(Revelation) GF5: 127-141


1:1 The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to shew unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass [G: be done]; and he sent and signified [GBT: shewed] it by his angel unto his servant John:

1:2 Who bare record of the word of God, and of the testimony of Jesus Christ, and of all things that he saw.

1:3 Blessed [BT: Happy] is he that readeth, and they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep those things which are written therein: for the time is at hand.     qtext

1:4 John to the seven churches [T: congregations] which are in Asia: Grace be unto you, and peace, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits which are [T: +present] before his throne;     qtext

1:5 And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of [BT: Lord over] the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,     qtext

[true and faithful witness: cf Jer 42:5, Rev 3:14; washed from sins in blood, cf 1 Jn 1:7]

1:6 And hath made us kings and priests unto God and [G: even] his Father; to him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.     qtext

[made us kings and priests unto God, cf Rev 5:10]

1:7 Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye [T: all eyes] shall see him, and they also [G: yea, even they] which pierced him [G: +through]: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him [GB: before him; T omits]. Even so, Amen.     qtext

1:8 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.

[cf Rev 22:13]

(Rev 1:1) GF5: 238; IP4: 57

(Rev 1:2) GF6: 389

(Rev 1:3) GF7: 226 [222]; IP1: 267; IP3: 121; IP4: 57

(Rev 1:4) GF7: 191 [199]; JN2: 270 (A)

(Rev 1:5-9) GF5: 127

(Rev 1:5) GF5: 448; GF6: 299, 305, 439; GF7: 133 [138], 249, [232]; GF8: 150 [352], 158 [354], 162 [355], 200 [370]; GFEJ 367; MFU: 339; JN1: 191; JN2: 191, 318, 319; JN3: 246; IP2: 115; IP3: 480; IP4: 376; HPS 391, 426 (EB)

(Rev 1:5f) GF5: 303; IP3: 134

(Rev 1:6) IP1: 27; IP4: 250; WPT 169 [made us kings and priests, see Rev 5:10]

(Rev 1:7) JN3: 714n (RR); HPS 293; WPR 606, WPT

(Rev 1:8) JN3: 410; HPS 411 (EB). [Alpha and Omega, beginning and ending, see Rev 22:13]


(Rev 1:3)

GF7:226 (1662): A general epistle to be read in all the christian meetings in the world. Blessed is he that readeth, and blessed is he that heareth [Rev 1:3] and understandeth, and the eyes that see [Mat 13:16, Luke 10:23]. Read this over, and you may read that which you have not read, and see that which you have not seen.

IP3:121 (1668): [quotes Rev 1:3] He then, that readeth not, that hath not an ear [Rev 2:7,etc] to hear the words of the prophecy, how can he keep what is written therein? How can he beware and avoid the seeming beauty and glory of the false church, or suffer with the faithful witnesses of God in their testimony against her?

(Rev 1:4)

GF7:191 (1661): The church of the Romans fell away by running into outward things from the power and life; also the Corinthians, Galatians, and others of them; and also the Seven Churches of Asia [Rev 1:4], by running into outward things; and what the outward things were they ran into ye may read. And how the apostle reproved them, and what all are gone into since they lost the power of God, and the unity in the spirit.

(Rev 1:5)

[Other texts citing Rev 1:5: MFU 339 (under 1 Pet 1:2), JN2:319 (Mat 24:23-26)]

GF7:133 (1657): Ye that are the prisoners of the Lord Jesus Christ [Philem 1:9] in outward bonds, who witness him by whom the world was made [John 1:3], who is the King of saints [Rev 15:3], and who are his, and come under his dominion and government, ye are not your own [1 Cor 6:19]; but purchased with his blood Acts 20:28], which washes and makes you clean [1 Jn 1:7, Rev 1:5], and justifies [Rom 5:9], whose bodies are his temple [1 Cor 6:19].

GF7:249 (1664): there is a faithful witness, Christ [Rev 1:5], whose name is called the word [Rev 19:13] ....

GF8:158 (1678): And they that be in Christ are new creatures [2 Cor 5:17], and they have a new head, who is the head of all things [Eph 4:15], the first-born of every creature [Col 1:15], and the first-begotten from the dead [Rev 1:5], who is alive, and liveth for evermore [Rev 1:18]....

IP3:480 (1671): Oh, that thou didst truly and understandingly know the difference, between thy own applying Christ's blood to thyself, and the Lamb's sprinkling it upon thee, and washing thy soul therein! Rev 1.5.

(Rev 1:6)

IP4:250 (1671?): ...Christ within, who giveth victories and dominion over the inward enemies, and giveth his to partake of his kingdom and priesthood. Rev 1:6.

(Rev 1:7)

WPR 606, WPT 413 (1694): And what does this blessed Light do for you? It sets all your sins in order before you.... You will then see him distinctly, whom you have pierced, him [Rev 1:7], and all the blows and wounds you have given him by your disobedience; and how you have made him to serve with our sins, and you will weep and mourn for it, and your sorrow will ge a godly sorrow [2 Cor 7:10].


1:9 I John, who also am [G: even; BT omit] your brother, and companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was in the isle that is called [G: called; T: of] Patmos, for the word of God, and for the testimony [GBT: witnessing] of Jesus Christ.     qtext

1:10 I was in the [G: ravished in] Spirit on the Lord's day [T: a Sunday] , and heard behind me a great voice, as [GBT: +it had been] of a trumpet,     qtext

1:11 Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in a book, and send it unto the seven churches [T: congregations] which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea.

[Rev 1:11 cf Rev 1:4, 22:13]

1:12 And I turned [GBT: +back] to see the voice that spake with [BT: to] me. And being turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks;     qtext

1:13 And in the midst of the seven [BT: omit] candlesticks one like unto the Son of man, clothed with a [T: +linen] garment down to the foot [GB: feet; T: ground], and girt about the paps with a golden girdle.     qtext

[Rev 1:12f cf Rev 2:1]

1:14 His head and his hairs were white like wool, as white as snow; and his eyes were as a flame of fire;

1:15 And his feet like unto fine brass, as if they burned in a furnace; and his voice as the sound of many waters.

1:16 And he had in his right hand seven stars: and out of his mouth went a sharp twoedged sword: and his countenance was [GBT: face shone] as the sun shineth in his strength.     qtext

[mouth...sword: cf Rev 19:15]

(Rev 1:9) GF2: 323; GF5: 127f, 302; GF6: 286, 294, 354; GF8: 190 [363]; DGA 186; MFU 387; WDS 192, 258, 308, 312, 316; WPR 640

(Rev 1:9f) JN2: 547

(Rev 1:10) GF4: 129

[Rev 1:11 see Rev 22:13]

(Rev 1:12-16) GF6: 70

(Rev 1:12f) GF5: 325; GF6: 482; GFT 138

(Rev 1:16-18) GF5: 128

(Rev 1:16) MFU 214; JN1: 254; JN3: 551 (GB); IP3: 490; EQ 484


(Rev 1:9)

[Other texts citing Rev 1:9: GF2:323 (John 3:3-6), MFU 387 (under Rev 6:2)]

GF5:127f (1675): [quotes Rev 1:9 (B?)] (Mark, your brother in tribulations and in the kingdom.) Here is not only an heir of the kingdom, but in it. And this many witness, that are witnesses of Jesus Christ, and know the patience of Jesus. [see discussion in DGA 186]

GF8:190 (1680): From your friend and brother in the kingdom and patience of Jesus [Rev 1:9].

WPR 640 (1699/1726): [patience] is made the saints' excellency; here is the patience of the saints, Rev 13:10. It is joined with the kingdom of Christ, Rev 1:9.

(Rev 1:9f)

JN2:547 (1655): [Rebutting Thomas Moore's assertion that Christ remains "in the heavens as opposed to the earth," and is "personally absent from us while we are in these bodies on earth":] Was he personally absent from the three children in the furnace (Dan 3:25)? Was he personally absent from John in the isle of Patmos [Rev 1:9ff]? Was he personally absent from Paul, who confesseth his personal presence (2 Cor 2:10)?

(Rev 1:10)

[Other texts citing Rev 1:10: GF4:129 (John 16:13)]

(Rev 1:12f)

GF6: 482 (168-?): So where two or three are gathered together in his name, there he is in the midst [Mat 18:20]; and the church of Christ is the golden candlestick, and Christ is in the midst. So he is a light in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks [Rev 1:12f, 20].

(Rev 1:16)

JN1:254 (1654): And here is Christ's case clearly seen in them whom the world could never own, and such stars he holds in his right hand [Rev 1:16], and they fear not that any should pluck them out of his hand [John 10:28]; but for such you call faithful ministers who dare not trust the Lord for bread,... such the Lord owns not, but denies...nor doth he hold such stars in his right hand, for they wander from him, his commands and protection, to whom is referred the blackness of darkness forever [Jude 1:13]; and not being able to see the power of Christ in keeping his, they dare not trust him.


1:17 And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last:

[first and the last, cf Rev 22:13]

1:18 I am he that liveth [GBT: alive] , and [G: but I] was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.     qtext

1:19 Write the things which thou hast seen, and the things which are, and the things which shall be [G: shall come; BT: must (T: shall) be fulfilled] hereafter;

1:20 The mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks [G: +is this]. The seven stars are the angels [T: messengers] of the seven churches [T: congregations (2x)]: and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches.     qtext

[Rev 1:17 see Rev 22:13]

(Rev 1:18) GFJN 163; GF5: 353, 443, 450; GF6: 25, 299; GF8: 77 [316], 153 [352], 156, 158; EQ 300 [354], 200 [370]; GFEJ 326; LB (M28); MFU 33; JN2: 598; IP1: 272; IP4: 41

(Rev 1:20) GF5: 303; GF6: 70, 76, 482


(Rev 1:18)

[Other texts citing Rev 1:18: GF6:25 (under Mat 22:32), GF8:158 (Rev 1:5), JN2:598 (Heb 6:6), IP4:41 (Mat 11:5)]

GF8:77 (1675): And so every one of you that has received Christ Jesus the Lord over all, in him (who is your Lord) walk, who is the amen [Rev 3:14]; and there all the living can praise God [Isa 38:19] together; and the living gather in the name of Jesus [Mat 18:20], the name of him who was dead, and is alive again, and lives for evermore [Rev 1:18], who is the first and last [Rev 1:17, 22:13].

GF8:156 (1678): And they are never like to come to the true head, Christ, but by coming to the light, grace, truth, power, faith, and spirit of Jesus, which cometh from him, and turneth to him again, (the head,) and so to hold him their head, by which all the members are coupled together by joints and bands, which do receive their nourishment from him their head [Col 2:19], who doth supply every member with life everlasting from him that is alive, and liveth for evermore [Rev 1:18]. . . .

IP1:272 (1659): There are false keys to open the several chambers of imagery [Ezek 8:12] in Babylon. This food man cannot gather of himself, it must be given to him: this knowledge man cannot get into by himself, but as the spirit leads him, and opens to him; for he hath the keys of death [Rev 1:18], and opens into the treasures of death.

(Rev 1:20)

[Other texts citing Rev 1:20: GF5:303 (under Rev 2:1), GF6:482 (Rev 1:12f)]

GF6:76 (1679): And was not that one golden candlestick, which Moses was commanded to make in the old covenant, with all its knobs, flowers, and branches, and bowls like almonds, which were to be made of pure gold [Exo 25:31-37], a type of the body of Christ, the church [Col 1:18], seeing that the churches of Christ in the new testament are called the golden candlesticks? Rev 1:20.


2:1 Unto the angel of the church [T: messenger of the congregation] of Ephesus write; These things saith he that holdeth the seven stars in his right hand, who walketh in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks;     qtext

2:2 I know thy works, and thy labour, and thy patience, and how thou canst not bear [BT: forbear] them which are evil: and thou hast tried [GBT: examined] them which say they are apostles, and are not, and hast found them liars:     qtext

2:3 And hast borne [G: wast burdened; G: hast suffered; T: didst wash thyself], and hast patience, and for my name's sake hast laboured, and hast not fainted.

2:4 Nevertheless I have somewhat against thee, because thou hast left thy first love.     qtext

2:5 Remember therefore from whence thou art fallen, and repent, and do the first works; or else I will come unto [G: against] thee quickly [GBT: shortly], and will remove thy candlestick out of his place, except thou repent [G: amend].     qtext

(Rev 2 - 3) GF6: 224-6 ; IP1: 262; IP4: 327

(Rev 2:1-6) JN3: 2f

(Rev 2:1) GF5: 303, 353, 355

(Rev 2:1f) IP1: 105, 362

(Rev 2:2) IP2: 427; IP3: 90, 126, 138

(Rev 2:2f) GF8: 58 [307]

(Rev 2:4) GF7: 242 [228], 259 [238], 270 [240]; JN1: 269; IP1: 22; EQ 520, 521 (BR); WPR 365, 596

(Rev 2:4f) IP1: 179; IP2: 434; IP3: 138

(Rev 2:5) JN1: 144, 377; IP1: 299; IP2: 7, 160, 430; IP4: 432; RBA 179; RBAF 137; EQ 125; 327 (BC)


(Rev 2)

GF6:224-226: "mini-commentary" on Rev 2 - 3.

IP4:327 (167-?) Read the epistles of Christ to the churches in the second and third chapters of the Revelations, and see how government and care over their members is expected from them.

(Rev 2:1)

[Other texts citing Rev 2:1: GF5:355 (under Heb 12:22f)]

GF5: 303 (1676): And you may see what John said, "that Christ walks in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks [Rev 2:1];" that is, in the midst of the seven churches [Rev 1:20]; "there he walks that is ascended above all that he might fill all [Eph 4:10]. "

(Rev 2:1f)

IP1:362 (1660): As for Ephesus and Thyatira's not suffering false apostles [Rev 2:1f] and the woman Jezebel [Rev 2:18-25]: we do not say that any errors, or erroneous persons, are to be suffered by the church, but to be dealt with in Christ's power and authority. But the delivering up of those to the secular power, we know to have been an invention of antichrist's....

(Rev 2:2)

IP2:126 (1668): There was need of the anointing of God's wisdom and Spirit to try Jews and apostles (for there were such, even in the apostles' days, as said they were so, but were not [Rev 2:2,9]; and there is also need of the same wisdom and spirit to try churches, whether they be indeed the churches of Christ (in and of his Spirit and power) or only in the name and outward profession of the thing, without the nature, Spirit, life and power thereof.

(Rev 2:4)

GF7: 242 (1663): and therefore mind what [the first] birth hath brought forth, (and shame it), that hath cried up outward things,... and whether you are not gone into the flesh, and into the air, and lost your habitations of tenderness and compassion....and therefore mind your first habitation [Jude 1:6] and first love [Rev 2:4]

WPR 365 (1672): Return to your first love [Rev 2:4], return to the holy Light & Spirit, with which the heavenly Father of Lights [Jas 1:17] hath enlightened you.

(Rev 2:4f)

IP2:434 (1666): How may a church lose its state and being? ... By negligence and sluggishness in the truth; by this means also life may languish and extinguish by degrees, even till death come wholly over and swallow it up, Rev 3:1-3. If the first love do but abate and wax cold, iniquity will be abounding, Mat 24:12, and the church will be in danger of losing its candlestick. Rev 2:4-5.

(Rev 2:5)

JN1:144 (1653): O repent, "return to the Lord from whence you are fallen [Rev 2:5], for what will you do in the end thereof [Jer 5:31]?"

JN1:376f (1654): And this is the cause why this light is so hated of ... them that love their sins, because ... no sin can be committed, but it checks for it [John 3:19f], til the candlestick is removed [Rev 2:5] by often sinning against it, for the light of the wicked shall be put out [Prov 13:9]....

IP1:299 (1659): O England! if it had been so that thy rulers had built up a true church, yet the evil spirit, the unclean spirit, would have endeavoured to pollute it, to provoke the Lord to remove his candlestick [Rev 2:5] (which is an inward act of his spirit, the outward building might stand notwithstanding), and then thy house must have been left desolate [Mat 23:38], and the same spirit would then have called his people out of it [Rev 18:4]. But if thy building hath not been spiritual, and in the spirit, how can the spirit of the Lord suffer the children begotten by him to lodge in it!


2:6 But this thou hast, that thou hatest the deeds [G: works] of the Nicolaitans, which I also hate.     qtext

2:7 He [GBT: Let him] that hath an ear [T: ears], let him [GBT: omit] hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches [T: congregations]; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God.     qtext

[cf Rev 2:11, 17, 29; 3:6, 13, 22]

(Rev 2:6) JN2: 163, 198

(Rev 2:7-10) GF5: 128

(Rev 2:7) GF6: 281; GFT 133; MFU 159; WDS 39, 298; IP3: 302, 391; WPR 232; WPT 40

(Rev 2:7 [refrain]): GF5: 128, 141, 209, 325, 420; GF6: 199, 285; GF8: 70 [313]; MFU 72; JN1: 171; JN2: 211; IP2: 364; IP3: 121, 323; IP4: 337 [cf Mat 11:15]


(Rev 2:6)

JN2:163f (1655): 5th Query [by Richard Baxter, JN2: 125]: if one that bears the bag proves a Judas or a thief [John 12:6], or one Nicholas, a deacon, should lead a sect of Nicolaitans your predecessors [Rev 2:6], were all apostles therefore thieves, or all the churches and pastors greedy dogs [Isa 56:11], for taking much more than the tenth, even men's whole estates, that gave them to that use? [Ans.] I say, that the Nicolaitans is our predecessors is one lie, and that the apostles took men's whole estates, that's another; so we think it not strange to suffer with them. But you that take men's labors against their wills, are much worse than Judas and all the greedy dumb dogs [Isa 56:10f] we read on....

(Rev 2:7)

[Other texts citing Rev 2:7: IP3:391 (Mat 22:37- 39, Luk 10:27)]

WDS 39 (1655): ...my soul now feeds upon the tree of life, which I had so long hungered and thirsted after, in the paradise of God [Rev 2:7].

WPR 232, WPT 40 (1668): ...to excite all to fight for this incomplete victory, [Thomas Vincent] recommended to their consideration the excellent rewards of conquerors, that is, "To him that overcometh, I will give to eat of the Tree of Life [Rev 2:7], the hidden manna. I will give him a white stone, a new name [Rev 2:17], power over nations [Rev 2:26], white raiment [Rev 3:5]; yea, I will make him a pillar in my temple, he shall go no more out [Rev 3:12], and I will grant him to sit with me on my throne [Rev 3:21]." Admirable privileges, I acknowledge! but are they promised to incomplete conquerors? I judge not.

(Rev 2:7 [refrain])

[Other texts citing Rev 2:7, etc.(refrain): GF5:420 (Rom 5:6), IP2:364 (John 10:4f), IP3:121 (under Rev 1:3), IP3:323 (Mat 11:15)]

GF7:128 (1656): "...He that hath an ear, let him hear what the spirit saith to the churches." [Rev 2:7, etc.] But your churches now a-days say, there is no hearing of this immediate spirit; and ye say yourselves, there are but two spirits; so then ye have gotten another spirit to hear and speak to you, than that which spake to the churches, and it seems ye had no ear to hear the spirit that spake to the churches.

JN2:211 (1655): Paul was sent to open the blind eyes [Acts 26:18], yet he was sent to those who had eyes as you have, by which they could see to stone and whip him, and hears to hear him and call what he said heresy and blasphemy as you do, and as ever the carnal judged of the spiritual, who hath not an ear to hear what the Spirit saith [Rev 2:7, etc].


2:8 And unto the angel of the church [T: messenger of the congregation] in Smyrna [G: of the Smyrnians] write; These things saith [GBT: he that is] the first and the last, which was dead, and is alive;     qtext

2:9 I know thy works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but thou art rich) and I know the blasphemy of them which say they are [BT: call themselves] Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue [T: congregation] of Satan.     qtext

[synagogue of Satan, cf Rev 3:9]

2:10 Fear none of those things which thou shalt suffer: behold, [G: +it shall come to pass, that] the devil shall cast some of you into prison, that ye may be tried [BT: to tempt you]; and ye shall have tribulation ten days: be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life.     qtext

[crown of life: cf Jas 1:12]

2:11 He [GBT: Let him] that hath an ear [T: ears], let him [GBT: omit] hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches [T: congregations]; He that overcometh shall not be hurt of the second death.     qtext

[cf Rev 2:7, 17, 29; 3:6, 13, 22]

(Rev 2:8) GF3: 248, 356; MFU 259

(Rev 2:8f) IP3: 135

(Rev 2:9) GF3: 548; JN1: 74 (RF), 208, 260; JN2: 40, 75; JN3: 3; 716n, 721, 723, 726 (RR), 729 (WT); IP1: 57, 157, 158; IP2: 280, 282, 436; IP3: 119, 126, 477; RBA 246; RBAF 186; WPR 127, 162

(Rev 2:9f) GF6: 124; JN2: 152f

(Rev 2:10) GF4: 328; GF5: 214; GF7: 61 [47], 92 [81], 100 [92], 152 [161], 215 [215], 263 [239], 310 [259]; GF8: 30 [279], 34 [284], 215 [377], 252 [394]; MFU 18, 225, 340; JN1: 148; WDS 228; IP3: 397, 505; EQ 139; HPS 188, 275; 375 (EB); WTG 69 (SM); SIW 39

(Rev 2:10f) GF6: 281; IP1: 340f

(Rev 2:11) EQ 311; WTG 210 (EH)


(Rev 2:8f)

IP3:135 (1668): So the church of Smyrna: Christ owneth her works, and tribulations, and poverty, and pronounceth her rich [Rev 2:8f]. Christ knoweth how to value things.

(Rev 2:9)

[Other texts citing Rev 2:9: IP1:158 (under 2 Pet 2:2); IP2:126 (Rev 2:2), WPR 162 (Mat 21:13, Rev 18:2)]

GF3:548 (1659): Oh! how is the beauty of the church of the Presbyterians marred and deformed! Oh! how they are become cages of unclean birds [Rev 18:2], synagogues of Satan [Rev 2:9]!

JN1:74 (Richard Farnworth, 1653): if thou do but read this ensuing little treatise ... thou wilt be brought to see antichrist or the man of sin [2 Th 2:3] in high measure, the mystery of iniquity [2 Th 2:7] acting in the priests of the world that do profess themselves to be the ministers of Christ but are of the synagogue of Satan [Rev 2:9] ....

IP1:157 (1659): There is a speaking well of the ways of their own inventions, or the ways which they have imitated without the life. To call these the ways of God, the true ways of life, is blasphemy. "I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan." Rev 2:9. There were, even in the apostles' days, persons who pretended to be Christians, and pretended still to be of the Church, though they had lost the life; and this the spirit of the Lord said was blasphemy.

IP2:282 (1662): as he that saith he is a Jew, but wanteth the true circumcision of the heart and spirit [Rom 2:29] doth but lie, and is not indeed so; so they that say they are a church, but want the nature of the church, they also lie, and are not a true gathering of Christians out of the world [John 15:19], but a synagogue of Satan [Rev 2:9, 3:9], still abiding and worshipping in the spirit of the world [1 Cor 2:12].

(Rev 2:9f)

JN2:152f (1655): ...is it not the devil that casts into prison the innocent [Rev 2:10]? and was ever any under the gospel found in that work but such who was of the synagogue of Satan. though they called themselves Jews [Rev 2:9], as you call yourselves Christians, but in the same nature and deeds?

(Rev 2:10)

[Other texts citing Rev 2:10: GF5:214 (Mat 27:28-30), GF7:152 (Mat 6:22), GF7:263 (Heb 2:14), GF8:34 (Jas 1:12), MFU 225 (Rev 4:10), HPS 275 (1 Pet 5:4), WTG 69 (Mat 25:21,23)]

GF epistles: numerous references to "the crown of life" [Rev 2:10/Jas 1:12]

GF4:328 (1668): "Ten days the devil shall cast you into prison, that you may be tried [Rev 2:10]," which is ten years. [similar "decodings" of Rev 9:5, 12:6, 13:1-5]

GF8:215 (1682): the word of God was before the wicked and his bonds were; for in the beginning was the word [John 1:1], but since the beginning was the devil, who had cast some into prison, spoken of in Revelations: that ten days [Rev 2:10] might be a longer time than ten natural days.

IP3:505 (1675): The next scripture that was in my heart was, Rev 2:10. "Fear none of those things which thou shalt suffer." Upon which scripture this question rose in my heart to thee, Dost not thou fear the sufferings which may attend thee, in thy state and place, for truth's sake? Dost not thou look out at them [Eccl 12:3]? If thou do, it will weaken thy faith, and be a snare to thee [Prov 29:25]; and such a beam in thy eye, that thou wilt never be able to see that particular way and path of truth, which is most proper for thy soul, till this beam be plucked out and separated from thee [Mat 7:3-5].

SIW 39 (Lydia Rawlinson Lancaster, 1729): Oh! Let us be faithful to death, that we may have a crown of life with them hereafter [Rev 2:10]!

(Rev 2:11)

WTG 210 (Elizabeth Hudson, 1750): It was livingly brought to my remembrance [John 14:26] how it was with our blessed saviour when he left the bosom of his father and appeared in the flesh to go through the bitter baptism of the cross , for the dead in order to redeem mankind from the power of the second death [Rev 2:11].


2:12 And to the angel of the church [T: messenger of the congregation] in [G which is at] Pergamos write; These things saith he which hath the sharp sword with two edges;

[cf Heb 4:12]

2:13 I know thy works, and where thou dwellest, even where Satan's seat [G: throne] is: and thou holdest fast [GBT: keepest] my name, and hast not denied my faith, even in those days wherein [T: And in my days] Antipas was my faithful martyr [T: witness], who was slain among you, where Satan dwelleth.     qtext

2:14 But I have a few things against thee, because thou hast there them that hold [GBT: maintain] the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balac [BT: in balacke] to cast [GBT: put] a stumblingblock [T: occasion of sin] before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed [of meat dedicate] unto idols, and to commit fornication.

[cf Num ch 22-24]

2:15 So hast thou also them that hold [GBT: maintain] the doctrine of the Nicolaitans, which thing I hate.     qtext

2:16 Repent [G: Repent thyself; T: But be converted]; or else I will come unto thee quickly [GBT: shortly], and will fight against them with the sword of my mouth.     qtext

2:17 He [GBT: Let him] that hath an ear [T: ears], let him [GBT: omit' hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches [T: congregations]; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the [BT: omit] hidden manna [GBT: manna that is hid], and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth it.     qtext

[cf Rev 2:7, 11, 29; 3:6, 13, 22]

(Rev 2:12-15) GF5: 353

(Rev 2:13) IP2: 10, 16

(Rev 2:14) GF4: 385; GF7: 214 [214], 274 [244]; IP1: 23

(Rev 2:15) JN2: 163, 198; IP3: 138

(Rev 2:15f) IP2: 434

(Rev 2:16) JN1:176; IP2: 139

(Rev 2:17) GFJN 197f; GF6: 281; GF7: 206 [206]; GF8: 130 [338], 232 [385]; GFEJ 350; MFU 198, 239; JN1: 119 (GF), 128, 171, 486; JN3: 463; WDS 116; IP3: 64, 105, 210f, 302f; IP4: 123; EQ 131, 173; HPS 143, 289; WPR 144, 232, 349; WPT 40; JWJM 29

(Rev 2:17f) GF5: 128


(Rev 2:13)

IP2:16 (1660): [Satan] had hitherto kept his seat in his synagogue, where he had been slaying the faithful martyrs of Jesus, Rev 2:13, and had put to death such as loved not their lives unto death. Rev 12:11. Now he finds it more for his advantage to raise up the beast, and to give his power, seat, and authority to him [Rev 13:1f]. This was the Roman power....

(Rev 2:15f)

IP2:434 (1666): See what danger one corrupt doctrine of the Nicolaitans brought the Church of Pergamos into [Rev 2:15], even of God's coming forth with his sword and fighting against her, Rev 2:16. And if God, who is the defender of his church, himself fight against her, how shall she stand?

(Rev 2:16)

IP2:139: [Rev 2:16, see under Rev 17:13f]

(Rev 2:17)

GF7:206: [Other texts citing Rev 2:17: (under Rev 22:18f, MFU 198 (Gen 2:17), IP3:105 (confl 1 Pet 3:4), WPR 232, WPT 40 (Rev 2:7), WPR 349 (Rev 21:27)]

GF8:232 (1683): It is the time now for all the faithful to keep in Christ their sanctuary, in whom you have all peace, rest, life, and salvation, and by the testimony of Jesus, and the blood of the Lamb [Rev 12:11], whose names are written in the Lamb's book of life, before the foundation of the world [Rev 21:27/17:8], they were they that did overcome [Rev 12:11], and did eat of the hidden manna, and had the new name [Rev 2:17].

MFU 239 (1657): there is no other name under heaven by which any shall be saved [Acts 4:12], but by that name which is better than any name; ...but there is none that knows this name but he that hath it, the white stone [Rev 2:17].

JN1:486 (1655): The first slander is grounded upon my subscribing myself one whom the world calls James Nayler, and ... this you say is to cloak our pretense of being equal with God, and that we herein depart from Scripture and would conclude God and Christ under carnal observations, or else teach them to speak. To which I answer ... for first, are not the words true: am not I one whom the world calls James Nayler? and they know no other name, and yet the Scripture speaks (Rev 2:17) "him that overcometh" having "a new name, that no man knows but he that hath it." And how do we here depart from Scripture?

IP3:210f (1662): I wish [Henry Vane] would consider in what spirit it is that he calls the white stone [Rev 2:17] a ticket for the righteousness. Doth he know the white stone with the new name? It is no less than the foundation-stone, than the righteousness itself; and what doth he talk of bringing that as a ticket for the righteousness?

IP4:123 (1671): What is it Jacob is to be fed with, and inherit? Is it any less than the life and blessedness of the promised land? Is it any less than the hidden manna [Rev 2:17]? Is it any less than the fruit of the living vine? Is it any other than the sweetness and fatness of the true olive-tree [Rom 11:17]?

EQ 131 (William Robinson, 1659): Written by one who feareth the Lord, who is by ignorant people called a Quaker, and unto such am only known by the name of William Robinson; yet a new name I have received, which such knows not [Rev 2:17].

JWJM 29 (17–): There is a harmony in the sound of that voice to which divine love gives utterance, and some appearance of right order in their temper and conduct whose passions are fully regulated. Yet all these do not fully show forth that inward life to such who have not felt it, but this white stone and new name is known rightly to such only who have it [Rev 2:17].


2:18 And unto the angel of the church [T: messenger of the congregation] in Thyatira write; These things saith the Son of God, who hath his eyes like unto a flame of fire, and his feet are like fine [T: omits] brass;

2:19 I know thy works, and charity [GBT: thy love], and service, and faith, and thy patience, and thy works [BT: deeds]; and [G: that they are; B: which are] the last to be more than [GBT: more at the last than at]the first.     qtext

2:20 Notwithstanding I have a few things against thee, because thou sufferest that woman Jezebel, which calleth herself a prophetess, to teach and to seduce [GBT: deceive] my servants to [GBT: +make them] commit fornication, and to eat things [GBT: meats] sacrificed [BT: offered up] unto idols.     qtext

2:21 And I gave her space to repent of her fornication; and she repented not.

2:22 Behold, I will cast her into a bed, and them that commit adultery [GBT: fornication] with her into great tribulation [G: affliction; BT: adversity], except they repent [G: repent them; BT: turn from] of their deeds [G: works].

2:23 And I will kill her children with death; and all the churches [T: congregations] shall know that I am he which searcheth the reins and hearts: and I will give unto every one of you according to your [B: his] works.     qtext

2:24 But unto you I say, and unto the rest [BT: other; GBT + of them] in Thyatira, as many as have not this doctrine [GBT: learning], and which have not [G: neither have] known the depths [GBT: deepness] of Satan, as they speak [BT: say]; I will put upon you none other burden.

2:25 But that which ye have already hold fast till I come.

2:26 And [G: For] he that [BT: whosoever] overcometh, and keepeth my works unto the end, to him will I give power over the nations:     qtext

2:27 And he shall rule them with a rod of iron; as the vessels of a potter shall they be broken [T: he break them] to shivers [G: omits]: even as I received of my Father [GB: to 2:28].

2:28 And I will [GB: Even as I received of my Father, so will I] give him the morning star.

2:29 He [GBT: Let him] that hath an ear [T: ears], let him [GBT: omit] hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches [T: congregations].

[cf Rev 2:7, 11, 17; 3:6, 13, 22]

(Rev 2:18-25) IP1: 362; DFR 99f

(Rev 2:19) GF8: 188 [363]

(Rev 2:20-23) GF5: 359

(Rev 2:20) GF6: 182; IP1: 23; IP3: 138; RBA 416; RBAF 371; DFR 99

(Rev 2:20f) GF5: 418

(Rev 2:23) GF3: 535; IP1: 23; IP3: 337

(Rev 2:25) JN3: 5

(Rev 2:26-29) GF5: 128

(Rev 2:26-28) IP3: 303

(Rev 2:26) WPR 232, WPT 40

(Rev 2:26f) GF6: 280f; MFU 231; JN3: 731 (WT)


IP1:362: [Rev 2:18-25, see under Rev 2:1f]

(Rev 2:19)

GF8:188 (1680): and this one spirit, which baptizes you into one body, both male and female [1 Cor 12:13], knows your service [Rev 2:19?] to God: for the spirit of God divides severally to every one of you, as he wills [1 Cor 12:11] your offices and places, yet all in unity in the spirit, with which you are baptized into one body, and drink into one spirit.

(Rev 2:20)

GF6:182 (1684): And Christ bade John write unto the church of Thyatira, "that he had a few things against them, because they suffered Jezebel to teach," &c. [Rev 2:20] And so you may see this church came under reproof, because they did not make use of their power and authority, in the spirit of Christ to judge Jezebel's spirit.... And here you may see how Christ hath given his church power and authority in his holy spirit to admonish, exhort, judge, reprove and rebuke in his power and spirit.

RBA 416 (1678, XIV:3): Rev 2:20, where the Church of Thyatira is reproved for suffering the woman Jezebel ... can be noways otherwise understood, than that they did not excommunicate her, or cut her off by a Church censure: for as to corporal punishment, it is known that at that time the Christians had not power to punish heretics so, if they had a mind to it.

DFR 99 (1768): [when those who have gone astray are not bettered by being laboured with] but rather grow...more estranged to the sheepfold, then I believe 'tis best to ... remove the lepers out of the camp [Num 5:2] , lest they should infect others and the contagion thereby spread: and the church found faulty for such among them, as the Church of Thyatira was blamed for suffering Jezebel to seduce others [Rev 2:20].

(Rev 2:23)

IP3:337 (1674): He that knoweth the word, which is quick and powerful [quotes rest of Heb 4:12]; doth he not know "the word which was in the beginning, which was with God," yea, "which was God" [John 1:1]? For he is the only searcher of the heart, and trier of the reins [Rev 2:23].

(Rev 2:26)

WPR 232, WPT 40: [Rev 2:26, see under Rev 2:7]


3:1 And unto the angel of the church [T: messenger of the congregation] in Sardis write; These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits [T: spirit] of God, and the seven stars; I know thy works, that [G: for; BT omit] thou hast a name that thou livest, and [G: but thou] art dead.     qtext

3:2 Be watchful [GBT: awake], and strengthen the things which remain, that are ready to die: for I have not found thy works perfect before God.     qtext

3:3 Remember therefore how thou hast received and heard, and hold fast, and repent. If therefore [BT: omit] thou shalt not watch, I will come on thee as a thief, and thou shalt not know what hour I will come upon thee.     qtext

3:4 [G: +Notwithstanding] Thou hast a few names even [G: yet; BT omit] in Sardis which have not defiled their garments; and they shall walk with me in white: for they are worthy.     qtext

3:5 He that overcometh, the same [GBT: omit] shall be clothed in white raiment [GBT: array]; and I will not blot [GBT: put] out his name out of the book of life, but I will confess his name before my Father, and before his angels.     qtext

3:6 He [GBT: Let him] that hath an ear [T: ears], let him [GBT: omit] hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches [T: congregations].

[cf Rev 2:7, 11, 17, 29; 3:13, 22]

(Rev 3) GF6: 225f; IP1: 262; IP4: 327

(Rev 3:1-3) GF7: 130 [132]; JN3: 2; IP2: 434

(Rev 3:1) JN1: 321; IP1: 23; IP3: 138; HPS 184

(Rev 3:1f) IP2: 447

(Rev 3:2) WTG 243 (EH)

(Rev 3:3) GF4: 122; JN3: 532 (WD); IP1: 219

(Rev 3:4) GF7: 89 [79]; LB (F41); WDS 113; IP1: 23; IP3: 138, 152

(Rev 3:5) GF6: 281; LB (B19); IP1: 249; IP3: 303; WPR 232, WPT 40


(Rev 3)

[Other texts citing Rev 3: IP4:327 (under Rev 2)]

GF5:225f: mini-commentary on Rev 3

(Rev 3:1-3)

[Other texts citing Rev 3:1-3 IP2:434 (Rev 2:4f)]

GF7:130 (1656): And there is the sea, which the beast ariseth out of [Rev 13:1], which the world wonders after [Rev 13:3]; and there is the mother of harlots [Rev 17:5], with all her false colours, whose eyes are out from the light which comes from him by whom the world was made [John 1:3]; there ye may go, and have a name to live, but are dead [Rev 3:1].

(Rev 3:2)

WTG 243 (Elizabeth Hudson, 1750): who mercifully...strengthened of that which was ready to die [Rev 3:2]

(Rev 3:3)

IP1:219 (1659): So what scripture saith of Christ's second coming, is hid as much from the carnal eye of professors in this age, as what was said concering his first coming, was hid from them in their age; and he will steal upon them as a thief, at a time, and in a way, and after a manner, that they expect not [Rev 3:3].

(Rev 3:4)

[Other texts citing Rev 3:4: GF7:89 (1 Pet 1:2), WDS 113 (John 3:19-21), IP3:152 (under Rev 7:14)]

(Rev 3:5)

WPR 232, WPT 40: [Rev 3:5, see under Rev 2:7]


3:7 And to the angel [T: tidings bringer] of the church [T: congregation] in [G: which is of; BT: of] Philadelphia write; These things saith he that is holy, he that is [GBT: and] true, he that [GBT: which (2x)] hath the key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth;     qtext

3:8 I know thy works: behold, I have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut it: for thou hast a little strength, and hast kept my word [BT: sayings], and hast not denied my name.     qtext

[cf Isa 22:22]

(Rev 3:7) GFJN 11, 12, 13, 62; GF3: 236; GF7: 55 [45], 295f [249]; GF8: 278 [401], 290 [403], 293 [406]; GFT 114; DGA 80; LB (F39); MFS 25, 42; MFU 93, 189, 198, 431; JN3: 753; IP1: 115, 246, 254-6; IP2: 202, 449; IP3: 135f; IP4: 147; HPS 288, 300, 331; 382 (EB), 465; WPR 598; WPT 321, 327, 399; WTG 113 (SM), 175 (EH), 356 (AM); SIW 102

(Rev 3:8-12) IP3: 136

(Rev 3:8-10) GFEJ 447f

(Rev 3:8) GF8: 193 [366], 278 [401]; GFEJ 221, 447; WPR 592; WPT 315


(Rev 3:7)

[Other texts citing Rev 3:7: GFJN 13 (Rom 5:12), GF3:236 (Luk 11:52), MFU 431 (confl Mat 16:19), IP4:147 (2 Pet 3:16), WPR 598f (John 6:63), WPT 327 (Heb 3:1), WTG 355f (Mat 16:18f), SIW 101f (Mat 6:26-30)]

GFJN 11 (16–): For though I read the Scriptures that spoke of Christ and of God, yet I knew him not but by revelation, as he who hath the key did open [Rev 3:7], and as the Father of life drew me to his Son by his spirit [John 6:44].

MFS 42 (1660): if any come to the key of David, which opens this mystery [Rev 3:7], they will see the truth of it and seal to it in that measure of the spirit which God hath given to every one to profit withal [1 Cor 12:7]....

MFU 189 (1656): I shall endeavour if the Lord please to inform thy mind, as concerning us in that particular, which from the world we shut, with that which shuts & none opens [Rev 3:7], and are willing to suffer by them, till the winepress be broken by him who treads it alone [Isa 63:3].

IP1:254 (1659): Wait for the key of knowledge [Luke 11:52], which is God's free gift. Do not go with a false key to the Scriptures of Truth [Dan 10:21]; it will not open them. Man is too hasty to know the meaning of the Scriptures, and to enter into the things of God, and so he climbs up over the door with his own understanding; but he has not patience to wait to know the door [John 10:1], and to receive the key which opens and shuts the door [Rev 3:7]; and by this means he gathers death out of words which came from life. [carries theme of the "true key" over the next 2 pages]

HPS 382 (Elizabeth Bathurst, 1679): This is indeed the mighty Saviour, he upon whom the Father hath laid help [Psa 89:9], who is able to save to the uttermost, all that come to God by him [Heb 7:25], whose appearance is light, whereby he discovers and reproves sin in men; see therefore that none reject him. For this is he, who hath the Key of David, that openeth [Rev 3:7] the understanding of his people, by which they understand the scriptures when they read them.

WPT 321 (1696, Mod Eng): The key of David is quite another thing: What it shuts, no one can open; what it opens, no one can shut." [Rev 3:7] All who receive and accept the gift of God into their hearts have this key. It opens to them the knowledge of God and of themselves. It gives them new senses of sight and taste, and a new way of understanding things that their educations and traditional knowledge cannot provide. This is the beginning of God's new creation; through it we come to be new beings.

WTG 175 (Elizabeth Hudson, 1749): it pleased the Lord to to shut up the gospel treasures and then no man can open [Rev 3:7]

(Rev 3:8)

GF8:193 (1682): And so, my dear friends, be faithful and valiant for God's truth upon earth [Jer 9:3], and do not deny the name of Jesus [Rev 3:8], in whom you have salvation;

WPR 592 (1694): God was pleased so to fill them with his living power, and give them such an open door [Rev 3:8] of utterance in his service, that there was a mighty convincement over those parts.


3:9 Behold, I will make them of the synagogue [T: congregation] of Satan, which say they are [GBT: call themselves] Jews, and are not, but do lie; behold, I will make them to [GBT: that they shall] come and worship before thy feet, and to [GBT: shall] know that I have loved [T: love] thee.     qtext

[synagogue of Satan: cf Rev 2:9]

3:10 Because thou hast kept the word [BT: words] of my patience, I also [GBT: +therefore I] will keep [G: deliver] thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the world, to try [T: tempt] them that dwell upon the earth.     qtext

3:11 Behold, I come quickly [GBT: shortly]: hold that fast [GBT: omit] which thou hast, that no man take [BT: +away] thy crown.     qtext

3:12 Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is [G: which is the; BT omit] new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God: and I will write upon him my new name.     qtext

3:13 He [GBT: Let him] that hath an ear [T: ears], let him [GBT: omit] hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches [T: congregations].

[cf Rev 2:7, 11, 17, 29; 3:6, 22]

(Rev 3:8-12) IP3: 136

(Rev 3:8-10) GFEJ 447f

(Rev 3:9) GF5: 238; GF8: 278,282 [401]; IP1: 395; IP2: 2, 9, 15, 282; WPR 95

(Rev 3:9f) JN3: 716 n, 723 (RR)

(Rev 3:10-12) DGA 99

(Rev 3:10) GF4: 303; GF6: 232, 281; GF7: 150 [158], 166 [174], 204f [206], 235 [222], 291 [249]; GF8: 165 [358], 215 [377], 232 [385], 250 [392], 277 [400], 278 [401], 290 [403], 307 [416]; DGA 72; MFU 259; WDS 192, 195, 213, 305; HPS 36; 383 (EB), 515; WPR 141; JWJM 188; SBD 69

(Rev 3:11) GF7: 30 [22], 220 [217], 246 [231], 257 [235]; MFU 261; JN3: 747; IP3: 214

(Rev 3:12) GF6: 281, 351; GF7: 206 [206], 246 [232]; JN2: 51, 458, 557; JN3: 725 (RR), 731f (WT); IP1: 266; IP2: 412; IP3: 303; IP4: 287; RBA 223, 229; RBAF 165, 169; EQ 333 (BC), 508 (GF); HPS 376 (EB); WPT 232, WPT 40; DFR 51, 54

(Rev 3:12f) JN3: 729 (WT)


(Rev 3:9)

IP2:282: [Rev 3:9, see under Rev 2:9]

(Rev 3:10)

[Other texts citing Rev 3:10: GF6:232 (1 Jn 2:7), GF7:235 (under 1 Jn 1:1), MFU:259 (1 Pet 4:12), HPS 36f (John 10:27f)]

GF7:150 (1658): And keeping the word of patience, herein ye will see the Lord keeping you from all the temptations, which come to try them that dwell upon the earth [Rev 3:10]; by which word of God ye may all be preserved in the sweet and holy life, in which there is unity in the word, which was before enmity; which word doth fulfil the words.

GF8:277 (1666): And keep the word of patience [Rev 3:10], which will never be worn out; for the word liveth, and abideth, and endureth for ever [1 Pet 1:23], and over all trials keeps; for the word was in the beginning [John 1:1], and all things are upheld by the word of his power [Heb 1:3]; in it abide.

SBD 69 (1750): Here we find such kind of trials and afflictions by poverty and barrenness to turn both to ours and the church's good, as we keep the Word of God's patience [Rev 3:10].

(Rev 3:11)

[Other texts citing Rev 3:11: IP3:214 (under 1 Pet 1:5)]

GF7:257 (1664): And therefore all, and every one, from the highest to the lowest, let none take your crown [Rev 3:11], but be faithful, for the Lord's ears are open to the cries of his oppressed and afflicted ones [Psa 34:15f]; he heareth the groans and cries, day and night, of them.

(Rev 3:12)

[Other texts citing Rev 3:12: GF7:206 (under Rev 22:18f), GF7:246 (Rev 21:23f), JN2:458 (1 Jn 3:17), IP1:266 (confl Rev 14:1), WPR 232, WPT 40 (Rev 2:7), DFR 54 (Luk 19:17)]

JN2:557 (1655): And much ado thou makes, and many crooked ways thou takes to preach Jerusalem out of this world, and that it must be always to come, and that yet it came not from God to any; and to disprove that which John spoke in Rev 21:2, 10 (who saw the new Jerusalem), thou sayest, that was but a vision.... But this I say to thee: thou must first see thyself, yea, and the slanderous mouth stopped ere thou knowest the new Jerusalem, the city of God [Rev 3:12] or his dwelling place....

IP2:412 (1666): ...he that hath felt the pure power in his heart, and waited to be carried through the work of it, and hath been carried through and brought into the dominion, and set as a pillar in the temple of the Lord, it is not easy, if possible, for him to fall, the Lord having undertaken for him, that he shall go no more forth, as in Rev 3:12.

RBA 229 (1678, IX:4): Thirdly, God hath given to many of his saints and children, and is ready to give unto all, a full and certain assurance that they are his, and that no power shall be able to pluck them out of his hand [John 10:28f].... As first (Rev 3:12): "Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of God, and he shall go no more out," &c., which containeth a general promise unto all.

DFR 51 (17–): After a time of great anxiety and distress of mind, the Lord was graciously pleased to look upon me with compassion, and again offered to make me a pillar in his house [Rev 3:12]; and I felt a renewed concern to appear in public for his name, and in the cause of Truth.


3:14 And unto the angel of the church [T: messenger of the congregation] of the Laodiceans [BT: which is in Laodicea] write; These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation [GBT: creatures] of God;     qtext

3:15 I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou wert cold or hot.

3:16 So then because thou art lukewarm [T: between both], and neither cold nor hot, [G: +it will come to pass that] I will spue thee out of my mouth.     qtext

(Rev 3:14-18) IP2: 447; IP3: 138

(Rev 3:14) GF5: 150 ; GF7: 152 [161], 185 [194], 212 [212], 240 [226], 246 [231], 249, 252f [232], 346, 350 [264]; GF8: 38 [289], 77 [316], 83 [317], 125 [333], 131 [339], 139 [343], 148 [349], 149 [350], 153 [352], 250 [392]; MFS 77; MFU 270; JN2: 308; EQ 127; HPS 48, 51, 192; WPR 136, 575; WTG 49 (SM)

(Rev 3:16) JN1: 169; JN3: 550 (GB); RBA 243; RBAF 184; EQ 521 (BR)


(Rev 3:14)

[Other texts citing Rev 3:14: GF5:150 (under Luk 1:35), GF7:152, (Mat 6:22), GF7:252f (Rev 22:13), GF8:77 (Rev 1:18), MFS 77: (Rev 22:17)]

GF7:246 (1664): he who was glorified with the Father before the world began [John 17:5], sit down in him [Eph 2:6], the amen and faithful witness [Rev 3:14].

GF8:38 (1672): Dear friends every where, be faithful to God, who hath been faithful and true [Rev 3:14] to you; therefore be you true to God, and faithful witnesses to him, and to Christ Jesus

JN2: 308 (1655): It satisfies me that I faithfully bear testimony to the faithful and true witness [Rev 3:14], which the Father in his eternal love hath sent into the world....

HPS 51 (Sarah Blackborow, 1658): Why will you strive against God? Hath any done so, and prospered, that which strives is that which rebels against his witness, which is faithful and true [Rev 3:14], and will not lie, and as you obey it you will come to see and know it, to be the beginning of the creation of God [Rev 3:14] in you again ....

WTG 49 (Susanna Morris, 1725): I was preserved so as not to stagger in my mind or disregard the manifestation made known to me from him that is true and as I endeavoured to dwell near him that is faithful and true [Rev 3:14], my habitation was pleasant.

(Rev 3:16)

JN1:169 (1653): Take heed, repent, halt no longer between God and the world. [Margin: Rev 3:16] If thou wouldst own God thou must disown the world, and the world will disown thee: thou canst not have both.

RBA 243 (1678, X:10): seeing nothing makes a man truly a Christian but the life of Christianity inwardly ruling in his heart, so nothing makes a church but the gathering of several true Christians into one body. No where all these members lose this life, there the church ceaseth to be, though they still uphold the form and retain the name: for when that which made them a church, and for which they were a church, ceaseth, then they cease also to be a church: and therefore the Spirit, speaking to the church of Laodicea, because of her lukewarmness (Rev 3:16) threateneth to "spew her out of his mouth."


3:17 Because thou sayest, I am [T: thou art] rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked:     qtext

3:18 I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be [G: +made] rich; and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and that the shame of thy [G: thy filthy] nakedness do not appear; and anoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see.     qtext

[Rev 3:18 cf Rev 16:15]

3:19 As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous [BT: fervent] therefore, and repent [G: amend].

[cf Rev 2:7, 11, 17, 29; 3:6, 13]

(Rev 3:17) WDS 298; EQ 204; WPR 121, 296, WPT 69

(Rev 3:17f) IP1: 23; IP3: 363, 475; IP4: 190, 347

(Rev 3:18) GF5: 437; GF7: 81 [69], 117 [122], 130 [132], 198 [200]; MFU 188; JN3: 36, 229; IP1: 159, 254, 374; IP2: 2, 426; IP3: 10, 93, 333, 500; IP4: 130, 297, 359, 414; HPS 503; WTG 150, 239 (EH); DFR 14, 44


(Rev 3:17)

[Other texts citing Rev 13:17: WDS 298 (Gen 2:17]

WPR 296, WPT 69 (1674): [the Puritans] having caught the great two-headed fish of civil and ecclesiastical power, and upon one a crown, upon the other a miter, Laodicea-like, wanting nothing, full, rich, and wanting nothing, [Rev 3:17], and willing to forget their small original, their Father's house, those heavenly convictions, and humble frame of spirit, their early sense in some good measure had reduced them to; O! into what falseness, cruelty, covetousness and folly did they not precipitate themselves!

(Rev 3:17f)

[Other texts citing Rev 3:17f: IP3:363 (Luke 6:20), IP4:347 (Mat 5:6)]

IP3:475f (1671): ...if ye had all ordinances and truths of the gospel light outwardly; yet, if ye wanted the inward power, ye could not but want the tried gold, the white raiment, and eye-salve; and so, though ye might think yourselves rich, &c., yet the shame of your nakedness would appear [Rev 3:17f]; yea, indeed, the nakedness of such as are not clothed with God's spirit, doth appear to the Lord, and to the eyes and spirits of his children, which he openeth in his own light, and who see with this eye–I say, the shame of their nakedness doth appear, notwithstanding all the religious covers they can put upon themselves.

(Rev 3:18)

[Other texts citing Rev 3:18: GF7:81 (under Rev 16:15), IP1:159 (1 Jn 5:21), IP1:374 (Rom 3:15)]

GF7:198 (1660): and them that honour him, he will honour and beautify, and clothe with the fine linen, the righteousness of Christ [Rev 19:8], that men may not see your nakedness [Rev 3:18].

MFU 188 (1656): And so when thou judgeth again, know thy ground from whence thou speaks and what thou speaks to, or else be silent: lest the shame of this nakedness do appear [Rev 3:18], & them that thou thus judges doth comprehend thee far, in the eternal living truth....

IP3:500 (1673): For though all the sheep of the true Shepherd have somewhat of the true knowledge..., yet they are not clear, they are not clear, they are not unmixed; there is a great deal which is not true which passeth for true with them; because they are not come to the anointing [1Jn 2:27], to the eye-salve which opens the eye [Rev 3:18], to the Spirit of judgment and burning [Isa 4:4], which separates inwardly in the heart, understanding, mind, and judgment, between the precious and the vile [Jer 15:19].

WTG 239 (Elizabeth Hudson, 1750): I am thankful to find that the eye salve [Rev 3:18] hath been readministered by a renewed touch to thee

DFR 14 (17–): I had conceived that the people among whom I was educated were better than the other professors of Christianity; but when my eyes were thus anointed, to see clearly [Rev 3:18], I found very little true religion among them.


3:20 Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me.     qtext

3:21 To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne [T: seat (2x)], even as I also [GBT: omit] overcame, and am set down [G: sit; BT: have sitten] with my Father in his throne.     qtext

3:22 He [GBT: Let him] that hath an ear [T: ears], let him [GBT: omit] hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches [[T: congregations].

[cf Rev 2:7, 11, 17, 29; 3:6, 13]

(Rev 3:20-22) DGA 168, 198, 211

(Rev 3:20) GFJN 261; GF3: 335; GF5: 303, 325, 335, 355 ; GF6: 242f, 251, 284, 285; GF8: 16 [270]; JN3: 110, 111, 126; 735 (GF); IP1: 30, 111, 115, 244; IP3: 34, 50 , 55, 70, 169, 289,335, 368, 417, 437, 496, 501, 524; IP4: 60, 165, 222 , 353, 355, 412; RBA 31, 380, 389; RBAF 24, 333, 343; EQ 241 (IP), 320 (BC); HPS 194, 304; 394, 405, 413 (EB); WPR 35, 75f, 137,584, 604; WPT 322, 373, 409; WTG 356 (AM)

(Rev 3:21) GF6: 280f; GF7: 56 [45]; GFEJ 38; JN2: 448; JN3: 731f (WT); IP3: 434; HPS 409 (EB); WPR 232, WPT 40


(Rev 3:20)

[Other texts citing Rev 3:20: GF5:355 (under Mat 10:8), GF6:251 (John 14:18), GF6:285 (Rev 19:9), IP3:34 (John 6:68), IP3:50 (Mat 10:33), IP3:335 (Heb 7:2), IP3:368 (Luk 14:15), IP4:222 (Mat 7:11), HPS 304 (Luk 12:46), WPR 35 (Rev 21:3), WPR 584 (Mat 23:37), WPR 604 (Luk 2:7), WTG 356 (John 4:23f)]

GFJN 261 (16–): But Christ is come and doth dwell in the hearts of his people and reigns there. And thousands, at the door of whose hearts he hath been knocking, have opened to him, and he is come in, and doth sup with them and they with him [Rev 3:20], the heavenly supper with the heavenly and spiritual man [1 Cor 15:46-48].

GF3:335 (1659): [context: sabbath] Stephen suffered death for witnessing against the shadows, and witnessing the substance [Heb 1:3BT], and the apostle nowhere joins the sabbath with the supper, but Stephen saw Christ the body [Acts 7:55f], in whom was the rest, in whom he entered [Heb 4:1-11]; and the saints that come to sup with the Lord, and are supping with him [Rev 3:20], come into the body, which is the end of all types, and shadows, and signs, as are sabbaths [Col 2:16f], and have seen them flee away [Song 2:17], and are come to the beginning, before the world was made [John 1:1-3], him who was before signs, shadows, and types were.

GF5:325 (1676): [quotes Rev 3:20] So what is this door that Christ knocks at? is it not the door of your hearts, minds, and souls? and therefore, do not you stop your ears, and close your eyes, like the pharisees, but hear Christ's voice, by turning at the reproofs [Prov 1:23] of his spirit and his light; and then he which hath enlightened you [John 1:9] will "come in, and sup with you, and you with him."

GF6:242f (1684): [quotes Rev 3:20] and this was the supper that Christ preached to John, and to the church, after he ascended: for John had taken the supper of the elements of bread and wine in the same night Christ was betrayed, before Christ was crucified [1 Cor 11:23-25]; but now John writes to the church, and tells them of another supper, the marriage supper of the lamb [Rev 19:9], which is a nearer, more inward supper, than taking the elements of bread and wine in remembrance of Christ's death.... [more; GF6:251 and 284 similar]

IP1:111 (1659): Christ saves not as he stands without the door knocking, but as he is let in [Rev 3:20]; and being let in, he brings with him that life, power, and mercy, which break down the wall of partition [Eph 2:14], unite to God, and save.

IP3:496 (1672): For indeed, the Lord, in this his gospel day, doth make to his children a feast of fat things, and of wines on the lees well refined, on his holy mountain [Isa 25:6], even in the kingdom which cannot be shaken [Heb 12:27f]; and the Beloved doth not only knock at the door of the heart [Song 5:2], but comes in, and sups with his, and they with him [Rev 3:20].

(Rev 3:21)

[Other texts citing Rev 3:21: JN2:448 (under Rev 4:2), WPR 232, WPT 40 (Rev 2:7)]

GF7:55f (1653): So dwell in the power of Almighty God, which carries through the wilderness, and through temptations to the end, and gets the victory over all the carnal ordinances [Heb 9:10], and commands, and traditions of men; [Col 2:20,22] and he that overcomes, ascends above them all. And he that overcomes, shall sit down with Christ in his throne [Rev 3:21].

This page last revised Sept 2007