA 105; WPR 569, WPT 345

(Heb 9:25-28) IP4: 103

(Heb 9:26-28) DGA 75, 112

(Heb 9:26) GF6: 445f, 472; GF7: 259 [239]

(Heb 9:27) GF5: 252, 446

(Heb 9:28) GFT 218; MFS 31; MFU 466; JN1: 129, 371; JN2: 440; IP3:232; HPS 293


(Heb 9:23)

IP3:41 (1667): Query 18. Seeing the apostle speaks of purifying the heavenly things themselves, Heb 9:23, it would seriously be inquired into, and the Lord waited on, to know what nature these sacrifices must be of, which cleanse the heavenly things? Whether they must not of necessity be heavenly? If so, then ... whether it was the flesh and blood of the outward, earthly nature, or the flesh and blood of the inward, spiritual nature? [More]

(Heb 9:24)

[Other texts citing Heb 9:24: WPR 569/WPT 345 (under Heb 9:1)]

GF8:285 (1685): And the high priest in the old testament entered into the outward sanctuary, called, the holy place, made with hands [Ezek 45:3/Heb 9:24]; which priesthood and sanctuary is abolished and done away by Christ. But Christ in his new testament, is entered into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God [Heb 9:24], for the children of the new testament, who do praise God through Jesus Christ their mediator, who makes their peace betwixt them and God [1 Tim 2:5]; for he that sitteth on the throne, maketh all things new and reconciles to God.

(Heb 9:26)

GF7:259 (1664): For as you are joined to the seed, and married to that which hath been slain from the foundation of the world [Rev 13:8], which hath the victory and doth overcome [Rev 17:14]; by this you come to the end of the world [Heb 9:26]; mark, to its end.

(Heb 9:27)

GF5:252 (1676): ...is there any cleansing from all sin by the blood of Jesus Christ, but first they must walk in the light [1 Jn 1:7]? ... only talking of the blood of Christ will do them little good, and pleading for their body of sin and death [Rom 6:6/7:24], and imperfections to the grave, that there they may all be buried in the pit together, where there is no repentance, and give a man ten or twenty shillings to preach them a funeral sermon; as it is in Heb ix. 27, "it is appointed unto men, that they should once die, and after that come to judgment."

(Heb 9:28)

GFT 218 (1681): If you feel God in you or with you, the promises are Yea and Amen [2 Cor 1:20] in Christ the seed, forever. The prophets prophesied of him, and the types, figures, and shadows did typify him forth who is the substance that hath appeared the second time without sin unto salvation [Heb 9:28].

MFU 466 (1698): The Apostles writ to the saints, and desired that the eyes of their understandings might be opened [Eph 1:18], and that they might be strengthened in the inward man [Eph 3:16]: Here is the coming of Christ the second time without sin unto salvation [Heb 9:28]....

JN1:371 (1654): And that it is such a heinous thing to you (who knows not Christ in you) for any to say that Christ is in them: was it not Jesus of Nazareth that Paul persecuted, when he haled the saints to prison (Acts 9:4-5), was not Christ, in his saints, the hope of glory [Col 1:27], and all this after his ascension? But you who cannot witness his second appearing without sin unto salvation [Heb 9:28] are ignorant of this and therefore persecute him where he is.


10:1 For the law having a [T: which hath but the] shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things [B: the very fashion of the things themselves; T: the things in their own fashion] , can never with those sacrifices which they offered [GBT: offer] year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect [G: sanctify the comers thereunto].     qtext

xref [Heb 10:1 cf Col 2:17]

10:2 For then would they not [ BT: would not then those sacrifices] have ceased to be [BGT: have been] offered? because that the worshippers [GBT: offerers] once purged should have had no more conscience of sins.

10:3 But [BT: Nevertheless] in those sacrifices there is a remembrance again [B: is mention; T: is there mention] made of sins every year.

10:4 For it is not possible that the blood of bulls [T: oxen] and of goats should take away sins.     qtext

10:5 Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared [GBT: ordained] me:     qtext

[Heb 10:5-7 cf Psa 40:6-8]

10:6 In burnt offerings [B: burnt sacrifices; T: sacrifices] and sacrifices for sin [GBT: sin offerings] thou hast had no pleasure [T: no lust].     qtext

10:7 Then said I, Lo, I come (in the volume [GB: beginning; T: chiefest] of the book it is written of me,) to [GT: that I should] do thy will, O God.     qtext

[Heb 10:7 cf Psa 40:7f]

10:8 Above when he said, Sacrifice and offering and burnt offerings [T: sacrifices] and offering for sin [GBT: sin offerings] thou wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure therein [T: hast allowed]; which [T: +yet] are offered by the law;

10:9 Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first, that he may [BT: to] establish the second [T: latter].     qtext

10:10 By [B: In] the which will we are sanctified [B: made holy] through [GB: even by; T; by] the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.     qtext

(Heb 10) GF6: 342f; LB (E173)

(Heb 10:1) IP2: 30, 144, 200; IP3: 129, 166, 183; IP4: 249, 269, 365; RBA 258f, 373; WPR 569; WPT 345

(Heb 10:2) WPR 67, 280

(Heb 10:4f) JSS 30f

(Heb 10:5-12) IP3: 35f

(Heb 10:5-7) GF4: 291; GF5: 203, 338; GFT 197; MFU 357; IP1: 27, 245; IP3: 47, 49. 226, 379; IP4: 172; HPS 399 (EB); WPT 203; JSS 24

(Heb 10:5) GF3: 212, 269; DGA 105; JN2: 566; JN3: 587 (MS), 725 (RR); IP1: 315; IP2: 117; IP3: 38, 97, 359, 461; IP4: 42, 99, 116, 148; WPR 331, 505; WPT 208, 209; JSS 15, 30, 47f, 63, 67

(Heb 10:7-9) GF5: 300; IP3: 220

(Heb 10:7) GF3: 105, 322, 324; GF4: 62, 153, 291; GFT 136, 170; LB (H37); MFS 40f, 87; IP2: 343; IP3: 435; IP4: 103; WPT 209; JSS 15, 48

(Heb 10:8-10) IP3: 42; IP4: 87

(Heb 10:9-14) GF5: 259f; DGA 120

(Heb 10:9) GF5: 352; IP2: 26

(Heb 10:9f) GF5: 415; GF6: 446; IP4: 103

(Heb 10:10-14) JN2: 551

(Heb 10:10) GF2: 328; GF5: 196; GF6: 40, 74, 377; GF7: 139 [147]; GF8: 168 [359], 284 [402]; GFT 227; DGA 105; JN3: 134; IP4: 103; WPR 621, WPT 313


(Heb 10:1)

for GF's use of phrase "types, figures and shadows" [Heb 10:1] see note under Heb 9:9.

[Other texts citing Heb 10:1: RBA 373 (John 6:32- 35), WPR 569/WPT 345 (under Heb 9:1)]

IP2:200 (1661): The law had the shadow of the good things to come [Heb 10:1]; but under it was not the possession of the good things themselves, but only a labouring after them, and a mourning and load because of the want of them: but in the gospel is the substance, the enjoyment; life and immortality are there brought to light [2 Tim 1:10], and an entrance ministered into the everlasting kingdom, where they are felt, possessed, and enjoyed.

RBA 258f (1678, X:17): their service and work [of the Pharisees and priests under the Law] was not purely spiritual, but only the performance of some outward and carnal observations and ceremonies, which were but a shadow of the Substance that was to come, and therefore thier work "made not the comers thereunto perfect as appertaining to the conscience, " [Heb 10:1/9:9] seeing they were appointed only according to the law of a carnal commandment, and not according to the power of an endless life [Heb 7:16].

(Heb 10:4f)

JSS 30f (179-): The sufferings of the seed in that one specially prepared body, could do no more toward reconciling a soul to sin, than the blood of bulls and goats towards the washing away sin [Heb 10:4f], were it not that the promise is sure to all the seed [Rom 4:16]....

(Heb 10:5-7)

[Other texts citing Heb 10:5-7: IP4:172 (under Mat 3:15)]

GF4: 291 (1661): And whether or nay God did not prepare him a body, according to David's prophecy to do his will which God accepted more than burnt-offerings, sacrifices and oblations [Heb 10:5-7, Psa 40:6-8], who put and end to them, for the overspreading of the abomination that made the desolation [Mat 24:15], until your offerings were consumed, and the place where you offered?

MFU 357 (1663): ...deceit & deceivableness lodges in all such as is not begotten & born of the immortal Seed: not corruptible but incorruptible [1 Pet 1:23] which is of the will of God, and doth his will, in that body that is prepared, & in that volume of the book [Heb 10:5,7] where it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, & him only shalt thou serve [Mat 4:10].

IP1:245 (1659): there is a twofold appearance of Christ in the heart; there is an appearance of him as a servant to obey the law, to fulfill the will of the Father in that body which the Father prepares there for him [Heb 10:7,5]; and there is an appearance of him in glory, to reign in the life and power of the Father: and he that knows not the first of these in his heart, shall never know the second there.

HPS 399 (Elizabeth Bathurst, 1679): ... he laid down his life of himself, having power, and being willing so to suffer, according as 'tis written, John 10:18. Yet himself also said, that his body was prepared of his Father, Heb 10:5. In which body he did the will of him that sent him [John 6:38]: Lo, I come to do thy will, O God (saith he) for a body thou hast prepared me [Heb 10:7,5].

JSS 24 (179-): "Lo, I come," says he, and "a body thou hast prepared me." [Heb 10:7,5] The I that came, the me the body was prepared for, is he who says, "Before Abraham was, I am [John 8:58]."

(Heb 10:5)

[Other texts citing Heb 10:5: GF3:212 (under Heb 10:14), IP3:37f (John 10:17f), IP3:97 (Heb 13:12), JSS 47 (Luk 2:52), JSS 63 (Rev 20:6)]

WPR 505 (1693): Pervers.12. The Quakers deny Christ's transaction at Jerusalem, and the shedding of his blood to be beneficial to them; for it is the Light within only they expect to be saved by. Princ. [This is both unfairly] and untruly charged upon them: They do say that the appearance of the second Adam,... the Lord from heaven, the quickening spirit [1 Cor 15:45,47], in that holy Body, prepared of the Father for him [Heb 10:5], was for the salvation of the world, that had fallen in the first Adam.

(Heb 10:7-9)

IP3:220: [Heb 10:7-9, see under Heb 2:9]

(Heb 10:7)

GF3:324 (1659): ...the christians witnessed the body, Christ Jesus, the one offering [Heb 10:14], who comes as it is written in the volume of the book, to do the will of God [Heb 10:7], who is the substance that the shadow, the signs, and the figures gave forth, who ends them all....

IP2:343 (1663): Mark how every thing in the kingdom, every spiritual thing, refers to Christ, and centers in him. His nature, his virtue, his presence his power, makes up all. Indeed he is all in all to a believer, only variously manifested and opened in the heart by the Spirit. He is the volume of the whole book [Heb 10:7], every leaf and line whereof speaks of him in some or other of his beautiful lineaments. [more]

IP3:435 (1670): Lo! I come, saith the child, to do thy will, O God! [Heb 10:7] to drink the cup thou hast prepared; although there is a nature which cannot but say, If it be possible, let it pass away [Mat 26:39]....

(Heb 10:9f)

GF5:415 (1679): [quotes Heb 10:9f] Mark, once for all sacrifices, who ends them, and once for all the sins of the whole world [1 Jn 2:2], who makes an end of sin, and finishes transgression, and brings in everlasting righteousness, as in Daniel ix [9:24].

(Heb 10:10)

[Other texts citing Heb 10:10: GF6:74 (John 10:17f)]

IP4:103 (1671): Obs. 28. That we are sanctified by the same will, by which Christ was sanctified, or sanctifieth himself [John 17:19]. In subjection to the same will, which the head obeyed (even in denying themselves, taking up the cross to their own wills, and submitting to God's [Mat 16:24]) are the members sanctified. The Spirit of God works them into holiness by this will of God, and through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once [Heb 10:10].

WPR 621/WPT 313 (1696): We do believe, that Jesus Christ was our holy sacrifice, atonement, and propitiation....; and that through the offering up of himself once and for all [Heb 10:10], through the eternal Spirit, he hath forever perfected those (in all times) that were sanctified [Heb 10:14], who walked not after the flesh, but after the Spirit [Rom 8:1]. Mark that.


10:11 And every priest standeth [T: is ready] daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices [GT: one manner of offering], which can never take away sins:

10:12 But this man, after he had [B: hath] offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on [G: sitteth for ever at; B: is sit down for ever on; T: sat him down forever on] the right hand of God;     qtext

10:13 From henceforth expecting [GT: tarryeth; B: tarrying] till his enemies [BT: foes] be made his footstool.     qtext

[Heb 10:13 cf Psa 110:1]

10:14 For by [GBT: with] one offering he hath perfected [G: hath he consecrated; BT: hath he made perfect] for ever them that are sanctified.     qtext

10:15 Whereof the Holy Ghost also is a witness to us [GBT: beareth us record; T+of this]: for after that [T: even when] he had said [BT: told] before,

10:16 This is the covenant [GT: testament] that I will make with [GBT: unto] them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put [B: giving] my laws into their hearts [GB: heart] , and in their minds [T: mind] will I write them;     qtext

10:17 And their sins and iniquities will I remember no more.

10:18 Now where remission of these [GBT: +things] is, there is no more offering for sin.

(Heb 10:11-17) MFS 40f

(Heb 10:12-16) MFU 209f

(Heb 10:12-14) GF6: 382

(Heb 10:12-20) GF5: 300

(Heb 10:12f) JSS 35

(Heb 10:13) GF7: 202 [206], 246 [231], 259 [237]

(Heb 10:14-21) IP4: 104

(Heb 10:14) GFJN 368; GF2: 328; GF3: 110, 149, 157, 161, 183, 198, 212, 233, 247, 268, 324, 326, 399, 517, 548f, etc; GF4: 73, 128, 159, 172, 188, 217, 266, 290f; GF6: 377, 446; GF7: 178 [188]; MFU 339; JN1: 132, 192, 277f, 488; JN2: 184; JN3: 17; WDS 249; IP4: 78 ; EQ 287 (JN); HPS 344, 377, 400; WPR 618, 621; WPT 300, 313(EB)

(Heb 10:15) WPR 67

(Heb 10:16) JN1: 70; IP2: 50; WPT 3


(Heb 10:12f)

JSS 35 (17–): Here he must sit at God's right hand, the the right hand of omnipotence, in every soul, till eternal power makes all his foes his footstool [Heb 10:12f]; till he puts down all other rule and authority in us but his own; till perfect obedience and subjection takes place; till our will is swalllowed up in the divine will.

(Heb 10:13)

GF7:259 (1664): And the angel of his presence [Isa 63:9] suffered with the outward Jew, and Christ suffereth with the inward Jew in the spirit: and so hath a fellow-feeling with you all, in all your bonds and afflictions; and Christ who suffereth, will overcome all his enemies. He reigns, and they must be his footstool [Heb 10:13] to stand upon. And so, be of good faith, and be valiant for the truth upon the earth [Jer 9:3].

(Heb 10:14)

GF often uses phrase "the one offering" [Heb 10:14]

[Other texts citing Heb 10:14: GF3:233 (John 15:8), GF3:324 (under Heb 10:7), GF4:73 (John 4:29), MFU 339 (1 Pet 1:2), WPR 621/WPT 313 (Heb 10:10)]

GFJN 368: But I told them Christ was come freely, who hath perfected for ever by one offering all them that are sanctified [Heb 10:14], and renews them up in the image of God [Col 3:10], as man and woman were before they fell;

GF3:212 (1659): And none see Christ the one offering [Heb 10:14], ... nor do any know the saviour Christ Jesus, but with the light that cometh from him: and that lets them know the body prepared [Heb 10:5], Christ who was the seed of Abraham, according to the flesh, the one offering, that ends all offerings....

GF4:128 (1657): ...cease from all these teachers which teach ... people must be in sin while they be upon the earth, ... ministers of unrighteousness [2 Cor 11:15], and still in their transgressions, and make Christ's dying in vain [Gal 2:21], and the one offering of no value, which hath perfected for ever all them that are sanctified [Heb 10:14], and his blood of none effect [1 Cor 1:17], which cleaseth from all sin [1 Jn 1:7]....

HPS 377(Elizabeth Bathurst, 1678): ... those that deny perfection to be attained by the Lord's people, do in effect deny Christ the one offering: For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified, as saith the Apostle, Heb 10:14.

(Heb 10:16)

IP2:50: [Heb 10:16, see under Heb 9:12-14]


10:19 Having therefore, brethren, boldness [B: liberty] to enter into the holiest by [B: holy places in] the blood of Jesus, [GT: Seeing therefore (T omits), brethren, that by (T: +the means of) the blood of Iesus we may be bold to enter into the (T: that) Holy place]     qtext

10:20 By a [GBT: the] new and living way, which he hath consecrated [GBT: prepared] for us, through the veil, that is to say [G: omits], [T: +by] his flesh;     qtext

10:21 And having [GBT: seeing (T: +also that) we have] an high priest [T: which is ruler] over the house of God;

10:22 Let us draw near [BT: nigh] with a true heart in full assurance of [GB: assurance of; T: a full] faith, having our hearts sprinkled [G: our hearts being pure; BT: sprinkled in our hearts] from an evil conscience, [G: rest to v 23] and our bodies washed [GBT: washed in our bodies (B: body)] with pure water.     qtext

[Heb 10:22 cf Heb 9:13f, 1 Jn 1:7]

(Heb 10:19-23) GF5: 117; IP3: 41

(Heb 10:19f) GF3: 108; MFU 210; IP2: 75; TEM 31

(Heb 10:20-22) GF8: 65 [312]

(Heb 10:20) GFJN 35; GF3: 334, 582; GF4: 126, 157, 169, 288; GF5: 228, 400; GF6: 34, 44, 49, 55, 56, 388; GF7: 20 [9], 92 [81], 198 [200], 216 [215], 219 [217], 233 [222], 324 [263]; GF8: 52 [301], 64 [311], 67 [313], 84 [318], 94 [320], 148 [349], 154 [353], 158 [354], 262 [397], 271 [398], 285 [402]; GFT 149, 183; MFS 115; JN3: 725 (RR); IP1: 315; IP3: 30, 69, 214, 290, 345, 361; IP4: 66, 149, 243, 379, 413, 430; EQ 562; HPS 133; 234 (MF), 490; WPT 300; DFR 6; WTG 305 (AM)

(Heb 10:21) IP4: 198, 235

(Heb 10:21f) MFU 209

(Heb 10:22) GFJN 23; GF3: 192; GF5: 260, 312; GF6: 59; GF8: 11 [265], 26 [279], 154 [353], 172 [360]; MFS 40; MFU 62; JN3: 233, 244, 249, 526, 747; IP2: 257; IP3: 29, 114, 187, 205, 296, 347, 405, 480, 491; IP4: 76, 85, 252, 390, 402, 427; HPS 362 (EB); WPR 35

(Heb 10:22f) IP4: 105


(Heb 10:19f)

[Other texts citing Heb 10:19f: GF3:108 (under Heb 7:11- 14)]

IP2:75 (1660): And here is "the patience and faith of the saints," [Rev 13:10] to wait under the yoke [Mat 11:29], under the daily cross [Luke 9:23] to that part which is to be brought and kept under, till all the bonds of captivity be broken through by the life, and the veil of flesh rent from top to bottom [Mat 27:51] (the remaining of which is that which stops the free current of life), and then shall the soul enter into the holy of holies [Heb 10:19f], obtaining the full possession of the everlasting inheritance....

(Heb 10:20-22)

GF8:65: [Heb 10:20-22, see under Heb 4:16]

(Heb 10:20)

[Other texts citing Heb 10:20: GFJN 35 (John 14:6), GF4:288 (Heb 11:5), GF6:49 (John 3:18), GF6:55 (Heb 3:5f, Rev 21:5), GF7:20 (Rev 6:6), GF8:158 (Luk 5:36-38), IP1:315 (Heb 2:14), IP3:69 (1 Jn 3:5), HPS 133 (Mat 5:8, Heb 12:14)]

GF4:126 (1657): and all people come to know Christ your teacher, who saith, learn of me [Mat 11:29], I am the way to the Father [John 14:6]; so the light that doth enlighten every one that cometh into the world [John 1:9], is the new and living way [Heb 10:20]....

GF5:228 (1676): and as every one hath received Christ Jesus, so walk in him [Col 2:6], who is the new and living way [Heb 10:20]....

GF7:324 (1668): Now Christ is the way, which the unclean cannot walk in [Isa 35:8], who was before the unclean way was....And none come to this new and living way [Heb 10:20], Christ Jesus, but who come to the grace of God in their hearts; the spirit of God in their hearts.... And all that be out of this new and living way, though they have all the scriptures, from the beginning of Genesis to the Revelations, yet they are dead, and under the power of death; which Christ the way destroys, through death, yea the power of death, the devil [Heb 2:14]; and was before death and his power was. Here is the new and the living way.

IP3:360f (1675): Quest. But what is the way of peace, which neither the profane, nor any sort of professors out of the life and power, ever knew, nor can know? [Isa 59:8, Rom 3:17] Ans. It is an inward way, a way for the inward Jews, for the inwardly renewed and circumcised [Rom 2:29] to walk in.... It is a living way, which none but the living can find. It is a new way, which none but those to whom God hath given the new eye can see. [Heb 10:20]

IP4:430 (1679): And the new and living way [Heb 10:20], wherein this birth [of God's Spirit] walks, is infallible, in which there is no erring by those who eye the Lord, and follow his Spirit therein. This is the way cast up (the way of holiness, life, and peace), for the ransomed and the redeemed of the Lord to walk in [Isa 51:10f], in the gospel days, in which the wayfaring men, though fools, shall not err, Isa 35:8.

HPS 234 (Margaret Fell, 1694): [George Fox] was the instrument in the hand of the Lord in this present age, which he made use of to send forth into the world, to preach the everlasting gospel [Rev 14:6],which had been hid from many ages and generations [Col 1:26]; the Lord revealed it to him, and made him open that new and living way [Heb 10:20] that leads to life eternal, when he was but a youth, and a stripling.

WTG 305 (Ann Moore, 1758): The people being invited to Christ, the true and living way [Heb 10:20] and not to give their money for that which is not bread nor their labour for that which satisfieth not but to come and buy wine and milk without money and without price [Isa 55:1f] and to not be so weak as to hire such as as were worse them themselves to direct them in the way of life and peace [Luke 1:79].

(Heb 10:22)

[Other texts citing Heb 10:22: GF8:11 (Heb 9:13f), IP3:480 (1 Jn 1:7), IP4:76 (conf Heb 11:28)]

GFJN 23 (16--): And I cried out among them, and said, "Do ye not see the blood of Christ? see it in your hearts, to sprinkle your hearts and consciences from dead works to serve the living God?" [Heb 10:22/9:14] for I saw it, the blood of the New Covenant, how it came into the heart. This startled the professors, who would have the blood only without them and not in them.

MFU 62 (1654):... I have written and directed thy mind to that of God in thy conscience; that so thou might come to have thy heart sprinkled from an evil conscience [Heb 10:22] and so might come to know the end of the commandment which is charity out of a pure heart, and a good conscience; and faith unfeigned [1 Tim 1:5].

IP3:29 (1667): Doth [the natural man] not know the light of day, both from the lights, and also from the darkness of the night? Ten thousand times more certain and inwardly satisfied is he, who is born of the spiritual day, brought forth in the light thereof, and who spiritually sees, lives, and walks therein. So that there is no doubt in him who is grown up into the thing; but he hath the assurance of faith [Heb 10:22] (which is far above the assurance of outward sense or reason), and the assurance of understanding [Col 2:2].

IP4:427 (1679): Indeed in this light I have felt my heart sprinkled from an evil conscience [Heb 10:22] .... The darkness defiles and stains; but in the pure light the heart is washed, cleansed, and sanctified, from whence ariseth the answer of a good conscience toward God [1 Pet 3:21].


10:23 Let us hold fast [GT: keep; B: hold] the profession of our faith [GT: our hope; B: the hope] without wavering; (for he is faithful that promised;)      qtext

10:24 And let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works:     qtext

10:25 Not forsaking [T: And let us not forsake] the assembling of ourselves together [GT: fellowship that we have among ourselves], as the manner of some is; but exhorting [GT: let us exhort] one another: and [GT: +that] so much the more, as ye see [GT: because ye see that] the day approaching [G: draweth near; T: draweth nigh].     qtext

(Heb 10:23-39) EQ 529 (BR)

(Heb 10:23-27) GF2: 260

(Heb 10:23) GF4: 288; GF5: 114; MFU 210; HPS 174; 386 (EB); WPR 129

(Heb 10:24-26) RBA 323; RBAF 280

(Heb 10:24) GF4: 309; GF7: 167 [175], 201 [205]; GF8: 116 [321]; GFEJ 134

(Heb 10:24f) GF6: 181; GF7: 153 [164], 201 [205]; GFEJ 159; MFU 213

(Heb 10:25) GF3: 112; GF4: 120, 273; GF7: 176 [187], 207 [206], 249 [232], 302 [251]; GF8: 38f [289], 67 [313], 254 [396]; GFEJ 309; MFU 217; JN1: 91; JN2: 8; JN3: 5, 17; HPS 517; IP3: 138; IP4: 48; RBA 293, 296; WPR 262, 624; WPT 333

(Heb 10:25f) GF4: 306


(Heb 10:23)

GF4:288 (1661): hold fast the profession of thy faith [Heb 10:23], for without faith it is impossible that any should please God [Heb 11:6]....

WPR 129 (1673?): O that day is at hand that many shall seek death and not find [Rev 9:6], a day of great blackness, horror, and distress, blessed are they that stand fast without wavering [Heb 10:23].

(Heb 10:24-26)

RBA 323 (1678, XI:17): ...Christ hath particularly promised a blessing to such as assemble together in his name, seeing he will be "in the midst of them" (Mat 18:20). And the author to the Hebrews doth precisely prohibit the neglect of this duty, as being of very dangerous and dreadful consequence [quotes Heb 10:24-26].

(Heb 10:24)

GF4:309 (1662): And if we must not meet together, how must we stir up one another, and edify one another [1 Th 5:11], and provoke one another unto love, and good works [Heb 10:24], if we must not meet together to speak one to another.

(Heb 10:24f)

GF6:181: [Heb 10:24f, see under Heb 13:22]

(Heb 10:25)

[Other texts citing Heb 10:25: GF7: 302 (under Heb 3:12f), MFU 217 (John 3:8), JN1:91 (confl Heb 3:13) ]

GF4:273 (1661): and we forsake not the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is, but edify one another so much the more, as the light doth approach [Heb 10:25], and we build up one another in our most holy faith, praying in the Holy Ghost [Jude 1:20]....

GF8:254f (1684): Now, dear friends, we do hear and understand, that the magistrates have cast you into prison again in Dantzic; and that they have proffered you your liberty, upon condition that you would go away, or forsake your common meeting place, or divide yourselves into several little meetings. Truly, friends, we have had many of these proffers made to us within these twentyor thirty years, but we never durst make such bargains or covenants, to forsake the assembling of ourselves together [Heb 10:25], as we used to do; but did leave our suffering cause wholly to the Lord Christ Jesus, in whose name we were gathered [Mat 18:20], who has all power in heaven and earth given unto him [Mat 28:18]: and the Lord at last did and hath tendered the hearts of many of our persecutors both in England and other places....

HPS 517 (Dorcas Dole, 1684): ...the abomination is yet standing in the hearts of such which are not faithful to the Lord ... so that their calling & election is not made sure [2 Pet 1:10], but excuses are made by such, that they are not to be too forward to go in a trying time to offer sacrifice, and so cause the daily public sacrifices to cease [Dan 12:11], and see not so much need of the continuance of it as the apostle did when he spake to the church in the sense of what Christ had done for them, to offer up spiritual sacrifice through him to God [1 Pet 2:5]; and they were exhorted, not to forsake the assembling of themselves together, as the manner of some were [Heb 10:25], that saw not the necessity of it...

IP3:138 (1668): In this declining state some fell from the doctrine of truth, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils. 1 Tim 4:1. Some from the fellowship of worship, it being the manner of some to forsake assembling themselves together, Heb 10:25, which the church, when first gathered, was very diligent in. Acts 2:42,46. Some held the form of knowledge and profession, but fell from the life and power. 2 Tim 3:5. Yea, many ways did the wolfish false spirits drive and scatter from the flock, as they could get entrance into men's minds.

RBA 293 (1678, XI:3] Nay, we are none of those that "forsake the assembling of themselves together" [Heb 10:25], but even have certain times and places in which we carefully meet together (nor can we be driven therefrom by the persecutions and threats of men) to wait upon God and worship him. To meet together we think necessary for the people of God, because so long as we are clothed with this outward tabernacle [2 Pet 1:13] there is the necessity to the entertaining of a joint and visible fellowship, and bearing of an outward testimony for God, and seeing of the faces of one another, that we concur with our persons as well as spirits.

WPR 624 (1696; WPT 333): Not that we would be thought to undervalue public and solemn meetings: we have them all over the nations, where the Lord has called us. Yeah, though but two or three of us [Mat 18:20] be in the corner of a country, we meet, as the apostle exhorted the saints of his time, and reproved such as neglected to assemble themselves [Heb 10:25].


10:26 For if we sin wilfully [GBT: willingly] after that we have received the knowledge of the [G: and acknowledged that] truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins,     qtext

10:27 But a certain [GBT: omit] fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation [GBT: violent fire], which shall devour the adversaries.     qtext

10:28 He that despised Moses' law died [GBT: despiseth Moses’ law dieth] without mercy under two or three witnesses:

10:29 Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought [G: omits; T: counted] worthy, who hath trodden [GBT: which treadeth] under foot the Son of God, and hath counted [GBT: counteth] the blood of the covenant [GT: testament], wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done [GBT: doth] despite unto [T: dishonour to] the Spirit of grace?     qtext

10:30 For we know him that hath said, Vengeance belongeth unto me, I will recompense [B: render], saith the Lord. And again, The Lord shall judge his people.

[Heb 10:30 cf Deu 32:35f, Rom 12:19]

10:31 It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.     qtext

(Heb 10:26-31) IP4: 106

(Heb 10:26) JN3: 391

(Heb 10:26f) GF3: 530; GF8: 67 [313]

(Heb 10:27) IP1: 304; IP4: 120; EQ 200

(Heb 10:28f) GF5: 334; GFT 93f

(Heb 10:29-31) GF5: 117

(Heb 10:29) GFJN 19, 30, 472; GF3: 212, 276; 524, 552; GF4: 21, 48, 409; GF5: 5, 225, 237, 276, 308; GF6: 17, 33, 86; GF7: 58 [46], 229 [222], 321 [262]; GF8: 149 [351],160 [355], 205,8 [372], 274 [398], 299 [409]; JN1: 372, 375, 509; JN2: 73; JN3: 721 (RR); IP3:45, 258; IP4: 302; RBA 197 EQ 105 (JN); HPS 316, 318; 375, 394 (EB), 525; WPR 116, 339, 584; WPT 314; JSS 6, 23, 26

(Heb 10:30) IP2: 100, 164

(Heb 10:30f) IP1: 324

(Heb 10:31) IP3: 351?


(Heb 10:26f)

GF3:530 (1659): [Opponent argues of the predestined elect "that sin or do all the evil they could, they could not lose that which was ordained for them."] Here thou goest about to make Christ a liar [string of quotes including Heb 10:26f]

(Heb 10:27)

IP4:120 (167-): For the enemies' fire shall not be able to burn up God's heritage, nor their waters to overflow them [Isa 43:2]; but God's fire and waters shall overflow and consume the adversaries, as he pleaseth to let forth his overflowing scourge and fiery indignation upon them [Heb 10:27/Isa 28:15].

(Heb 10:29)

GF frequently uses phrase "walk despitefully against the spirit of grace" [Heb 10:29], and often combines it with "turn the grace of God into wantonness" [Jude 1:4] and other verses such as Tit 2:11f, Neh 9:20/26, 1 Th 5:19, etc.

[Other texts citing Heb 10:29: JN1:508f (Rom 4:5), IP3:45 (Rev 11:8), IP3:258 (under Jude 1:4), RBA 197 (Heb 7:19)]

GFJN 19 (16–): [the people and the professors] fed upon words, and fed one another with words, but trampled upon the life, and trampled underfoot the blood of the Son of God [Heb 10:29], which blood was my life, and they lived in their airy notions, talking of him.

GF4:48 (1655): O how is the spirit grieved and vexed (Isa 63:10/Eph 4:30) with your vanity and abominations? O how is the just trodden under feet? [Heb 10:29] O how is everyone carried away with vanity and vexation of spirit [Eccl 1:14], and covered with it?

JN2:73 (1655): O all you who have cast the law of God behind you (Neh 9:26) and walk despitefully against the Spirit of grace [Heb 10:29], give over your profession for shame, and never profess you love God [Tit 1:16]....

HPS 316 (Rebecca Travers, 1669): the increase of light, and the dominion thereof, must never have end [Isa 9:7], and the enlargement and growth thereof hath and doth enrage the whole world that love darkness better than light [John 3:19]; so they have bent their bows, and prepared their arrows, and their tongues are become as a two-edged sword [Psa 64:3] to wound the innocent for the poison of asps [Rom 3:13] is under that which speaks despitefully against the spirit of grace [Heb 10:29]....

HPS 394f [Elizabeth Bathurst, 1679]: If people will make their necks an iron sinew [Isa 48:4], and will not yield them to the yoke of Christ [Mat 11:29], being stiff-necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, always resisting the Holy Ghost [Acts 7:51], and doing despight unto the spirit of grace [Heb 10:29]; setting at nought the counsel of God [Prov 1:25]; ... Will it not be just then for Him to laugh at their calamity, and mock when fear cometh upon them [Prov 1:26]?

WPR 339 (1673): We professed God; but like our neighbours in works we denied him [Tit 1:16]. We worshipped him after men's conceivings, insomuch that I may say, we worshipped the unknown God [Acts 17:23] in a false way. No doubt we were stocked with the common talk of religion, but the Cross of Christ we were strangers to. His blood we extolled, whilst by wicked works we trod it under foot [Heb 10:29]; and believed ourselves saved by it, who were uncleansed from sin.

JSS 26 (179-): Can the blood of the covenant be trodden under foot and despised? Can despite be done to that holy spirit of grace and salvation? [Heb 10:29] Can a birth of real life be stifled and slain? It can.

(Heb 10:31)

IP3:351f (1675): It is a dreadful thing to fight against the living God [Heb 10:31?], and his living appearance in the hearts of those whom he chooseth, in any age or generation.


10:32 But call to remembrance the former days [GT: days that are passed], in which, after ye were illuminated [GBT: had received light], ye endured a great fight of [GT: in] afflictions [BT: adversities];     qtext

10:33 Partly, whilst ye were made a gazingstock both by reproaches and afflictions [T: all men wondered and gazed at you for the shame and tribulation that was done unto you ]; and partly, whilst ye became companions of them that were so used [GB: which were so tossed to and fro (B: from); T: which so passed their time].     qtext

10:34 For ye had compassion of me in [G: both ye sorrowed with me for; BT: ye suffered also with] my bonds, and took joyfully [G: suffered with joy; BT: took in worth] the spoiling of your goods, knowing in yourselves that ye have in heaven a better and an enduring substance.     qtext

xref [cf Col 2:17]

10:35 Cast not away therefore your confidence, which hath great recompence of reward [T: reward to recompence].

10:36 For ye have need of patience, that, after ye have done the will of God, ye might receive the promise.     qtext

10:37 For yet a [GBT: +very] little while, and he that shall come will come, and will not tarry.

10:38 Now the just shall live by faith: but if any man [BT: and if he] draw back [GBT: withdraw himself], my soul shall have no pleasure in him.     qtext

10:39 But we are not of them who draw back [GBT: withdraw ourselves] unto perdition [T: damnation]; but of them that believe to the saving [G: follow faith until the conservation; BT: we pertain unto faith to the winning] of the soul.

(Heb 10:32-38) GF6: 122

(Heb 10:32) IP1: 340f; IP4: 341

(Heb 10:32f) IP3: 133; HPS 422 (EB)

(Heb 10:33) GF8: 286 [402]; JN2: 316; IP2: 145; EQ 547; WPR 72f; SIW 51, 53

(Heb 10:33f) GF5: 213; GF7: 36 [29]

(Heb 10:34) GF3: 203, 548; GF4: 367; GF7: 27 [19], 81f [71], 83 [73], 215 [215], 239 [223], 261 [239], 348 [264]; GF8: 28 [279], 38 [289], 58 [307], 123 [332], 251 [394], 269 [398]; JN1: 162, 256; JN2: 85, 584; JN3: 3, 46, 107; WDS 214; WPR 301; SIW 127

(Heb 10:35) GF5: 117, 312; GF7: 90 [79]; RBA 204; RBAF 154; EQ 328 (BC)

(Heb 10:36) GF6: 173

(Heb 10:38) GF5: 117; GF8: 218 [378]; IP3: 7, 155; IP4: 44, 413; WPR 260


(Heb 10:32)

[Other texts citing Heb 10:32: IP4:341 (under Heb 12:3f)]

IP1:340 (1660): The world hateth and persecuteth (in some degree or other) all that are not of the world [John 15:19f]; and all must be content with their daily portion thereof, waiting on God for strength [Isa 40:31] to bear the cross, not flying it; and the apostle commends the Hebrews for "enduring the great fight of afflictions" [Heb 10:32].

(Heb 10:32f)

IP3:133: [Heb 10:32f, see under Heb 6:10]

(Heb 10:33)

[Other texts citing Heb 10:33: SIW 53 (under Mat 10:25)]

JN2:316 (1655): ...Christ in his wants and wanderings, hunger and nakedness, mocking, buffeting, stocking, stoning, prisonings, in his temptings, fasting, whippings, banishings out of towns and cities, and countries, as a sign to be spoken against everywhere [Luke 2:34], a stumbling stone and rock of offence [Isa 8:14] to all sorts of professions, especially to the wisest, as the offscouring, scum, and filth of the world [1 Cor 4:13], and a gazing-stock [Heb 10:33] wherever he comes in the flesh; so he is to this day, who suffers the opposition of all the wicked; this is his glory, and this is his joy in this world, wherein we rejoice to be counted worthy to suffer with him [Acts 25:41]....

IP2:144f (1661): Christ, the Lord and Master of all believers, who himself was not in the world, calleth all his disciples and followers out of the world [John 15:19]. How, out of the world? Doth he call them from having any being or commerce in the earth, or in the world? Nay, not so; but to come out of the evil or corrupt state, practices, and ways of the world; out of the earthly ways of the heathens, out of the earthly ordinances and observations of the Jews; yea, even out of every thing in both, which was not of the Father, but of the world [1 Jn 2:16]; and this made them a gazing-stock [Heb 10:33] to both, and the scorn and hatred of both, wherever they came.

SIW 51 (Ruth Alcock Follows, 17–): But oh! the exercise this brought upon me, for I found self was yet for being pleased, and I was not willing to be counted a fool [1 Cor 4:10], and was for being almost any thing so that the Lord would be pleased without this, that I might not become a gazing-stock to the world [Heb 10:33] ....

(Heb 10:33f)

GF7:36 (1653): So, we that suffer our goods to be spoiled joyfully [Heb 10:34], it is for Christ's sake, the unchangeable priest [Heb 7:24], and for the new covenant's sake, and the new testament's sake. As the Hebrews did, who ... were a gazing-stock [Heb 10:33]; and so we suffer now by the changeable priesthood, which takes tithes, as the people of God did then.

(Heb 10:34)

[Other texts citing Heb 10:34: GF7:239 (under Mat 10:28), GF8:123 (Mat 5:10-12), JN1:161f (John 1:1), JN1:256 (John 12:3-6)]

GF3:548f (1659): Christ being come the substance, Heb x.34.

GF7:27 (1652): Every one to have an inheritance (of their own) of life, that they may offer to God of their heavenly substance, who are called a royal priesthood [1 Pet 2:9]; that is, a kingly priesthood over the devil, and over Adam, in a possession of a spiritual kingdom, and of a world that hath no end, and of a heavenly durable substance and riches [Heb 10:34/Prov 8:18] which are spiritual; and so to offer up spiritual sacrifices to God [1 Pet 2:5], who is a spirit [John 4:24].

GF7:83 (1654): And show forth the substance to them, (if ye have an opportunity,) showing to them, that ye suffer for conscience sake.... And being guided by the light, it will let you join to none of their vain inventions, that are acted and made in that nature that is contrary to the light; it will bring you to witness the sum and substance, Christ Jesus, over all the world. And so, if the spoilers take your goods [Heb 10:34], let them go, and let them take the coat also [Mat 5:40]....

JN2:84f (1655): And though we suffer the spoiling of our goods [Heb 10:34], yet it is not as evildoers, but following the example of Christ and his church herein, denying the pope, bishops, and all their rabble of officers they have set up without Christ and contrary to him in their inventions.

SIW 127 (Mary Alexander, 17–): When my mind became thus far awakened, and was seeking a better and more enduring substance [Heb 10:34] than had heretofore been my experience....

(Heb 10:36)

GF6:173f (1684): So every one shall receive a reward and judgment according to his works, whether they be good or evil; and therefore all the saints have need of patience, to exercise that gift that after they have done the will of God, they might inherit the promise of eternal life [Heb 10:36]; for so is the will of God, that with well doing you may put to silence the ignorance of foolish men [1 Pet 2:15].

(Heb 10:38)

GF8:218 (1682): For the apostle saith, "The just man lives by faith [Rom 1:17, Heb 10:38]." And this is not by any faith which men make, but by the faith which Christ Jesus is both the author and finisher of [Heb 12:2], in your hearts and consciences; and in this faith ye have access to God [Rom 5:2], and do please him [Heb 11:6]. But, "if any man draw back," (to wit, in not living by this faith,) doth not the Lord say, "My soul shall have no pleasure in him [Heb 10:38]?" But we are not of them who draw back unto perdition, (that is a sad drawing back,) but of them that believe, to the saving of our souls.

IP4:44 (167-): ..believing includes not only a beginning to believe, but a going on therein, and continuing to the end. For so is the promise and word of Christ, "He that continueth to the end shall be saved." [Mat 10:22] But if any man draw back from the Lord, from his spirit, and return into the way of death with the other spirit, the soul of the Lord will have no pleasure in him [Heb 10:38].

This page last revised Sept 2007